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Gow. Alexander the great.
Besides, we'll cut the throats of those wo have ;' Flu. Why, I pray you, is not pig, great? The And not a man of them, that we shall take, pig, or the great, or the mighty, or the huge, or Shall taste our mercy :-Go, and tell them so. the magnanimous, are all one reckonings, save the
Enter Montsor. phrase is a little variations,
Eve. Here comes the herald of the French, my Gow. I think, Alexander the great was born in
liege. Macedon ; his father was called-Philip of Mace
Glo. His eyes are humbler than they us'd to be. don, as I take it. Flu. I think, it is in Macedon, where Alexander
K. Hen. How now, what means this, herald?
know'st thou not,
No, great king:
angers, look you, kill his pesi friend, Clytus.
I tell thee truly, herald, killed any of his friends.
For yet a many
your horsemen peer,
The day is yours. finished. I speak but in the figures and compari K. Hen. Praised be God, and not our strength, sons of it: As Alexander' is kill his friend Clytus,
for it! being in his ales and his cups; so also Harry Mon- What is this castle call’d, that stands hard by? mouth, being in his right wits and his goot judg
Mont. They call it-Agincourt. ments, is turn away the fat knight with the great
K. Hen. Then call we this—the field of Aginpelly-doublet : he was full of jests, and gipes, and
Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus.
Flu. Your grandfather of famous memory, an't Flu. That is he: I can tell you, there is goot please your majesty, and your great-uncle Edward men porn at Monmouth.
the plack prince of Wales, as I have read in the Gow. Here comes his majesty.
chronicles, fought a most prave pattle here in Alarum., Enter King HENRY, with a Part of the France,
English Forces; WARWICK," GLOSTER, Éxx K. Hen. They did, Fluellen.
Flu. Your majesty says very true: If your ma-
service in a garden where leeks did grow, wearing Ride thou unto the horsemen on yon hill;
leeks in their Monmouth caps ;* which, your majesty If they will fight with us, bid them come down,
knows, to this hour is an honourable padge of the Or void the field; they do offend our sight:
service ; and, I do believe, your majesty takes no If they'll do neither, we will come to them;
scorn to wear the leek upon Saint Tavy's day. And make them skirr“ away, as swift as stones
K. Hen. I wear it for a memorable honour :
For I am Welsh, you know, good countryman. Enforced from the old Assyrian slings :
Flu. All the water in Wye cannot wash your As Alexander,' &c. Steevens thinks that Shaks. peare here ridicules the parallels of Plutarch: he ap. was ended, the Englishmen disposed themselves in or. pears to have been well read in Sir Thomas North's der of battayle, ready to abide a new fielde, and also to Translation.
invade and newly set on their enemies.-Some write, 2 Johnson observes, that this is the last time Falstaff that the king perceiving his enemies in one parte lo as. can make sport. The poet was loath to part with him, semble together, as though they meant to give a new and has continued his memory as long as he could. battle for preservation of the prisoners, sent to them a
3 Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick. He did herault, commanding them either to depart out of his not, however, obtain that litle till 1417, two years after sighi,or else to come forward at once and give batiaile; the era of this play.
promising herewith, that, if they did offer to fight 4 i. e. scour away. To run swiftly in various direc. agayne, not only those prisoners which his people al. tions. It has the same meaning in Macbeth, Act. v. Sc. ready had taken, but also so many of them as in this iii. Skirr the country round."
