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think the Irish the London Art-union ; which dividing its Art-union have made their first mistake. funds into proportionate sums, allows each They have, too, adopted and combined the prize-holder to choose for himself a work evils of both the Scottish and English or works to the amount of his prize. This systems; they have a committee of selec- system, under proper regulations, seems to tion, which can only be advisable where the us most calculated to give general satisfacselections are to be from native works; and tion, whilst it must advance the cause of they have thrown upon the market to all taste, by the required exercise of the discountries, a system which might find its criminative and critical powers of the prizebest corrective, in the increased chance of holders. Even if the market be left open, the operation of patriotic feeling, from a as we have before said, we think the Irish diffused right of selection amongst prize- resident artist has thereby increased chance holders. Let us not, for a moment, be sup- of a sympathizing estimate for his labours. posed to impugn the motives or underrate If the committee of selection be continued, ihe judgment of the noblemen and gentle- at least let the evils and difficulties, men who formed the committee of this which are inevitably attendant on the year. We can only suppose them, in the system, be in some degree atoned for by a discharge of their very difficult task, actua- fixed principle of encouragement to native ted by the most anxious zeal to decide talent. Let the funds be devoted in the justly. Our main objection to them is based first place to the purchase of all meritorious on the principles and arguments, which we works by artists resident at home. In the have elsewhere advanced against all simi- second place, let the works of Irish artists lar committees; any errors, which in our resident anywhere, be the objects of the opinion they may seem to have made, are committee's selection ; if there be any more fairly attributable to the erroneous surplus, let it be expended in the purchase principles in the constitution of the society, of works by British or other artists. This and to the want of more defined regulations we look upon as an indispensable arrangeand bye-laws. The committee are indeed ment to obtain the great object in view chargeable with what we conceive to be a the establishment of a national school. great error, in allotting so large a sum as We think these are subjects well worthy they have to the engraving. It is un- of the serious deliberation of the society, doubtedly desirable, when there is an en- and we conjure them, in the spirit that graving, that it should be a good one. There seeketh “truth rather than triumph"-to is, perhaps, no more efficient mode of en- ponder over the simple facts which we have listing subscribers, than the prospect of here sought to lay before them, with a view each receiving an equivalent for his sub- to amending their constitution, and to the scription, with the added chance of a hand- adoption of a true, wholesome system. some prize; but it is opposed to all the Previous to the commencement of operaobjects and principles of the society, that tions for the present year, let them remember the sum expended for engraving, £650, the magnitude, the importance of the objects, should so much exceed that expended in which, as their means increase, they will the original purposes of the society--the have increased power of obtaining ; let them purchase of works of art, viz: £440. In recollect that an Irish art-union has not no case has the sum expended by the the same purposes as the original kunstScottish society, as may be seen by refer- verein of Germany; that it is not to gratify ence to the table given, amounted to one public taste by enabling them to possess fourth of the whole receipts--in this, our themselves, by a combinative system, of the first year, it exceeds one-half. Conse- overflowing produce of the artist's studio; quently, many meritorious works have re- but to establish a taste-to work out the turned on the artist's hands, and the num- talent of the country. Let them remember of the prizes was so small and so little ber how long the arts have suffered under varied, as to cause much disappointment to apathy and neglect in Ireland; that with the members.

the establishment of an art-union the day But the society is young; it has taken has seemed to dawn ; that upon them must strong possession of the public mind; this now mainly depend, whether the aspiring is the time to amend any error in its con- student or more matured artist shall cling stilution—to put it on such a footing as to his home, or wander to other countries to will point out its proper objects and ensure seek that encouragement denied him in his its success. We should most strenuously own. Let them acknowledge a claim in support the adoption of the principles of residence, rather than as at present an almost



merit in absenteeism; and then when increas- of enlightened Europe, for her reputation ed national prosperity shall result from the in the fine arts, as she is now pro tanto, a developed resources of the country—both bye-word amongst men—a cypher amongst agricultural and mercantile—we may hope nations ! to see Ireland stand as high in the esteem

