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The county tax the last year was $12,000, for which

$4,500 is to be deducted to pay for poor-house

and farm, leaving the ordinary tax about........ $7,000 From this deduct the expense of pauperism and crime,

as above, and there is left for other purposes, .... $1,132

It must not be forgotten that the $4,500 was spent to make provision for paupers, full three-fourths of whom are rendered so by intemperance. BROOME COUNTY.- Population 17,579.

Jail.
Whole number committed in one year, ........

Temperate, ............................ 0
Doubtful, ......

Intemperate, ........................... 15 One of the three put down as doubtful is a Swede, and a minister of the gospel. He had formerly been very intemperate, but had hopefully reformed. He was a member of a temperance society, but indulged in the use of wine ; and he says that it was through its influence that he was led to the commission of crime. The charge preferred against him was an attempt to commit a rape. One of the intemperate was committed for whipping his wife ; and another an charge of rape.

J. WENTZ, Jailer. Binghamton, 17th August, 1833.

Poor-House.
No. received in one year. ........

Not from intemperance,.....
Doubtful, ............................
Doubtful, ....

4 Intemperance,. ...... ............... 19 We came to this result from a critical examination into every case. Of the temperate, one is a deranged person, brought here for safe keeping, and two are idiots.

This house has been opened for the reception of paupers about three years, and after critically examining into every case, we find that of the 83 received in that time, there were

Not from intemperance, ..... ....... 12
Doubtful, .......

................. 11
Intemperance,........................ 60

VINCENT WHITNEY, ) Superintendents
WM. CHAMBERLAIN, ļ of poor in

STEPHEN WEED, ) Broome County. Binghamton, 28th November, 1833.

Expenses. County tax for 1832, ....

.. $2,500 00 Poor, (over and above receipts,).... $830 32 Criminal justice, .................. 957 55

_$1,787 87

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............2

Balance, ........

: M. WHITING, Clerk of Sup. Mr. Whiting also states that after making deductions of money received for the poor by licences, The expense of county poor was..... $830 32 in 1831

830 32 in 1832

979 56 in 1833 Purchase money for the farm and house was about $4,000

In these three years there have been twelve assisted, not reduced by intemperance. CATTARAUGUS COUNTY.- Population 16,724.

Jail.
Whole number committed in one year,............ 17

Temperate, ..........................
Doubtful, ...............
Intemperate, .......

.......................... 14 The one that is put down as temperate was committed for not interfering to prevent a riot in which a number of drunkards were engaged.

S. BARROWS, Sheriff. Ellicottville, 5th August, 1833

N. B. The sheriff adds that two drunkards were taken out of the street and confined in jail until they became sober, who are not included in the above.

The clerk of supervisors, Gen. M'Clure, resides at Franklinville, and on calling upon him he told me that his books were at Ellicottville, fourteen miles distant; and he promised to make the examination as to the county expenses, &C., and forward the result to me. This has not been received. His sudden death, which has since been announced in the papers, is doubtless the cause. There is no poor-house in this county. . CAYUGA COUNTY.-Population 47,948

Jail.
Whole number committed in one year,.......

Temperate, ...............
Doubtful, .........ccccre
Intemperate, ...................

113

Of the temperate, one was committed for refusing to give testimony ; two were acquitted ; one was charged with secreting property, and one was a lad. Of the doubtful cases, the jailer says, “ From circumstances connected with their commitments, I have no doubt that most of them were intemperate.” Of the intemperate he says, “ At least two-thirds were committed while intoxicated, and one-third were committed as vagrants, which is always coupled with drunkenness.” One was charged with threatening to kill his son ; one with murder ; one with breaking collector's office ; two for abusing their wives, and one with threatening to kill his wife. The past year there has been a great diminution in the proportion that were committed to jail when drunk-probably one-third.

SIMEON MOTT, Jailer. Auburn, 7th September, 1833.