new conflicte, which they thus atiempled, should fall 5 . Besides, we'll cut the throats of those we have.' into his hands, should die the death without redemp. Johnson accuses the poet of having made the king cuttion. The fact is, that notwithstanding the first order the throats of his prisoners twice over. Malone replies conceroing the prisoners, they were not all put to death, that the incongruity, if it be one, is Holinshed's, for as appears from a subsequerit passage, and the concur. thus the matter is stated by him: While the battle was rent testimony of various historians, upon whose autho. yet going on, about six hundred horsemen, who were rity Hume says that Henry, on discovering that his dan. ihe first that fled, hearing that the English tents were a ger was not so great as he at first apprehended from the good way distani from the army, without a sufficient attack on his camp, stopped the slaughter, and was guard, entered and pillaged the king's camp. “When will able to sare a great number. It was policy in che ontcry of the lackits and boys which run away for Henry to intimidate the French by threatening to kill fear of the Frenchmen, thus spoiling the camp, came his prisoners, and occasioneıl them, in fact, to lay down to the king's ears, he doubting lest his enemies should their arms. gather together again and begin a new fielde, and mis. 6 Monmouth, according to Fuller, was celebrated for trusting further that the prisoners would either be an its caps, which were particularly worn by soldiers. The aide in his enemies, or very enemies to their takers in. best caps were formerly made at Monmouth, where the deed, if they were suffered to live, contrary to his ac. capper's chapel still
He adds, If at this customed gentleness, coinmanded by sounde of trumpet day the phrase of wearing a Monmouth cup be taken in that every man upon pain of deaih should incontinent. a bad acception, I hope the inbabitants of that town will ly slea his prisoner. This was the first transaction. endeavour to disprove the occasion. Worthies of Eng Holioshed proceeds, When this lamentable slaughter land, 1660, n. 57.
majesty's Welsh plood out of your pody, I can tell | It is the soldier's;
_1, by bargain, should you thát: Got pless it and preserve it, as long as it Wear it myself. Follow, good cousin, Warwick; pleases his grace, and his majesty too!
If that soldier strike him (as, I judge
Flu. By Chesu, I am your majesiy's country. Some sudden mischief may arise of it;
Follow, and see there be no harm between them. K. Hen. God keep me so!–Our heralds with Go
uncle of Exeter. [Ereunt. Bring me just notice of the numbers dead
SCENE VIII. Before King Henry's Pavilion,
Enter Gower and WILLIAMS. On both our parts.-Call yonder fellow hither.
[Points to Williams. Ereunt MONTJOY Will. I warrant it is to knight you, captain,
and others. Ere. Soldier, you must come to the king.
Enter FlUELLEN. K. Hen. Soldier, why wear'st thou that glove in Flu. Got's will and his pleasure, captain, I per thy cap?
seech you now, come apace to the king : there is Will
. An't please your majesty, 'tis the gage of more goot toward you, peradventure, than is in your one that I should fight withal, if he be alive. knowledge to dream of. K, Hen. An Englishman?
Will. Sir, know you this glove ? Will. An't please your majesty, a rascal, that Flu. Know the glove? I know, the glove is a swagger'd with me last night: who, if 'a live, and glove. ever dare to challenge this glove, I have sworn Will. I know this; and thus I challenge it. to take him a box o' the ear: or, if I can see my
[Strikes him. glove in his cap (which he swore, as he was a sol Flu. 'Sblud, an arrant traitor, as any's in the dier, he would wear, if alive,) I will strike it out universal 'orld, or in France, or in England. soundly.
Gow. How now, sir ? you villain ! K. Hen. What think you, captain Fluellen ? is Will. Do you think I'll be forsworn ? it fit this soldier keep his oath ?
Flu. Stand away, captain Gower; I will give Flu. He is a craven' and a villain else, an't treason his payment into plows,” I warrant you. please your majesty, in my conscience.
Will, I am no traitor. K. Hen. It may be his enemy is a gentleman of Flu. That's a lie in thy throat.-I charge you in great sort, quite from the answer of his degree.? his majesty's name, apprehend him; he's a friend
Flu. Though he be as goot a gentleman as the of the duke Alençon's. tevil is, as Lucifer and Belzebub himself, it is ne
Enter WARWICK and GLOSTER. cessary, look your grace, that he keep his vow and his oath : if he be perjured, see you now, his repu
War. How now, how now! what's the matter? tation is as arrani a villain, and a Jack-sauce, as Flu. My lord of Warwick, here is (praised be ever his plack shoe trod upon Got's ground and his Got for ii !) a most contagious treason come to earth, in my conscience, la.
light, look you, as you shall desire in a summer's K. Hen. Then keep thy vow, sirrah, when thou day. Here is his majesty. meet'st the fellow,
Enter King HENRY and EXETER.
K. Hen. How now! what's the matter?
Flu. My liege, here is a villain, and a traitor, Flu. Gower is a goot captain'; and is gooi know-that, look your grace, has struck the glove which edge and literature in the wars.
your majesty is take out of the helmet of Alençon. K, Isen. Call him hither to me, soldier.
