Federal Aid to Education, Hearings on S. 81, S. 170, S. 199, S. 472, S. 1131, and S. 1157, April 9, 21-25, 38-30, May 1-2, 1947
1947 - 600 Seiten
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adequate administration agency aid to education amendment American amount appropriation Association attendance authority average basis believe bill Catholic child church citizens committee communities Congress Constitution cost course Court daily democracy direct districts educational opportunity effort elementary equal establishment expenditure fact favor Federal aid Federal funds Federal Government fiscal give given grants important income increase institutions interest Labor least legislation less living matter means meet necessary nonpublic schools opinion organization percent persons position present principle problem public education public schools pupil question reason receive record religion religious represent salaries secondary Senator Aiken Senator Donnell Senator Hill standards statement teachers teaching tion United York youth
Seite 291 - The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is ' not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.
Seite 405 - Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Seite 280 - The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state. That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.
Seite 255 - ... levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion. Neither a state nor the Federal Government can, openly or secretly, participate in the affairs of any religious organizations or groups and vice versa. In the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect "a wall of separation between church and State.
Seite 294 - Who does not see that the same authority which can establish Christianity, in exclusion of all other Religions, may establish with the same ease any particular sect of Christians, in exclusion of all other Sects? That the same authority which can force a citizen to contribute three pence only of his property for the support of any one establishment, may force him to conform to any other establishment in all cases whatsoever ? 4.
Seite 251 - No tax in any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Seite 225 - ... aid of any church or sectarian purpose, or to help support or sustain any school, academy, seminary, college, university, or other literary or scientific institution, controlled by any church or sectarian denomination whatever; nor shall any grant or donation of land, money, or other personal property ever be made by the state or any such public corporation, to any church, or for any sectarian purpose.
Seite 176 - Under the doctrine of Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 US 390, we think it entirely plain that the Act of 1922 unreasonably interferes with the liberty of parents and guardians to direct the upbringing and education of children under their control.
Seite 177 - The appropriations were made for the specific purpose of purchasing school books for the use of the school children of the state, free of cost to them. It was for their benefit and the resulting benefit to the state that the appropriations were made. True, these children attend some school, public or private, the latter, sectarian or non-sectarian, and that the books are to be furnished them for their use, free of cost, whichever they attend. The schools, however, are not the beneficiaries of these...
Seite 126 - The State contributes no money to the schools. It does not support them. Its legislation, as applied, does no more than provide a general program to help parents get their children, regardless of their religion, safely and expeditiously to and from accredited schools.