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had the liberty of the prison; give him leave tol I will give him a present shrift, and advise him escape hence, he would not: drunk many times al for a better place. Yet you are amaz'd, but this day, if not many days entirely drunk. We have shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; it is very often awak'd him, as if to carry him to ex. almost clear dawn.

[Exeunt. ecution, and shew'd him a seeming warrant for 5

SCENE III. it; it hath not mov'd him at all. Duke. More of him anon. There is written in

Enter Clown. your brow, Provost, honesty, and constancy: il Clown. I am as well acquainted here, as I was I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; in our house of profession : one would think, it but in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay my- 10 were mistress Over-done's own house, for here be self in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a many of her old customers. First, here's young warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law master Rash; he's in for a commodity of brown than Angelo who hath sentenc'd him: To make paper and old ginger, ninescore and seventeen you understand this in a manifested effect, I cravel pounds; of which he made five marks, ready mo. but four days respite ; for the which you are to do 15 ney: marry, then, ginger was not much in reme both a preseiit and a dangerous courtesy. Iquest, for the old women were all dead. Then is Prod. Pray, sir, in what?

Ithere here one master Caper, at the suit of masDu®e. In the delaying death.

ter Three-pile the mercer, for some four suits of Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having the peach-colour'd sattin, which now peaches him a hour limited; and an express command, under 20 beggar. Then have we here young Dizy, and penalty, to deliver his head in the view of Ange- young master Deep-vow, and master Copperlo? I may make my case as Claudio's, to cross spur, and master Starve-lacky the rapier and dagthis in the smallest.

ger-nian, and young Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant Pudding, and master Forthright the tilter, and you, if my instructions may be vour guide. Let 25 brave master Shoe-tye the great traveller, and this Barnardine be this morning executed, and wild Half-can that stabb’d Pots, and, I think, his head borne to Angelo

forty more; all great doers in our trade, and are Pror. Angelo hath seen them both, and will now in for the Lord's sake. discover the favour.

Enter abhorson. Duke. Oh, death's a great disguiser: and you may 30! Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; and! Clown. Master Barnardine! you must rise and say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so barb'd be hang'd, master Barnardine! before his death: you know the course iscommon. Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine! If any thing fall to you upon this, niore than | Barnar. [Within.] A poso'your throats! Who thanks and good furtune, by the saint whom 135 makes that noise there? What are you? profess, I will plead against it with my life.

Clown. Your friends, sir; the hangman: You Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against must be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. my oath,

| Barnar. [Within.] Away you roglie, away; I Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the am sleepy. deputy?

401 Abhor. Tell him he must awake, and that Prov. To him and to his substitutes.

Iquickly too. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, | Clown. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing? Jyou are executed, and sleep afterwards. Prov. But what likelihood is in that? UT Abhor, Go in to him, and fetch him out.

Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet 45 Clown. He is coming, sir, he is coming; I hear since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, in- his straw rustle. tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt

Enter Barnardine. you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all Abhor. Is the ax upon the block, sirral? tears out of you. Look you, sir, here is ihe band 1 Clown. Very ready, sir. and seal of the duke: You know the character, 150 Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. news with you? Proo. I know them both.

| Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap inDuke. The contents of this is the return of the to your prayers; for look you, thewarrant's come. duke; you shallanon over-readit at your pleasure; Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all where you shall find, within these two days he 35 night, I am not fitted for't. will be here. This is a thing, that Angelo knows Clown. Oh, the better, sir; for he that drinks not: for he this very day receixes letters of strange all night, and is hang'd betinies in the morning, tenor; perchance, of the duke's death ; perchance, finay sleep the sounder all the next day. entering into soine monastery; but, by chance,

Enter Duke. nothing of what is writ'. Look, the unfolding 601 Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostlý star calls up the shepherd: Put not yourself into rather ; Do we jest now, think you? amazement, how these things should be: wil ditti- | Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing culties are but easy when they are known. Caill now hastily you are to depart, I am cuide to advise your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: Jyou, comiort you, and pray with you.

That is,-here writ-the Duke pointing to the letter in his hand. ? That', an allasion to prisoos begging of passengers for the Lord's sake,

Burnar, Barnar. Friar, not I ; I have been drinking hard! But I will keep her ignorant of her good, all night, and I will bave more time to prepare me, To make her heavenly comforts of despair, or they shall beat out my brains with billets: I will When it is least expected. not consent to die this day, that's certain.

Enter Isabella. Duke. Oh, sir, you must: and therefore I beseech 5 Isab. Ho, by your leave. you, look forward on the journey you shall go. Duke. Good morning to you, fair and gracious Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any

daughter. man's persuasion.

Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. Duke. But hear you,

Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? Barnar. Not a word: if you have any thing to 10 Duke.Hehath releas'd him, Isabel, from the world; say to me, come to my ward; for thence will 1 His head is off, and sent to Angelo. not

[Exit. Isab. Nay, but it is not so.
Enter Provost.
| Duke. It is no other:

[tience. Duke. Unfit to live, or die: Oh, gravel heart!- Shew your wisdom, daughter, in your close paAfter him, fellows; bring him to the block. 15 Isab. Oh, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes.

(Ereunt Abhorson and Clown. Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner | Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! Duke. Acreature unprepar'd, unmeet for death: Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! And, to transport him in the mind he is,

Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot: Were damnable.

|20|Forbear it therefore; give your cause to heaven. Prov. Here in the prison, father,

Mark, what I say; which you shall find There dy'd this morning of a cruel fever By every syllable a faithful verity: [eyes; One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

The duke comnes home to-morrow;—nay, dry your A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head, One of our conyent, and his confessor, Just of his colour: What if we do omit 125 Gives me this instance: already he hath carry'd This reprobate, till he were well inclin'd;

Notice to Escalus and Angelo; And satisfy the deputy with the visage

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?

There to give up their power. If you can, pace Duke. Q,'tis an accident that heaven provides !

your wisdom Dispatch it presently; the hour draws on 304 that good path, that I would wish it go; Pretix'd by Angelo: See, this be done,

JAnd you shall have your bosom? on this wretch, And sent according to command; whiles I Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.

And general honour. Pro. This sball he done, good father, presently. Isab. I am directed by you. But Barvardine must die this afternoon: 35Duke. This letter then iɔ friar Peter give; And how shall we continue Claudio

(Tis he that sent me of the duke's return: To save me from the danger that might come, I Say, by this token, I desire bis company (yours, If he were known alive?

At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause and Duke. Let this be done.- Put them

I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you In secret holds, both Barnardine and Claudio: 40 Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo Ere twice the sun hath made his journal greeting Accuse him home and home. For my poor self, To the under generation, you shall find

I am combined' by a sacred vow,

[ter: Your safety manifested.

And shall be absent. Wend you with this letProv. I'am your free dependent.

Command these fretting waters from your eyes Duke. Quick, dispatch, and send the head to 45 With a light heart; trust not my holy order, Angelo.

[Erit Provost. If I pervert your course. Who's here? Now will I write letters to Angelo,

Enter Lucio.
The provost, he shall bear them,-whose contents | Lucio. Good even!
Shall witness to him, I am near at home; | Friar, where is the provost?
And that, by great injunctions, I am bound 150 Duke. Not within, sir.
To enter publickly: hiin I'll desire

Lucio. O pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine heart, To meet me at the consecrated fount,

to see thine eyes so red: thou must be patient : A league below the city; and from thence, I am fain to dine and sup with water and bran; I By cold gradation and well-balanc'd form,

dare not for my head fill my belly; one fruitful We shall proceed with Angelo.

|55 meal would set ie lo't: But they say the duke will Re-enter Protost.

be here to-morrow. By my troth, Isabel, I lov'd Prov. Ilere is the head; I'll carry it myself. thy brother: if the old fantastical duke of dark

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a switt reiurn; corners had been at home, he had liv'd. For I would commune with you of such things,

Exit Isabella. That want no ear but yours.

| Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden Prov. I'll make all speed.

[Erit: Ito your reports; but the best is, he lives not in them. Isub. [Within.] Peace, ho, be here! Thnow Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so

Duke. The tongue of Isabe :-She's come to well as I do : be's a better : woodman than thou If yet her brother's pardon be come hither: 1 lak’it him for.

That is, to remove him out of this world to the other. ? That is, your wish. That is, I ain bound " That is, go.



Duke. Well you'll answer this one day. Fare! That no particular 4 scandaloncecantouch, Plivd. ye well.

But it contounds the breather. lle should have Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous sense, can tell thee pretty tales of the duhe.

Might, in the times to come, have ta'en revenge, Duke. You have told me too many of hiin al- 5 By so receiving a dishonour'd lite, sliv'da ready sir, if they be true; if not true, none werel With ransom of such shame. 'Would yet he had enough.

llack, when once our grace we have forgot, Lucio. I was once before him for getting a Nothing goes right; we would, and we would not, wench with child.

[Erit. Duke. Did you such a thing?

