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tended measures for evangelizing the An urgent request has just been commountains. Our mountain evangelist, municated to us from priest Oner, of Deacon Guergis, sustained by the avails Marbeshoo, a large village back forty of our monthly concert at Seir, is, as usu- miles in Koordistan, that we would send al, faithfully and usefully at work. His a teacher and open a school in that viltour in company with Deacon John, to lage. No place in any part of the mounSáhát, was reported by Mr. Cochran last tains has been more noted for blind, bigmonth. Since I commenced writing the oted vassalage to Mar Shimon, than above paragraphs, a note from that ar- Marbeshoo; and a call on us for a school dent soldier of the cross has been put in that quarter clearly indicates a deinto my hands, which illustrates his inde- crease of patriarchal power for evil, fatigable zeal; and as it is very brief, I even in its strongest holds in the mounwill insert it in this connection.
tains. We hope to send a teacher to My dear friends, Mr. Perkins and Mr.
Marbeshoo, who shall also statedly and Cochran; If you would know respecting my Tan
v faithfully preach the gospel to that large journey; leaving Oroomiah, I spent one population. night at Anhar, where we had worship in the evening at the house of Deacon Joseph. Departing thence I had as companions on the way, fourteen souls. I conversed with
Nintab. them. One of them rose in opposition, but again became quiet. Reaching my home I JOURNAL OF MR. SCHNEIDER. remained there two days. Afterward I de. parted to itinerate in our region. I visited! MR. SCHNEIDER spent several months at five villages. They received the word. A Aintab in the summer of 1848, and then returned part of them I visited twice. After that I 10 Broosa. But, as is already known, it was af. went to Berdarash; then returned home. Iterwards thought best for him to join the station went again to Berdarash. In the tents of at Aintab. which he did in May last. The fol. the people of Marbeshoo, also of Bezaktee, they assembled and listened well. In re
lowing extracts from his journal will show bis turning from Bezaktee I fell in with a Turk view of the progress made at Aintab during his who seized me, saying, 'You are a Koord;'absence, and of the present circumstances of that but I showed him my New Testament and interesting field. was thus delivered; for I did not know his language. Had I been armed with a sword, May 28. I find great progress in every I should have been detained ; but the sword department of our work, since I left last of the Spirit was the means of my release; fall. The congregation, which then I have many things to write but have not might be estimated at one hundred, innow time.
cluding such of the children as could Four pupils of our seminary, who are understand a discourse, has nearly if not pious young men, have to day left us for quite doubled. Within a week we have a short visit to their mountain homes, had congregations of one hundred and They are excellent young men, who ar- forty, one hundred and seventy, and one dently long for the salvation of their hundred and eighty adults. Including people, and they will proclaim the gospel, the oldest children, there were two hunto them during their brief visit, as they dred. Such has been the increase that have opportunity.
our place of worship has become too
small. It has already been enlarged Contemplated Labors in the Mountains. twice, and now a third addition has be
come indispensable. Some, it is said, Members of our mission have contem- stay away because the room is uncomplated making another preaching tour in fortably crowded. We are in great the mountains, this season, but I fear need of a commodious church. they will be prevented by ill health. The school, which numbered about Dr. Wright has procured letters of in-fifty, has now increased to one hundred troduction for the purpose, from the pasha or more ; and instead of two, there are of Erzeroom and from the English consul now employed four teachers. The orat Tabreez, to the Turkish authorities in ganization of the Protestants into a septhe mountains ; but the precarious state arate community has been fully comof Mrs. Wright's health will not allow pleted. The brethren and members of him to be absent from home at present. the congregation, have been formed into
We long to scatter the good seed several societies for charitable and relibroadcast throughout the mountains; but gious purposes. In fact the work has
this end we must be strengthened by made great advances in every respect. men and means, as we have requested. The audience last Sabbath forenoon
la was not only large, but very attentive. quite as large as the last two Sabbaths, The subject was, Christ the sinner's only but those present were exceedingly athope and refuge; and as it was pressed tentive. The subject in the morning home upon those present, many wept free- was taken from Isaiah, v. 4: “ What ly. I have never seen so large an au- could have been done more to my vinedience of natives of this country so much yard that I have not done in it?" One moved by the simple exhibition of the good man, who is often tenderly affected truth. It is a great privilege to preach by the truth, I observed in tears some to a people so eager for religious in- half a dozen different times during the struction.
