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when they are out of his view, are fre- particularly deep into pathological a. quently lost. On the contrary, no- natomy, which his extensive knowthing is more burdensome and fa- ledge of anatomical subjects renders tiguing for a sick person, nor more in- extremely easy to him. coavenient, and often injurious to by There is no doubt, that this learned standars, than long continuance at a man would have also an extensive sick bed, especially when the number practice in the city, were he not withis very great.
To this, we may add, held from it by repeated attacks of the that the advantage derived froin im- gout. He enjoys, however, the partimediate instruction at a sick bed, is cular confidence of very many famicommonly enjoyed by those only who lies. I had an opportunity of hearing stand close to it, whilst those who are a botanical lectuit of Dr Rutherford, more remote can see little or nothing and also, of visiting along with him They are tired too with long standing, the botanical garden. This lies an are often incommoded by troublesome English mile from Edinburgh, on the neighbours, or scatter and talk among road leading to Leith. It is of consithemselves. Of two evils, therefore, derable size, and in the best order. we must chuse the least, and remove Among others, I saw a beautiful Fee the lecture from the sick bed. I be. rula Asa Fætida in bloom. The garlieve, however, that a middle way den at Kew received these plants from might be found, in which the remarks this garden. which had an immediate relation to Natural History. Dr Walter. (Walthe symptoms exhibited by the pa- ker.) From 2 to 3. tient, and especially those connected The present professor had been
prewith the art of observation, might be venited for two years, by bad health, treated of in a few words at the sick from giving lectures. bed; and the others, as well as the il I have already mentioned, that clilustrations, reserved for a separate lec- nical lectures are also given in SumSUMMER COURSE.
Private Lectures. In Edinburgh, (From the beginning of May to the end tures are also given. Every one is al
besides the public, many private lecof August.)
lowed to deliver them, without asking Botany. Dr Rutherford. In the permission of any. People are convinmorning, from 8 to 9.
ced, that one who should want the reDr Rutherford has a very plain ex- quisite qualifications, would draw upon terior, from which one cannot discover himself a prohibition to lecture from the uncommon abilities and extensive the mere want of hearers. knowledge which he possesses. This Here follows the list of those priuseful and learned man has travelled vate lectures which are most regularthrough all the provinces of physic ly delivered : and medicine. Chemistry has been his Chemistry. This science is treated favourite study. We have to thank of, both by Dr William (Thomas,) him for the discovery of Azote, (Ru- Thomson, and by Mr John Murray. therford Thesis de aere mephitico, 1772.) Dr Thomson, Mr Davy gave me a. The Encyclopedia Britannica, at least, letter to this chemist, already known ascribes this discovery, without hesita- and celebrated by his works. These tion, to Dr Rutherford.
lectures are very highly prized on acHe is also the founder of the clinic count of their depth, and particularly cal school of Edinburgh ; his clinical sought after by thøse who wish to cullectures are extremely prized. In the tivate the study of chemistry. I heard course of these, Dr Rutherford goes one of them myself: Dr Thomsor
spoke of the combination of acids with this, he has a great zeal for his outi coal, and without any notes before science. I have spent many interesthim, treated the history of this subject ing hours with this ainiable and agreewith such depth and perspicuity, that able man. I could not have expected a more ele. The subject of animal medicine is gant lecture from Vauquelin himself. commonly lectured npon by Mr AlDr Thomson's own remarks on the In, who was then travelling. I reoxydized gas from coal, were particu- gretted very much not being able to larly interesting.
make his acquaintance, as I heard his Mr Murray has an extremely agree- praise out of every mouth. able delivery, which really approaches The number of students at this very near to that of Fourcroy. These University exceeds a thousand ; those lectures are attended by most of the who attend the medical classes amount students, and even by ladies. Mr to five hundred. The latter are bound Murray also lectures throug bout the to spend three years in the study of Summer on Materia Medica and Phar- medicine alone, before they can attain macy.
to the degree of Doctor, unless they Anatomy and Physiology. Dr Dar- can prove that they have studied at clay. He is the author of a new ana- other medical schools. tomical nomenclature. His lectures are praised. I could not attend them, as Dr Barclay lectures only during the winter.
A Journey through the HIGHLANDS Anatomy, Surgery, and Midwifery, and WESTERN ISLES, in the Sum- Mr Charles Bell, This able young mer of 1804.-- In a Series of Letters man has very agreeable manners, and to a Friend. displays much knowledge. He pos Br the ETTRICK SHEPHERD. sesses an interesting collection of pathological preparations. Besides these, (Continued from our last, p. 892.) he has many anatomical preparations,
Letter VII. and in the department of midwifery, has formed a number in wax, with his
DEAR SIR, own band, of which I must say, that I Took leave of you in my last when
we were hovering to the N.E. of the most natural I have ever seen; the isle of Egg, and suffering the most those of Florence, Vienna, and Paris, poignant throes of hunger. not excepted. Mr Bell is, besides, a “ have you ainy bridd ?" said Mr J. particularly skilful painter.