Believing that the subject requires discussion, and that all parties should be heard, we have much pleasure in presenting the foregoing paper to our readers. At the same time we wish it to be distinctly understood, that we are not editorially responsible for it. While we agree with our esteemed correspondent as to the evils of which he complains, we cannot think that the remedies which he has proposed are, in all their details, the best calculated to effect the object which he in common with ourselves, has so much at heart. How far we agree with him, and in what respects we differ, will be fully seen when we return to the subject, which we hope to do at an early opportunity. For the present we must content ourselves with stating, that it is, above all, in his hostility to a committee of selection, that we cannot agree with the able writer of the preceding article. We acknowledge that the present system requires some modification; but we can imagine nothing so likely to mar the utility, and impede the progress of our Irish Art union, as the adoption, in all its pitchand-toss stupidity, of the English lottery system. It ought to be remembered that the only society of the kind that has as yet really prospered in Great Britain, is the Scottish Art-union, which has ad. hered throughout to the plan of selecting the prizes by a committee of fifteen, ten of whom go out annually. This committee has already included among its members a large proportion of the most eminent men in Scotland, and we must be allowed to think that the united suffrage of such a body, confers more honour on the artist, and is better calculated to advance his interests, than the capricious and uncertain patronage of individual prize holders.-ED.

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“Let in the Tories. No indeed, our skill in Eastern lore warns us against “new lamps for old.”

“Qui hostem feriet, mihi Carthaginiensis.”_HANNIBAL.


Burton, in his anatomy, compares a Tudors ruled; by it the Stuarts and the young man to a fair new house; the carpen- Huntingdon brewer ruled; by it the ter leaves it well built, in good repairs of so- phlegmatic Dutchman ruled; the Hanovelid stuff; but a bad tenant-meaning thereby rian Guelphs succeeded him of Nassau, and bad habits and bad passions-gets posses- still the sword was the sceptre. Neverthesion, lets it rain in, and for want of repara- less the original inhabitants could not be tion, through recklessness, lets it fall 10 destroyed. Some generations later, still few ruins; and by and bye thistles grow and in numbers and in strength, they found that brambles flourish there.

union was power, and they acted upon it Ireland is a fair and a pleasant land,—"a instantaneously. The Volunteers most sweet country as any is under heaven.” throughout the land as if by the command The Creator fashioned it surpassingly beau- of a god. Their haughty masters were tiful, and saw that it was good ;"we dare not bearded to their teeth ; partial rights were say that he blessed it. He defended it by acknowledged, partial equality obtained, and an angry sea, as a wall on every side. He Ireland's independence as a nation was progave it a soil fertile and teeming with all claimed. good things—with resources and capabili- This state of things lasted not long. The ties immense-with harbours where the sword was abandoned ; the time for its use fleets of Europe might ride in safety. All had passed. Craft and political swindling, things productive of peace and plenty—all known by the name of Toryism, were asthings that could minister to the happiness sumed in its place, and were almost equally of the inhabitants-that could make a peo- successful. By them, and by the command ple great and Aourishing, were lavishly be- of boundless wealth, through the instrumenstowed. But bad tenants obtained posses- tality of Castlereagh, Ireland was once more sion. The original occupants were onsted. laid prostrate, and her name blotted out The fertile soil was left untilled. Famine from amongst the nations. Effects similar instead of plenty stalked over the land. I to, though not so extensive, as those which Happiness departed, and the misrule of resulted from the agency of the sword, folthe stranger occupied her place. Its re- lowed. The growing pride of the people sources were unemployed—its capabilities and the increasing prosperity of the country unheeded—its harbours flagless. Rapine, were rudely checked; the princely mansions riot, and utter heartlessness guided the con- that had grown up in our capital suffered duct of these new tenants. The poor peo- from abandonment, as Burton's metaphyple, the owners of the soil, were driven to sical building, from a bad tenant : they the wilds and fastnesses, or were used as so became hotels, schools, and warehouses. many footstools for these proud foreigners Our Custom House, once the evidence of to tread upon--blocks to get on horseback, our prosperity, and still a noble proof of or, as walls, to be used as Launce's dog our taste, became a nursery for the rising used the lady's farthingale.* Their sword | generation of rats; and that structure in was their right, their title, and their deed of College Green, that looks like some Grecian possession. By it the Plantagenets and the temple, called into existence by the wonder

working minds of a Pericles and Aspasia, to Pauper paries factus, quem caniculæ com

look on which now, invariably puts us in a mingant.

