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Thus may we gather honey from the weed, warrant you, you shall find the ceremonies of the
wars, and the cares of it, and the forms of it, and Enter ERPINGHAM.!
the sobriety of it, and the modesty of it, to be other
wise. Good morrow, old Sir Thomas Erpingham: Gow. Why, the enemy is loud; you heard him A good soft pillow for that good white head
all night. Were better than a churlish turf of France.
Flu. If the enemy is an ass, and a fool, and a Erp. Not so, my liege; this lodging likes me peating coxcomb, is it meet, think you, that we better,
should also, look you, be an ass, and a fool, and a Since I may say-now lie I like a king:
prating coxcomb ; in your own conscience now? K. Hen,' 'Tis good for men to love their present Gow. I will speak lower. pains,
Flu. I pray you,
and beseech you, that you will. Upon example; so the spirit is eased;
(Excunt Gower and FlUELLEN.
Enter Bates, COURT, and WILLIAMS.
Court. Brother John Bates, is not that the morn-
ing which breaks yonder ?
Bates. I think it be: but we have no great causo Desire them all to my pavilion.
to desire the approach of day.
Will. We see yonder the beginning of the day,
K. Hen. A friend.
K. Hen. Under Sir Thomas Erpingham.
you, what thinks he of our estate?
Will. A good old commander, and a most kind
K. Hen. Even as men wrecked upon a sand, that cheerfully.
Bates. He hath not told his thought to the king ? Enter PISTOL.
K. Hen. No ; nor it is not meet he should. For, Pist. Qui va la ?
though I speak it to you, I think, the king is but a K. Hen. A friend.
man, as I anı: the violet smells' to him, as it doth Pist. Discuss unto me; Art thou officer ; to me; the element shows to him, as it doth to me; Or art thou base, common, and popular ?
all his senses have but human conditions :' his cereK. Hen. I am a gentleman of a company.
monies laid by, in his nakedness he appears but a Pist. Trailest thou the puissant pike?
man ; and though his affections are higher mounted K. Hen. Even so: What are you?
than ours, yet, when they stoop, they stoop with the Pisl. As good a gentleman as the emperor. like wing; therefore when he sees reason of fears, K. Hen. Then you are a better than the king. as we do, his fears, out of doubt, be of the same
Pist. The king's a bawcock, and a heart of gold, relish as ours are : Yet, in reason, no man should A lad of life, an impa of fame;
possess him with any appearance of fear, lest he, of parents good, of fist most valiant :
by showing it, should dishearten his army. I kiss his dirty shoe, and from my heart-strings Bales. He may show what outward courage he I love the lovely bully,
What's thy name? will: but, I believe, as cold a night as 'tis, he could K. Hen, Harry le Roy.
wish himself in the Thames up to the neck; and so Pist. læ Roy? a Cornish name: art thou of I would he were, and I by him, at all adventures, Cornish crew ?
so we were quit here. K. Hen. No, I am a Welshman.
K. Hen. By my troth, I will speak my conscience Pist. Knowest thou Fluellen.
of the king; I think, he would not wish himself any K. Hen. Yes.
where but where he is. Pist. Tell him, I'll knock his leek about his pate, Bates. Then, would he were here alone ; so should Upon Saint Davy's day.
he be sure to be ransomed, and a many poor men's K. Hen. Do not you wear your dagger in your lives saved. cap that day, lest he knock that about yours. K. Hen. I dare say, you love him not so ill, to Pist. Art thou his friend?
wish him here alone ; howsoever you speak this, to K. Hen. And his kinsman too.
feel other men's minds: Methinks, I could not die Pist. The fogo for thee then!
any where so contented, as in the king's company ; K. Hen. I thank you: God be with you! his cause being just, and his quarrel honourable." Pist. My name is Pistol called.
[Exil. Will. That's more than we know. K. Hen. It sorts* well with your fierceness. Bates. Ay, or more than we should seek after ; Enter FLUELLEN and GOWER, severally.
for we know enough, if we know we are the king's
subjects; if his cause be wrong, our obedience to Gow. Captain Fluellen!
the king wipes the crime of it out of us. Flu. So!' in the name of Cheshu Christ, speak
Will. But, if the cause be not good, the king lower. It is the greatest admiration in the universal himself hath a heavy reckoning to make; when all orld, when the true and auncient prerogatifes and those legs, and arms, and heads, chopped off in a laws of the wars is not kept : if you would take the battle, shall join together at the latter day, and cry pains but to examine the wars of Pompey the Great, all-We died at such a place ; some, swearing i you shall find, I warrant you, that there is no tiddle some, crying for a surgeon; some, upon their wives iaddle, or piddle paddle, in Pompey's camp ; I left poor behind them; some, upon the debts they
I Sir Thomas Erpingham came over with Boling. broke from Bretagne, and was one of the commissioners 3 * An imp of fame.' See Second Part of King Henry to receive King Richard's abdication. He was at this IV. Act v. sc. 5. time warden of Dover Castle, and his arms are still 4 i. e. agrees, accordg. visible on the side of the Roman Pharos.
