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same time as a connecting link between
SUMMARY. the Senecas and the rest of the Six Nations. But under the constitution adopt
From the foregoing survey, it will be ed a few months since, and now recog
seen that the Board has under its care nized by the United States and the State twenty-five missions, embracing one hunof New York, the chiefs have no political dred and three stations, one hundred and pre-eminence over the warriors. In fifty-eight ordained missionaries, nine of short, the existing government is strictly them being also physicians, five licensed republican.
preachers, seven physicians not ordained, The excitement and agitation growing twenty-four other male and two hundred out of this change, and which even now
and eight female assistant missionaries; have subsided only in part, have proved making four hundred and two laborers unfavorable to missionary labor. "None who have been sent forth from this counhave been added to the churches by pro- try. Associated with these are thirty fession; and the number of communi. native preachers, and one hundred other cants is somewhat less than it was last native helpers ; consequently the whole year. The schools have not suffered so
number of persons in connection with much; indeed, they have generally been the missions is five hundred and thirtywell sustained. And it is not unlikely that the late political movements will
The number of churches, organized give a new impulse to education ; inas- and watched over by these different mismuch as the need of more intelligence sions, is eighty-seven; and one thousand among the people and higher qualifica- nine hundred and thirty-nine hopeful distions in candidates for office, is becoming ciples of the Lord Jesus Christ have more and more apparent.
been reported, within the last year, as It is gratifying to know that, except having been received into Christian felwhen serious epidemics occur, there is a
lowship; making the present number of slight increase in the population. There communicants twenty-five thousand six is much reason to believe, moreover, that
hundred and fifty-seven. these Indians will never part with their
The educational department embraces reservations. In these circumstances, seven seminaries for the training of nawith a sufficiency of excellent land, and tive preachers and teachers, in which enjoying at the same time the kind, fos- there are three hundred and forty-nine tering care of the State of New York, it scholars; twenty-four other boardingmay be hoped that they will eventually schools, in which there are seven hunbe raised to political and social equality dred and twenty six pupils ; also three with the whites. Many of them have al- | hundred and five free schools, in which ready made great advances in general nine thousand three hundred and fiftyimprovement.
five children and youth are taught,
indirectly under the instruction of the
missionaries, ten thousand four hundred St. Francis.-P. P. Osunkherhine, Native Preacher. and thirty. The common schools at the (1 station; I dative preacher.)
Sandwich Islands, as they are wholly
supported by the natives, are not included There has been no improvement in the in this estimate; though they owe their state and prospects of this mission dur- existence to the Board, and are still deing the past year. The roving habits of pendent for their prosperity and success, the Indians interpose a formidable bar- upon the coöperation of the missionaries. rier to the progress of the gospel. Even The present number of printing estabthe church members indulge this propen-lishments is twelve; connected with sity in some cases, much to their detri- which there are seven type and stereoment. The present number of commu- type founderies, and fonts of type for nicants in regular standing is thirty-six; printing in nearly thirty languages. and twenty remain under church censure. During the past year 36,061,118 pages The school which has been taught of are reported as having been printed, late by a native, has been discontin- making the whole number of pages, ued for want of a sufficient number of from the commencement of the missions, scholars.
INTELLIGENCE FROM THE MISSIONS.
Appeal for a Reinforcement.
Al the close of the letter the mission appeals LETTER FROM THE MISSION, JUNE 30, 1849.
for additional laborers to be sent to that field,
calling specially for a physician. The semi-annual letter from this mission con
We cannot conclude this letter withtains the following notice of the labors and pros- out expressing a strong desire that a pects of the mission.
