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to discontinue this mission, leaving the doubt, however, that theological schools ground to three other missionary bodies for educating a native ministry at some who have entered, or intend soon to en- stage of the mission, and preparatory ter this field. Mr. Hemmenway had not schools, and schools for the education of decided, at the latest date, what course the children of native Christians, are of to pursue of several which had been vital importance. Between three and proposed to him. It is due to him to say, four millions of pages have been printed that his feelings would have favored a during the year. continuance of the mission.
In concluding their annual report, the missionaries say :
“In reviewing the past year, and com
paring our present situation and prosKARANGAN.–Vacant.
pects with those of the previous year, we In this country.-William Youngblood, William see undoubted ground for encourageA. Steele, Missionaries; Mrs. Josephina M. Young-ment. The gospel has more free course. blood.
We can live among the heathen unmo(I station; 2 missionaries, and I female assistant llested, talk and preach of Jesus and his missionary ;-total, 3.)
word as much as we please. We are At present, there is no missionary of not subject to so much insult, as foreignthe Board in Borneo. Mr. and Mrs. ers, as we were a year since. The more Youngblood have returned to this coun- our acquaintance extends, the more freetry with their health seriously impaired, dom have we to perform the work of a but not until they had given exemplary missionary." proof of devotedness to their work. . Mr. Steele also, by advice of the Committee,
AMOY. is on a visit to the United States, partly
Anoy.-- Elihu Doty, Missionary ; Mrs. Elenor S. to recruit his health, but more to test the Doty. One native helper.
by the success or failure of his personal sionary. efforts to create an interest in Borneo as(I station ; 2 missionaries, 1 female assistant misa field for present missionary cultivation. | Bionary, and I native helper ;-total, 4.) and obtain men for the work. He has This most promising mission has been placed the buildings and other property deeply afflicted and seriously weakened of the mission under such care, that they by the death of Mr. Pohlman, who was run little risk of injury against the early drowned in December, 1818, in conseday when he hopes to see the mission quence of shipwreck while on his way revived.
from Hongkong to Amoy. This is the
first instance, in which a missionary of CANTON.
the Board has perished by the dangers
| of the sea. Mr. Pohlman was thus mysCanton.- Elijah C. Bridgman, Dyer Ball, M. D., James G. Bridginan, Missionaries ; Samuel W. Bon
career ney, and William A. Macy, Licensed Preachers; 8. Wells Williams, Printer; Mrs. Bridgman, Mrs. Isabella Ball, Mrs. Sarah W. Williams.
Nor did this affliction come alone to the
mission. His sister's health, which had I station ; 3 missionaries-one a physician, 3 male
not been good, was now so seriously and 3 female assistant missionaries ;-total, 9.)
affected, that her return to the United Mr. and Mrs. Williams arrived at States became a matter of necessity; Canton a little more than one year ago. and it was also necessary that Mr. Mr. Bridgman is still at Shanghai, en-Talmage should accompany her. Mr. gaged with others on a revised transla- Talmage is therefore now in this countion of the Scriptures. The labors of try, but will return to his mission as the mission have been continued as for- soon as possible. It is the design of the merly. But little is yet done in either of Prudential Committee to send other our China missions in the department of laborers into this field. education; and it is the opinion of the The chapel has been completed and Committee that education, regarded as opened for religious worship, and is part of the system of missionary opera- found to answer its purpose well. The tions, should be made the subject of par- little body of church members remains ticular correspondence with the mission as it was a year ago. In no rearies in China, with the aid of all the spect, except the loss of laborers, are light afforded by past experience, before the prospects of the mission less encourany considerable expenditures are author-aging than formerly, while every year ized in this department. There can be no adds something to the means of success. FUH-CHAU.
| Dwight, Missionaries ; Mrs. Rebecca H. Hitchcock,
Miss Lydia Brown. One native preacher.
HonolulU.-Ephraim W. Clark, Lowell Smith, Abigail M. Cummings, Mrs. Harriet F. Baldwin.
Missionaries; Samuel N. Castle, Amos S. Cooke,
Secular Superintendente; Edmund II. Rogers, PrintOn their way.-Justus Doolittle, Missionary, and er; Henry Dimond, Bookbinder; Mrs. Mary K. Clark, Mrs. Sophia A. Doolittle.
Mrs. Abba W. Smith, Mrs. Maria P. Chamberlain
Mrs. Mary T. Castle, Mrs. Juliette M. Cook, Mrs. (1 station ; 6 missionaries, and 4 female assistant Mary W. Rogers, Mrs. Ann Maria Dimood. missionaries ,- total, 10.)