5 i. e. but human qualities. 19 With casted slough and fresh legerity. The allu. 61 - though his affections are higher mounted than sion is to the casting of the slough or skin of the snake ours, when they stoop, they stoop with like wing. This annually, by which act he is supposed to regain new passage alludes to the ancient sport of falconry. When vigour and fresh youth. Legerity is lightresa nimble. the hawk, after roaring alost, or mounting high, do.
scended in its flight, it was said to stoop.
owe ; some, upon their children rawly' left. I am K. Hen. Your reproof is something too round; afeard there are few die well, that die in bawe; for I should be angry with you, if the time were con how can they charitably dispose of any thing, when venient. blood is their arguinent ? Now, if these men do not Will. Let it be a quarrel between us, if you live. die well, it will be a black matter for the king that K. Hen. I embrace it. led them to it; whom to disobey were agamst all Will. How shall I know thee again? proportion of subjection.
K. Hen. Give me any gage of thine, and I will K. Hen. So, it a son, that is by his father sent wear it in my boonet : then, if ever thou darest about merchandise, do sinfully miscarry upon the acknowledge it, I will make it my quarrel. sea, the imputation of his wickedness, by your rule, Will. Here's my glove, give me another of thine. should be imposed upon his father that sent him : or K. Hen. There. if a servant, under his master's command, lransport Will. This will I also wear in my cap: if ever ing a sum of money, be assailed by rubbers, and die thou come to me and say, after to-morrow, This is in many irreconciled iniquities, you may call the my glove, by this hand,' I will take thee a box on business of the master the author of the servant's the ear. damnation :-But this is not so: the king is not K. Hen. Ifever I live to see it, I will challenge il bound to answer the particular endings of his sol Will. Thou darest as well be banged. diers, the father of his son, nor the master of his K. Hen. Well, I will do it, though I take thee in servant ; for they purpose not their death, when they the king's company. purpose their services. Besides, there is no king, Will. Keep ihy word : fare thee well. te his cause never so spotless, if it come to the Bates. Be friends, you English fools, be friends; arbitrement of swords, can try it out with all un we have French quarrels enough, if you could tell spotted soldiers. Some, peradventure, have on them how to reckon. the guilt of premeditated and contrived murder ; K. Hen. Indeed, the French may lay twenty some, of beguiling virgins with the broken seals of French crowns to one, they will beat us; for they perjury;. some, making the wars their bulwark, that bear them on their shoulders: But it is no English have before gored the gentle bosom of peace with treason to cut French crowns; and, to-morrow, tho pillage and robbery. Now, if these men have de- king himself will be a clipper. (Exeunt Soldiers. feated the law, and outrun native punishment,'Upon the king ! let us our lives, our souls, though they can outstrip men, they have no wings Our debts, our careful wives, our children, and. to fly from God: war is his beadle, war is his ven- Our sins, lay on the king ;-we must bear all. geance ; so that here men are punished, for before o hard condition ! twin-born with greatness, breach of use king's laws, in now the king's quarrel: Subjected to the breath of every fool, where they feared the death, they have borne life Whose sense no more can feel but his own wringing away; and where they would be safe, they perish: What infinite heart's ease must kings neglect, Then if they die unprovided, no more is the king That private men enjoy ? guilty of their damnation, than he was before guilty And what have kings, that privates have not too, of those impieties for the which they are now visited. Save ceremony, save general ceremony? Every subject's duty is the king's;- but every sub- And what art ihou, thou idol ceremony? iect's soul is his own. Therefore should every sol- What kind of god art thou, that suffer'st more dier in the wars do as every sick man in his bed, of mortal griefs, than do thy worshippers ? wash every mote out of his conscience: and dying What are thy rents ? what are thy comings in? so, death is to him advantage ; or not dying, the ceremony, show me but thy worth! time was blessedly lost, wherein such preparation What is thy soul of adoration ? was gained : and, in him that escapes, it were not Art thou aught else but place, degree, and form, sin to think, that making God so free an offer, he let Creating awe and fear in other men ? him outlive that day to see his greatness, and to teach Wherein thou art less happy, being seard, others how they should prepare.
