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And witch' the world with noble horsemanship. Thearts in their bellies no bigger than pins' heads, Hot. No more, no more; worse than the sun and they have bought out their services; and now in March,

my whole charge consists of ancients, corporals, This praise doth nourish agues. Let them come: lieutenants, gentlemen of companies, slaves as They come like sacrifices in their trim, 5 ragged as Lazarus in the painted cloth, where the And to the fire-ey'd maid of smoky war, glutton's dogs lick d his sores: and such as, indeed, All hot, and bleeding, will we offer them: were never soldiers; but discarded unjust servingThe mailed Mars shall on his altar sit,

men, younger sons to younger brothers", revolted Up to the ears in blood. I am on fire,

tapsters, and ostlers trade-tallen; the cankers of a To hear this rich reprisal is so nigh,

10 calm world, and a long peace; ten times more And yet not ours:--Come, let me take my horse, dishonourably ragged, than an old fac'd ancient'; Who is to bear me, like a thunderbolt,

and such have I to fill up the rooms of them that Against the bosom of the prince of Wales: have bought out their services; that you would Harry to Harry shall, hot horse to horse- think, I had a hundred and fifty tatter'd prodigals, Meet, and ne'er part, 'till one drop down a corse. 15 lately come from swine-keeping, from eating dratt 0, that Glendower were come!

and husks. A mad fellow met ine on the way, and Ver. There is more news:

told me, I had unloaded all the gibbets, and press'd I learn'd in Worcester, as I rode along,

the dead bodies. No eye hath seen such scareHe cannot draw his power this fourteen days. crows. I'll not march though Coventry with them,

Doug. That's the worst tidings that I hear of yet.20that's flat:-Nay, and the villains march wide beWor. Ay, by my faith, that bears a frosty sound. twixt the legs, as if they had gyvesó on; for, inHot. What may the king's whole batile reach deed, I had the most of them out of prison.Ver. To thirty thousand.

(unto? There's but a shirt and a half in all my company; Hot. Forty let it be;

and the half-shirt is two napkins, tack'd together, My father and Glendower being both away, 25 and thrown over the shoulders like a herald's coat The powers of us may serve so great a day. without sleeves; and the shirt, to say the truth, Come, let us take a muster speedily:

stolen from my host at Saint Alban’s, or the redDoomsday is near; die all, die merrily.

nose inn-keeper of Daintry. But that's all one; Doug. Talk not of dying; I am out of fear they'll find linen enough on every hedge. Of death, or death's hand, for this one half year. 130 Enter Prince Henry, and Westmoreland.


P. Henry. How now, blown Jack? how now, SCENE


Fal. What, Hal? how now, mad wag? what A public road near Coventry.

a devil dost thou in Warwickshire :-My good Enter Fulstuff, and Bardolph. 35 lord of Westmoreland, I cry you mercy; I thought Fal. Bardolph, get thee before to Coventry; your honour had already been at Shrewsbury. fill me a bottle of sack: our soldiers shall march West. 'Faith, Sir Julm, 'tis more than time that through; we'll to Sutton-Colfield to-night. I were there, and you too; but my powers are

Burd. Will you give me money, captain? there already: The king, I can tell you, looks Fal. Lay out, lay out.

40 for us all; we must away all night. Bard. This bottle makes an angel.

Ful. Tut, never fear me; I am as vigilant, as a Ful. An it do, take it for thy labour; and if it cat to steal crean. make twenty, take them all, I'll answer the coin- P. Henry. I think, to steal cream indeed; for age. Bid my lieutenant Peto meet me at the thy theft hath already made thee butter. But tell town's end.

Jack; Whose fellows are these that come af Bard. I will, captain: farewel. [Eril. ter?

