A General View of the Origin and Nature of the Constitution and Government of the United States: Deduced from the Political History and Condition of the Colonies and States, from 1774 Until 1788. And the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. Together with Opinions in the Cases Decided at January Term, 1837, Arising on the Restraints on the Powers of the States
John C. Clark, 1837 - 197 Seiten
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according action admitted adopted amendments America applied authority bank bills of credit body boundaries Bridge cession charter claim clause colonies commerce common common law compact confederation congress constitution construction contract convention corporation Court declared defined definition delegates depend effect England equal established exception exclusive executive exercise existing express extent federal ferry foreign formed franchise give given grant held House important imposed independent intention judges judgment judicial jurisdiction king land language legislative legislative power legislature limits lords matter meaning ment nature necessary notes objects obligation operate opinion original parliament pass person political port present principle prohibition provisions question reasoning referred regulate remain representatives respective restrictions River rule separate settled soil sovereign sovereignty stitution taken territory thereof thing tion toll treaty Union United unless whole
Seite 7 - The jurisdiction of the nation within its own territory is necessarily exclusive and absolute. It is susceptible of no limitation not imposed by itself. Any restriction upon it, deriving validity from an external source, would imply a diminution of its sovereignty to the extent of the restriction, and an investment of that sovereignty to the same extent in that power which could impose such restriction.
Seite 5 - It is a maxim not to be disregarded that general expressions, in every opinion, are to be taken in connection with the case in which those expressions are used. If they go beyond the case, they may be respected, but ought not to control the judgment in a subsequent suit when the very point is presented for decision.
Seite 167 - All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed under different grants of two or more states, whose jurisdiction* as they may respect such lands and the states which passed such grants, are adjusted, the said grants, or either of them, being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall, on the petition of either party to the congress of the United States...
Seite 81 - And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected ; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory...
Seite 61 - ... as the English colonists are not represented, and from their local and other circumstances, cannot properly be represented in the British parliament, they are entitled to a free and exclusive power of legislation in their several provincial legislatures...
Seite 139 - But it is not on slight implication and vague conjecture that the legislature is to be pronounced to have transcended its powers, and its acts to be considered as void. The opposition between the constitution and the law should be such that the judge feels a clear and strong conviction of their incompatibility with each other.
Seite 175 - This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers. The principle, that it can exercise only the powers granted to it, would seem too apparent to have required to be enforced by all those arguments which its enlightened friends, while it was depending before the people, found it necessary to urge. That principle is now universally admitted.
Seite 167 - No two or more states shall enter into any treaty, confederation or alliance whatever between them, without the consent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered into, and how long it shall continue.
Seite 174 - Countries, we cheerfully consent to the operation of such Acts of the British Parliament, as are, bona fide, restrained to the regulation of our external commerce, for the purpose of securing the commercial advantages of the whole Empire to the mother country, and the commercial benefits of its respective members ; excluding every idea of Taxation, internal or external, for raising a revenue on the subjects in America, without their consent.