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ject, as he was so deeply interested, from having all his estate in Boston.

4. After he left the chair, he addressed the chairman of the committee of the whole in the following • words: “It is true, sir, nearly all the property I have

in the world is in houses, and other real estate, in the town of Boston; but if the expulsion of the British army from it, and the liberties of our country, require their being burnt to ashes, issue the order for that pur. pose immediately."

5. What inspiring lessons of duty do examples like these inculcatel War, fellow-citizens, is a great evil; but not the greatest of evils. Submission to injustice is worse. Loss of honor is worse. A peace purchased by mean and in glorious sacrifices is worse. That sordid or that self-indulgent spirit, which would lead a man to prize the satisfactions of avarice or of worldly ease above country, above manliness, above freedom, is worse,

far worse. 6. I am no apologist of war. I hate and deplore it. It should be the last resort of nations. It should be shunned on every principle, Christian and humane. It brings tremendous evils in its train. It foments some of the vilest passions of our nature, even as it often develops the most heroic virtues. If the money lav. ished in keeping up great naval and military establishments were spent in employing labor, and educating the people, how much good might be effected, how much evil might be prevented!

7. But an ignoble peace may be even more demoralizing than a sanguinary war. It may corrupt all the springs of a people's energy and magnanimity. It may make them servile, sensual, selfish. It may be such an in'cubus on a nation's character, that every true patriot must feel crushed and degraded under its weight, till he could almost exclaim, with disgraced

Cassio, “O! I have lost my reputation. I have lost
the immortal part of myself, and what remains is běs.
tial. My reputation, Iago, my reputation !”

BROWN. (1812.)



LA'va, no,

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CA-TA’NI-A, n., a town on the east | IM-PLIC'IT (im-plis'it), a., wrapped up
coast of Sicily.

in ; trusting to another.
DE-CLIV'I-TY, n., a slope.

Plastic, a., giving form.
ProgʻE-NY (proj'e-ny), n., offspring. Cha'os (ka'os), n., a confused mass.
E-RUP'TION, n., a breaking forth. PĂR'AL-LEL, n., a line equally distant

the melted matter which at all points from another line ; a
flows from a volcano.

VOL-CA'NO, n., a burning mountain. ScĒN'ER-Y, n., the objects that make
AR-O-MAT'IC, a., fragrant ; spicy. up a scene or view.
Dis-SIM'I-LAR, a., unlike.

DE-SCRY', v. t., to see at a distance.
SEP'A-RATE, v. t., to disjoin ; to part. | Di-VER'SI-TY, n., difference.

Pronounce Alicudi, dl-e-coo'de. The ph in atmosphere has the sound of f. Do not
say trax for tracts. Perfume, the noun, has the accent on the first syllable, to distin-
guish it from the verb per-fume'.

1. At daybreak, we set off from Cataʼnia, to visit
Mount Etna, that venerabic and respectable father of
mountains. His base and his immense declivities are
covered with a numerous progeny

ous, progeny of his own; for
every great eruption

produces a new mountain, and perhaps by the number of these, better than by any other method, the number of eruptions, and the age of

Etna itself, might be ascertained. The whole mountain saj veratoys divided into three distinct regions, called the fertile,

il the woody, and the barren region. These three are as different, both in climate and productions, as the three zones of the earth, and, perhaps, with equal pro- furom priety, might have been styled the Torrid, the Temperate, and the Frigid Zoneon all picke

anoderate 2. The first region surrounds the mountain, and constitutes the most fertile country in the world. to molt



It extends to the distance of fourteen or fifteen miles,
where the woody region begins.