passion, Northern though we be, became the


costly mausoleum of a nation's liberties. I began presently to account these calumnies Wealth fled the land with liberty,

for truths. For this Toryism was waiting“ Potiore metallis

this was the required που στω. This Stanley Libertate.”

instantly seized upon, and following his and once again Ireland was apparently

former stringent measures, helpless and hopeless at the feet of her mas- “ Mox daturus progeniem vitiosiorem." ters. But there is a buoyancy in Irishmen, with consummate skill, great ability, and un—there is a facility inherent in them which tiring energy, he set himself to work to deswill not let them utterly despair. Time, troy the entire franchise of the Irish peowith his influences, was at work—increasing ple,* and thinks to push from their stools intelligence was busy; people collected their our present rulers, and seat his own party in energies for the good fight, and, in a memo- their places. rable struggle, the most galling of their Will Irishmen suffer this ? With them bonds were burst—they became emancipated rests the brunt of the battle. Let them conenergetic and hopeful for the future. trast those who must succeed them with the Their chosen advocates fought hand to hand present Ministry, who, however they may have and shoulder to shoulder unflinchingly in failed to do an impossibility, namely, to the cause of Reform, against Toryism, its op- please the various sections of the various ponent, and all its deep-forged prejudices. parties into which reformers and liberals are The battle was won, and Toryism fell, to all split, are nevertheless the only men who appearance mortally wounded.

Not so, ever showed a particle of kindness or consihowever ; it possessed the vitality of some deration for the mass of the Irish nation. reptiles, which, cut and hack as you please, Let them contrast with those the Wellingtons, will either unite their several parts again, or the Philpots, the Lyndhursts, and the Staneach atom will in time become a perfect and leys. What a bill of fare to set before full-grown snake or worm, as the case may Irishmen! Men who would, if possible, rebe. Thus Toryism withdrew itself for a time duce them to a state approximating, as

a from the public gaze, till its wounds gra- closely as the spirit of the age would allow, dually healed, and its several parts became to the condition which we have been desonce more firmly united. Then the work cribing in the commencement of this article. of vengeance commenced, under the influ- The Soldier would treat us as perjurers. ence of the most deadly hate, against its for- Did he ever find an Irishman proclaim himmer slave and present overthrow. The self such by deserting his colours in the sword could no longer be used, but there is field ? The Priest, the spiritual adviser of an old and a true saying, that a “blow with Sir Robert, is rampant for a monopoly of a word strikes deeper than a blow with a our souls, our minds, and monies ; the resword,” on this hint business was commenced, viver of the old maxim,—“ Parcere subjectis and railings, scurrilities, libels, and lies were et debellare superbos," forgetting that“ prethe weapons used, until the Genius of our

ces et lachryma sunt arma ecclesiæ, and land might take up the words of the Psal- that “Vinciť qui patitur.” The Lawyer in mist, and complain,--that "she was full of possession of Sir Robert's other ear, whisthe mockery of the wealthy, and of the de- pers him,—“Crush me those upstartsspitefulness of the proud; for the voice of those aliens in blood, language, and relithe wicked and their hate, her heart troubleth gion.'” And the Aristocrat, in the Home her.”

Office, forging new chains for “ the lost land This mode of warfare is an old one. -the commonwealth of wo,"—but 'tis needThere were always creatures to be found, less to whose natural business it was to calumniate their superiors. Thus Homer had his

“Suggest the people, in what hate

He still hath held them; that to his power Zoilus, Achilles his Thersites, and Philip

He would have made them mules, silenced their his Demades. Why then should not Ire- pleaders, and land have the Times, the Herald, and the Disproperty'd their freedoms." Standard ? It is unavoidable and must be

Are we then to have these people, withborne as we best may. The work was pur- out a struggle, for our rulers ? sued with a gusto which shewed that these agents were working in their proper element, The effects which invariably follow perseve- result of the bill,

* We decline showing that this would be the

having been already so fre. rance in any course soon shewed themselves, quently and so powerfully shewn, that those that and people who knew not those calumniated, run may read.

