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We have seen with deep regret, by the news- | force the legislative concession of that miserpaper reports of recent proceedings in par- ably humble demand. “May we improve liament, that in answer to a question put by our country,—good masters ?"_"You shall Mr. W. §. O'Brien, the Secretary for Ire- not,” cry Sir Robert Peel and Sir Edward land declared the government to have no Bulwer. “We will do it at our own expense, intention, of asking permission for us to make kind gentlemen ;"_"No matter," mumble public railways with our own money. Inglis and Aglionby." "We offer to mort
Should this plain recital of a simple fact gage our county taxes, to pay the loan fall into the bands of any, who from ignorance which it will be necessary to raise ou the of our condition may be disposed to regard joint credit of the United Kingdoms, and as such a statement as incredible,-as contain the loan required would be only two millions ing an imputation of tyranny beyond historic and a half, and our proffered county rates parallel, -of philo-barbarism beyond the ca- are one million and a quarter per annum, we pacity of the 19th century to give credence are thus tendering you, we conceive, tolerably 10,--we only beg of them to keep their tem- good security :"-"We don't care, and we per cool, and suspend their judgment while won't hear any thing about your taxes ; we wenot argue, for there is nothing to argue will take no security; it may be tolerably upon in the matter, but-repeat what has good, for aught we know to the contrary; but been in this journal, and in the daily press, the notion of money being raised for mere reiterated over and over again. The case is Irish improvement on the joint credit, is a direct and palpable one of national desire for quite intolerable; we have something else to self-improvement on the one side, and of na- do with our money; we must have cash to bultional determination to prevent that improve-ly China,cash to hold down India, --cash ment on the other. It is a case unclouded to get into Aden, and keep possession there, by party error or party feeling of any kind. -cash to bribe Syria to revolt, and to enMen of all creeds and ranks and opinions in courage Texian pirates in revolting, negroIreland, cordially and publicly, not on one stealing, slave-culturing of cotton, and the occasion but repeatedly, have united to de- promotion of other great interests of civilimand leave to create improved facilities of zation ;--cash to sustain a coming war with internal intercourse and trade; and men of all France, and to create new offices and pensorts and degrees and factions in Gt. Britain, sions and commissionerships at home;
cash have unblushingly opposed by stupid selfish to beautify London, in every imaginable way,'
VOL. III. NO. XVII.
exclaim Mr. Radical Wakley, and Colonel , regarded year after year, when addressed by Conservative Sibthorpe-Manchester Phil- select and highly respectable assemblies of the lips, and Yorkshire Duncombe,--Plumptre noble and wealthy Catholics of Dublin and of Kent, and Williams of Coventry,—Sir J. London, to the British public and governDuke, and Sir E. Knatchbull,--Caledonian ment, wrought sudden and universal convicM‘Taggart, English Goulbum,Jewish D’Is- tion, when they came as the voice of the raeli, and Mr. Holmes all the way from Simultaneous meetings. In a word,—the
Berwick-upon-Tweed. Is it possible to look Bull party never did and never will concede at the division list, that thus arrays men of any thing to Ireland, voluntarily. Nothing so utterly discordant sentiments on every but the indomitable persistency in the deother subject, and to disbelieve that some- mand of our rights, and the calın steadfast thing more than casual impressions or un- unanimity of men resolved to obtain, what reasoning folly bands thein together, and they feel can only be withheld from them in marshals them against our neglected and fraud, will quell the arrogant tone, or divide defenceless land ? The riddle is too easily the councils of injustice and oppression. It read. In the united parliament, Whig and will be our own fault henceforth, if we sit Tory are less powerful and distinguishing down contented with the refusal of any thing party signals, than English ascendancy and we demand. Time was, in the days of the Irish rights. Time immemorial there has Charleses and Georges, when the insolence been in St. Stephen's Chapel a Bull party, of ascendancy was uncurbed, because of our comprising three-fourths of the entire house, ignorance and our weakness. But that time no matter how elected or composed. Two is gone, and our domineering neighbours centuries ago, that party, rallied by the magic know it. They will swagger on as of yore, call of English monopoly, forsook the ordi- no doubt, up to a certain point,—as they did nary standards of Treasury and Opposition, on the Catholic question, the T'ithe question, and hurled the memorable act for annihilat- and the Corporation question; but we coming the Irish cattle trade, against our country. pelled them to give up wholly on the first of Every man of talent, or who is now remem- ihese, and partially on the others : and with bered for any thing, resisted that atrocious the blessing of God, we will yet compel them act; but they resisted in vain. Again, in to do us justice on the Railway question, and 