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Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,

1 I would not draw them, I would have my bond. "That have of late so huddled on his back;

Duke. How shalt thou hope for inerey,rend'ring Enough to press a royal merchant down, i


[wrong? And pluck commiseration of his state

Sh. What judgment shall I dread, doing no From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, 5 You have among you many a purchas'd slave, From stubborn Turks and Tartars never train'd Which, like your asses, anu your dogsand mules, To offices of tender courtesy.

You use in abject and in slavish parts, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. [pose; Because you bought them:-Shall I say to you, Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur- Let them be free, marry them to your heirs?

Let them be free, marry them And by our holy Sabbath bave I sworn,

10 Why sweat they under burdens? let their beds To have the due and forfeit of my bond:

|Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates If you deny it, let the danger light

Be season'd with such viands? you will answer, Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. The slaves are ours:-So do l answer you: You'll ask me, why I rather chuse to have

The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive 115 Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it: Three thousand ducats: I'll not answer that: |If you deny me, fie upon your law ! But, say, it is my humour; Is it answer'd ? There is no force in the decrees of Venice: What if my house be troubled with a rat,

I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it? And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats

Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court, To have it ban'd? What, are you answer'd yet? 2016'nless Bellario, a learned doctor, Soine men there are, love not a gaping pig; Whom I have sent for to determine this, Some, that are mad, if they benold a cat;

Come here to-day. And others, when the bag-pipe sings the nose, | Sala. My lord, here stays without Cannot contain their urine; For aflections, A messenger with letters from the doctor, Masters of passion, sway it to the mood. |25|New come from Padna. Of what it likes, or loaths: Now for your an- | Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the messenger. swer:

Bass. Good cheer, Anthonio! What, man? As there is no firm reason to be render'd,

courage yet! Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;

The Jew shall have my flesh,. blood, bones, and Why he, a harmless necessary cat;

130 Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. Why he, a woollen? bag-pipe; but of force

Anth. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Must yield to such inevitable shame,

Mectest for death; the weakest kind of fruit As to offend himself, being offended;

Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: So can I give no reason, nor I will not,

You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing, 135 Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
I hear Anthonio, that I follow thus

Enter Nerissa, dess'd like a lawyer's clerk. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd? Dike. Came you from Padua, from Bellario?

Bass. This is no answer, thou ifeeling man, Nur. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your To excuse the current of thy cruelty. [answers.

grace, Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my 40 Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Bass. Doail men kill the thing they do not love Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? |


[Jew, Bass. Every ocence is not a hate at first.

Gra. Not on thy soal, but on thy soul, harsh Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting! Thou mak'st thy knife keen: but no metal can, thee twice?

Jew: 45 No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness Anth. I pray you, think you question with thel Of thy sharp envy * Can no pravers pierce thee? You may as well go stand upon the beach,

| Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. And bid the main stood 'baté his usual height; Gra. () be thou dain’d, inexorable dog! You may as well use question with the woll, And for thy lite let justice be accus'd. Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; 150 Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith, You may as well forvid the mountain pines To hold opinion with Pythagoras, To wag iheir high tops, and to make no noise, That souls of animals infuse themselves When they are fretted with the gusts of heavil; into the trunks of men: thy currish spirit You may as well do any thing most hard,

Govern'da wolf, who hang'd for human slaughter, As seek to soften that (than which what's harder?) 155 Even from the gallows did bis fell soul fleet, His Jewish heart:--Therefore I do beseech you, And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, Make no more offers, 11se no farther means, Thufus'd itself in thee; for thy desires But, with all brief and plain conveniency,

Are woltish, bloody, starv'd, and ravenous. [hond, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

Shy. 'Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my , Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six. 60 Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: : Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,

To cureless ruin.-1 stand here for law. Say, i. e. if or suppose it is my humour. Perhaps we should read a swelling or swollen bag. pipe. To question is to correrse, *i. e, hutred.


Duke. This letter from Bellario doth cominend It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, A young and learned doctor to our court:

It is an attribute to God himself; . Where is he?

And earthly power doth then shew likest God's, · Ner. He attendeth here hard by,

When mercy seasons justice: Therefore, Jew, To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. 5 Though justice be thy plea, consider this,Duke. With all my heart:--some three or four! That, in the course of justice, none of us of you,

Should see salvation: we do pray for mercy; Go give hiin courteous conduct to this place. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Mean time the court shall hear Bellario's letter. The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, “Your grace shall understand, that, at the re. 100 mitigate

+ the re. 10 To mitigate the justice of thy plea; “ceipt of your letter, I am very sick: but at the in

Which it thou follow, this strict court of Venice "stant that your messenger came, in loving visita

Must needsgivesentence'gainst themerchantther:. "stion was with me a young doctor of Rome, his

mi | Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, "name is Balthazar: I acquainted him with the.