reinforcement of two or three families, Each family has now, daily, one reli- including a physician, may be sent to gious exercise in Chinese, for the benefit this mission as soon as practicable. The of those connected with us, as well as
reasons for this, and particularly for a for our own improvement in the knowl- physician, have been given in previous edge and use of this language. The communications and need not here be great object of our mission to this
repeated. We see no good ground for
people-to make known to them the gospel changing the opinion we have heretofore --we have endeavored to keep steadily given of the healthiness of this place, in mind, in our studies and efforts for compared with other places in the same their good ; and in view of past experi; it does every where else in our world,
latitude. Yet sickness occurs here, as ence, we indulge the hope that we shall and when it does occur, it produces not thus labor in vain. Two day-schools for Chinese lads, each numbering from
much anxiety ; occasioning the loss of
time, an increase of expense, and proba twelve to sixteen pupils, have been sustained most of the time, with encourag- vice of a skillful and judicious physician
bly a loss of life, which the timely ser ing prospects. Our tract distribution, might greatly relieve, and, in many inwith other religious exercises, at two different stations, has been daily contin- stances, wholly obviate. The native ued for most of the time under review. population too, we think, affords a field The people continue to exhibit an en
to a physician for doing good, by simply couraging degree of interest in calling attending to the calls of individual for our tracts, so that during the past six cases, as at home, and by attempting to months, we have distributed between improve the native practice, which is not four and five thousand copies.
surpassed in India, or in any other
heathen country. Christians have been Our two congregations on the Sabbath, including our teachers and others long praying that China might be openconnected with us, have each usually Lord has granted this petition in a re
ed to the preaching of the gospel. The numbered from thirty to thirty-five. At
This is most emthese exercises, each individual is fur
this place. Here are nished with one of the Gospels, from phatically true which we generally read a chapter and interior of this vast empire, and having
hundreds of thousands, living in the give the sense, with additional remarks as we may be able. We also have sing- whom the gospel may be preached with
intercourse with different parts of it, to ing and prayers, as at home; in the former of which all present are encouraged that which is caused by our deficiencies
out any other restriction or limit than to join. On these occasions, we some in the knowledge and use of their lantimes think that we discover a little of that seriousness which is wont to prevail guage: 1. Yet our numbers are few, and in a Christian congregation, and hope,
are still diminishing. May the Lord with a trembling heart, that the Spirit of give us all grace to do, as well as to the living God may be moving on these pray, for the millions of China. dark minds, to convert them from the error of their ways. But hitherto we have not been permitted to see our hopes
Madras. realized in this respect, and can only pray, and ask our friends to pray, that LETTER FROM MR. WINSLOW, SEPTEMsuch glorious conquests of our great Re
BER 14, 1849. deemer may be soon witnessed in the It is known to the readers of the Herald that midst of this heathen people.
the missions generally, hold an annual meeting at
the time of the annual meeting of the Board. In There were three or four candidates who regard to this meeting of the Madras mission, wished admission to the church at this Mr. Winslow writes as follows :
time; but it was thought best to defer
their admission to another season. Yesterday was our annual meeting, held at Chintadrepettah, in unison with our fathers and brethren in America, and all parts of the world where your mis.
Madura. sions are established. The preceding evening we had our annual united feast, LETTER FROM MR. MUZZY, JULY 1, when the different classes of our church
1849. were together and enjoyed a social repast, with singing, prayers, and volun- Notice of a Native Christian. tary addresses. Three of the native
MR. Muzzy mentions the death of an aged brethren spoke, much to the purpose, on native member of the church, named Parkeanarthe benefits of such social intercourse in the promotion of brotherly love, and in han, and gives the following account of him,
which will be read with interest. doing away the caste distinctions so injurious to the church in this country. He was a respectable trader of the Mr. Muzzy, from Madura, also gave merchant, or high velalah caste, and some account of a similar social enter- lived in the village of Coodahreperttee, tainment there, last year, and of the about three miles from our congregation difficulties of their mission from caste. of Moomcorlum, and fifteen from here. Mr. Henry M. Scudder and myself also He had a family of eight children, nearly made some remarks. The evening was all of whom were married when I first pleasantly and profitably spent.
became acquainted with him, and five of
them lived in the same house with him. The Communion Service.
He had ever been, as far as I could
learn, a conscientious and consistent At the communion to-day there was heathen, and a very respectable man. an introductory service, attended by the And so much engaged was he in the reboys of the English school, about one ligion of his fathers, that he built a temhundred and twenty in number, the first ple and became a kind of priest, and had and second classes of the girls and boys a considerable number of disciples. in the vernacular schools, with teachers When consulted for the sick, as he often and several other adults, besides the was, he would take his silver-mounted Christians connected with us. In the ratan, which he used as a wand, and course of the exercises an account was saying some prayers over it would send given of the progress of Christianity it to be laid upon the sick person for his from the beginning throughout the recovery. This wand, with his sacred world, and of the operations of the thread, ashes and beads, were given up American Board from its commence when he renounced heathenism, and are ment, and the present state of its mis- now in my possession. sions. An infant son of Mr. Dulles, as In the year 1844 or '45, as he was one a sort of grand-child of the mission, was day at a village where the catechist was baptized. The Lord's Supper was cele- explaining the Scriptures, he heard him brated after the greater part of the con- read a passage which seemed to be set gregation had left, that there might be home, by the Spirit, upon his heart. He more quietness; and we enjoyed a re- immediately stopped the catechist and freshing season.