PUNAHOU.- Daniel Dole, Missionary and Principal of the Seminary for Missionaries' Children; William H. Rice, Teacher : Mrs. Charlotte C. Dole,
Mis. Mary S. Rice, Miss Maria M. Smith, of November to join this mission. Mr. Ewa.-Artemas Bishop, Missionary ; Mrs. Delia S. Johnson has a school with twelve pupils, Bishop. One native preacher. and Mr. Peet has one with seventeen. Waulua.-- John S. Emerson, Peter J. Gulick, Mr. Peet has secured a large and com- Missionaries ; Mrs. Ursula S. Emerson, Mis. Fanny
H. Gulick. One native preacher. modious room for a chapel on one of the principal thoroughfares of the city. It
KANEOHE. — Benjamin W. Parker, Missionary;
Mrs. Mary E. Parker. has been his intention to visit this chapel
KAUAI. twice each day, once for the distribution of tracts and again for preaching. His Mercy P. Whitney, Mrs. Malvina J. Rowell.
WAIMEA - George B. Rowell, Missionary: Mrs. prospects thus far have been encour
Kolos.- James W. Smith, M. D., Physician; Mrs. aging. He has found a strong desire on Millicent K. Smith. the part of the people to receive religionis | Waloll.-Edward Johnson, Missionary; Abner
Wilcox, Teacher; Mrs. Lois S. Jobinson, Mrs. Lucy series of tracts to meet this desire. The|B
E. Wilcox. mission, situated in the valley of the In this country.-Seth L. Andrews, M. D., Phy
sician. Min, is surrounded by two millions of souls speaking the Fuh-chau dialect, and (19 stations ; 25 missionaries-one a physician, 4 mostly living within twenty miles of the physicians, 7 male and 30 female assistant missiona
Tries, and 7 native preachers;-total, 79.) houses of the missionaries. The people generally appear friendly and the field | The last Annual Report describes, at is inviting.
considerable length, the measures which have been found necessary by the Com
mittee, in consequence of the arrival of NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN.
the period when the circumstances of the
mission are so changed from their origiSANDWICH ISLANDS.
nal state, as to require a corresponding HAWAII.
change in the constitution of the mission KAILUA.-Asa Thurston, Missionary; Mrs. Lucy itself, with a view to its prospective and G. Thurston.
ultimate separation from the Board. The KEALAKEKUA.- John F. Pogue, Mark Ives, Mis
subject can only be alluded to in this sionaries ; Mrs. Mariu K. Pogue, Mrs. Ma
survey. The Committee seek to faciliKau.- John D. Paris, Henry Kinney, Missionaries; Mrs. Maria L. Kinney.
tate the independent settlement of the
members of the mission as pastors and Hilo.-Titus Coan, David B. Lyman, Missionaries ; Charles H. Wetmore, M. D., Physician, Mrs. Fidelia C. Coan, Mrs. Saruh J. Lyinun, Mrs. Lucy S. those who cannot yet obtain a living, on Wetmore.
the same footing with our home missionKOHALA.-Elias Bond, Missionary; Mrs. Ellen M. laries: and they expect by this means to Bond.
enable and induce the missionaries genWAIMEA.- Lorenzo Lyons, Missionary; Mrs. Lucia G. Lyoos.
erally to remain at the Islands with their
families, and thus ensure, through the MAUI.
divine blessing, a Puritan basis for the LAHAINA.-Dwight Baldwin, M. D., Missionary ; Mrs. Charlotte F. Baldwin. One native preacher.
community, whatever it shall be, which LAHAINALUNA.-William P. Alexander, Claudius
is to exist on those Islands, B. Andrews, Missionaries and Teachers in the Semi Mr. Chamberlain, for many years the nary ; Mrs. Mary Ann Alexander.
| able and faithful senior secular superinWailuku.—Daniel T. Conde, Missionary ; Edward tendent of this mission, has gone to his Bailey, Principal of the Female Seminary ; Mrs. An
His delusia L. Conde, Mrs. Caroline H. Bailey, Miss Maria C. Ogden. One native preacher.
health had long been feeble, and his Hana.-Eliphalet Whittlesey, Missionary; Mrs. death was not unexpected; but his loss Eliza H. Whittlesey.
will be severely felt. MOLOKAI.
