German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism: Winckelmann, Lessing, Hamann, Herder, Schiller and Goethe
This anthology, part of a three-volume series devoted to German aesthetic and literary criticism from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, charts the development of aesthetic and literary theory in Germany in the latter half of the eighteenth century and its emancipation from the hitherto dominant influence of France. This development helped to produce an unprecedented flowering of German culture and art which culminated in the classicism of Goethe and Schiller and in the rise of the Romantic movement, with momentous consequences for Europe as a whole. The texts gathered together here represent the main theoretical phases in this process. Their unifying theme is classicism and the author examines the theories of Winckelman, Lessing, Herder, Schiller and Hamann. The volume concludes with Goethe's essay on Winckelmann, which is both a reaffirmation of neo-classical principles and a definitive statement of the mature Goethe's own aesthetic theory.
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able according action actual aesthetic already ancient antiquity appear artist beauty become body called century character classical complete concept condition critic drama edition effect entirely essay everything example experience expression eyes fact feeling figures follow former further genius German give Goethe Greek Hamann hand heart Herder Homer human idea ideal imagination imitation individual Italy kind language Laocoon latter laws learned Lessing Lessing's limits lines living look manner means merely mind moral naive nature never object once original pain painter painting particular perfection perhaps person philosophical picture poem poet poetic poetry possible present reason reference remain representation represented Rome rules Schiller seems sense sentimental Shakespeare side signs single soul speak spirit taste things thought translation true truth turn understanding universal whole Winckelmann