All the mission fami- asked him to read that passage again, lies were present except Mrs. Hunt, who and then again, and then, thinking for a is at Bangalore, and Mrs. Dr. Scudder, few moments, he said, “That is a wonnot well. Mr. Muzzy, from Madura, Mr. derful passage, really.” Although he William W. Scudder from Jaffna, and had an earthen jar full of books, which Mr. Martz, lately arrived from America, he had at different times received from were also present; making in all, about the missionaries, and had probably read fifty at the table. The thought was this passage before, it now assumed altocheering, that though a little band here, gether a different appearance. He beand in the midst of the heathen, we came very much interested in it and were joined in spirit with the thousands remained with the catechist nearly all of Israel in our native land, and the that day, and the next, and so on for thousands also in foreign lands, rejoicing three weeks, asking questions and listenin the same faith and the same services. ing to the reading and explanation of the Scriptures, and prayer. So much About two years after he united with engaged was he that he gave up all the church, a disease with which he had other business, and seemed to have all long been afflicted became so severe as his faculties absorbed in seeking the sal. to confine bim to the house nearly all vation of his soul; and, to his own sat- the time; yet he continued to talk with isfaction, and in the judgment of all who persons who came to see him. His trials knew him, he had found the “ pearl of were now very much increased, as his great price.” He was full of joy and children and neighbors took this opporlove to his Savior, and.to him who had tunity to persecute and abuse bim. been made the instrument of his conver- They would not permit the catechists or sion. He soon went to his friends and teachers, after our movement on caste, told them of the precious Savior he had to come to the house or see the old man found, and urged them to come and taste at all; nor would they permit any one to of his goodness for themselves. But read the Bible to him, or suffer him to they were astonished at him. Some pray aloud when they could prevent it. attributed the change to a possession of As he was worn out with disease and old the devil, while others thought it a very age, and was perfectly helpless and great pity that such a respectable man could not avoid them, he often suffered should be crazy. But he was bold and much from their neglect and violent and earnest with them, and urged them to abusive language; as also from a want renounce their heathenism and all their of the necessaries of life, although he sins, and to accept of Christ as their God and his family possessed a competence. and Savior. He said that many years Yet he was enabled to hold out with pasince he had heard of the true God, that tience and firmness. He often attempthe was one, and that he was every where ed to come where the catechist was, and present. This he believed, and had ever to see me; but his friends prevented since felt a strong desire to find and him. Sometimes they would prevent worship him. For this purpose he had him from setting out, and once when taken much pains to examine the differ- he had proceeded three or four miles, ent religious systems of this country; they overtook him and turned about the but none had satisfied his desire, or an- cart in which he was riding, and drove swered the expectation which he had him home again. Once when, after great entertained till now; and now he was exertion and fatigue, he had reached the fully satisfied. He was very sure that house of his daughter, three or four he had found the true God, and hoped to miles distant, because some cattle which be enabled to worship him the remainder had been sick for some time happened of his days.
to die then, it was attributed to his He renounced heathenism and caste Christianity, and he was hurried off, all at once. In the presence of a large worn out as he was, and sent back to his number of people, he invited me to eat home again. with him, and at the same time partook These annoyances were so severe and with me of food cooked by a low caste long continued that they brought him person.