Than they in fearing. Will. 'Tis certain, every man that dies ill, the ill What drink'st thou oft, instead of homage sweet, is upon his own head, the king is not to answer for it. Bui poison’d flattery? O, be sick, great greatness,
Bales. I do not desire he should answer for me; And bid thy ceremony give thee cure! and yet I determine to fight lustily for him. Think'st thion, the fiery fever will go out
K. Hen. I myself heard the king say, he would With tiles blown from adulation ? not be ransomed.
Will it give place to flexure and low bending ? Will, Ay, he said so, to make us fight cheerfully: Canst thou, when thou command'st the beggar's but, when our throats are cut, he may be ransomed,
knee, and we ne'er the wiser.
Command the health of it ? No, thou proud dream, K. Hen. If I live to see it, I will never trust his That play'st so subtly with a king's repuse : word after. 1
I am a king, that find thee; and I know, i Will. 'Mass, you'll pays him then! That's a Tis not the balm, the sceptre, and the ball, perilous shot out of an elder gun, that a poor and The sword, the mace, the crown imperial, private displeasure can do against a monarch! you The inter-tissued robe of gold and pearl, may as well go about to turn the sun to ice, with The farced' title running fore the king, fanning in his face with a peacock's feather. You'll The throne he sits on, nor the tide of pomp never trust his word after ! come, 'tis a foolish That beats upon the high shore of this world, saying.
8.Upon the king. There is something very striking
and solemn in the soliloquy into which the king breaks 1 i.e. their children left immaturely, left young and immediately as soon as he is left alone. Something like helpless.
this every breast has felt. Reflection and seriousness 9-beguiling virgins with the broken seals of per- rush upon the mind upon the separation of gay company jury. Thus in the song at the beginning of the fourth and especially after forced and unwilling merriment act of Measure for Measure :
Johnson. This beautiful speech was added after the “That so sweetly were forsworn
first edition. Seals of love, but seald in vain.'
9 What is thy soul of adoration? This is the read. 3 i. e, the punishment they are born to.
ing of the old copy, which Malone changed i:4.Every subject's duty is the king's.' This is a very
"What is the soul of adoration ? just distinction, an: the whole argument is well followed ! think erroneously. The present reading is sufficiently and properly concludeil. Johnson.
intelligible, 'O ceremony, show me whal value thou are 5 To pay here signifies to bring to account, to punish. of? What is thy soul or essence of external worship or
6. That's a perilous shot out or an elder gun.' In the adoration ? Ari thou,' &c. If Malone's reading is adope quarto the thought is more opened—It is a great dised, it would be necessary to read Are they, &c. bepleasure that an elder gun can do against u cannon, cause ceremony and adoration are then both personified or a subject against a monarch.
10 Farced is stuffed. The tumid puffy titles with which 7 Too round' is too rough, tog unceremonious a king's name is introduced.
No, not all these, thrice-gorgeous ceremony, Dau. Montez a cheval :-My horse ! valet ! law,
quay ? ha !
Orl. O brave spirit !
Dau. Via !'--les eaur et la terre-
Dau. Ciel! cousin Orleans.
Con. Hark, how our steeds for present service
neigh. With profitable labour, to his grave:
Dau. Mount them, and make incision in their And, but for ceremony, such a wretch,
hides ; Winding up days with toil, and nights with sleep, That their hot blood may spin in English eyes, Had the fore-hand and vantage of a king.
And doubt? them with superfluous courage: Ha! The slave, a member of the country's peace,
Ram. What, will you have them
Weep our Enjoys it; but in gross brain little wots,
horses' blood ?
Enter a Messenger,
Mess. The English are embattled, you French
Con. To horse, you gallant princes! straight to
Good old knight, Do but behold yon poor and starved band,
your fair show shall suck away their souls, Erp.
I shall do’t, my lord. (Exit. Leaving them but the shales and husks of men. K. Hen. O God of battles ! 'steel my soldiers' There is not work enough for all our hands ; hearts !
Scarce blood enough in all their sickly veins,
That our French gallants shall to-day draw out,
The vapour of our valour will o'erturn them. My father made in compassing the crown!
