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Cato. Those very reasons thou hast urged forbid it.
Dec. Cato, I've orders to expostulate,
Cato. No more !
Dec. Cæsar is well acquainted with your virtues,
Cato. Bid him disband his legions,
Dec. Cato, the world talks loudly of your wisdom,-
Dec. A style like this becomes a conqueror.
Dec. Consider, Cato, you ’re in Utica,
Cato. Let him consider that who drives us hither.
Didst thou but view him right, thou ’dst see him black
Dec. Does Cato send this answer back to Cæsar,
Cato. His cares for me are insolent and vain :
JOSEPH ADDISON. (1672 — 1719.)
LINES TO LITTLE MARY.
CHĀ'RY, A., careful ; cautious.
BEN'I-SON (-zon), n., a blessing.
I’m bidden, little Mary, to write verses unto thee;
* By the pagan damsels, the “nine ladies hard to please,” the author means the Nine Muses ; female deities that were imagined by the ancients to preside over poetry, music, &c. The fount of Castaly was on Mount Par. Dassus, in Greece, and was sacred to Apollo and the Muses.
I've sipped a purer fountain ; I've decked a holier shrine ;
And only to that well-head, sweet Mary, I 'll resort,
There 's many a one will tell thee, 't is all with roses gay;
I need not wish thee beauty, I need not wish thee grace;
And now, my little Mary, if better things remain
CAROLINE B. SOUTHEY.
LXX. - WOMAN IN AMERICA.
PRO-MUL-GA'TION, n., open teaching. A-CHIEVEʻMENT, n., a deed ; a feat.
TRUS-TEE', n., one who has a trust. Pronounce Stael, Stah'ěl. Do not slur the sound of er in gov'ern-ment. In con. ducts', con'tests, &c., heed the consonant terminations.
1. It is by the promulgation of sound morals in the community, and, more especially, by the training and instruction of the young, that woman performs her part toward the preservation of a free government. It is generally admitted that public liberty, the perpe
tuity of a free constitution, rests on the virtue and intelligence of the community which enjoys it. How is that virtue to be inspired and how is that intelligence to be communicated? Bonaparte once asked Madame de Staël in what manner he could most promote the happiness of France. Her reply is full of political wisdom. She said : “ Instruct the mothers of the French people.”
2. Mothers are, indeed, the affectionate and effective teachers of the human race. The mother begins her process of training with the infant in her arms. It is she who directs, so to speak, its first mental and spiritual pulsations. She conducts it along the impressible years of childhood and youth, and hopes to deliver it to the rough contests and tumultuous scenes of life, armed by those good principles wlrich her child has received from maternal care and love.
3. If we draw within the circle of our contemplation the mothers of a civilized nation, what do we see? We behold so many artificers working, not on frail and perishable matter, but on the immortal mind, moulding and fashioning beings who are to exist forever. We applaud the artist, whose skill and genius, present the mimic man upon the canvas; we admire and celebrate the sculptor, who works out that same image in enduring marble; but how insignificant are these achievements, though the highest and the fairest in all the departments of art, in comparison with the great vocation of human mothers! They work, not upon the canvas that shall fail, or the marble that shall crumble into dust, but upon mind, upon spirit, which is to last forever, and which is to bear, for good or evil, throughout its duration, the impress of a mother's plastic hand.
4. I have already expressed the opinion, which all allow to be correct, that our security for the dūration of the free institutions which bless our country de pends upon the habits of virtue, and the prevalence of knowledge and of education. Knowledge does not comprise all which is contained in the larger term of education. The feelings are to be disciplined; the passions are to be restrained; true and worthy motives are to be inspired; a profound religious feeling is to be instilled, and pure morality inculcated, under all circumstances.
5. All this is comprised in education. Mothers who are faithful to this great charge will tell their children that neither in political nor in any other concerns of life can man ever withdraw himself from the perpetual obligations of conscience and of duty; that in every act, whether public or private, he incurs a just responsibility, and that in no condition is he warranted in trifling with important rights and obligations.
6. They will impress upon their children the truth, that the exercise of the elective franchise is a social duty, of as solemn a nature as man can be called to perform; that a man may not innocently trifle with his vote; that every free elector is a trustee, as well for others as himself; and that every man and every meas, ure he supports has an important bearing on the interests of others, as well as on his own. It is in the inculcation of high and pure morals, such as these, that, in a free republic, woman performs her sacred duty, and fulfills her destiny.
DANIEL WEBSTER. (1782-1852.)
FATHER of light and life ! thou Good Supreme !