Ful. If I be not asham'd of my soldiers, I am Fal. Mine, Hal, mine. a souc'd gurnet?. I have mis-us'di the king's press P. Henry. I did never see such pitiful rascals. damnably. I have got, in exchange of a hundred Ful. Tut, tut; good enough to toss'; food for and tifty soldiers, three hundred and odd pounds. 50 powder, food for powder; they'll fill a pit, as I press ine none but good householders, yeomen's well as better; lush, man, inortal men, mortal sons: enquire me out contracted bachelors, such as had been ask'd twice on the bans; such a com- West. Ay, but, Sir John, methinks, they are modlity of warın slaves, as had as lief hear the de- exceeding poor and bare; 100 beggarly: vil as a drum; such as fear the report of a caliver, 55 Fal. 'Faith, for their poverty,- I know not worse than a struck fowl, or a hurt wild-duck.- where they had that: and for their bareness, I I prest me none but such toasts and butter', withl am sure they never learu'd that of me.

Witch for bewitch, charm. 2 Souc'd gurnet is an appellation of contempt very frequently employed in the old comedies. Another term of contempt. Meaning, men of desperate fortune and wild adventure. * Mr. Steevens has happily, we think, explained this passage : * An old fac'd ancient, is an old standard mended with a different colour. It should not be written in one word, as old and fac'd are distinct epithets. To face a gown is to trim it; an expression at present in use. in our author's time the facings of gowns were always of a different colour from the stuff itselt.” ! i, e. shackles. ? That is, to toss upon a pike.


P, Henry.


45 me,


P. Henry. No, I'll be sworn; unless you call So long as, out of límit, and true rule, tlıree fingers on the ribs, bare. But, sirrah, make You stand against anointed majesty! haste; Percy is already in the field.

But, to my charge.—The king hath sent to know Fal. What, is the king encamp'd ?

The nature of your griefs; and whereupon West. He is, Sir Jolin; I fear, we shall stay too 5 You conjure from the breast of civil peace long

Such bold hostility, teaching his duteons land Fal. Well,

[feast, Audacious cruelty: If that the king
To the latter end of a fray, and the beginning of a llave any way your good deserts forgot,
Fits a dull tighter, and a keen guest. [Ercunt. Which he confesseth to be manifold,

10 He bids you name your griefs; and, with all speed,

You shall have your desires, with interest ;

And pardon absolute for yourself, and these,
Enter Hotspur, l'orcester, Douglas, and Vernon. Flerein mis-led by your suggestion.
Hot. We'll fight with him to-night.

Hot. The king is kind; and, well we know, Wor. It may not be.


the king Doug. You give him then advantage.

Knows at what time to promise, when to pay. Ver. Not a whit.

My father, and my uncle, and myself,
Hot. Why say you so? looks he not for supply? Did give him that same royalty he wears:
Ver. So do we.

And, when he was not six and twenty strong, Hot. His is certain, ours is doubtful.

20 Sick in the world's regard, wretched and low, Wor. Good cousin, be advis'd; stir not to-night. A poor unminded out-law sneaking home, Ver. Do not, iny lord.

My father gave him welcome to the shore: Doug. You do not counsel well;

And,--when he heard him swear, and vow to Goul, You speak it out of fear, and cold heart.

He came but to be duke of Lancaster, Ver. Do me no slander, Douglas: by my life, 25To sue his liveryè, and beg his peace; (And I dare well maintain it with my life) With tears of innocency, and terms of zeal,If well-respected honour bid me on,

My father, int kind heart and pity mov'd, I hold as little counsel with weak fear,

Swore him assistance, and perform'd it too. As you, my lord, or any Scot that this day lives : Now, when the jords and barons of the realm Let it be seen to-morrow in the battle,

30 Perceiv'd Northumberland did lean to him, Which of us fears.

The more and less came in with cap and knee; Doug. Yea, or to-night.

Met him in boroughs, cities, villages ;
Ver. Content.

Attended him on bridges, stood in lanes,
Hot. To-night, say

much, Laid gifts before him, proffer'd him their oaths, Ver. Come, come, it may not be. I wonder 35 Gave him their heirs; as pages follow'd him, Being men of such great leading' as you are, Even at the heels, in golden multitudes. That you foresee not what impediments

He presently,-as greatness knows itself,Drag back our expedition: Certain horse Steps me a little bigher than his vow Of my cousin Vernon's are not yet coine up: Made to my father, while his blood was poor, Your uncle Worcester's horse came but to-day; 40 Upon the naked shore at Ravenspurg; And now their pride and mettle is asleep,

And now, forsooth, takes on bim to reform Their courage with hard labour tame and dull, Some certain edicts, and some straight decrees, That not a horse is half the half of himself.