“ Hu, she, she," said Angus. “I Clinical Surgery. Mr Russel. Al. wish you would gie me a small piese,” though this useful man has the title of returned he. Angus either did not Professor of Surgery, he does not be understand, or took no notice of him, long to the medical faculty. He gives, for the request was never granted.twice a-week, clinical lectures in the Theworm continued to gnaw. “There hospital, which excite universal inter- will be nothing for it," said I, “ but est.
to eat oakum and drink bilge water;" Mr Russel has two assistants, Dr * Faith,” said Mr W., we'll lick meal Brown, and Mr Thomson. I have and eat cheese.” “L-d preserve us," had an opportunity of becoming ac- said Mr J. Angus now struck up a quainted with the latter. Mr Theme good fire, and put on a pot full of ugly son is completely acquainted with li. ill-washed potatoes, with six salt herterature in general, and particularly rings. I have seen the day when Mr with German literature. Along with W. would have thought them next to
of our gin.
poison ; but he now started a doubt perceiving our condition; he spoke that they were not meant for us, as they none ; his colour was as pale as if the really did not belong to us: this was cold hand of death had been upon him; a piece of heavy news, and I strove to and his mouth had assumed an exact. corroborate it by unans verable evi- resemblance in shape to a long bow, dence. I believe it is the case, said the nether lip being the string. He Mr J.; but 'tis no matter, we must came running out of the forecastle, and just mutiny, and take them by force, placed himself beside me astern ; arose for I can put off no longer :--n that moment, and run again into the them," said W." if they don't give us forecastle ; tumbled over every thing of their potatoes, we'll give them none that came in his way; hasied back a
We were, however, in-' gain to me. I said he would hurt vited to partake of this delicious fare, himself. What was it that hurried " and snapt them up, baith stoop an' him so ? “ Nothing, nothing," said roop;" we began at the tails of the he, “ only I have some potatoes roastherrings, and ate them off at the nose, ing in the fire, and I am afraid they leaving nothing but the two eyes.- will burn.” He was by this time We continued to move slowly on, and growing extremely sick, and knew not got some striking views of Egg, which well what he said ; I perceived this, hath a very romantic appearance from and a little after asked him how he. soine points, especially from the N.W.; did? He returned me the following on the other hand, the stupendous laconic answer, in words scarcely artimountains of Coulan in the forest of culate, “ O Sir, I'm gone!” I did Sky, with some of the bold promonto not fail in future to remind him of ries of that island, formed a scene of this, but he always averred that he the wildest grandeur. As we ap- did not mean by the exclamation to proached the coast of Rum, we saw impress upon me the belief that he four or five whales playing in the was going immediately to take leave. mouth of the bay, one of which was of life ; but that he was then fallen a amongst the largest of them that fre- prey to the insufferable nausea of a seaquent those seas. In the evening we
sickness. The motion of the vessel were quite becalmed a little of the had also by this time thrown Mr J. innorth-east coast of Rum, when we re to a morbid lethargy; he still kept his. tired all three to our hammocks, and hammock, and puked at times so vioslept soundly until about two in the '. lently, that I thought his chest should morning ; when I got up, being some have rent. The fog still continued, what disgusted at having arrested an and we saw no land until about seven overgrown louse which was traversing o'clock, A.M. Had our crew steered one side of my beard : it was then be- in the direction they ought to have ginning to blow fresh out of the S.W. done, we should by this time have and a dark fog hid every thing from been in the sound of Harris ; and tho' our eyes. As I perceived the direction, I easily perceived that they were lufa of Cannay when I arose, I expostula- fing too much, I had hopes that we ted with the men on the impropriety would land somewhere in that neighof holding so far to the southward, bourhood. What then was our morti-, but they were inflexible, and held on fication, on perceiving that we were off their course. The wind again increa- Boigdale-head in South Uist, a short sed to a gale; the sea grew rough, : way north of the Sound of Barra; and and the vessel rolled amain. It was that after having sailed about thirty on the morning of the Sabbath, and I hours, to find that we were no nearer shall never forget the impatience ma our destination than when we set out nifested by Mr W. on awaking and from the main land the preceding day!