SCENE V. i Lucio. Yes, marry, did 1: but I was fain to forswear it; they would else have marry'd me to

Changes to the fields without the Town. the rotten mediar.

Enter Duke in his own habit, and Friar Peter. Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honest :/ Duke. These letters at fit time deliver me. Rest you well.

[Giting letters. · Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the The Provost knows our purpose, and our plot. lane's end :'it bawdy talk ottend you, we'll have the matter being a'oot, keep your instruction, very little of it: Näy, friar, I am a kind of burr. Ind hold you ever to our special drift; I shall stick.

Exeuni. I though sometimes youdo blench'fron: thisto that, SCENE IV.

120 As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house,

And tell him, where I stay: give the libe notice
Changes to the Palace.

Unto Valentius, Rowland, and to Crassus,
Entr Angelo and Escalus.

And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate; Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'd But send me Flavius first. other.


Peter. It shall be speech-d well. [Exit Friar. Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner.

Enter Varrius. His actious shew much like to madness; pray heal | Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made ven, his wisdom be not tainted?! And whymeets good haste: him at the gates, and re-deliver our authorities Come, we will walk: There's other of our friends there?

1301 Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. Escal. I guess not.

[Exeunt. Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an

SCENE VI. hour before his ent'ring, that, if any crave redress of injustice, they should exbibit their peti

Enter Isabile and Mariana. tions in the street?

35 Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loth; Escal. He shews his reason for that: to have all would say the truth; but to accuse him so, dispatch of complaints; and to deliver us from That is your part; yet I am advis'd to do it; devices hereafter, which shall then have no power le savs, to vail tuli purposes. to stand against us.

| diri. Be rul'd by him. Ang. Well; I beseech you let it be proclaim'd: 401 Isab. Besides, he iells me, that, if peradventure Betime i'the morn, I'll call you at your house: lle spelk against me on the adverse side, Give notice to such men of sort and suit',

I should not think it strange; for 'tis a physick, As are to meet him.

That's bitter to sweet end. Escal. I shall, sir: fare you well. [Exit. Vari. I would, triar Peter Ang. Good night.

[nant -, 45 Isub. Oh, peate ; the friar is come. This deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpreg

Enter triar Petur.

[61, And dull to all proceedings. A dellower'dinud! Petir. Come, Thave tound you out a stand most And by an eminent body, that enforcd

Where you may have such'vintage on the duke, The law against it! But that her tender shame! He shall not pass you: Twice have the trumpets Will not proclaim against her maiden loss, 50 ihe generous' and gravest citizens Founded: How miglit she tongue me! Yet reason dares Have heat the gates, and very near upon her: no:

The duke is entering; therefore hence, away. For my authority bears a credent' bulk,



1 | Ang. and Escal. Ilappy return be to your royal A public place neur the City, 601 grace! Enter Duke, Varrius, Lord, Anseln, Escalus, | Duke. Many and hits thankings to you both.

Luci ,, and Citizens, ut seroral doors. We have made enquiry of you; and we bear Duke. M Y very worthy cousin, fairly met:- | Such goodness of your justice, that our soul

W Our old and taithful friend, we arel Cannot but yield you torth to publick thanks, glad to see you.

165 Forerunning inore requital. " Meaning, of figure and rank ? That is, uuprepared. That is, creditable. That is, private, "That is, fly oft. Meaning, to conceal the full extent of our design. That is, boble. That is, seized.



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Ang. You make my bonds still greater. I las e'er I heard in madness. Duke. Oh, your desert speaks loud; and I should! | Usub. Gracious duke, wrong it,

Harp not ou that; nor do not banish reason To lock it in the wards of covert bosom,

For inequality: but let your reason serve When it deserves with characters of brass

To make the truth appear, where it seems hid; A forted residence,'gainst the tooth of time Not hide the false, seems true. And razure of oblivion: Give me your hand, Duke. Many that are not mad

[say? And let the subjects see, to make them know Have,sure, more lack ofreason.---What would you That outward courtesies would fain proclaim

Isab. I am the sister of one Claudio,
Favours that keep within. -Come, Escalus; . 10 ('ondemn'd upon the act of fornication
You must walk by us on our other band;- [out, To lose his head; condemn'l by Angelo:
Andgood supporters are you.[As the Dukeisgoingi 11, in probation of a sisterhood,
Enter Peter and Isabella

Was sent tu by my brother; one Lucio
Peter. Now is your time; speak loud, and kneel Was then the inessenger;-
before him. +

115] Lucio. 'That's I, an't like your grace: Isab. Justice, O royal duke! Vail' your regard I came to her from Claudio, and desir'd her Upon a wrong'd, I would fain have said, a maid! To try her gracious fortune with lord Angelo, Oh worthy prince, dishonour not your eye for her poor brother's pardon. By throwing it on any other object,

| Isab. That's he, indeed. Till you have heard me in my true complaint, 120 Duke. You were not bid to speak. And given me justice, justice, justice, justice! Licio. No, my good lord;

Duke. Relate your wrongs: In what? bruhom Nor wish'd to hold my peace. Here is lord Angeloshall give you justice; {bebriet: Duhe. I wish you now, then; Reveal yourself to him.

