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Laf. You shall find of the King a husband, Madam; you, Sir, a father. He, that so generally is at all times good, 'must of neceflity hold his virtue to you }; whose worthiness would stir it up where it wanted, rather than Nack it where there is such abun. dance.

Count. What hope is there of his Majesty's amend. ment? Laf

. He hath abandon’d his physicians, Madam, under whose practices he hath persecuted time with hope ; and finds no other advantage in the process, but only the losing of hope by time.

Count, * This young gentlewoman had a father, (O, that bad! how fad a passage 'tis !) whose skill was almost as great as his honesty., had it stretch'd fo far, it would have made nature immortal, and death should have play'd for lack of work. 'Would, for

3 whose worthiness would flir makes a reflection upon it, which, it up, where it winted, rather according to the present reading, than lack_it where there is fuch is unintelligible. We must there abundance.) An Opposition of fore believe Shakespeare wrote (O Terms is visibly design d in this that had ! how fad a PRESACÉ sentence ; tho the Opposition is 'tis!) i.e. a Presage that the King not so visible, as the Terms now muft now expect no cure, fince stand. Wanted and Abundance fo skilful a Person was himself are the Opposites to one ano. forced to submit to a malignant ther; but how is lack a Contrast distemper. WARBURTON. to ftir up? The Addition of a This emendation is ingenious, single Letter gives it, and the perhaps preferable to the present very Sense requires it. Read reading; yet, fince 'paljage may jlack it.

WARBURTON. be fairly enough explained, I This young gentlewoman had have left it in the text. Paljage a father (0, that had ! how fad is any thing that paljes ; so we a Passage 'tis! ) Lafeu was now say, a palage of an aut bour, Speaking of the King's despe- and we said about a century ago, rate Condition: which makes the pasages of a reign. When the Countess recall to mind the the Countess mentions Hekna's deceased Gerard de Narbon, who, loss of a father, the recollects The thinks, could have cured him: her own loss of a husband, and But in ofing the word had, which stops to observe how heavily that implied his death, the ftops in word had passes througá her che middle of her sentence, and mind.

the

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the King's fake, he were living! I think, it would be the death of the King's disease.

Laf. How calld you the man you speak of, Ma. dam?

Count. He was famous, Sir, in his profession, and it was his great right to do fo: Gerard de Narbon.

Laf. He was excellent, indeed, Madam ; the King very lately spoke of him admiringly, and mourningły: he was skilful enough to have liv'd still, if knowledge could have been set up against mortality.

Ber. What is it, my good lord, the King languishes of?

Laf. A fiftula, my lord.
Ber. I heard not of it before.

Laf. I would it were not notorious. Was this gentlewoman the daughter of Gerard de Narbon?

Count. His sole child, my lord, and bequeathed to my overlooking. I have those hopes of her good, that her education promises her ; disposition she inherits, which makes fair gifts fairer ; for' where an un

clean

s where an unclean mind car- mind to go further in wickedness ries virtuous qualities, there, com- than it could have done without mendations go with pity; they are them: But, says the Countess, Virtues and Traitors too: in ber in her they are the better for THEIR they are the better for their fim. fimpleness. But fimpleness is the plenefs; se derives ber honesty, same with what is called honesty, and atchieves ber goodness.] This immediately after; which canobscure encomium is made ftill not be predicated of the qualimore obscure by a slight corrup- ties of education. We must certion of the text. Let us explain tainly read the passage as it lies. By virtu

HER fimpleness, ons qualities are meant qualities And then the sentence is proper of good breeding and erudition; ly concluded. The Couritess in the same sense that the Italians had said, that virtuous qualities say, qualità virtuosa; and not are the worse for an unclean mind, moral ones.

On this account it but concludes that Helen's are the is, the says, that, in an ill mind better for her fimpleness, i, e, her these virtuous qualities are virtues clean, pure mind. She then and traitors too: i. e. the advan. sums up the Character, she had tages of education enable an ill before given in detail, in these

words,

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clean mind carries virtuous qualities, there commendations

go with pity, they are virtues and traitors too; s in her they are the better for their simpleness ; she derives her honesty, and archieves her goodness.

Laf. Your commendations, Madam, get from her tears.

Count. 'Tis the best brine a maii'ei can season her praise in.' The remembrance of her father never approaches her heart, but the tyranny of her sorrows takes all livelihood from her cheek. No more of this, Helena, go to, no more; left it be rather thought you affect a forrow, than to have it.

Hel. I do affect a forrow, indeed, but I have it too.

Laf. Moderate lamentation is the right of the dead, excessive grief the enemy to the living.