sermon. A young man who has long June 4. Yesterday, our audiences been convinced of the truth, but from were one hundred and seventy adults in various causes has not yet fully and the morning, and in the afternoon one openly espoused it, wept very freely hundred and ninety ; and including all as the subject was applied. Another the children, there must have been two new hearer, who has been present only hundred and fifty. The baptism of two occasionally, wiped away the tears sevechildren called together this number. ral times. Many others too, as was eviThey listened with marked interest. Ident from their appearance, deeply felt observed the eyes of many fill with tears the truths presented before them. These as the truth fell upon their hearts and unequivocal evidences of the effect of consciences; and one woman, who has the gospel upon their hearts makes it the usually been noted for her inattention, most delightful work to preach it to them. wept like a child during most of the It is so precious a privilege that one may morning sermon; and in the afternoon well make sacrifices to enjoy it. too, she was again deeply impressed.
The monthly concert was very fully Here, however, as every where else among attended this evening. The time was sinful men, when some are found ready to listen principally occupied in reading intelli- and obey the truth, others are ready to oppose. gence respecting the interesting work of grace lately experienced in Oroomiah. Opposition is not wanting. The eneThe audience was interested in the narra- mies seem to have waked up to new activtion, and the impression produced was ity recently. In a great variety of ways, quite solemn. The prayers offered by which there is not room to mention here, two of the native brethren were very fer- they show their enmity. A poor blind vent, especially one of them. The ardor girl, a relative of some of the Protestants, with which it was breathed forth moved had learned so much of the truth as to many others deeply, and I doubt if any feel the necessity of prayer. Recently, in the whole assembly were unaffected. while in the act of secret devotion, her
12. To give variety and interest to our uncle coming into the house and finding public exercises, we have given notice her thus employed, fell to beating her, to our congregation that if any of them exclaiming, “ You too have become a had any difficult passage which they de- Protestant and will not even pray in our sired to have explained, we wished them way." Her offence was, praying in a to write it on a piece of paper and hand language she understood, and not using it to us, and we would devote an evening some form in the ancient Armenian, of to its exposition. This evening the pas- which she has no knowledge. gage commented upon was 2 Thessaloni- One of our native missionaries, who ans, ii. 3, 4. The question proposed has been to Diarbekir, and another who was, Who is it that is here called God, has spent some time in Oorfa, have resitting in the temple of God, and show-cently returned. At the former place, ing himself that he is God? As, in there are some six declared Protestants. answer to it, the character and abomina- They have advanced so far as to have tions of the popes and popery were por- dissolved almost all connection with the trayed, it was interesting to see with old church. They are regarded and what abhorrence these simple-minded spoken of by all as Protestants, as havpeople looked upon this mystery of in- ing renounced all the errors of their iquity. They could not refrain from sev-church, and as receiving nothing but eral times giving open vent to their feel the word of God. From one of them ings of disgust and disapprobation. The his wife has recently been forcibly taken, monstrous and even blasphemous assump- simply because he would no longer adtions, and the enormous wickedness of here to his former errors. In Oorfa the system, greatly astounded them. much discussion has been awakened.
18. Yesterday our audience was not | On the Sabbath, many of the people
come to the room of our native brethren rated from his wife for more than a year, to propose questions, to hear them on account of his religious principles. read from the Scriptures, and to con- He has borne the trial in a most becomverse. Such is often the number that ing spirit. His wife left him, not so they find it difficult to secure time to eat much from the impulse of her own feel. their meals. So much attention has been ings, as by the promptings of her friends awakened to these subjects that the Ar- and relatives; in fact, they and the Armenian bishop has denounced Protestant-menian Vartabed and the primates of ism in the church, and forbidden his people their nation, not only persuaded, but as it to have any intercourse with these men. were, forced her to the step. Had she But such is the impression already made, been left to herself she would not have that it will be impossible to check the forsaken him, or would soon have removement by such means. The leav- turned ; but as her family is one of the en of the truth has evidently begun to first respectability in the place, both they ferment in both these places, and we may and their nation have for the whole year reasonably hope for further results. To- past labored to the utmost of their ability morrow we expect to send back the to protract the separation, and thus force brother who has come from Oorfa, and the young man back to their church. we shall send a supply of books to Diar-To this end they presented bribes sevbekir, according to the request of these eral times to the Turkish authorities. Protestants.