That lie too heavy on the commonwealth: Hot. So are the horses of the enemy

Cries out upon abuses, seems to weep. In general, journey-bated, and brought low; 43 Over his country's wrongs; and, by this face, The better part of ours are full of rest.

This seeming brow of justice, did he win Wor. The number of the hing exceedeth ours: The hearts of all that he did angle for. -For God's sake, cousin, stay 'till all come in. Proceeded further; cut me off the heads

[The trumpet sounds u parley. Of all the favourites, that the absent king Enier Sir Walter Blunt.

50 In deputation left behind him here, Blunt. I come with gracious otters from the king, When he was personal in the Irish war. If you vouclisafe my hearing, and respect.

Blunt. Tut, I came not to hear this. Hot. Welcome, Sir Walter Blunt ; And would Hot. Then to the God,

In short time after, he depos'd the king; You were of our determination!

55 Soon after that, depriv'd him of his life; Some of us love you well: and even those some And, in the neck of that, task'd' the whole state: Envy your great deservings, and good name; To make that worse, suifer'd his kinsman March Because you are not of our quality,

kWho is, if every owner were well plac'd, But stand against us like an enemy.

Indeed his king) to be incag'd in Wales, Blunt. And heaven defend, but still I should 60 There without ransom to lie forfeited;

Disgrac'd me in my happy victories; 'i. é. such experience in martial business. ? This is a law-phrase; meaning, to sue out the delivery or possession of his lands from the Court of Wards, which, on the death of any of the tenants of the crown, seized their lands,'till the heir sued out his livery. ’i, e. the greater and the less. *Task'd is here used for tared; it was once common to employ these words indiscriminately.


stand so,

Sought to entrap me by intelligence;

(The king, with mighty and quick-raised power, Rated my uncle from the council-board ; Meets with lord Harry: and I fear, Sir Michael, In rage dismiss'd my father from the court; What with the sickness of Northumberland, Broke oath on oath, committed wrong on wrong: (Whose power was in the first proportion) And, in conclusion, drove us to seek out 5 And what with Owen Glendower's absence thence, This head of safety'; and, withal, to pry

(Who with them was a rated sinew' too, Into his title, the which we find

And comes not in, o'er-ruld by prophecies) -Too indirect for long continuance.

I fear, the power of Percy is too weak Blunt. Shall I return this answer to the king? To wage an instant trial with the king. [fear;

Hot. Not so, sir Walter; we'll withdraw a while. 10 Sir Mich. Why, my good lord, you need not Go to the king; and let there be impawn'd There's Douglas and lord Mortimer. Some surety for a safe return again,

York. No, Mortimer is not there. And in the morning early shall my uncle

Sir Mich. But there is Mordake, Vernon, lor Bring him our purposes: and so farewel. [love:

Harry Percy, Blunt. I would, you would accept of grace and 15 And there's my lord of Worcester, and a head Hot. And, may be, so we shall.

Of gallant warriors, noble gentlemen. [drawn Blunt. Pray heaven, you do! [Exeunt. York. And so there is: but yet the king hath SCENE IV.

The special head of all the land together ;

The prince of Wales, lord John of Lancaster, York. The Archbishop's Palace.

20 The noble Westmoreland, and warlike Blunt; Enter the Archbishop of York, und Sir Michael. And many more corrivals, and dear men

York. Hie, good Sir Michael ; bear this sealed Of estimation and command in arms. With winged haste, to the lord mareshal; (brief", Sir Mich. Doubt not, my lord, they shall be This to my cousin Scroop; and all the rest

well opposid. To whom they are directed: if you knew 125. York. I hope no less, yet needful 'tis to fear; How much they do import, you would make haste. And, to prevent the worst, Sir Michael, speed: Sir Mich. My good lord,

For, if lord Percy thrive not, ere the king I guess their tenor.