Doct. Andrews is now on a visit to this KALUAAHA. — Harvey R. Hitchcock, Samuel G. country, in consequence of the failure
of his health. Dr. and Mrs. Wetmore. It has been found impossible to do have joined the mission within the year, any thing for these Indians since the having reached Honolulu on the Ilth of tragedy which occurred at Waiilatpu, March. Mr. Hunt has gone to preach to | November 29, 1847, and the wars and emigrants at St. Francisco in California. rumors of wars consequent thereupon. Mr. Armstrong, with the concurrence of Even among the Flat Heads, Messrs. the Prudential Committee, has taken Mr. Walker and Eells deemed a continued Richard's place as the government Min- residence unsafe ; and they accordingly ister of Public Instruction. We fail in availed themselves of a military escort our grand object at the Islands, if the which was offered to them, and removed schools are not properly cared for. The to the white settlements. The conduct government of the Islands assumed the of Col. Lee in proposing, and of Major expense of the common schools some | Magone in commanding the escort, has time since. They have now assumed been highly praiseworthy; and the disthe expense of the seminary, or college, interested zeal of the sixty volunteers at Lahainaluna; the Board giving them who went upon the expedition, deserves the buildings, library and apparatus, on the strongest commendation. condition of their so doing. The gov- In these circumstances, the missionaernment also supports the school for ries have endeavored to make themselves educating the sons of their chief men. useful among the whites. The CommitThe measles and whooping cough, which tee have thought it advisable to relinwere never before at the Islands, in con- guish their operations beyond the Rocky nection with diarrhea and influenza, mountains; and in this opinion the mishave occasioned great mortality among sionaries fully concur. Hence the efthe natives, and have caused the year to forts of the Board, in behalf of the Orebe one of mourning.
gon Indians, may be considered as at an The admissions to the churches during end. the year under review were about 1,600. More than 200 pupils were taught in
CHOCTAWS. boarding schools. The printing for two WHEELOCK -- Alfred Wright, Missionary ; Henry years has amounted to 80,524 volumes,
K. Copeland, Assistant Missionary ; Mrs. Harriet B.
Wright, Mrs. Abigail Copeland ; Mrs. Ann B. Dana, and 11,512,000 pages; and there has Misses Sarah Ker and Caroline Dickinson, Teachers been a steadily increasing demand for and Assistants ; Pliny Fisk, Native Preacher. books. The purity of the churches has STOCKBRIDGE.--Cyrus Byington, Missionary : Da. been in a good measure preserved ; dis
vid H. Winship, Steward of the Boarding-School;
Mrs. Sophia N. Byingtop, Mrs. Winship; Mrs. Laura cipline maintained; and Christian doc E. Lathrop and Miss Elizabeth J. Dough, Teachers trines are better known, and Christian
and Assistants. duties better practiced, from year to Pire RIDGE. --('yrus Kingsbury, Missionary ; Mre year. Cases of defection and discipline
Electa M. Kingsbury ; Misses Harriet Goulding and
Hannah Bennet, Teachers and Assistants. have been fewer the past year, than in
Good WATER.-Ebenezer Hotchkin, Missionary: previous years; for,-to use the lan
Hornce D, Smith, Assistant Missionary ; Mrs. Phileguage of the mission,-"Knowledge is na T. Hotchkin; Misses Catharine A Fay, Juliet increased, the light of the gospel shines
Slate and Angelina Hosmer, Teachers and Assistants. clearer, the standard of morality is grad 1. NORWALK.-Lewis Bissell, Stercard of the Board
ing School ; Horace W. Pitkin, Teacher; Mis. Mary
J. Bissell; Misses Marcia Colton and Eunice Start, coming more and more established, and Assistants. Christians are more confirmed in the Mount PLEASANT.-Charles C. Copeland, Licensed
Preacher ; Mrs. Cornelia Copeland. churches and congregations have been OUT-$TATIONS.- Mount Zion and Good Land. favored with a revival of religion. Aside Absent. -Edwin Lathrop, Assistant Missionary ; from the fearful mortality which has pre- Mrs. Cornolia C. F. Lathrop. vailed among the natives, the year has (6 stations and 2 out-stations ; 4 missionaries, I li. been one of not less than usual prosper
censed preacher, 6 male and 21 female assistant mis
sionaries, I native preacher ;-total, 33.) ity and encouragement.
Many changes have taken place NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS.
among the members of this mission dur
ing the past year. Miss Fox has been OREGON INDIANS.
obliged to return to her friends, by reason
of impaired health. The places made Without stations - Henry H. Spalding, Elkanah Walker, Cushing Eells, Missionaries; Mrs. Eliza Bart Spalding, Mrs. Mary Walker, Mrs. Myra Eells.
have been supplied by Misses Fay, Slate (3 missionaries, 3 female assistant missionaries;
and Hosmer, the latter of whom, from -total, 6.)
| Bedford, Massachusetts, joined the misVOL. XLVI.
sion last spring. Mr. and Mrs. Potter Park Hill.-Samuel A. Worcester, Missionary : and Miss Edwards, at their own request,
Stephen Foreman, Native Preacher ; Mrs. Ann 0.