The penaliy and forfeit of my bond. “cause in controversy between the Jew and An 15

15 Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? “thonio the merchant: we turn'd o'er many

Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the couit; "books together: he is furnish'd with my opi

2 Yea, twice the sum: it that will not suflice,

I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, "nion; which, bettered with his own learning,

On forfeit of my hands, my head, iny heart, "(the greatness whereɔf I cannot enough com.. mend) comes with him, at iny importunity, to

20 If this will not sustice, it must appear "fill up your grace's request in my stead. I be

Ti at malice bears down truth?. And I beseech “seech you, let his lack of years be no impedi

Wrest once the law to your authority: Lyou “ment to let him lack a reverend estimation ; for

To do a great right, do a little wrong; “I never knew so young a body with so old an

And curb this cruel devil of his will. [nice “head. I leave him to your gracious acceptance,

25 Por. It must not be; there is no power in Ves whose trial shall better publish his commenda

Can alter a decree established : stion."

['Twill be recorded for a precedent;

And many an error, by the same example, Enter Portia, dress'd like a doctor of lates. I will rush'into the state: it cannot be. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he 30 Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a writes;

Daniel ! And here, I take it, is the doctor come.

JO wise young judge, how do I honour thee! Give me your hand: Came you from old Bellario: Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bondi, Por. I did, my lord.

Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Duke. You are welcome: take your place. 35. Por, Shylock, there's thrice the money offer'd Are you acquainted with the diiference

thee, That holds this present question in the court ? | Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven;

Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. | Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? No, not for Venice.
Duke. Anthonio and old Shylock, both stand 40 Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;

And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
Por. Is your name Shylock ?

A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Shy. Sbylock is my name.

Nearest the merchant's heart:-Be merciful; Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; Take thrice the money; bid me tear the bond. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law . 145] Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.--Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed.

It doth appear you are a worthy judge; You stand within his danger, do you not ?

You know the law, your exposition

[To Anth. JHath been most sound: I charge you by the law, Anth. Ay, so he says.

Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Por. Do you confess the bond ?

150 Proceed to judgment; by my soul I swear, Anth. I do.

There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.

To alter me: I stay bere on my bond. Shy. On what compulsion must /? tell me that. Anth. Most heartily I do beseech the court

Por, The quality of mercy is not strain’d; To give the judgment. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven 55 Por. Why then, thus it is, Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd; You must prepare your bosoin for his knise. It blesseth bim that gives, and him that takes; Shy. O noble judge! () excelent young man? 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes | Por. For the intent and purpose of the law The throned monarch better than his crown: Hath full relation to the penalty, His scepter shews the force of temporal power, 160 Which here appeareth due upon the bond. The attribute to awe and majesty,"

Shy, 'Tis very true: O wise and upright judge! Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of hings; I How much more elder art thou than thy looks! But mercy is above the scepter'd sway, T| Por: Therefore lay bare your bosoin.

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Shy. Ar, his breast:

| Unto the state of Venice. S says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge? Gra. () upright judge!- Mark, Jew ;-D Nearest his heart, those are the very words.

Shy. Is that the law

[learned judge! Por. It is so. Are there balance here to weigh Por. Thyself shalt see the act : The flesh ?

15 For, as thoi urgest justice, be assur'd, Shy. I have them ready.

scharge, Thou shalt have justice more than thou desir'st. Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your | Gru, () learned judge! Mark, Jew ;-a learned To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.

judge! Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond?

| Shy. I take this ofter then ;-pay the bond Por. It is not so express'd ; but what of that? 10 And let the Christian go.

(thrice, Twere good you do so much for charity.

Bass. Here is the nioney, Shy. I cannot find it: 'tis not in the bond. (say? Por. Soft ; Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to The Jew shall have all justice;--soft ! no haste;

Anth. But little; I am arm'd and well prepard, He shall have nothing but the penalty. Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well! 15 Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; 1 Por. Therefore prepare thee to cut off the flesh. For herein fortune shews herself more kind

Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, Than is her custom: it is still her use,

|But just a pound of flesh :-if thou tak'st more, To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, 20 As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance An age of poverty; from which lingering penance Or the division of the twentieth part Of such a misery doth she cut me off.