The husband appealed to Turkish law 25. Yesterday, the Sabbath, we had against this interference with his domesone of our largest audiences. There tic relations by the Armenian nation, must have been nearly two hundreds and more than once obtained a favorable adults. The house was so crowded, decision; but the force of bribes always that a few men and women were obliged prevented the execution of justice in the to remain outside by the door and win- case, dows, under the scorching rays of the After all these efforts for more than a sun, as they listened to the services. year, the case is decided by the volunThough the hearers did not seem to be tary return of the wife to her husband. so much moved as last Sabbath, there The Armenians feel exceedingly morti. was no want of interest, and many of fied that their influence and money comthem were evidently much impressed. bined could not make the separation
permanent. The effect cannot but be Female Prayer-Meeting.
favorable to the cause, as many have,
professedly, been prevented from joining Before our arrival Mrs. Smith had the Protestants, fearing a separation formed a prayer-meeting among the fe- from their wives. We would recognize male members of the church. As Mrs. the hand of Providence in so favorable Schneider's familiarity with the language an issue of a case designed by the eneenables her to impart instruction to the my to be an example to all heads of native mind, the invitation was extended families inclined towards the truth. to all such females as were disposed to attend. At the first two meetings some Evidence of the Extensive Influence of twenty or thirty assembled, and last
the Truth. week there were more than forty present. It was an interesting spectacle to see so I hear from various sources that a many of them collected to receive in- great amount of inquiry and discussion struction from God's word, and to unite exists among the Armenians; so much in prayer. Several of the female mem- so that Protestantism is the constant bers of the church always take a part in topic of conversation even in the most these meetings.
public places of business. Persons of July 13. The female prayer-meeting all classes engage in these discussions. to-day was one of special interest. It is to me surprising, as well as encourThose present listened very attentively aging, to see such evidence of the extenand appeared to be deeply impressed by sive and powerful impression of the divine things.
truth. Though the minds of men have
been excited on these subjects for two A Domestic Trial arising from Adher- or three years past, they never seem to
have been more awake to them than at ence to the Truth.
the present time. It is a most favorable 20. One of our young native brethren, indication, and naturally leads to hope a member of the church, has been sepa- and prayer.
23. Yesterday, the Sabbath, our audi- I ordered them to depart instantly. But ences were large and very attentive. they were not so easily intimidated. As my eye passed over the congregation The Turkish Aga, (chief ruler of the I saw indubitable evidence of the deep place,) also protected them and ordered impression of the truth upon the hearts their gainsayers to be quiet. His interof many. In months past we have usu-position enabled them to remain and ally had a smaller number in the after-prosecute their work in peace. They noon than the forenoon ; but for the last had intercourse with quite a number, and month, the house has been nearly if not the individual in whose house they quite as full as practicable at both ser- lodged, openly declared himself a Provices. To-day there were quite a number testant. He came to Aintab yesterday to of new hearers both in the morning and attend our Sabbath services, to which he afternoon; in fact no Sabbath passes listened with special interest. We shall without some new hearers. Among endeavor to keep up effort there, perhaps them was one of the principal men by sending one of our native brethren among the Armenians. This individual among them every week to spend the has recently been waked up to a sense Sabbath. of the errors of his church, as it would seem, chiefly by the reading of the gos- The fact that the congregation at Aintab had pel; and since then has been very zealous been divided, was mentioned in the last number in maintaining the truth fearlessly before of the Herald, in connection with a letter from all, and in the most public places. As Dr. Smith. The necessity for this measure is he is a man of so much standing, his here more fully stated. case is regarded with much interest both by our congregation and the enemy, and By the monthly additions to our conthe latter have been making special ef-gregations, our place of worship has forts to dissuade him from espousing our become so crowded that it has become cause.
exceedingly uncomfortable in this warm Two or three individuals were induced weather. No American congregation to come to a brother's house during the would think they could endure the inconinterval of the services and listen to the venience which these people have suftruth. As it was pressed home upon fered for many months. Very reluctantly them, one of the number was affected to we have come to the conclusion to open tears, and the father of one of the young another place of worship, so that the femen proposed that a prayer be offered, males may meet in one and the males in which was accordingly done. It is ex another. Yesterday this arrangement ceedingly interesting to see the immedi- went into operation for the first time. ate effect which the truth has on many The aggregate of hearers in both the of these minds when fairly presented. congregations was not quite so large as This is only one of many similar cases at some of our previous meetings; but constantly occurring; and they go to the attention was very good. Among prove the fact often adverted to, that the females, in the afternoon, the interest there is a remarkable readiness in many was uncommon, one or more of them of this people to appreciate the truth. being evidently deeply impressed. This The difficulty is to get access to them. arrangement will afford an opportunity The slanders of the priesthood, and their for hearing the gospel to all who are disthreats, keep many of these honest posed to do so, for some months to come minds aloof from us ; but we believe at least, though our labors on the Sabthat Providence will continue to bring bath are thereby increased. them within the sound of the gospel as 7. Our monthly concert was well athe has done in times past.