Dismiss his power, he means to visit us,York. Like enough, you do.

For he hath heard of our confederacy,To-morrow, good Sir Michael, is a day, 30 And 'tis but wisdom to make strong against him; Wherein the fortune of ten thousand men Therefore, make haste: I must go write again Must 'bide the touch: For, sir, at Shrewsbury, To other friends; and so farewel, Sir Michael. As I am truly given to understand,


A c T v.


To crush our old limbs in ungentle steel :
The Camp at Shrewsbury.

This is not well, my lord, this is not well.
Enter King Henry, Prince of Wales, Lord John What say you to't? Will you again unknit

of Lancaster, Earl of Westmoreland, Sir Walter 45 This churlish knot of all-abhorred war? Blunt, and Sir John Fulstuff.

And move in that obedient orb again,
K. Henry. How bloodily the sun begins to peer Where you did give a fair and natural light;

Above yon busky* hill! the day And be no more an exbald meteor,
looks pale

A prodigy of fear, and a portent
At his distemperature.

50 Of broached mischief to the unborn times? P. Henry. The southern wind

Wor. Hear me, my liege:
Doth play the trumpet to his purposes;

For mine own part, I could be well content
And, by his hollow whistling in the leaves, To entertain the lag-end of my life
Foretells a tempest, and a blustering day. With quiet hours; for, I do protest,

K. Henry.Then with the losers let it sympathize; 55 I have not sought the day of this dislike.
For nothing can seem foul to those that win. K. Henry. You have not sought it! how comes
Trumpet. Enter Worcester, and Vernon.

it then? How now, my lord of Worcester? 'tis not well, Fal. Rebellion lay in his way, and he found it. That you and I should meet upon such terms P. Henry. Peace, chewet', peace. As now we meet: You have deceiv'd our trust; 60 Wor. It pleas'd your majesty, to turn your looks And made us doff our easy robes of peace, Of favour from myself, and all our house;

Meaning, this army, from which I hope for protection. ? A brief is simply a letter. accounted a strong aid. *i. e. woody, from bosquet, Fr. Theobald explains chewet, or chuet, to mean, a noisy chattering bird, a pie; while Mr. Steevens thinks it alludes to a kind of fat greasy puddings called chequets, Hh2


si, e.


And yet I must remember you, my lord, For my part, I may speak it to my shame,
We were the first and dearest of your friends. I have a truant been to chivalry;
For you, my staff of office did I break

And so, I hear, he doth account me too:
In Richard's time; and posted day and night Yet this before my father's majesty,
To meet you on the way, and kiss your hand, 5 I am content, that he shall take the odds
When yet you were in place and in account Of his great name and estimation;
Nothing so strong and fortunate as I.

And will, to save the blood on either side, It was myself, my brother, and his son,

Try fortune with him in a single tight. That brought you home, and boldly did outdare K. Henry. And, prince of Wales, so dare we The dangers of the time: You swore to us,- 101

venture thee,
And you did swear that oath at Doncaster, Albeit, considerations infinite
That you did nothing purpose 'gainst the state; Do make against it :-No, good Worcester, no,
Nor claim no further than your new-fall’n right, We love our people well; even those we love,
The seat of Gaunt, dukedom of Lancaster: That are mis-led upon your cousin's part:
To this we sware our aid. But, in short space, 15 And, will they take the offer of our grace,
It rain'd down fortune showering on your head; Both he, and they, and you, yea, every man
And such a flood of greatness fell on you, Shall be my friend again, and I'll be his:
What with our help; what with the absent king; So tell your cousin, and bring me word
What with the injuries of a wanton time'; What he will do:- But if he will not yield,
The seeming sufferances that you had bore; 20 Rebuke and dread correction wait on us,
And the contrarious winds, that held the king And they shall do their oflice. So, be goue ;
So long in his unlucky Irish wars,

We will not now bé troubled with reply:
That all in England did repute him 'dead;~ We offer fair, take it advisedly.
And, from this swarm of fair advantages,

[Exe. Worcester und Vernon. You took occasion to be quickly woo'd

125 P. Henry. It will not be accepted, on my life: To gripe the general sway into your hand: The Douglas and the Hotspur both together Forgot your oath to us at Doncaster;

