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sity of talents, there should be two kinds that are in some degree incompatible with each other? or that those who possess the one in an eminent degree, fometimes can form no idea of the bewitching charms that accompany the exertions of fuperior powers, of a kind with which they are entirely unacquainted ? A Newton might not perhaps have had a musical ear; and in that cafe he could not have formed an idea of the way in which a Handel could lead the ravished multitude after him: nor could a Handel (he was blind) form an idea of the charms by which the pencil of a Reynolds should captivate the admiring people.
In scientific pursuits, men may be arranged into two grand claffes, which, though greatly different from each other in their extremes, yet approximate at times fo near as to be blended indiscriminately together; those who poffefs a talent for detail, and those who are en. dowed with the faculty of arrangement. The first may be said to view objects individually, as through a microfcope. The field of vision is confined; but the objects included within that field, which muft ufually be considered fingly and apart from all others, are seen with a wonderous degree of accuracy and distinctness. The other takes a sweeping view of the universe at large, considers every object he perceives, not individually, but as a part of one harmonious whole : His mind is, therefore, not so much employed in examining, the separate parts of this individual object, as in tracing its relations, connections, and dependencies on those around it. Such was the turn of Cullen's mind. The talent for arrangement was that which peculiarly distinguished him from the ordinary class of mortals; and this talent he possessed perhaps in a more distinguished degree than any other person of the age in which he lived. Many persons exceeded him in the minute knowledge of particular departments, who, knowing this, naturally looked upon him as their inferior ; but pof. Tessing not at the same time that glorious faculty,
which, which, « with an eye wide-roaming, glances from the earth to heaven," or the charms which this talent can infuse into congenial minds, felt disgust at the preeminence he obtained, and astonishment at the means by which he obtained it. An Aristotle and a Bacon have had their talents in like manner appretiated ; and many are the persons who can neither be exalted to sublime ideas with Homer, nor ravished with the natutal touches of a Shakespear. Such things are wisely ordered, that every department in the universe may be properly filled by those who have talents exactly suited to the task assigned them by heaven. .
Let not the masón, however, despise the architect, bem cause no part of the building could be reared without his own aid ; neither let the architect'think lightly of the pioneer who raises the stones from the quarryIt is by their joint labours alone that the fabric can be Teared. Let each then proceed in his respective station, to discharge those duties that fall to his share, without attempting to depreciate the other. :Had Cullen, however, poffessed the talents for ari rangement alone, small would have been his title to that high degree of applause he has attained. Without a knowledge of facts, à talent for arrangement produces nothing but chimeras; without materials to work upon, the structures which an over-heated imagination may rear up, are merely 6 the baseless fabric of a vision.” No man was more fensible of the justness of this remark than Doctor Cullen ; and few were at greater pains to avoid it. His whole life, indeed, was employa ed, almost without interruption, in collecting facts. Whether he was reading, walking, or converling, these were continually falling into his way. With the keen perception of an eagle, he marked them at the firft glance; and, without stopping at the time to examine them, they were stored up in his memory, to be drawn forth as occasion required, to be confronted with other facts that had been obtained after the same manner,
and to have their truth ascertained, or their fallity proved, by the evidence which should appear when carefully.examined at the impartial bar +of justice.Without a memory retentive' in a singular degree, this could not have been done; but fo very extraordinary was Dr. Cullen's memory, that till towards the very decline of life, there was scarcely a fact that had eyer occurred to him, which he could not readily recollect, with all its concomitant circumstances, whenever he had occasion, to refer to it. It was this faculty which sa much abridged his labour in ftudy, and enabled him so happily to avail himself of the labour of others in all his literary speculations, He often reaped more by the conversation of an hour, thạn another man would have done in whole weeks of laborious study, '; 1) ! i In his prelections, Doctor Cullen never attempted to read. His lectures were delivered viva voce, without having been previously put into writing, or thrown in. to any particular arrangement. The vigour of his mind was such, that nothing more was necesary than a few short notes before him, merely to prevent him from yarying from the general order he had been accustomed to observe. This gave to his discourses an ease, a viyacity, a variety, and a force, that are rarely to be met with in academical discourses. His lectures, by consequence, upon the same subject, were never exactly the same. Their general tenor, indeed, was not much maried; but the particular illustrations were alı ways new well-suited to the circumstances that attracta ed the general attention of the day, and were delivered in the particular way, that accorded with the cast of mind the prelector found himself in at the time. : To these circumstances must be ascribed that energetic art. less elocution, which rendered his lectures so generally captivating to his hearers. Even those who could not follow him in those extensive views his penetrating mind glanced at, or who were not able to understand those apt allusions to collateral objects, he could only rapidly
point at as he went along, could not help being warmed in some measure by the vivacity of his manner. - But to thofe who could follow him in his rapid career, the ideas he fuggested were so numerous, the views he laid open were so extensive, and the objects to be attained were so important, that every active faculty of the mind was roused, and such an ardour of enthusiasm was excited in the profecution of study, as appeared to be perfectly inexplicable to those who were merely unconcerned spectators. In consequence of this unshackled freedom in the composition and delivery of his lectures, every circumstance was in the nicest unison with the tone of voice, and expression of countenance, which the particular cast of mind he was in at the time infpired. Was he joyous; all the figures introduced for illustration were fitted to excite hilarity and good humour : was he grave, the objects brought under view were of a nature more folemn and grand ; and was he peevish, there was a peculiarity of manner, in 'thought, in word, and in action, which produced a moft striking and interesting effect. The langour of a nervelefs uniformity was never experienced, nor an abortive attempt to excite emotions that the speaker himfelf could not at the time feel, never produced those discordant ideas which prove disgusting and unpleasing . . . c', To be continued. Sivesi..
- Whatever friendship those we have justly offended express towards us, we cannot bring ourfelves to believe that they do not preserve some resentment for the injury we have done them; and if at last they should give us such convincing proofs of it as to leave us no room to; doubt of their sincerity, they are ihen in regard to us in the situation of one to whom we owe great obligations : but we never love those to whom we have been too much indebted, or at least we do not see them with pleasure.
The following proposal has been seen by several persons of judge ment, all of whom greatly approved of it: but no one has been found, who was willing, in the present situation of affairs, to bring it forward in parliament. It is now offered to the public, with the hope, that if no person at the prefent time shall think proper to take it up, it may be kept under view, fo as to be adopted, when the literary ardour shall become more conspicuous among the leading members of the legillature than it now is.
A Proposal, for obtaining a Complete Collection of Papers
printed in the British Dominions.... ! To have a complete collection of all the papers that ever were printed, fo arranged, as that they could be easily consúlted, would be an object of the greatest im, portance to the history of civil society. Every man of Jetters must have felt the want of such a collection, and may be expected to lend his warmest support to every proposal that has a rational tendency to effect it.
To do this, for the time that is paft, is now impofsible; to effect it, in time to come, seems by no means impracticable. A law to the following effect, with such alterations as superior wisdom shall suggest, may be obtained, without subjecting any clafs of men to in. convenience, and would completely answer the purpose.
Let it be enacted, That one * copy of every book, pamphlet, or detachcd paper of any kind, that shall be printed in Britain, after the day of shall be delivered into the hands of certain persons, appointed by government,
* If two would not be better?