near to the grave, when I sent and This, of course, brought upon him a brought him to Madura, and took care of violent persecution. Not only his disci- him for a number of months. The evanples and neighbors joined in it, but his gelical society at this station supported own family turned against him, and he him, and he was much rejoiced to be suffered much from their opposition and where he could enjoy Christian priviabuse; yet he held on his way with firm- leges. With joy glistening in his eyes, ness and constancy. Not being able to he would say it appeared to him like see well, he took with him a small grand- heaven. His disease continued to unson to read the Scriptures, while he ex- dermine his constitution, and he soon plained them to the people, as he went became so weakened and broken down from house to house; and thus he spent by it that he could not enjoy the meetthe most of his time, in making known ings, or remain in them long at a time; the preciousness of the Savior he had yet he would have some one of the found, and in efforts to induce others to young men of the preparandi class read embrace him.
the Scriptures to him and pray ; and he After a trial of some months, he was would often say that the thoughts of the baptized and admitted to the church at Savior were very sweet to him, they the east station here, and we have ever were his joy and rejoicing. As he besince had reason to believe him one of came still more feeble, and as it was the Lord's chosen ones.
evident that he could not continue long, his friends came and took him home, while all the rest were in darkness, I where after lingering a week or so he could not but think of it as an illustrawas taken, as we trust, from this world/tion of their moral condition. The light of sorrow to his Father's house.
of the gospel, which they so seldom see, He was so far from us that we could and which, by their lack of perception, not well see him, but to the catechist is to them so faint and dim, renders visiwho saw him a few days before his death, ble the condition of only a few, while the he gave assurances of his firmness in whole mass of the population are envelthe faith; and wished him and his family oped in gross darkness. But we would to call us when he died, that he might be be encouraged by the precious assurance buried in a Christian manner; saying that that “the people which sat in darkness, he had been separated from the heathen saw great light; and to them which sat in a part of his life and he wished to in the region and shadow of death, light be so in his death. For this purpose is sprung up." Oh, for the day when the he had procured a coffin some years be- Sun of righteousness shall arise on all fore; but, through the opposition of his this gloomy land. family, this privilege was denied him, In a village near Maloor, which I had They did not inform us of his death not visited before, the principal women until after they had burned the body. came out bringing brass plates contain
It would have been a privilege to have ing a little ground pepper and water, been with him in his last hours, and to and, arranging themselves near, reached have heard his dying testimony in favor out the plates towards me and made a of the religion which he professed ; but continuous and loud noise, which was a the evidence which he gave while in life kind of salute, for which they expected and health encourages us to believe that a reward. The crowd here listened to he was a true Christian, and that he is the gospel with attention, and showed, now at rest with his Redeemer.
by the questions they asked, that they
understood a part at least of what was Maloor.
In another large village near the one Maloor is one of the out-stations under the just mentioned, the people appeared excare of Mr. Muzzy, about twenty miles from ceedingly ignorant even for heathen. Madura. In the former part of his letter he They could neither read nor understand speaks of the congregations there as suffering for much of what was said. We saw few want of more constant supervision than he is if any temples, but observed, fastened able, at so great a distance, to give them, and with long iron chains to the limbs of a says a missionary is much needed there. At a tree near where we stopped, a great later date he adds :
number of sharp crooked instruments in
the form of small bush hooks, called the Since commencing this letter I have half-sword, of very general use here, and visited Maloor and the villages in its a number of lamps and a lantern. The vicinity. Although the want of a mis- people said that they were their gods, sionary at the place is much felt there, adding that “ to this degree only was yet there are many things to encourage their knowledge." It is a practice with us to labor on at the present disadvan- some castes in this country to worship tage even. The members of the con- the implements of their trade or calling, gregations mostly recited Scripture les- expecting thereby to obtain prosperity. sons, and appear to improve in a knowl. When we attempted to show them the edge of the gospel; and numbers more folly of these things, they appeared would unite with us, I think, were there a ready to admit it, but repeated again, missionary there to take care of them. It “ to this degree only is our knowledge.” was quite encouraging to see, as we did in some places, fifteen or twenty individuals of all ages, fathers, mothers and children, all reading together the Scrip
Bombay. tures and Scripture catechisms.
At one place we were obliged to hold the meeting after dark; and as only our The following communication from Mr. Allen people could be accommodated within, will be read with much interest by those who while large numbers of the town's peo- desire to obtain definite and correct impressions ple sat in rows in front of our shed of a in regard to what there is encouraging in the school-house, and the feeble rays of our present state of things in India. It will be seen lamp rendered visible only the front row, that some light is rising on the darkness; that 10
LETTER FROM MR. ALLEN.