JOf one poor scruple ; nay, if the scale turn Commend ine to your honourable wife :

But in the estimation of a hair, Tell her the process of Anthonio's end;

Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate. i Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; 25 Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew! And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip. [feiture. Whether Bassanio had not once a love.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take thy for. Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. And he repents not that he pays your debt;

Buss. I have it ready for thee; here it is. For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,

301 Por. He hath refused it in the open court; I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.

He shall have merely justice and his bond. Bass. Anthonió, I am married to a wife,

Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel ! Which is as dear to me as life itself;

I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. But life itself, my wife, and all the world,

Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal? , Are not with me esteem'd above thy life: 35 Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all

To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. Here to this devil to deliver you.

[that, Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for I'll stay no longer question. If she were by to hear you make the ofter. | Por: Tarry, Jew;

Gru. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; 40 The law hath yet another hold on you. I would she were in heaven, so she could

It is enacted in the laws of Venice, Inreat some power to change this currish Jew. If it be prov'd against an alien,

Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; That by direct or indirect attempts, The wish would make else an unquiet house. He seeks the life of any citizen, 'Shy. These be the Christian husbands : I have a 45 The party 'gainst the which he doth contrire, * daughter;

Shali seize on half his goods; the other half Would, any of the stock of Barabbas

Comes to the privy coiler of the state; Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! | ind the ottender's life lies in the mercy

[Aside. Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. 50 In which predicament I say thou stand'st: Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is For it appears by manifest proceeding, thine;

That indirectly and directly too,
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life
Shy. Most rightful judge!

[breast: Of the defendant; and thou hast incurrid Por. And you must cut his flesh from off his 55 The danger formerly by me rehears'd. The law allows it, and the court awards it. | Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Shy. Most learned judge!-A sentence; come 1 Gru. Beg that thou inay'st have leave to liang prepare.

thyself: Por. Tarry a little,--there is something else. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; 160 Thou hast siot left the value of a cord; The words expressly are, a pound of flesh; Therefore,thoumust be hang'dat the state's charge. Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; Duke. That thou may'st see the difference of But in the cuiting it, if thou dost shed

our spirit, One drop of Ghristian blood, thy lands and goods I pardon thee the life before thou ask it : Are, by the laws of Venice, contiscate 165/For half thy wealth, it is Anthonio's;


The other half comes to the general state, Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. | Por. You press me far, and therefore I will
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Anthonio.


[sake; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not Give me your gloves, I'll wear thein for your that :

| 5 And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you: You take my house, when you do take the propl Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more: That doth sustain my house, you take my life, And you in love shall not deny me this. When you do take the means whereby I live. Buss. This ring, good sir,-alas, it is a trifie; Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio? I wil not shame myself to give you this. Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, for God's10 Por. I will have nothing else but only this; sake.

[court, And now, methinks, I have a mind to it. Anth. So please my lord the dule, and all thel Bass. There's more depends on this, than on To quit the tinc for one half of his goods ;

the value. I am content, so he will let me have

The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, The other half in use,--to render it,

115 And find it out by proclamation; Upon his death, unto the gentleman,

Only for this, I pray vou, pardon me. That lately stole his daughter.. (vour, Por. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers : Two things provided more, That, for this fa- You taught me first to beg, and now, methinks, He presently become a Christian:

You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd. The other, that he do record a gift,

1201 Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd,

wife; Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.

And, when she put it on, she made me vow, Duke. He shall do this, or else I do recant That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. The pardon that I late pronounced here. [say? Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their Por. Art thou contented, Jew? what dost thou 23

gifts. Shy. I am content.

1 An if your wife be not a mad-woman, Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift. (hence, And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,

Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from She would not hold out enemy for ever, I am not well; send the deed after me,

For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! And I will sign it,


TExit with Nerissa. Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.

| Anth. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Gra. In christening, thou shalt have two god- Let his deservings, and my love withal, fathers;

[more' Be valu'd 'gainst your wife's commandement. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten | Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. 35 Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou can'st,

[Exit Shylock. Unto Anthonio's house:-away, make haste. Duke. Sir, I dointreat you home with me to dinner. Come, you and I will thither presently; Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon?: And in the morning early will we both I must away this night to Padua,

Fly towards Belmont: Come, Anthonio. (Excunt. And it is meet, I presently set forth. [not. 40 Duke. I am sorry that your leisure serres you

SCENE 0. " Anthonio, gratify this gentleman;

Enter Portia and Nerissa.' For, in my inind, you are much bound to him.||

Ereunt Duke and his train. Por. Enquire the Jew's house out, give hiin Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I, and my friend, 45/ this deed, Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted 1 And let him sign it; we'll away to-night, Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,

And be a day before our husbands home: Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,

This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo, We freely cope your courteous pains withal.