Will. My liego, this was my glove ; bere is the Will. I will, my liege.
[Exit. fellow of it: and he, that I gave it to in change, K. Hen. Here, Fluellen: wear thou this favour promised to wear it in his cap; I promised to strike for me, and stick it in thy cap: When Alençon and him, if he did : I met this man with my glove in his myself were down together, 4 I plucked this glove cap, and I have been as good as my word. from his helm: if any man challenge this, he is a
Flu. Your majesty hear now (saving your mafriend to Alençon and an enemy to our person ; if jesty's manhood,) what an arrant,.rascally, begthou encounter any such, apprehend him, an thou garly, lowsy knave it is: I hope, your majesty is dost love me.
pear me testimony, and witness, and avouchments, Flu. Your grace does me as great honours, as that this is the glove of Alençon, that your majestý can be desired in the hearts of his subjects: I would is give me, in your conscience now. fain see the man, that has but two legs, that shall
K. Hen. Give me thy glove, soldier; look, find himself aggriefed at this glove, that is all; but here is the fellow of it, Twas I, indeed, thou I would fain see it once; an please Got of his grace, promised'st to strike ; and thou hast given me most that I might see it.
bitter terms. K. Hen. Knowest thou Gower ?
Flu. An please your majesty let his neck answer Plu, He is my dear friend, an please you,
for it, if there is any martial law in the 'orld. K. Hen. Pray thee, go seek him, and bring him
K. Hen. How canst thou make me satisfaction ? to my tent.
Will. All offences, my liege, come from the Flu. I will fetch him.
[Erit. heart: never came any from mine, that might of K. Hen. My lord of Warwick,--and my brother
your majesty. Gloster,
K. Hen. It was ourself thou didst abuse. Follow Fluellen closely at the heels :
Will. Your majesty came not like yourself: you The glove, which I have given him for a favour,
appeared to me but as a common man ; witness May, haply, purchase him a box o'the ear;
the night, your garments, your lowliness; and what your highness suffered under that shape, I
beseech you, take it for your own fault, and not 1 Craven. See Hamlet, Activ. Sc. 4. 2. Of great sort, quite from the answer of his degree.' | guard, contrary to Henry's intention, who wished to Great sort is high rank. A man of such rank is not have saved him. bound to answer to the challenge from one of the sol. 5. Into plows. It has been suggested that we should dier's low degree.
read ' in plows,' but it was not intended that Fluellen 3 Jack-sauce for saucy Jack. 4 Henry was felled to the ground by the duke of Alen. in Scotland.
should speak vory correctly, and into for in is still used çon, but recovered and slew two of the duke's aten 6 l. e. the glove that thou hast now in thy cap; it was dania, Alençon was afterwards killed by the king's the king's glove, which he had given to Williams
mine; for had you been as I took you for, I made None else of namo ; and, of all other men,
And not to us, but to thy arm alone
But in plain shock, and even play of battle,
On one part and on ihe other ?—Take it, God,
village : pence
you, and I pray you to serve Got, and And be it death proclaimed through our host, keep you out of prawls, and prabbles, and quarrels, To boast of this, or take that praise from God and dissensions, and, I warrant you, it is the petler Which is his only.
Flu. Is it not lawful, an please your majesty, to Will. I will none of your money.
tell how many is killed? Flu. It is with a goot will; I can tell you, it K. Hen. Yes, captain ; but with this acknowwill serve you to mend your shoes : Come, where
ledgment, fore should you be so pashful? your shoes is not That God fought for us. so goot: 'tis a goot silling, I warrant you, or I will Flu. Yes, my conscience, he did us great goot. change it.
K. Hen. Do we all holy rites ;)
Let there be sung Non nobis, and Te Deum.
The dead with charity enclos'd in clay,
may prompt them: and of such as have,
Of time, of numbers, and due course of things,
Be here presented. Now we bear the king
Toward Calais : grant him there; there seen,
Heave him away upon your winged thoughts, Five hundred were but yesterday dubb'd knights :' Pales in the flood with men, with wives, and boys,
Athwart the sea : Behold, the English beach
Whose shouts and claps outvoice the deep-mouth'd
Seems to prepare his way : so let him land;
And, solemnly, see him sel on to London.