Poor-House.
Whole number who have received assistance in one
year,..................................... 221

Poverty not caused by intemperance,.... 70
Doubtful, ......... ............. 9
Intemperance,....................... 142

H. WILCOX, Keeper. Sennett, 6th September, 1833.

Remark-Here are included those that were in the poor-house at the commencement of the year, as well as those that have been admitted since :-and in every poor house I have noticed that there was a much larger proportion of those who had been inmates a long time, that were temperate, than of those received more recently. I state this as a fact, but without attempting to account for it.

Expenses. County tax, $16,064 64, from which is to be deducted for building a jail, $2,500, leaving as ordinary tax, $13,564 64 Expenses of the poor the last year, $4,634 00

of criminal justice, ....... 5,325 40 Making together, .........

$9,959 40

This deducted from the ordinary county tax, leaves $3,605 24

GEORGE RATHBUN,

Clerk of Supervisors.

CHAUTAUQUE COUNTY.- Population 34,671,

Jail.
Whole number committed in one year,... ........ 40

Temperate, ........................... 13
Doubtful,............................. 3

Intemperate, .......................... 24 Of the temperate, one was led to the commission of crime by a drunkard, and eight were young lads committed for trifling offences, and three of them had drunken fathers. The parents of the others I did not know.

SETH W. HOLMES, Jailor. Mayville, 2d August, 1833.

Poor-House. This was opened on the first of January last, since which time there have been received 52.

Not from intemperance, ............... 17
Doubtful, .......

.................... 13

....... 22

Intemperate, .......w

CIFFORD Keen

De Wittsville, 3d August, 1933.

Remark.-Although Mr. Gifford was disposed to give me all the information in his power, I was satisfied that a more close scrutiny would show a much larger proportion who had been reduced to poverty by intemperance. When the house was opened these persons were sent from different towns-some from the most remote ; and the keeper could not have had an opportunity to learn the habits of many of them.

Here again I was not able to obtain the certificate of the clerk of supervisors. CHENANGO COUNTY.- Population 37,238.

Jail.
Whole number committed in one year,........... 33
Temperate, ................

6
...........................
Doubtful, ............................. 1
Intemperate, .......

........ 26 Of the temperate two were lads of 14 or 15 years of age ; and two were committed for selling ardent spirit at a camp meeting. Of the intemperate, one was George Denison, who was convicted and executed for murder, committed under the influence of ardent spirit. He was naturally an amiable, peaceable man. Four were committed for whipping their wives ; and of the four now in jail, three were imprisoned for this offence.

P. B. PRINDLE.

N. B.—The reason of Mr. Prindle's name being attached to this certificate is this :-The jailer was confined to his bed by sickness, and could not be consulted ; and Mr. P. has had for a long time, charge of the jail and the books of the jail in the absence of the jailer, and knew as well as any person whatever, the facts to enable him to make the statement in relation to the habits of those who had been confined there. .

. Poor-House.
Whole number assisted in one year,............ 108
Not from intemperance, .............

........ 20
Doubtful, ..........

..................... 14 Intemperance, ...................... 74 Of the temperate, four are lunatics, and two illegitimate children. Of those reduced by intemperance, there are nineteen women who have drunken husbands, and thirty children who have drunken fathers.

E. H. COVILLE, Keeper. Preston, 20th August, 1833.

Expenses. County tax, ...........

.......................... $4,834 49 Expense of Poor,....... ..... $1,074 Crime,................. .... $1,800

$2,874 00

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Balance, ........................

$1,960 49 P. RANDALL, Clerk of Supervisors. CLINTON COUNTY.- Population 19,344.

Jail.
Whole number in one year,....

Temperate, ............................. 13
Doubtful, ...........

........6
Intemperate, .......

......... 33 Of the temperate, two made use of spirits ; two drank freely ; two were acquitted ; one was a woman, three were lads ; two others were young men from 18 to 20 years old..

Of the doubtful, two were sent here for disorderly conduct.Of the intemperate, one is charged with having killed his son-inlaw; one has four wives, all of them living, as he has acknowl. edged to the jailer ; four for whipping their wives, and one other man was committed twice for this offence.

THOMAS CROOK, Sheriff. Plattsburgh, Jan. 2st. 1834.

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