'Tis positive 'gainst all exceptions, lords, I Richard's body have interred new;
That our superfluous lackeys, and our peasants,
Who in unnecessary action swarm
About our squares of battle, were enough
To purge this field of such a hilding foe;
Though we, upon this mountain's basis by
A very little little let us do,
And all is done. Then let the trumpets sound
The tucket-sonuance,'' and the note to mount : Imploring pardon.
For our approach shall so much dare the beld,
That England shall couch down in fear, and yield,
(Exeunt. Il-favour’dly become the morning field: SCENE II. The French Camp. Enter Dauphin, Their ragged curtains!? poorly are let loose, ORLEANS, RAMBURES, and uthers.
And our air shakes them passing scornfully.
And faintly through a rusty beaver peeps.
8 • About our squares of battle.' Thus in Antony and
no practice had Aon observes that there lipes are exquisitely pleasing.
In the brave squares of battle." "To sweat in the eye of Phæbus,' and 'to sleep in Ely. Thus in All's Well that Ends Well, the French lords
9' A hilding fre' is a paltry, cowardly. base fue. sium,' are expressions very poetical.
call Bertram 'a hilding.' 2 Apollo. See Hamlet, Act i. Sc. 2. 3 He little knows at the oxpense of how much royal the field as if they were going out only to chase for sport.
10 The tucket sonuance,' &c. He uses the terms of vigilance that peace, which brings most advantage lo che peasant, is maintained. To advantage is a verb
To dare the field is a phrase in falconry. Birds are used by Shakspeare in other places. It was formerly in dared when by the falcon in the air they are terribert general use.
from rising so as to be taken by hand. Such an easy 4 The late editions exhibit the passage thus :
capture the lords expected to make of the English. The take from them now
tucket-sonuance was a flourish on the trumpet as a sig. The sense of reckoning, is the opposed numbers
nal to prepare to march. The phrase is derived from Pluck their hearts from them :- Not to-day, O Lord, the Italian toccata, a prelude or flourish, and suonanza. O not to-day, think not upon,' &c.
a sound, a resounding. Thus in the Devil's Law Case, 5. Two chantries. One of these was for Carthusian 1623, two tuckets by iwo several trumpets.
11 Yon island carrions." monks, and was called Bethlehem; the other was for
The description of the religious men and women of the order of Saint Bridget, English is founded on Holinshed's melancholy account and was named Sion. They were on opposite sides of speaking of the march from Harfleur to Agincourt :che Thames, and adjoined the royal manor of Sheen,
• The Englishmen were brought into greal misery in now called Richmond.
this journey; their viclual was in manner all spent, 6 Via, an exclamation of encouragement, on, away ; cake, for their enemies were ever at hand to give them
and now could they get none :-rest none could they of Italian origin. 7 That their hot blood may spin in English eyes,
allarmes : daily it rained, and nightly it freezed; of And douhi them with superfluous courage.”
fewel there was great scarcity, but of fluxes great plenty; This is the reading of the folio which Malone has alter- Imoney they had enough, but wares to bestow it upon ed to dour, i. e. do out in provincial language. It ap for their releile or comforte, had they little or none." poars to me that there is no reasor for the subelitution.
12 Their ragged curtains are their colours.
Their horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks,' | It yearns me not, if men my garments wear; With torch-staves in their hand: and their poor such outward things dweli not in my desires : jades
But, if it be a sin to covet honour, Lob down their heads, dropping the hides and hips; I am the most offending soul alive. The gum down-roping from their pale-dead eyes ; No, 'faith, my coz, wish not man from England: And in their pale dull mouths the gimmala bit God's peace! I would not lose so great an honour, Lies soul with chew'd grass, still and motionless; As one man more, methinks, would share from me, And their executors, the knavish crows,
For the best hope I have. O, do not wish one more Fiy o'er them all, impatient for their hour. Rather proclaim it, Westmoreland, through my host, Description cannot suit itself in words,
That he, which hath no stomach to this fighi, To demonstrate the life of such a batuie.
Let him depart ; his passport shall be made, la uife so lifeless as it shows itself.
And crowns for convoy put into his purse : Con. They have said their prayers, and they stay We would not die in that man's company for death.
That fears his fellowship to die with us. Day. Shall we go send them dinners, and fresh This day is call'd—the feast of Crispian :' suits,
He, that outlives this day, and comes safe bome, į And give their fasting horses provender,
Will stand a tip-toe when this day is nam'd,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
Will yearly on the vigil seast his friends,
Old men forget; yet all shall be forgot, SALISBURY, and WESTMORELAND.