So swift a pace hath thought, that even now
You may imagine him upon Blackheath :
Where that his lords desire him, to have borne
His bruised helmet, and his bended sword,
Being free from vainness and self-glorious pride;
Giving full trophy, signal, and ostent,
Quite from himself, to God. But now behold, And Edward duke of Bar : of lusty carls,
In the quick forge and workinghouse of thought,
How London doth pour out her citizens !
The mayor, and all his brethren, in hest sort,
Like to the senators of the antique Rome,
With the plebeians swarming at their heels, –
As, by a lower, but by loving likelihood,"
l'Five hundred were hut yesterola y dubb'd knights.' Domine, non nobis sed nomini tuo da gloriam ; which In ncient times the distribution of this honour appears done, he caused Te Deum and certain anthems to be to have been customary on the eve of a battle.
sung, giving laud and praise to God, and not boasting 2. Davy Gam, esquire. This gentleman being sent of his own force or any humaine power. -Holinshed. out by Henry, before the battle, to reconnaitre the ene 4 Toward Calais : grant him there ; there seen.' my, and to find out their strength, made this report : Steevens proposes, in order to complete the metre, that . May it please you, my liege, there are enough to be we should read: killed, enough to be taken prisoners, and enough to run Toward Calais : grant him there; there seen arhile.' away. He gaved the king's life in the field. Had the 5 Which, like a mighty whiffler 'fore the king, poet been apprized of this circumstance, the brave Seems to prepare his way. Welshman would probably have been more particularly Whifflers were persons going before a great personage noticed, and not have been merely a name in a muster or procession, furnished with staves or wands to clear roll.-See Drayton's Bagajle of Agincourt, 1627, p. 50 che way. The junior liverymen of the city companies, and 34 ; and Dunster's Edition of Philips's Cyder, a who walk first in processions, are still called whiflers, poem, p. 74.
from the circumstance of their going before. 3 Do we all holy rites.' "The king, when he saw 6.1. e. transferring all the honours of conquest from no appearance of enemies, caused the retreate to be himself to God.' blowen; and, gathering his army together, gave thanks 7 i. e. similitude. to Almighty God for so happy a victorie, causing his 8 i. e. the earl of Essex. Shakspeare grounded his prelates and chapeloing to sing this psalme-In eritu anticipation of such a reception for Essex on his return Israel de Egypto; and commaunding every man to from Ireland, upon what had already occurred at his kneele down on the grounde at this verse-Non nobis, 1 setting forth, when he was accompanied by an immenee
(As, in good time, he may,) from Ireland coming, Flu. I say, I will make bim eat some part of my Bringing rebellion broached' on his sword, leek, or I will peat his pate four days :-Pite, I How many would the peaceful city quit,
pray you ; it is goot for your green wound, and To welcome him? much more, and much more your ploody cpxcomb. cause,
Pisi. Must I bite ? Did they this Harry. Now in London place him ; Flu. Yes, certainly; and out of doubt, and out (As yet the lamentation of the French
of questions too, and ambiguities. Invites the king of England's stay at home :) Pist. By this leek, I will most horribly revenge ; The emperor's coming? in behalf of France, I eat, and eke I swear. To order peace between them, we omit,
Flu. Eat, I pray you : Will you have some more And all the occurrences, whatever chanc'd, sauce to your lcek? there is not enough leek to Till Harry's back-return again to France;
swear by. There must we bring him; and myself have play'd Pist. Quiet thy cudgel; thou dost see, I eat. The interim, by remembering you—'tis past. Flu. Much goot do you, scald knave, heartily. Then brook abridgement; and your eyes advance Nay, 'pray you, throw none away; the skin is goot After your thoughts, straight back again to France. for your proken coxcomb. When you take occa
(Erit. sions to see leeks hereafter, I pray you, mock at
them ! that is all. SCENE I. France. An English Court of Guard.
Flu. Ay, leeks is goot :-Hold you, there is a Gow. Nay, that's right; but why wear you your groat to heal your pato. leek to-day ? Saint Davy's day is past.