They could make no apology for this how he was horrified at the sea storm. mistake, but only, that they foresaw a We now run before the wind with storm, and wished to reach a coast on great velocity, keeping in a straight which they could find shelter in case line with the headlands of South Dist, of necessity. They had certainly con- Benbecula, and North Uist, for upsiderably mistaken their bearings; but wards of fifty miles. The whole of the truth was, that they were utter these coasts presented nothing to our strangers on the coasts of Harries, al- eyes but naked desolation : the sea though one of them pretended to the seems to have washed away every contrary; and they wished not to ap- thing but the solid rocks, and to have proach it on any account, but, at all forced itself into the country in innucvents, not until the weather mended. merable creeks, in spite of every other My two friends continued all this while impediment. The predominant coexcessively sick: Mr J. lay in a drow- lour on the face of the Uists is that of sy insensibility, callous and indifferent the grey rock, and where soil of any either to danger or disappointment. kind prevails, it is only a turf of moss. He manifested, however, not the least On the western shore, indeed, therdissatisfaction; and whenever I asked are a few bays, around which there is him how he did, his answer was always, a mixture of sand, where crops are “ I am quite well, now,” This was raised equal to any in these barren renot the case with Mr W., who was gions. The coasts are bold and rocky, continually shifting the scene. Now but low in comparison with those of he would be lying on his lowly couch, Sky. We looked into Loch-Eynard, groaning and vomiting: anon, he would when we were first certified where we be on deck taking the sailors to task; were ; and I could scarcely prevent but as they did not understand his dia- the sailors from running into it for lect, he frequently left them in a huff, shelter, as I never could apprehend and retired again to his hammock. I any danger while we were on a weažiever heard him receive a satisfactory ther shore, and plenty of sea-room.answer, save one, and then, though About mid-day we opened Locb-Mathey were at cross purposes, they were di in North Uist, when no arguments both satisfied. “ Is that South Uist, could move them to proceed further; or North Uist?" said he, pointing to so they run the vessel up into it, and the shore, and meaning the isles of S. anchored beside other two large ones and N. Vist. “It is South Uist, Sir," that had taken shelter there. It is not said Angus, “ look at the compass. easy to conceive a more dreary and His stomach heaved so much, that his dismal-looking scene, than the envichest would not dilate to take in more rons of this harbour exhibit: the whole air than was sufficient for the utterance country is covered with moss, or grey of two or three words; and as he was stones, without the smallest green spot; continually engaged in swallowing, or the sea runs into the country nearly endeavouring to swallow his spittle, the whole breadth of the island, and his sentences were very short and com- spreads itself into a thousand branches, prehensive. Whenever I asked him stretching in exery direction, which how he did, his answer was uniformly renders travelling completely imprac“O Gud !” After a breathing he ticable ; and indeed there is not the would sometimes add," this is ter- smallest semblance of a road. We rible work.” Though there are few were, however, agreeably surprised at of the human race whom I respect finding a good slated inn, of two'stomore than this gentleman, as judging ries, where we took up our residence him every way worthy of it, yet I can during the remainder of the day, and never help laughing, when I remember the following night. You would lose
all patience, were I to detail the whole only engaged the attention, but awakof our adventures in Uist, which are ened the free, unqualified criticisms of nevertheless well worthy of a place; almost all descriptions of people, trom and if you had not found fault with the most frigid and dull plodder, up me in this respect, you should have to the man of the most refined feelheard such a story! What should I ings, and brilliant imagination. Muhave heard, James? You should have sic, painting, sculpture, and many of heard what a curious waiter we had; the mechanical arts, which depend, in
- how he clasped his hands above his a great measure, on the execution of head whenever he could not compre- the artist, keep the general, superficial hend our meaning;-how much we were observer, a little at bay, conscious, no at a loss for want of Gaelic ;-how we doubt, of his inexperience in the mihunted the rabbits ;--tired of waiting nutiæ, and leading principles of the at Kersaig, and set out to traverse the art : but poetry, from its being comcountry on foot to its northern extre- municated in terms intelligible to all, inity, and there procure a passage for and descriptive of scenes, sentiments, Harries. You should have heard of and passions, familiar to all, seems to our unparalleled embarrassments and have become a general property, and difficulties, and how we fell out with to authorize every pretender to taste, the natives and were obliged to return; to give a decided opinion on what ap-how we arrived again at the place pertains only to a very limited numwhere we set out in the morning, both ber. As it is of some consequence to completely drenched and fatigued ;- define the nature or quality of an art, how the house, and every part about previously to a consideration of its efit, was crowded with some hundreds fects, it may not be improper to enof Lord Macdonald's people, who were quire, 1st, what poetry really is, and, assembled to pay their rents; --what an 2dly, what the requisites, or natural interesting group they were, and how qualities are, which enable us to judge surprised my two friends were at see- accurately, and to enter particularly ·ing such numbers in a place which into its peculiar excellence and beauthey had judged a savage desert, and ties. unfit for the nourishment of intellec The efficient cause, or exciting printual life. You should likewise have ciple of all genuine poetry, consists of heard how our crew fell asleep on certain qualities, powers, and passions, board, and could not be a:vaked ;-of in the human mind, which may be Donald's despair: and many other in- comprehended under the following teresting particulars, of which you heads : namely, sensibility ;-fancy or must now live and die in ignorance.-- imagination ; - benevolence ;--love ;-a I continue, Sir, as usual,
friendship; and a moral detestation of Your affectionate, what is mean, selfish, sordid, and un
J. H. generous. Without these, or at least
a large proportion of them, it is next to impossible, that any person can be the true poet of nature, and in propor
tion to the strength or influence of On POETICAL TASTE and CRITICISM. these exciters of the human mind,
will, a all likelihood, be the excel ONSIDERING the unfrequent lence of his productions. Guided and
appearance of true poetic genius, governed by these, the poet, withand the difficulties annexed to the art, drawn, as it were, from the general it is not a little remarkable, that, from pursuits and predilections of mankind, tiine immemorial, it should have not perceives, feels, and reasons very difJan. 1809.