Enter Gratiano.
Anth. And stand indebted, over and above, 1501 Gra. Fair sir, you are well o'erta'en :
In love and service to you evermore.

My lord Bassanio, upon more advice',
Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfy'd; L. Hath sent you here this ring; and doth intreat
And I, delivering you, am satisfy'd,

Your company at dinner. And therein do account myself well paid;

Por. That cannot be: My mind was never yet more mercenary. 55 This ring I do accept most thankfully, I pray you, know me, when we meet again; . And so, I pray you, tell him : Furthermore, I wish you well, and so I take my leave. I pray you, shew my youth old Shylock's house.

Buss. Dear sir, of force. I must attempt you | Gra. That will I do. • further;.

I Ner. Sir, I would speak with you:Take some remembrance of us, for a tribute, 160 ['ll see if I can get my husband's ring, [To Por. Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you, 1 Which I did make him swear to keep for ever.

'i. e. a jury of twelve men, to condemn thee to be lianged. ' i. c. reflexion.

Meaning, your grace's pardon.


Por. Thou may’st, I warrant: We shall havel Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will

old swearing, That they did give the rings away to men; | Ner. Come, good sir, you will shew me to this But we'll out-face them, and ont-swear them too.





And ceremoniously let us prepare
Belmont. A grote, or green place, before Por-
come or green olore before Perd

pome w

Some welcome for the mistress of the bouse. ia's House.

Enter Launcelot.

J15 Luun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola!
Enter Lorenzo and Jessica.

Lor. Who calls ? Lor. 'THE moon shines bright:- In such a Luun. Sola! did you see master Lorenzo, and night as this,

mistress Lorenzo ? sola, sola!
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, Lor. Leave hallooing, man; here.
And they did make no noise; in such a night, 1201 Laun. Sola! where? where?
Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan wall,

Lor. Here,
And siglid his soul toward the Grecian tents,

Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my Where Cressid lay that night.

master, with his horn full of good news ; my Jes. In such a night,

master will be here ere morning, sweet soul. [Erit. Did Thishe fearfully o’er-trip the dew;

125. Lor. Let's in, and there expect their coming. And saw the lion's shadow ere himself,

And yet no matter;—Why should we go in? And ran dismay'd away,

My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you, Lor. In such a night,

Within the house your mistress is at hand; Stood Dido with a willow in her hand

And bring your music forth into the air.Upon the wild sea-banks, and way'd her love 301

[Erit servant. To come again to Carthage.

How sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this bank ! Jes. In such a night,

Here will we sit, and let the sounds of musick Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs

Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, That did renew old Æson.

Become the touches of sweet harmony. Lor. In such a night,

35 Sit, Jessica: Look how the tloor of heaven Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew;

Is thick inlay'd with patines' of bright gold; And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, 1 There's not the smallest orb, which thou behold'st, As far as Belmont.

But in his motion like an angel sings, Jes. And in such a night,

Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims. Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; 40 Such harmony is in immortal souls; Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,

But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay And we'er a true one.

Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. Lor. And in such a night,

Come, ho, and wake Diana ? with a hymn; Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew,

With sweetest touches pierce your mistress' ear, Slander her love, and he forgave it her. 45 And draw her home with musick.

Jes. I would out-night you, did yobody come; Jes. I am never merry, when I hear sweet mu· But hark, I hear the tooting of a man,


[Musick. Enter a Servant.

1 Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive: Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night? For do but note a wild and wanton herd, Serv. A friend.

150 Or race of youthful and unhandled colts, floud, Lor. A friend : what friend ? your name, Fetching iad bounds, bellowing, and neighing pray you, friend?

Which is the hot condition of their blood; Sero. Stephano is my name; and I bring word, If they perchance but hear a trumpet sound, My mistress will before the break of day

Or any air of musick touch their ears, Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about 55 You shall perceive them make a mutual stand, By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays Their savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze, For happy wedlock hours.

By the sweet power of musick: Therefore, the Lor. Who comes with her?

[floods : Serv. None but a holy hermit, and her maid. I Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and I pray you, is my master yet return'd?

60 Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of rage, Lor. He is not, nor have we yet heard from him. But musick for the time doth change his nature: But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,

| The man that hath no musick in himself, "Our author evidently here alludes to the stars. Patine is the plate made use of for the bread in the administration of the Eucharist, and sometiines made of gold. Mcaning the moon, who is afterwards represented as sleeping:


.. poet

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