Worcester; Miss Eliza Ann Worcester, Teacher; and with the consent of the mission, Edwin Archer, Native Printer. have been transferred to the Sioux mis- | LEE's CREEK-Timothy E. Ranney, Missionary; sion. Mr. and Mrs. Strong, at their own Mrs. Charlotte T. Runney. request, have been released from their Honey CREEK.-John Huss, Native Preacher. connection with the Board. He is ex- (5 stations ; 5 missionaries-one a physician, 2 napecting to labor as a home missionary in tive preachers, 2 male and 10 female assistant misIowa. Mr. and Mrs. Breed returned to
sionaries, 3 native assistants ;-total, 22.) Connecticut a few weeks since, on ac- Miss Stetson was removed from her count of her failing health. She has labors by death on the 29th of December since died; and he is released from his last. For many years she had proved connection with the Board. Misses Hall, herself the steadfast friend of the CherKeyes, and Root have received permis- okees. Mr. and Mrs. Orr have retired sion to discontinue their labors among from the nation, after having devoted to the Choctaws. Mr. Edwin Lathrop and the missionary work the best years of Miss Dolbear have been united in mar- their lives. riage. Miss Eunice Starr, of Norwich, A new station has been commenced Connecticut, and Miss Elizabeth J. by Mr. Ranney, in a district where no Hough, of New Britain, Connecticut, missionary has hitherto lived. The popand Mr. Horace D. Smith, of Williams-ulation in his immediate neighborhood is town, Massachusetts, joined the mission mainly composed of “full Cherokees; ” last spring; and Mrs. Laura E. Lathrop, a class who are becoming more and more formerly at Good Water, has been desig- anxious to secure the benefits which a nated to fill the place of Miss Keyes at Christian civilization holds out to them. Stockbridge.
He is encouraged by his prospects of Though the number of ordained labor-usefulness. ers is but four, and only two others are The past year has been marked by few licensed to preach the gospel, (a mis- incidents of special interest. Quiet and sionary force which is altogether inade- good order have generally prevailed; and quate,) the blessing of God has attended the Indians are manifestly advancing in the means of grace, and there have been social improvement. A desire to obtain constant accessions to the churches. a fortune in a few weeks or months has The whole number received on profes-induced a few to leave their homes, and sion, during the year which closed in brave the perils of the overland journey to September last, was two hundred and California. Should the experiment prove four. Two new churches have been or- successful, others may follow, to the unganized, with encouraging prospects. doubted injury of the nation. Education There appears to be an advance in the and temperance have made some propiety of many professors of religion, gress. from year to year; while others cause The missionaries lament that so few their teachers to stand in doubt of them. have experienced the renewing influ
The boarding-schools continue to be ences of the Holy Spirit. For a long prosperous. The pupils make decided time have they desired to see the gospel progress in their studies, and are con- which they preach becoming extensively forming more and more to the customs the power of God unto salvation ; but the and habits of civilized life; while some blessing is withheld. Only ten were reare attaining to a saving knowledge of ceived into the churches by profession the gospel. During the past summer a during the year ending in May last; seyfew have felt unusual solicitude in regard eral, however, have been admitted since. to their spiritual interests. The number There are some signs of progress in of pupils in the four schools for girls is Christian liberality. Some have resolved one hundred and sixty-three; in the one to consecrate a tenth of all they can for boys it is twenty-five.
earn or raise to the service of the Lord.
About six hundred thousand pages have CHEROKEES.
issued from the press at Park Hill. The DWIGHT.-Daniel s. Buttrick, Worcester Willey,
number and character of the mission Missionaries; Jacob Hitchcock, Kellogg Day, Assis-scho tant Missionaries ; Mrs. Mary Ann Willey, Mrs. Nancy B. Hitchcock, Mrs. Mary L. Day; Misses Eliza Giddings and Julia S. Hitchcock, Teachers.
Sioux. One native assistant.
LAC-QUI-PARLE.-Stephen R. Riggs, Moses N. AdFAIRFIELD.-Elizur Butler, M. D., Missionary ; ains, Missionaries; Jonas Petijohn, Fartner; Mrs. Mrs. Lucy A. Butler: Miss Esther Smith, Teacher. Mary A. C. Riggs, Mrs. Mary A. J. Adams, Mrs. One native assistant.
| Fanny H. Petijohn, Miss Martha A. Cunningham.