Pist. Me a great ? Flu. There is occasions and causes why and Flu. Yes, verily, and in truth, you shall take it ; wherefore in all things : I will tell you, as my or I have another leek in my pocket, which you friend, Captain Gower; The rascally, scald, beg- shall eat. garly, lowsy, pragging knave, Pistol, - which you Pist. I take thy groat, in earnest of revenge. and yourself, and all the 'orld, know to be no pet Flu. If I owe you any thing, I will pay you in ter than a fellow, look you now, of no merits,--he cudgels; you shall be a woodmonger, and buy nois come to me, and prings me pread and salt yes- thing of me but cudgels. God be wi' you, and terday, look you, and bid me eat my leek : it was keep you, and heal your pate.
(Ezit. in a place where I could not breed no contentions Pirt. All bell shall stir for this. with him; but I will be so pold as to wear it in my Gow. Go, go; you are a counterfeit cowardly cap till I see him once again, and then I will tell knave. Will you mock at an ancient tradition, him a little piece of my desires.
begun upon an honourable respect, and worn as Enter Pistol.
a memorable trophy of predeceased valour,-and
dare not avouch in your deeds any of your words? Gow. Why, here he comes, swelling like a tur- I have seen you gleeking and galling at this genkey-cock.
tleman iwice or thrice. You thought, because he Flu. 'Tis no matter for his swellings, nor his could not speak English in the native garb, he turkey-cocks.-Got pless you, ancient Pistol! you could not therefore handle an English cudgel: you scurvy, lowsy knave, Got pless you !
find it otherwise ; and, henceforth, let a Welsh Pist. Ha! art thou Bedlam? dost thou thirst, correction teach you á good English condition.' base Trojan, Fare you well.
[Erit. To have me fold up Parca's fatal web ?
Pist. Doth fortune play the huswife with me Hence! I am qualmish at the smell of leek.
now? Flu. I peseech you heartily, scurvy lowey knave, News have I, that my Nell is dead i' the spital at my desires, and my requests, and my petitions, of malady of France; to eat, look you, this leek ; because, look you, you And there my rendezvous is quite cut off. do not love it, nor your affections, and your appe: Old I do wax; and from my weary limbs tiles, and your digestions, does not agree with it, I Honour is cudgeld. Well, bawd will I turn, would desire you to eat it.
And something lean to cut-purse of quick hand, Pist. Not for Cadwallader, and all his goats. To England will I steal, and there I'll steal : Flu. There is one goat for you. (Strikes him.) | And patches will I get unto these scars, Will you be so good, scald knave, as eat it? And swear, I got them in the Gallia wars. (Erit.
Pist. Base Trojan, thou shalt die. Flu. You say very true, scald knave, when Got's SCENE II. will is : I will desire you to live in the mean time,
Troyes in Champagne., An Apart
ment in the French King's Palace. Enter, at one and eat your victuals; come, there is sauce for it. Door, King HENRY, BEDFORD, GLOSTER, Ex(Strikes him again.) You called me yesterday ETER, WARWICK, WESTMORELAND, and other mountain-squire ; but I will make you to-day a Lords; at another the French King, QUEEN ISAsquire of low degree. I pray you, fall to; if you BEL, the PRINCESS KATHARINE, Loris, Ladies, can mock a leek, you can eat a leek.
foc. the Duke of BURGUNDY, and his Train. Gow. Enough, captain ; you have astonish'd* him.
K. Hen. Peace to this meeting, wherefore we
are met !10 concourse of all ranks, showering blessings upon his head. The continuator of Stowe's Chronicle gives us 4 Stunned. a long account of it. But how unfortunately different 5 I eat, and eke I swear.' The folio has 'eat I his return was from what the poet predicted, may be swear.' seen in the Sydney Papers, vol. ii. p. 127.