tended last evening, and the audience August 6. We recently sent two of were interested in the exercises. Duour brethren to Ooral, a village three ring the second prayer, offered by a nahours' distant, containing forty or fifty tive brother, several women wept like Armenian houses and as many Mussul- children. men. As the Armenians have no church, 10. Last evening two of our congregaand are without any priest to prejudice tion were united in holy wedlock, and them against the truth, we considered it the occasion brought together the largest a favorable opening for evangelical ef- audience we have ever had. There fort. Opposition was not, however, were almost three hundred adults, and wanting. Soon after their arrival the there must have been at least fifty or object of their coming was known, and sixty children capable of understanding quite a crowd collected around them and a discourse, making a total of three hun
dred and fifty souls. Many came from | versation with Mrs. Schneider to-day, pure curiosity; and a goodly number of remarked that she waked up several these strangers to our services, espe- times in the night and found herself cially among the women, did not conduct dreaming of what she heard in the evewith all the solemnity becoming the ning, and wept as she gave the relation. house of God. But a good opportunity An Armenian, still connected with the was afforded of presenting before the old church, was so deeply affected as to bearers many important truths on the shed tears almost incessantly. I cannot subject of matrimony, and we have rea- doubt that salutary impressions were son to believe the exhibition of them made on all present. The appearance was not in vain.
of our audiences, and the state of feeling 13. Our audiences yesterday, the among our community, force on us the Sabbath, were not particularly large, conviction, that an increased solemnity but deeply interested. In the morning and a deepened sense of divine things the attention was so close among the prevail among them. males, that you might almost hear a pin fall, and among the females two or three
Movement at Killis. were deeply affected. One of them hung down her head like a bulrush and We have just received a letter from was in tears most of the time. As Dr. our native helper in Killis, the following Smith was too much indisposed to preach extract from which is interesting. He in the afternoon, both the males and fe- says, “On the Sabbath, they have commales met in one place. The text was menced searching the Scriptures. Last John iii. 14. “ As Moses lifted up the Sunday there were about thirty individserpent in the wilderness, even so must uals in the church examining the Bible. the Son of man be lifted up.” Many of After a great deal of investigation, they them were deeply impressed, especially inquired of a priest, • Are the words of at the close, and the whole congregation these books' (the Scriptures printed at retired under a solemn impression. the mission press) 'true?' He replied,
Yes ; they are just like ours; there is Cases of Conviction.
no difference.' They immediately said,
• Then the Protestants are in the right.' The female above referred to, seems · Yes,' he replied, “they are in the right; to be the subject of genuine conviction but we are not able to walk in this way; of sin. In a recent interview with Mrs. it is a very hard one. Several of them Schneider she expressed her feelings instantly rising up said, with a strong very freely and fully; confessed herself expression of disapprobation, • Do you a great sinner, weeping freely as she tell us the truth? Be it so that it is a difmade the confession and saying that she ficult road, God will give us aid, and we felt herself to be covered all over with shall walk according to it. Five of sin. Another case of a similar kind, is them immediately went and broke the that of a mason. He is naturally of a Armenian fast, which they had never lively and cheerful disposition and apt to been disposed to do.” As fasting, in this be very social with his companions. region, is the grand test of attachment to Recently, one of our church members, the Armenian church, they have, by this observing him uncommonly sober, pri- step, publicly declared their want of convately inquired of him the reason of the fidence in her rites and forms. change. His reply was substantially as follows, “I used to feel that I had no Farther Evidence of Religious Interest need to be concerned about myself; but
at Aintab. I now feel that I am a sinner. Formerly I wondered at your seriousness, thinking 20. Our Sabbath services yesterday that as you were a Christian, there could were again well attended, and much sobe no doubt of your salvation, but I now lemnity was manifested. The male confeel differently. Now my thoughts are gregation in the morning, especially, was such as these "What shall I do to be deeply affected. The subject was, saved? What will become of me?'" “ Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise
17. Our meeting last evening was un- from the dead, and Christ shall give commonly solemn. Not only were the thee light ;” and as, at the close, it was hearers attentive, but there was a special pressed home, many wept freely. It was seriousness manifested throughout the a moving spectacle to see so many, aged house. The females particularly were men, men of strong and vigorous frames much impressed. One of them, in con- and with flowing beards, and young men,