TRAVERSE DES Sioux --- Robert Hopkins, Joshua BAD River.-Leonard A. Wheeler, Missionary : Potter, Missionaries ; Alexander G. Huggins, Farmer | Mrs. Harriet W. Wheeler. and Teacher : Mrs. Hopkins, Mrs. Potter, Mrs. Lydia P. Huggins, Miss Jerusha Edwards.
(2 stations ; 2 missionaries, I male and 3 female as
sistant missionaries, 1 native catechist;-total, 7.) PRAIRIEVILLE. - Samuel W. Pond, Missionary ; Mrs. Cordelia F. Pond.
Mr. Ayer has been released from his OAK GROVE-Gideon H. Pond, Missionary ses S. Titus, Farmer, Mrs. Sarah P. Pond.
connection with the Board, on account
of a disease in his throat which incapacKAPOSIA.- Thomas S. Williamson, M. D., Missionary and Physician: Sylvester M. Cook, Teacher ; Mrs. Margaret P. Williamson ; Miss Jane S. Wile liamson, Teacher.
ary Society are willing to take charge of RED WING.—John F. Aiton, Missionary ; Joseph | the station at Red Lake, where Mr. Ayer W. Hancock, Teacher ; Mrs. Nancy H. Aiton, Mrs. Hancock.
has been laboring hitherto, the Pruden
tial Committee do not expect to send (6 stations : & missionaries, 5 male and 14 female as. sistant missionaries ;-total, 27.)
another missionary into that field.
Mr. and Mrs. Ely have also been reMessrs. Hopkins and G. H. Pond were leased from their connection with the ordained to the work of the ministry in Board ; and the school which he has September, 1818. Mr. and Mrs. Potter. I been teaching at La Pointe, will be inaccompanied by Miss Edwards, joined trusted to the care of Mr. Charles Pulsithe mission last autumn; and they are
fer, who, with his wife, have recently now temporarily at Traverse des Sioux. joined the miss
joined the mission. Mr. and Mrs. Hancock, late of Saratoga
No material change has occurred in Springs, New York, arrived at Red
+ Ron the plans or labors of the missionaries at Wing's Village in June.
La Pointe and Bad River. There have This mission is still obliged to struggle
been rumors of an intention on the part with very serious difficulties. The Sioux of
of the United States Government to rebelong to a class of Indians who are not
not move the Ojibwas, residing within the readily brought under the power of the
the chartered limits of Wisconsin, to some gospel. Among them, moreover, there
other locality; but no announcement of are obstacles to missionary effort which such a purpose has been made to the do not exist elsewhere. “The education
on Indians. fund," as it is called, operates as a con
NEW YORK INDIANS. stant hinderance; instead of promoting edi
TUSCARORA. - Gilbert Rockwood, Missionary: ment wish, it produces the contrary ef- Mrs. Avis H. Rockwood ; Miss Mary Jane Thayer,
Teacher. fect. Efforts are making to obtain a new cession of lands from the Sioux.
UPPER CATTARATGt9.-Asber Wright, Mission
ary ; Mrs. Laura M. Wright, two female teachers. Indeed, commissioners have been ap
LOWER CATTARAUGUS.--Asher Bliss, Missionary ; pointed to make another treaty; and
Mrs. Cassandra H. Bliss; two female teachers. though it is not expected that any thing
ALLEGRANY.--William Hall, Missionary: Mrs. will be done immediately, events of great Caroline G. Hall; Miss Margaret Hall, Teacher. moment to the Dakotas may soon occur. | One native helper. Should these efforts prove successful, im- OUT-STATION.- Old Town.--Miss Sophia Mudgett, portant changes must necessarily take Teacher. piace, von among the indians, and in inel (4 stations and I out-station ; 4 missionarios, ll feplans of the mission.
male assistant missionaries, I native helper ;-total,
16.) At Lac-qui-Parle, last winter, more than ordinary attention was given to the The revolutions and overturnings doctrines of the gospel. Two persons which were so frequent in the old world were admitted to the church; and it is during 1848, have had a humble counterhoped that others have become new crea- part among the Seneca Indians. In one tures in Christ Jesus. At Oak Grove a respect, however, the parallel fails. Dakota woman has been received into Though there has been intense exciteChristian fellowship. A “ medicine ment, no blood has been shed by our red man" died at this station in December brethren ; a fact not less honorable to last, after giving some evidence that he then, than it is to the missionaries who was prepared for his great change. have taught them the doctrines of the
Prince of Peace.
Prior to the recent change, the govern
ment was in the hands of hereditary L. POINTE -Sherman Hall, Missionary ; Charles chiefs. This system had come down Pulsifer, Teacher ; Mrs Beley P. Ball, Mrs. Pulsifer; Heory Blatchford, Native Calichist.
" from past generations, serving at the