Are contident against the world in arms. And, being fed by us, you usd us so

K. Henry. Hence, therefore, every leader to his As that ungentle gull, the cuckow's bird,

charge; Useth the sparrow?: did oppress our nest; |30 For, on their answer, we will set on them: Grew by our feeding to so great a bulk,

And God befriend us, as our cause is just ! That even ourlovedurst not come near yoursight,

[Exe. King, Blunt, and Prince John. For fear of swallowing; but with nimble wing Fal. Hal, if thou see me down in the battle, and We were enforc'd, for safety sake, to fly

bestride me, so; 'tis a point of friendship. Out of your sight, and raise this present head: $35. P. Henry. Nothing but a colossus can do thee Whereby we stand opposed by such means that friendship. Say thy prayers, and farewell. As you yourself have forg'd against yourself; Fal. I would it were bed-time, Hal, and all well. By unkind usage, dangerous countenance,

P. Henry. Why, thou owest heaven a death. And violation of all faith and troth

[Erit Prince Henry. Sworn to us in your younger enterprise. [lated', 40 Fal. 'Tis not due yet; I would be loth to pay

K.Henry. These things, indeed, you have articu- him before his day. What need I be so forward Proclaim'd at market-crosses, read in churches; with him that calls not on me? Well, 'tis no matTo face the garment of rebellion

ter: honour pricks me on. Yea, but how if boWith some tine colour, that may please the eye nour prick me off when I come on how then? Of fickle changelings, and poor discontents, 45 Can honour set to a leg? No. Or an arm? No. Which gape, and rub the elbow, at the news Or take away the grief of a wound? No. Honour Of hurly-burly innovation :

hath no skill in surgery then? No. What is honour? And never yet did insurrection want

A word. What is that word, honour? Air. A Such water-colours to impaint his cause ; trim reckoning!-Who hath it? Ile that dy'd o' Nor moody beggars, starving for a time 50 Wednesday. Doth he feelit? No. Doth he hear it? Of pell-mell havock and contusion. [soul No. Is it insensible then? Yea, to the dead. But

P. Henry. In both our armies, there is many a will it not live with the living? No. Why? DeShall pay füll dearly for this encounter,

traction will not suffer it:--therefore I'll none of If once they join in trial. Tell your nephew, fit: Honour is a mere scutcheon, and so ends my The prince of Wales doth join with all the world 55 catechism.

[Exit. In praise of Henry Percy: by my hopes,

This present enterprize set off his head,
I do not think, a braver gentleman,

Hotspur's Camp.
More active-valiant, or more valiant-young,

Enter Worcester und Vernon. More daring, or more bold, is now alive, 60 Wor. O, no, my nephew must not know, Sir To grace this latter age with noble deeds.

Richard, ? i. e. the injuries done by king Richard in the wantonness of prosperity. 2 The cuckow's chicken, who, being hatched and fed by the sparrow, in whose nest the cuckow's egg was laid, grows in time able to devour her murse. i. e. we stard in spposition to you. i. e. exhibited in articles.


The liberal kind offer of the king,

Trimm'd up your praises with a princely tongue; Per. 'Twere best, he did.

Spoke your deservings like a chronicle; Wor. Then we are all undone.

Taking you ever better than his praise, It is not possible, it cannot be,

By still dispraising praise, valu'd with you: The king should keep his word in loving us ; 5 And, which became him like a prince indeed, He will suspect is still, and find a time

He made a blushing cital of himself; To punish ihis oitence in other faults:

And chid his truant youth with such a graçe, Suspicion, all our lives, shall be stuck full of eyes: As if he master d'there a double spirit, For treason is but trusted like the fox;

Of teaching, and of learning, instantly. Who, ne'er so tame, so cherish’d, and lock'd up, 10 There did he pause: But let nte tell the world, Will have a wild trick of his ancestors.