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Oh yes,



say the grumblers by nature, whom nothing “ Trouble not yourselves, children of discontent,

I will take no hurt I warrant you. pleases. Oh yes, say the carpers at foreign

The state is but a little drunk, affairs—those who find fault with ministers

And when it has spued up that that made it so, for want of energy. Things are come to a It will be well again-there's my opinion in pretty pass, say the former, and cannot remain as they are ; there's O'Connell, with his freize coat and repeal button, running finders ?

And what is the remedy of these fault

How would they set all these over the land like a will-o'-the-wisp.; and things to rights ? By a very simple process there's Father Mathew going about with the — by removing Lords Melbourne and Rustreasonable intent of persuading Irishmen to sell, and placing in their chair the Duke “ live quietly, soberly, and chastely in that and Sir Robert. Alas! poor simple souls, state of life unto which it has pleased God to they know not what they do; in their incall them.” There are the Whigs and Tories, tense "cogibundity of cogitation" over what snarling at each other over the Downing- they are pleased to call the manifold evils of street marrow-bones, the ferocity of the lat- whiggery, they forget a very celebrated paster, from their long fast, promising a wor- sige in the history of Froggism. We will rying by and bye; there is the radical bull-rekte it for their edification :- It is written, dog biding his time, grim, sullen, and de- that, once upon a time, those amphibious terinined: and the chartist mongrel—a cross

gentry sent up to Jupiter's foot-stool inbetween the bloodhound and the

cessant complaints against their liege, king may, heaven knows how soon, again annoy Log,* to wit, that his government was a respectable people, in obedience to the set- weak, mild, and somewhat sluggish gotled habits and propensities of mongrel curs; vernment, that they, being high-spirited although he has but lately, after shewing his frogs, preferred a king like unto themselves, teeth and perpetrating two or three threaten- who would rule over them with a strong ing barks, skulked away, with his tail be- hand, and who would uphold the majesty of tween his legs. The grumblers about things the laws with all the terrors of the executive. abroad, vent their displeasure in this wise: In an evil hour Jupiter listened to their the Russian bear, say they, is “coming complaints, dethroned king Log, and set it rather too strong,” he seems

as if he

over them king Stork. Dire was the comwould make the universe his den. The

motion raised in frog-land by the strong goLinnæan system of diplomacy practised vernment of the new king; and dire was the under the auspices of the Brother of the

repentance of all the denizens thereof, whən Sun and Uncle of the Moon, has played they found, as they very soon did, that, as the deuce with the opium merchants, and it suited his pleasure or his appetite, his plunged us into a war of which nobody majesty gobbled them up by dozens, and can foresee the end. France has tried hard called it“ upholding the majesty of the laws.”. to bamboozle us on the Mehemet question. Ponderwell, messieurs grumblers at The Canadas having, like froward children, Whiggery, upon the historical passage from made two or three attempts to cut themselves the Chronicles of Froggism, which we have loose from the apron-strings of the mother

just related; for country, have been forced, in order to sober

"Mutato nomine, de te fabula narratur.” them down and keep them quiet, into the bonds of matrimony, although the banns were But wherefore should we, in obedience to the forbidden by some high and mighty per- wishes of these people, exchange our sonages; and, like every thing else in this lamps for new ?" Are there sufficient world

grounds for the change? What so great " exitum

faults have we in verity to find with the old Caliginosa nocte premit Deus.”

ones ? Let us see. In Ireland Whiggery And Brother Jonathan, though “ going it paralyzed and struck terror into the hearts like winter" on the borders, keeps a steady to be forgotten? By Whiggery the Educk

of orangemen and purplemen; ought that eye on the Maine chance.

All this sounds gloomy enough, but still tion Board was established; it is not the fault we have such confidence in the vis

of the Whigs if its operations are limited. By

recuperatrix of the empire, that we value it not a

Whiggery the Tory Corporations were knockbutton ; and we would say to these prog

ed on the head; that they were not utterly nosticators of evil, in the words of a merry

* We do not wish to to be understood as typifyhearted philosopher and accomplished poet, ing the Ministers under the image of “King Logi' though a tory :

it is the grumbling gentry who do so.

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