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S. CÆCILIUS CYPRIAN,
BISHOP OF CARTHAGE, AND MARTYR,
WITH NOTES AND INDICES.
JOHN HENRY PARKER;
J. G. F. AND J. RIVINGTON, LONDON.
The Treatises of St. Cyprian may suitably be preceded by the short Memoir of his life written by his Deacon Pontius, and the Proconsular Acts of his Martyrdom.
The Memoir is recommended to our attention, not so much by any special excellence in itself, as by the circumstance that it is written by one who was about the Bishop's person, who attended him in exile, and who was a witness of his death". The reader need scarcely be reminded, that the Deacon in St. Cyprian's age, as afterwards, was the personal attendant and minister of the Bishop; thus St. Laurence is celebrated as Deacon or Archdeacon to Sextus or Xystus, Bishop of Rome and Martyr, the contemporary of St. Cyprian; and St. Athanasius as Deacon to Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria, in the Council of Nicæa.
The Proconsular Acts are considered to be the substance of the original, with the incidental additions of subsequent times
a S. Jerome (Script. de Vir. Illust. 68.) who says that they and Pontius' life praises this life as an egregium volu- are consistent with each other and men.” Ancient Martyrologies record that with probability.” The Bollandists Pontius eventually followed his master consider that the Confession and in Martyrdom. The Bollandists, how- Martyrdom were " extracted by the ever, distinguish between him and the faithful from the public Acts, and then Martyr Pontius, who was a Priest, and a few words added in order to form suffered in Piedmont.
them into a continuous narration. And b The substantial authenticity of that in like manner some additions these Acts seems to be generally al- were made at the end concerning the lowed; by the Benedictines, by Cave, mode and circumstances of the MartyrLit. Hist. art. Pontius, and by Gibbon, dom, &c.”