It is composed 1 ilha
almost entirely of laya, which, after a number of ages,
is at last converted into the most fertile of all soils.
After leaving Nicolo'si, twelve miles up the mountain, avis od
in an hour and a half's traveling, over barren ashes brennis
and lava, we arrived on the con'fines' of the woody
region, or temperate zone. As soon as we came to
these delightful forests, we seemed to have entered
another world. The air, which before was sultry and
hot, was now cool and refreshing; and every breeze
was loaded with a thousand perfumes, the

the whole ground being covered with the richest aromatic plants. Many parts of this region are surely the most delightful spots upon earth. to Join

3. This mountain unites every beauty and every snor horror, and the most opposite and dissimilar objects in nature. Here you observe a gulf, that formerly

threw out torrents of fire, now covered with the most luxu- uch riant vegetation, and from an object of terror become one of delight. Here you găther the most delicious peet fruit, rising from what was but lately a barren rock. Here the ground is covered with flowers; and we wander over these beauties, and contemplate this wil- dusert! derness of sweets, without considering that, under our feet, but a fire and

few yards separate us from lakes of liquid folia


brimstone. disen large
4. But our astonishment still increases, upon raising
our eyes to the higher region of the mountain. There
we behold, in perpetual union, the two elements which
are at perpetual war, --- an immense gulf of fire, for-
ever existing in the midst of snows, which it has not
power to melt; and immense fields of snow and ice,
forever surrounding this gulf of fire, which they have
not power to extinguish. The woody region of Etna
ascends for about eight or nine miles, and forms a

zone or girdle, of the brightest green, all around the

5. This night we passed through little more than
half of it, arriving some time before sunset at our
lodging, which was a large cave, formed by one of the
most ancient eruptions. Here we were delighted with
the contemplation of many beautiful objects, the pros-
pect on all sides being immense; and we already
seemed to have been lifted from the earth. After a
comfortable sleep, and other refreshments, at eleven
o'clock at night we recommenced our expedition.

6. Our guide now began to display this great knowl-karnie

edge of the mountain, and we followed him with imPerfectplicit confidence where, perhaps

, human foot had never trod before ; sometimes through gloomy forests, which by day were delightful

, but now, from the universal total darkness, the rustling of the trees, the heavy, dull bel..coming

lowing of the mountain, the vast expanse of ocean hreached stretched at an immense distance below us, inspired a kind of awful horror. Tria2

7. Sometimes we found ourselves ascending great
rocks of lava, where, if our mules should make but a

false step, we might be thrown, héaalöngy
stee précipice. However, by the assistance of our guide,

we overcame all these difficulties, and in two hours
we had ascended above the region of vegetation, and
had left far below the forests of Etna, which now ap in A
peared like a dark and gloomy gulf surrounding the

a all sicles
8. The prospect before us was of a very different
nature. We beheld an expanse of snow and

snow and ice, which alarmed us exceedingly, and almost staggered our fughtered resolution. In the center of this we descried the high

summit of the mountain, rearing its tremendous head,
and vomiting out torrents of smoke. The ascent, for
some time, was not steep, and, as the surface of the

در همد.


snow sank a little, we had tolerably good footing;
but, as it soon began to grow steeper, we found our
labor greatly increased. Cand

9. However, we determined to persevere, calling to
mind, in the midst of our labor, that the Emperor
Adrian and the philosopher Plato had undergoñe the
same; and from a like motive, too, - to see the rising
sun from the top of Etna. At this point we at length
arrived. But here description must ever fall short;
for no imagination has, dared to form an idea of so

glorious and so magnificent a scene; neither is there, -on the surface of this globe, any one point that unites nits so many awful and sublime objects.

10. The immense elevation from the surface of the

earth, drawn as it were to a single point, without any we neiglıboring mountain for the senses and imagination Sdea

to rest upon, and recover from their astonishment, in
their way down to the world; this point, or pinna-
cle, raised on the brink of a bottomless gulf, as old as
the world, often discharging rivers of fire, and throwing
out burning rocks, with a noise that shakes the whole
island; the unbounded extent of the prospect, com.
prehending the greatest diversity, and the most beau-
tiful scenery in ħature, with the rising sun advancing
in the east to illumine the wondrous scene, = formed a
combination to which I do not know a parallel. lite

11. The whole atmosphere by degrees kindled up,
and showed, dimly and faintly, the boundless prospect
around. Both sea and land looked dark and confused,
as if only emerging from their original chaos; and "
light and darkness seemed still individed, tits the
morning, by degrees advancing, completed the separa
tion. The stars are extirguished, and the shades distin de la
appear. The forests, which but now seemed black le keer
ard bottomless gulfs, from which no ray was reflected
to show their form or colors, appear a new creation

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