But he'll remember, with advantages,
What feats he did that day; Then shall our dames, Glo. Where is the king ?
Familiar in their mouths as household words Bed. The king himself is rode to view their Harry the King, Bedford and Exeter,
battle. West. Of fighting men they have full threescore Be in their flowing cups freshly remember'd:
Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloster, thousand. Ere. There's five to one ; besides, they all are And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
This story shall the good man teach his son ; fresh. Sal. God's arm strike with us ! 'tis a fearful odds. But we in it shall be remembered :
From this day to the ending of the world, God be with you, princes all; I'll to my charge ;
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; If we no snore meet, till we meet in heaven, .
For he, to-day that sheds his blood with me, Then, joyfully,-my noble lord of Bedford,
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile My dear lord Gloster, and my good lord Exeter,
This day shall gentle his condition : 10 And my kind kinsman, warriors all, adieu ! Bed. Farewell, good Salisbury; and good luck Shall think themselves accurs'd, they were not
And gentlemen in England, now a bed, go with thee!
here: Ere. Farewell, kind lord ; fight valiantly to-day: And hold their manhoods cheap, while any speaks, And yet I do thee wrong, to mind thee of it,
That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day. For thou art fram'd of the firm truth of valour.
Enter SALISBURY. (Exit SALISBURY. Bed. He is as full of valour, as of kindness;
Sal. My sovereign lord, bestow yourself with
speed ; Princely in both.
The French are bravely" in their battles set, Wesi. O that we now had here
And will with all expedience!? charge on us. Enter Kong Henry.
K. Hen. All things are ready, if our minds be so, But one ten thousand of those men in England, West. Perish the man, whose mind is backward That do no work to-day!
now! K. Hen. What's he, that wishes so ?
K. Hen. Thou dost not wish more help from EngMy cousin Westmoreland Ps—No, my fair cousin :
land, cousin ? Ir we are mark'J to die, we are enough
West. God's will, my liege, 'would you and I To do our country loss; and if to live,
alone, The fewer men, the greater share of honour. Without more help, might fight this battle out! God's will! I pray thee, wish not one man more.
K. Hen. Why, now thou hast unwish'd five thouBy Jove, I am not covetous for gold;
sand men ;') Nor care I, who doth feed upon my cost;
9. With advantages.' Old men, notwithstanding the I Ancient candlesticks were often in the form of hu. natural forgetfulness of old age, shall remember their man figures, holding the socket for the lights, in their fears of this day, and remember to tell them with ad. extended hands.
vantage. Age is commonly boastful, and inclined to 2 The gimmal bit was probably a bit in which two magnify past acts and past times. parts or links were united, as in the gimmal ring, so 9°•From this day to the ending,' &c Johnson has a called because they were double linked, from gemel. note on this passage, which concludes by saying that lus, Lal.
"the civil wars have left in the nation scarcely any tra. 3 I say but for my guard.' Dr. Johnson and Mr. dition or more ancient history." Steevens were or opinion that guard here means rather 10 1. e. shall advance him to the rank of a gentleman. something of ornament, than an auendant or attendants. King Henry V. inhibited any person but such as had a
4 • And my kind kinsman.' This is addressed to right by inheritance or grant, from bearing coals of arms, Westinoreland by the speaker, who was Thomas Mon except those who fought with him at the battle of Agin. facute, earl of Salisbury: he was not in point of fact re-court; and these last were allowed the chief seals at an lated to Westmoreland, there was only a kind of con seasts and public meetings. nection by marriage between their families.
11 i. e. in a braving manner. To go brately is to In the quarto this speech is addressed to Warwick. look aloft; and to go gaily, desiring to have the preThe incongruity of praying like a Christian and swear. eminence : Speciose ingredi; faire le brave.' ing like a heathen, which Johnson objects against, 12 i. e. expedition. arose from the necessary conformation to the statuto 3 13– thou hast unwished five thousand men.' By James I. c xxi. against introducing the sacred name on wishing only thyself and me, thou hast wished five thou. the stage. The players omitted it where they could, and sand men away. The poet, inattentive to numbers, puts where the metre would not allow of the omission they fire thousand, but in the last scene the French are said substituted some other word in its place.
to be full three score thousand, which Exeler declaree 6 To yearn is to grieve or vex.
to be five to one ; the numbers of the English are reri. 7 The feast of Crispian.' The battle of Agincourt ously stated ; Holinshed makes them filioen thousand, vas fought upon the 25th of October, 1416.
nthors but nine thousand.