Pray you, take note of it: and when you have Isab. Oh, worthy duke,.

25 A business for yourself, pray heaven, you then You bid me seek redemption of the devil:

Be perfect. Hear me yourself; for that which I must speak Lucio. I warrant your honour. Must either punish me, not being believ'd, [here. Duke. The warrani's for yourself; take heed to Or wring redress from you: hear me, oh, hear me, Isab. This gentleman told somewhat of my tale.

Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not tum: 130 Lucio. Right. She hath been a suitor to me for her brother, _ Duke'. It may be right; but you are in the wrong Cut ott' by course of justice.

To speak before your time.- Proceed.
Isub, By course of justice!

Isab. I went
Ang.Andshe will speaki most bitterly and strange. To this pernicious caitiff deputy.
_Isab. Most strange butyetnosttruly, will I speak;[35] Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken.
That Angelo's forsworn; is it not strange?

Isab. Pardon it;
That Angelo's a iurtherer; is't not strange? The phrase is to the matter.
That Angelo is an adulterous thief,

Duk'. Mended again: the matter ;-Proceed. An hypocrite, a virgin violator;

| Isub. In brief,--to set the needless process by, Is it not strange, and strange?

40 How I persuaded, how I pray'd, and kneelid, Duke. Nay, it is ten times strange.

Now be refellid' me, and how I reply'd; Isab. It is not truer he is Angelo,

|(For this was of much length) the vile conclusion Than this is all as true as it is strange:

I now begin with grief and shame to utter: Nay, it is ten times true; for truth is truth He would not, but by gift of my cha-te body To the end of reckoning.

|45|To his concupiscible intemperate lust, Duke. Away with her:--Poor soul,

Release' my brother; and, atter much debatement, She speaks this in the intirmity of sense.

Illy sisterly remorse confutes my hovour, Isab. O prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'st! And I didjield to him: But the next morn betimes, There is another comfort than this world,

His purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant That thou neglect me not, with that opinion [sible 50 For my poor brother's head. That I am touch'! with madness: make not impos Duke. This is most likely! That which but seems unlike: 'tis not impossible ! Tuh. Oh, that it were as like, as it is true! But one, the wicked'st caititi' on the ground,

Dukt. By heaven, fond wretch, thou know'st Nay seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute?,

not what thou speak'st; As Angco; even so may Angelo,

155 Or else tuu art suborn'd against his honour In all his dressings, characts, , rites, forms, I lo hateful practice": First, his integrity [son, Be an arch villain: believe it, roval prince,

Stands without blemish:-next it imports no reaIf he be less, he's nothing; but he's more,

That with such vehemency he should pursue Ilad I more name for badness.

Paalis proper to himself: if he had so offended, Duke. Bv mine honesty,

colle wonidhaveweizli'd thy brotherby himself, [on; If she be mad, (as I believe no other)

und not have cut him on: Some one hatlı set you Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense, 1 Confess the truth, and say by whose advice Such a dependency of thing on thing,

I thou cam’st here to complain, "To tuil means to lai fall, or to lover. ? i. e. As pertert, asexact in the performance of his cluty. 'Flis appearance of virtue. Characters. Resulu. Pily. ? Probable. 8 Foolish. .' Stratagem.


Isab. And is this all?

Mari. No, my lor l.
Then, oh, you blessed ministers above,

Duke. Are you a naid?
Keep me in patience; and, with ripen'd time, Mari. No, iny lorit.
Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up (woe, L. Duke. A widow then?
In countenance'!--fieaven shield yourgrace from 5 Mari. Neither, my lord.
As 1, thus wrong'd, hence unbelieved go! [cer | Dike. Why, you are nothing then:

Duke. I know, you'd fain be gone:-an offi-| Neither maid, widow, nor wile?
To prison with her:-Shall we thus permit

Lucio. My lord, she may bea punk; for many A blasting and a scandalous breath to fall

of them are vieither maid, widow, nor wife. On him so near us? This needs must beapractice?./10 Duhe. Silence that fellow: I would he had some Who knew of your intent and coming hither? To prattle for himself.