6 Gleeking is scoffing, sneering. . 1 Broached is spitted, transfixed.
7 i. e. disposition. 2'The emperor's coming.' The Emperor Sigismund, 8 Husvife, for jill, or hussy, as we have it still in vul who was married to Henry'e second cousin. This pas gar speech. sage stands in the following embarrassed and obscure 9 (Exit.] “The comic scenes of these plays are now manner in the folio:
at an end, and all the comic personages are now diy. Now in London place him. missed. Falstaff and Mrs. Quickly are dead; Nym As yet the lamentation of the French
and Bardolph are hanged ; Gadshill
was lost immedi. Invites the king of England's stay at home : ately after ihe robbery ; Poins and Peto have vanished The emperor's coming in behalf of France, since, one knows not how; and Pistol is now beaten into To order peace between them : and omit
obscurity. I believe every reader regrets their deparAll the occurrences,' &c.
ture.'-Johnson. The liberty I have taken is to transpose the word and 10 Peace to this meeting, wherefore we are met ! and substitute we in its place.
Peace, for which we are here inet, be to this meeting3. To have me fold up Parca's fatal web. • Dost Here, Johnson thought, that the chorus should have thou desire to havo me put thee to death ?"
been prefixed, and the fifth act begin.
Unto our brother France,-and to our sister, Should not expel these inconveniences,
Which you have cited, you must buy that peaco
You have, enschedul'd briefly, in your hands.
Well then, the peace,
To appoint some of your council presenty
To sit with us once more, with better heed
K. Hen." To cry amen to ihat, thus we appear. K. Hen. Brother, we shall.-Go, uncle Exeter,
But My duty to you both, on equal love, Warwick-and Huntingdon, go with the king:
Augment, or alter, as your wisdoms best
Any thing in, or out of, our dernands;
And we'll consign therel0.-Will you, fair sister,
Q. Isa. Our gracious brother, I will go with them;
Haply, a woman's voice may do some good,
K. Hen. Yet leave our cousin Katharine horo
She is our capital demand, compris'd
Q. Isa. She hath good leave.
[Ereuni all but HENRY, KATHARINE, Alas! she hath from France too long been chas'd;
and her Gentlewoman. And all her husbandry doth lie on heaps,
Fair Katharine, and most fair!
Will you vouchsafe to teach a soldier terms,
Such as will enter at a lady's ear,
Kuth. Your majesty shall mock at me; I cannot
K. Hen. O fair Katharine, if you will love me
hear you confess it brokenly with your English
K. Hen. An angel is like you, Kate; and you
Kath. Que dit il ? que je suis semblable à les anges.
Kath. O bon Dieu ! les langues des hommes sont
pleines de tromperies.
K. Hen. What says she, fair one? that the
Alice. Ouy; dat de tongues of de mans is be full
of deceits : dat is de princess. You are assembled : and my speech entreats, K. Hen. The princess is the better Englishwo. That I may know the let, why gentle peace
lo wildness; but they were defective in their proper and 1 The basilisk was a serpent which, it was anciently favourable nature, which was to bring forth food for man. supposed, could destroy the object of his vengeance by 5 Diffused attire. I have observed, in a note on nierely looking at it.
The Merry Wives of Windsor, Activ. Sc. 4, that diffuse 2 This bar;' that is, this barrier, this place of con. was used for obscure, confused. I find, from Florio's gress. The Chronicles represent a former interview in Dictionary, that disused, or defused, were used for conå field near Melun, with a barre or barrier of separation fused. Diffused altire is therefore disordered or dish. between the pavilions of the French and English; but 'erelled altire. the treaty was then broken off. It was now renewed at 6 Favour here means comeliness of appearance. W Troycs, but the scene of conference was St. Peter's still say well or ill favoured for well or ill looking. church in that town, a place inconvenient for Shak. 7. Pass our accept, and peremptory answer.' To speare's action; his editors have therefore laid it in a pase here signifies to finish, end, or agree upon the palace.
acceptance which we shall give them, and return our 3 To deracinate is to force up by the roots.
peremptory answer.' 4.Defective in their natures. It has been proposed 8. Huntingdon.' John Holland, earl of Huntingdon, to read nurtures, i. e. culture, as I think, very plausi- who afterwards married the widow of Edmund Nortj. bly. But Steevens concurs in Upton's opinion, that mer, earl of March. Neither Huntingdon nor Clarenco change is unnecessary: Sua deficiunt natura: They are in the list of Dramatis Personæ, as neither of them were not defective in their crescide nature, for they grew speak a word.