Count. If the living be enemy to the grief, the exceis makes it soon mortal.

Ber.

words, fue derives ber bonifiy, tors too. Fftimable and useful and archieves ber goodni), i.e. qualities, joined with evil difShe derives her honesty, her fim. position, give that evil disposi. pleness, her moral Character, from tion power over others, who, by her Father and Ancestors; But, admiring the virtue, are betrayme atchieves or wins her good ed to the malevolence, The nefs, her virtue, or her qualities Taller, mentioning the Tharpers of good breeding and erudition, of his time, obferves, that some by her own pains and labour. of them are men of such ele

WARBURTON. gance and knowledge, that a This is likewise a plausible young man who falis into their way but unnecessary alteration. Her is betrayed as much by bis judgvirtues are the better for their fim. ment as his passions. pleness, that is, her excellencies are If the living be enemy to ibe the better because they are artless griif, the excess makes it foon more and open, without fraud, with- tal.] This feems very obscure ; out design. The learned com- but the addition of a Negative mentator has well explained vir- perfectly dispels all the miit. If tues, but has not, I think, seach- the living be not enemy, &c. exed the force of the word traitors, ceffive grief is an enemy to the and therefore has not thewn the living, Tays Lafru: Yes, replies full extent of Shakespeare's mas- the Countess ; and if the living terly observation. Virtues in an be not enemy to the grief, [i. e. uncican mind are virtues and trai- trive to conquer it,] the excess

makes

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Ber. Madam, I desire your holy wishes.
Laf. How understand we that?
Count. Be thou blest, Bertram, and succeed thy

father
In manners as in shape ! thy blood and virtue
Contend for empire in thee, and thy goodness
Share with thy birth-right! Love all, trust a few,
Do wrong to none: be able for thine enemy
Rather in power, than use; and keep thy friend
Under thy own life's key : be check'd for filence,
But never tax'd for speech. What heav'n more will,
. That thee may furnish, and my prayers pluck down,
Fall on thy head! Farewel, my Lord;
Tis an unleason'd courtier, goud my Lord,
Adyile him,

Laf. He cannot want the best,
That shall attend his love.
Count. Heay'n bless him ! Farewel, Bertram,

[Exit Countess, Ber. [To Helena.] The best wishes, that can be forg'd in your thoughts, be servants to you ! Be com-. fortable to my mother, your mistress, and make much of her.

Laf. Farewel, pretty Lady, you must hold the cres dit of your father. [Exeunt Bertram and Lafeu.

make it soon mortal.

I understand that which die, and WARBURTON. Dr. Warburton, that which deThis emendation I had once strojs. I think that my interadmitted into the text, but re- preiation gives a sentence more admitted the old reading, because acute and more refined. Let the I think it capable of an easy reader judge. explication. Laftu fays, excel- ? That thee may furnish.] That five grief is the enemy of the liv- may help thee with more and ing: the Countess replies, If tbe better qualifications. living be an enemy to grief, the $ The b ft wishes, &c.] That excejs soon makes it morial : that is, may yu be mistress of your is, if the living do not indulge wilhes, and have power to bring grief, grief destroys itself by its them to effect. own excess. By the word mortal

SCENE

S C Ε Ν Ε ΙΙ.

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Hel. Oh, were that all !--I think not on my father ;
. And these great tears grace his remembrance more,
Than those I shed for him, What was he like?
I have forgot him. My imagination
Carries no favour in it, but my Bertram's.
I am undone! there is no living, none,
If Bertram be away. It were all one,
That I should love a bright partic'lar ftar,
And think to wed it; he is fo above me :

In his bright radiance and collateral light
Must I be comforted, not in his sphere.
Th' ambition in my love thus plagues itself ;
The hind, that would be mated by the lion,
Muft die for love. 'Twas pretty, tho' a plague,
To see him every hour; to sit and draw
His arched brows, his hawking eye, his curls,
In our heart's table: heart, too capable
Of every line and trick of his sweet favour !
But now he's gone, and my idolatrous fancy
Must fanctify his relicks. Who comes here?

Enter Parolles.

One that goes with him: I love him for his fake,
And yet I know him a notorious liar ;
Thick him a great way fool, solely a coward;
Yet these fix'd evils fit fo fit in him,
That they take place, when virtue's steely bones

9 Thefe great tears ] The tears the radiance that shoots en all which the King and Countess thed fides from him, for him.

2. Trick of bis sweet favour.) * In his -bright radiance, &c.] So in King John ; 'be bath a trick I cannot be united with him and of Cæur de Lion's face. Trick move in the same sphere, but seems to be some peculiarity of must be comforted at a distance by look or feature.

Look

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