If he out-live the envy of this day, Look how we can, or sad, or merrily,

England did never owe so sweet a hope, Interpretation will misquote our looks;

So much misconstrued in his wantonness. And we shall fceci like oxen at a stall,

Hot. Cousin, I think, thou art enamoured
The better cheri»l’d, still the nearer death. 15 Upon his follies; never did I hear
My nephew's trespass may be well forgot, Of any prince so wild, at liberty* :-
It hath the excuse of youti, and heat of blood; But, be he as he will, yet once ere night
And an adopted name of privilege,-

I will embrace him with a soldier's arın,
A hair-brain'd Hotspur, govern’d by a spleen: That he shall shrink under my courtesy:-
All his otiences live upon my head,

20 Arm, arin, with speed:--- And, fellows, soldiers, And on his tather's;-we did train him on;

triends, And, his corruption being ta'en trom 13,

Better consider what you have to do, We, as the spring of all, shall pay for all.

Than I, that have not well the gift of tongue, Therefore, good cousin, let nut Harry know, Can lift your blood up with persuasion. In any case, the otter of the king.


Enter û Messenger.
Ver. Deliver what you will, I'll say, 'tis so. Nies. My lord, here are letters for you.
Here comes your cousin.

Hot. I cannot read them now. -
Enter Hotspur, and Douglas.

O gentlemen, the time of life is short;
Hot. My uncle is return'd,-Deliver up To spend that shortness basely, were too long,
My lord of Westmoreland.—Uncle, what news:30 11 lite did ride upon a dial's point,

Wor. The king will bid you battle presently. Still ending at the arrival of an hour.
Doug. Defy him by the lord of Westmoreland. An if we live, we live to tread on kings;
Hot. Lord Douglas, go you and tell him so. If die, brave death, when princes die with us!
Doug. Marry, and shall, and very willingly; Now for our consciences,--the arms are fair,

[Exit Douglas. 35 When the intent for bearing tliem is just. Wor. There is no seeming mercy in the king.

Enter another Altssenger. Hot. Did you beg any? Gultorbid !

Mfes. My lord, prepare; the king comes on Wor. I told him gently of our grievances,

apace. Of his oath-breaking; which he mended thus,- Ilot. I thank him, that he cuts me from my tale, By now forswearing that he is forsworn. 140 For I profess not talking; Only this, lle calls us, rebels, traitors; and will scourge Let each man do his best: and here draw I 11ith haughty arms tliis hateful name in us. A sword, whose temper I intend to stalı Re-enter Douglus.

With the best blood ihat I can meet withal Doug. Arm, gentlemen, to arms! for I have In the adventure of this perilous day. throwa

15 Now,—Esperance'!-- Percy!-and set an.A brave defiance in king Henry's teeth,

Sound all the lofty instruments of war,
And Westmoreland, that was engag'd', dich bear it. And by that music let us all embrace:
Which cannot chuse but bring him quickly 0.. For, heaven to earth", some of us never shall
Wor. The prince of Wales stept lorth betore the A second time do such a courtesy,

50 [The trumpet sounds. They einbruce, then exci And, nephew, challeng'd you to single fight.

SCENE III. 11. O, would the quarrel lay upon our heads;

Plain near Shrewsbury. And that no man might draw short breath 10-cay, But I and Harry Mominouth! Tell me, tell me, The King entereth wiih his power. Alarum to How shew'd his tasking? seeni'd it in contempt? 55 the buttle. Then enter Douglas and Blunt. Ver. No, by my soul; I never in my life

Blunt. What is thy name,

that in the battle thus Did hear a challenge urg'd more modestly, Thou crossest me? what honour dost thou seek Umless a brother should a larother dare

Upou my head ? To gentle exercise and proof of arms.

Doug. Know then, my name is Douglas; He gave you all the duties of a man;

160 And I do haunt thee in the battle thus, · Engag'd is deliver'd as an hostage. ?i. e, recital. ?j. e. was master of.

*j. e: of any prince who played such pranks, and was not confined as a madman. 5 This was the word of battle on Percy's side, and has always been the motto of the Percy family. Esperance en Dieu is the present motto of the duke of Northumberland, and has been loug used by his predecessors. • i. e. one might wager heaven to earth. 11


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