[cause Isab. Onethat I would were here,friar Lodouick. Lucio. Well, my lord. Duke. A ghostly father, belike: Who knows | Mari. Mylord, I do confess, I ne'er wasmarry'd; that Lodowick?

sfriar: And, I contess, besides, I ami no maid: (not, Lucio. My lord, I know him ; 'tis a meddling 13/1 hare knowniny husband; yetmy husband knows I do not like the man: had he been lay, my lord, That ever he knew me.

[better. For certain words he spake against your grace

Lucio. He was drunk then, my lord; it can be no In your retirement, I had swing'd him soundly.

Duke. Forthe benefit of silence, 'would thou wert Duke. Words against me?this'agoodfriarbelike! Lucio. Well, my lord.

so too, And to set on this wretched woman here [20] Duke. This is no witness for lord Angelo. Against our substitute!-Let this friar be found. | Mari. Now I come to 't, my lord:

Lucio. But yesternight, my lord, she and that friar She, that accuses him of fornication,
I saw them at the prison: a saucy friar,

In selt-same manner doth accuse my husband; A very scurvy fellow.

And charges him, my lord, with such a time, Peter. Blessed be your royal grace! 125/ When I'll depose I had him in mine armis, I have stood by, my lord, and I have heard With all the effect o! love. Your royal ear abused: First, hath this woman Ang. Charges she more than me? Most wrongfully accused your substitute;

Muri. Not that I hnow.

Triana. Who is as free from touch or soil with her,

Duke. No? You say, your husband. [To Man As she froin one ungot.

į 30 Mari. Why, just, my lord, and that is Angelo, Duke. We did believe no less.

rofl Whoihinki, ne knows, thathene'erknew my body, Know you that friar Lodowick, which she speaks! But knows, he thinks, that he knows Isabel's.

Peter. I know him for a man divine and holy; Ang. Thisis a strange abuset. Let's see thy face. Not scurvy, nor a temporary meddler,

Muri. My husband bids me; now lwill unmask. As he's reported by this gentleman;

135 This is that tace, thou cruel Angelo, [Unveiling. And, on my trust, a man that never yet

Which,oncethouswor'st,was worth thelooking on: Did, as he vouches, misreport your grace.

This is the hand, whichi, with a vow contract, Lucio. Mylord, most villainously; believe it. Was fast belock'd in thine: this is the body,

Peter. Wellheintime may come to clearhimself; That took away the matca from Isabel, But at this instant he is sick, my lord,

1401 And did supply tliee at thy garden-house, . Ofa strange fever: Upon his mere request, splaint In her imagin'd person. (Being come to knowledge that there was com | Duke. know you this woman? Intended’gainst lord Angelo) came I hither,

Lucio. Carnally, she says.
To speak, as from his mouth, what he doth know I Duke. Sirral, no more.
Is true, and false; and what he with his oath, 451 Lucio. Enough, my lord.

sman ; And all probation, will make up full clear,

Ang. Vy lord, I must confess, I know this woWhenever he's convented. First, for this woman, And, hve years since, there was some speech of (To justify this worthy nobleman,

marriage So vulgarly and personally accus'd)

|Betwixt myself and her: which was broke off, Her shall you bear disproved to her eyes, 150 Partly, for that her prim suri proportions Till she herself confess it.

Came short of composition”; but, in chief, Duke. Good friar, let's hear it.

for that her reputation was disvalud Do you not smile at this, lord Angelo?-

in levity: since wichtme, of five years, O heaven! the vanity of wretched fools!

I never spake with her, saw her, nor heard ironi her, Give us some seats.- Come, cousin Angelo; 155 C pon my taiti anduonour. In this I will be impartial; be you judge

Huri. Noble prince,

breath, Of your own cause. Is this the witness, friar? As there comes light from heaven, and words from

[Isabella is carried oil, guarded. | As there is sense in truth, and truth in virtue, Enter Mariana vtil'd.

i am allianc'd this man's wife, as strongly · First, let her shew her face; and, after, speak. 60% is words could make up vows: and, my gecdiord,

Mari. Pardon, my lord; I will not shew iny face, But Tuesday night last gone, in nis garden-house, · Until my husband bid me.

He knew me as a wife: As this is true, Duke. What, are you marry'd ?

Let me in safety raise me from my knees;

Hi.e. In partial favour. ? An artifice. 3 Perpetual,
That is, her promis’d fortune fell short of the agreement.

Abuse here signifies deception.

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