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XL. Riding on Horseback, the Privilege only of high-

ly-privileged Persons .......


XLI. Honours conferred on those who have got the

Koran by Heart...


XLII. Watering the Ground to lay the Dust, before a



XLIII. Singular Method of honouring an Arabian



XLIV. Honours paid to Nadir Shah.....


XLV. The Easterns often change their Garments in

Token of Respect ....


XLVI. New Clothes used in Times of rejoicing ...... 423

XLVII. The Dress of Brides often changed during the

Marriage Solemnity....


XLVIII. Curious Criticism on Psalm cxxiii. 2.... 429

XLIX. Remarkable Condescension sometimes shewn by

the Eastern Nobles....


L. Females often express their Joy by clapping their



LI. Dancing and Music used in doing Persons Honour 435

LII. Some Account of the ancient Eastern Dances... 438

LIII. Description of a Maronite Wedding...... 439

LIV. Different Methods of expressing their Joy..... 443

LV. Music and Singing used in honouring Superiors.. 446

LVI. A Spear in the Hand or a Standard carried be.

fore a Person, are Marks of Honour ...... 449

LVII. Letters sent to Superiors are made up in a

peculiar and costly Style...


LVIII. Bracelets sometimes Ensigns of Royalty..... 453

LIX, Numerous Lights, curiously disposed, used in

doing Persons honour....


LX. Chains on the Necks of Camels, &c. Marks of Dis.

tinction and Grandeur.....


LXI. Umbrellas used for the same Purposes....... 457

LXII. Feathers used as Ornaments in the East ..... 460

LXIII. Persons not possessing the regal Dignity,

sometimes honoured by Permission to sit on a




LXIV. Shields carried before Persons, a Mark of

Honour ...


LXV. Rich Dresses and costly Furs used in doing

honour to Persons of Distinction..........

... 471

LXVI. Red Shoes and Girdles, supposed to have been

Marks of Dignity in ancient Times......... 474

LXVII. Different Articles of Dress used among the



LXVIII. The same Subject continued..


LXIX. Eunuchs attendant on the Great ..


LXX. A curious Illustration of Ezek. xliv. 2, 3..... 491

LXXI. Giving the Hand to a Person, a Token of Sub.



LXXII. Curious Illustration of Ezek. xxvii. 19, 16.. 495

LXXIII. High raised Seats, Places of Honour..... 500

LXXIV. Of the use of Carpets in Devotion, and of

Sackcloth in Mourning.....


LXXV. The Manner in which the Sabbath is honour.

ed among the Modern Greeks...


LXXVI. Of stretching out thcir Hands in Prayer... 511

LXXVII. Prostration at the Threshold, one Mode of

honouring Persons in the East...


LXXVIII. Fine Handkerchiefs, embroidered Cloth

and Pieces of curious Needle-Work, given as

Tokens of Respect to Persons in the East.. 517

LXXIX. A curious Illustration of the History of Jo-



LXXX. Pecuniary Rewards Tokens of Honour in the

East ....


LXXXI. Various Methods of honouring Persons, some-

thing similar to those in the East, anciently

practised in Duropean Kingdoms..... 529

LXXXII. Presents made and received, essentially

necessary to civil Intercourse in the East .... 535

LXXXIII. Giving and receiving Presents, Pledges of

mutual Friendship.......






Continued from the preceding Volume.

Of Water Melons, and their great Utility in the



ELONS, which are now so common, and at

the same time in tlie highest esteem in the East, are contemporary with grapes,


pomegranates, and with figs; one would be inclined then to imagine that they have been introduced into the Holy Land since the time Moses sent Joshua, and the other spies, from the Wilderness of Paran, to examine, and bring back an account of its productions; as writers tell us many other useful plants have been imported from other places into that country, or at least its neighbourhood."

Melons, according to Sir J. Chardin, are the most excellent fruit that they have in Persia ;" See Dr. Shaw, p. 341. Voy. de M. Chardin, tome 2, p. 18.

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and he tells us the season for eating them holds four months. Dr. Shaw observed that musk and water-melons began to be gathered the latter end of June in Barbary,' consequently a month or more before either promegranates, the common kind of fig, or the grape, begin to ripen. But if they hold four months, or about half so long only, they must have been found in the time of the first ripe grapes,' when the spies were sent out. Agreeably to this, Dr. Richard Chandler mentions figs, melons, such as are peculiar to hot climates. (I suppose he means water-melons,) and grapes, in large and rich clusters, fresh from the vineyard, were served up to him in Asia Minor, at the close of a repast at noon, in the month of August.

They certainly now grow in the Holy Land. It is the fruit which Egmont and Heyman selected from all the rest that they found growing on Mount Carmel, as the subject of panegyric, being in themselves so excellent, and so much cultivated there."

Doubtless," says Dr. Shaw, “ the watermelon, or angura, ar pistacha, or dillah, as they call it here, is providentially calculated for the southern countries, as it affords a cool refreshing juice, assuages thirst, mitigates feverish disorders, and compensates thereby, in « P. 19.

P. 141. . For the grape, according to Shaw, begins to ripen in Barbary towards the end of July, p. 146.

f Vol. ü. p. 12.,

no small degree, for the excessive heats, not so much of these as of the more southern districts."

Surely, if they had then grown in that country, the spies would have carried a sample of this refreshing fruit to the camp of Israel in Paran, as easy to be conveyed thither as any of those they brought to Moses

In fact, melons are now carried to very distant places. The best melons, according to Sir John Chardin, grow in Corassan, near the Little Tartary. They bring them to Ispahan for the king, and to make presents of. They are not spoiled in the carrying, though they are brought above thirty days' journey. He adds, that he had eaten, at Surat in the Indies, melons that had been sent from Agra. This, he observed, was still more extraordinary. There were carried by a man on foot, in baskets, one in a basket, being very large, which baskets were hanged on a pole, one at each end, the pole being laid on one of his shoulders, from whence, for ease, he shifted it to the other from time to time. These people go seven or eight leagues a day with their load.

The way of carrying the cluster of grapes, from the valley of Eshcol, did not much differ." It would have been easy to have carried some of the melons after this Persian manner, or in a basket between two, or as they did the uncured figs and pomegranates: their carrying none seems to show they then did not grow in P. 141.

☆ Numb. xiii. 23.

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