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leaped from their scabbards, to avenge even a look that threatened her with insult.

3. But the age of chivalry is gone; that of sophisters, economists and calculators, has succeeded; and the glory of Europe is extinguished forever. Never, never more, shall we behold that generous loyalty to rank and sex, that proud submission, that dignified obedience, that subordination of the heart, which kept alive, even in servitude itself, the spirit of an exalted freedom!

4. The unbought grace of life, the cheap defense of nations, the nurse of manly sentiment and heroic enterprise, is gone! It is gone, that sensibility of principle, that chastity of honor, which felt a stain like a wound, which inspired courage whilst it mitigated ferocity, which ennobled whatever it touched, and under which vice itself lost half its evil, by losing all its grossness. EDMUND BURKE. (1730-1797.)


TIER (teer), n., a rank; a row.
TRUCE, n., suspension of hostilities;

temporary peace.

GALLANT, a., brave; noble.

LISTEN (lis'n), v. t., to hearken.

THOR'OUGH-NESS (thŭr'ro-), n., com-

MI-NOR-TY, n., smaller number.
UN-DAUNTED (au like a in far), a.,
fearless; intrep'id.

Avoid saying chappl for chap'el. The t and e in often are not sounded.

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1. MORE worthy pens than mine have described that scene: the oak pulpit standing out by itself, above the school seats; the tall, gallant form, the kindling eye, the voice - now soft as the low notes of a flute, now clear and stirring as the call of the light infantry bugle― of him who stood there, Sunday after Sunday, witnessing and pleading for his Lord, the King of

*For some account of Dr. Arnold, the teacher, see page 115.

righteousness, and love, and glory, with whose spirit he was filled, and in whose power he spoke; the long lines of young faces rising, tier above tier, down the whole length of the chapel, from the little boy's who had just left his mother, to the young man's who was going out next week into the great world, rejoicing in his strength. It was a great and solemn sight.

2. But what was it, after all, which seized and held these three hundred boys, dragging them out of themselves, willing or unwilling, for twenty minutes, on Sunday afternoons? True, there were boys scattered up and down the school, who, in heart and head, were worthy to hear, and able to carry away, the deepest and wisest words then spoken. But these were a minority always, generally a very small one, often so small a one as to be countable on the fingers of your hand. What was it that moved and held us, the rest of the three hundred reckless, childish boys, who feared the Doctor with all our hearts, and very little besides in heaven or earth?

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3. We couldn't enter into half that we heard; we had n't the knowledge of our own hearts, or the knowledge of one another, and little enough of the faith, hope, and love, needed to that end. But we listened, as all boys, in their better moods, will listen,-y, and men too, for the matter of that,--to a man whom we felt to be, with all his heart, and soul, and strength, striving against whatever was mean, and unmanly, and unrighteous, in our little world. It was not the cold, clear voice of one giving advice and warning, from serene heights, to those who were struggling and sinning below; but the warm, living voice, of one who was fighting for us and by our side, and calling on us to help him and ourselves, and one another.

4. And so, wearily and little by little, but surely and steadily on the whole, was brought home to the young

boy, for the first time, the meaning of his life: that it was no fool's or sluggard's paradise, into which he had wandered by chance, but a battle-field, ordained from of old, where there are no spectators, but the youngest must take his side, and the stakes are life and death. And he, who roused this consciousness in them, showed them, at the same time, by every word he spoke in the pulpit, and by his whole daily life, how that battle wa to be fought; and stood there before them, their fellowsoldier and the captain of their band.

5. The true sort of captain, too, for a boys' army; one who had no misgivings, and gave no uncertain word of command, and, let who would yield or make truce, would fight the fight out-so every boy felt — to the last gasp, and the last drop of blood. Other sides of his character might take hold of and influence boys, here and there, but it was this thoroughness and undaunted courage which, more than any thing else, won his way to the hearts of the great mass of those on whom he left his mark, and made them believe, first in him, and then in his Master. HUGHES.

ban 823


RAMP'ANT, a., violently active.


| TRI-UMPHANT, a., joyfully victorious

Not as though I had already attained. — PHILIPPIANS, iii. 12.

Nor, my soul, what thou hast done,
But what thou art doing;

Not the course which thou hast run.
But which thou 'rt pursuing;
Not the prize already won,

But that thou art wooing!

Thy progression, not thy rest,-
Striving, not attaining,-
Is the measure and the test

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Of thy hope remaining;
Not in gain thou 'rt half so blest
As in conscious gaining.

If thou to the Past wilt go,
Of Experience learning,
Faults and follies it can show,-

Wisdom dearly earning;
But the path once trodden, know,
Hath no more returning.

Let not thy good hope depart,
Sit not down bewailing;

Rouse thy strength anew, brave heart!
'Neath despair's assailing:

This will give thee fairer start,-
Knowledge of thy failing.

Yet shall every rampant wrong
In the dust be lying,—

Soon thy foes, though proud and strong
In defeat be flying;

Then shall a triumphant song

Take the place of sighing.


AL-LIES', n. pl., confederates.
A-MASSED', pp., heaped up.
PRE-SCRIBE', v., to give law.
AS-SAIL'ANT, n., one who attacks.

Pronounce Alpine, ăl-pin : hostile, hos'til; Carthaginians, Kar-tha-jin'yans.


1. HERE, soldiers, you must either conquer or die. On the right and left two seas enclose you; and you have no ship to fly to for escape. The river Po around you, the Po, larger and more impetuous than the Rhone, the Alps behind, scarcely passed by you

IM-PET'U-OUS, a., violent; forcible.
VET'ER-AN, a., long exercised.
AL-TER'NA-TIVE (ǎl-), n., a choice giv.
en of two things.

when fresh and vigorous, hem you in. Here Fortune has granted you the termination of your labors; here she will bestow a reward worthy of the service you have undergone.

2. All the spoils that Rome has amassed by so many triumphs will be yours. Think not that, in proportion as this war is great in name, the victory will be difficult. From the Pillars* of Her'cu-les, from the ocean, from the remotest limits of the world, over mountains and rivers, you have advanced victorious through the fiercest nations of Gaul and Spain. And with whom are you now to fight? With a raw army, which this very summer was beaten, conquered and surrounded; an army unknown to their leader, and he to them!

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3. Shall I compare myself, almost born, and certainly bred, in the tent of my father, that illustrious commander, myself, the conqueror, not only of the Alpine nations, but of the Alps themselves, myself, who was the pupil of you all, before I became your commander, to this six months' general? or shall I compare his army with mine?

4. On what side soever I turn my eyes, I behold all full of courage and strength: - a veteran infantry; a most gallant cavalry; you, our allies, most faithful and valiant; you, Carthaginians, whom not only your country's cause, but the justest anger, impels to battle. The valor, the confidence of invaders, are ever greater than those of the defensive party. As the assailants in this war, we pour down, with hostile standards, upon Italy. We bring the war. Suffering, injury and indignity, fire our minds.


5. First they demanded me, your leader, for punishment; and then all of you, who had laid siege to Sagun'tum. And, had we been given up, they would have visited us with the severest tortures. Cruel and

*An ancient name for the heights of Gibraltar and of the opposite coast.

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