1698, a similar outburst of national hatred on every other that we make up our minds took place, when the Lords and Commons steadily to enforce. were cheered as they ostentatiously demand- It should never be forgotten, however, that ed from the throne, the absolute suppression the first step in every such process of moral of our Woollen manufacture. Again, in coinpulsion, is to make out a clear and un1719, we have the same unquenchable jea- answerable case of international right and lousy of Irish freedom solemnly declaring, equity. There is and there has ever been in what at a subsequent period their successors England, a small but important party, or voted to be a usurpation and a lie, that the rather sprinkling of independent minded men, appellate jurisdiction froin the Irish courts who loath the vulgar, ruthless love of tyranlay constitutionally to an exclusively Eng. ny, that animates the Bull faction. Such a lish court of peers. In 1773 we have the man was Temple; such a man was Chesterresolution of the Irish parliament in favour field; 'such a man was Chatham, Adam of an absentee tax, approved of by the most Smith, Arthur Young, Charles Fox, Romilly; popular minister of England, Lord North, such in our own days are Lords John Rusand sanctioned by his great opponent, Lord sell, Normanby, and Ebrington. Round Chatham ; yet we find both the minister men of this stainp, good hearted men like and the orator abandoned by their most Mr. Cholmondeley, the Bishop of Norwich, faithful adherents,—the tocsin of British as- Dr. Lushington, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Lister, cendancy sounded, and the national claim and many more whose names are less famiof Ireland scouted by overwhelming power. liar, can usefully rally, and adding their
Itis needless to recapitulate how Free Trade weight to the Irish party, make them strong, and Independence were achieved, and how even unto victory. they were subsequently forfeited. They were These men are ready and willing to be lost, as they were won, by force; an Irish convinced; and we are inexcusable if we take army surrounded the Parliament House in not every pains to satisfy their judgments, 1782; English bayonets surrounded it in and to win their co-operation. If we suffer 1800. How was Catholic Emancipation ingenious calumnny or misrepresentation to carried ? By the moral power of physical go uncontradicted, how can we complain that force. The same arguments that were dis- they stand by, or abet our enemies ? Let us
keep this,-for it is a vital element for our in substance, more in sound than in fact. future policy,_always in mind.
Cliques are now the English boroughmongers It is now some months ago, since, as our and journal owners; and that the dynasty of readers may recollect, we directed attention clique is not the rule of the people, but for to a certain document in the shape of a par- its own wayward or corrupt purposes, is conliamentary return, moved for by one of our tinually thwarting and endeavouring to misimported English members. We really de- lead the people, requires, we fear, few words serve to be injured and insulted as we have of demonstration. been by these worthies. What business A signal instance of this is furnished by have they in an Irish borough ? Mr. Hume the petulant and inconsistent tone of the abuses Irish manufactures, and Mr. Ellis London Spectator. Written at all times with lends himself-we have no doubt through great ability and force, it was once the rival sheer dint of ignorance as to what he was of the Examiner, in assailing oppression and doing-to obtain the sanction of parliament promoting the advance of reform. About to a soi disant account of money lent to Ire- the same unfortunate period, that the latter
und for public works, which by inference took up the domestic office of sweeper and conveys the most mischievous and wanton cleaner after the Whigs, to the sad soiling of misrepresentations of fact, that were ever per- its own apron, and total abandonment of the petrated, even against Ireland.
manlier employments in which it had beThe document in question was moved for come originally known, its competitor, reon the 13th of March, 1839, and purports solving not to be outdone, volunteered as a to be an account of “all monies, from what- non-commissioned evil-doer under the Tory ever sources and under whatever descrip- fag; and during the last five peevish years tions voted or applied, by way of grant or has, with all its weekly might, been fifiing loan, in aid of public works in Ireland since and drumming its ancient foes into power. the Union.” This apparently fair and rea- Among all the points of contact and cosonable information was asked for, during hesion between the curdled Radicalisın, and the discussion that arose in parliainent and the unchanged and unchangeable Toryism of in the press, upon the introduction of Lord England, none is so palpable and effective Morpeth's--we believe we ought to say of as their common fealty to Bull principles. Mr. Drummond's—proposal of a loan of Ireland they hate with a hatred inextinguish£2,500,000, for the purpose of making three able. The tory pretence is religion; the great leading lines of railway in Ireland. radical pretence is economy. When a franHow that proposal was defeated in the House chise is to be conceded, the one shriek popery, of Commons we have already seen ; but it is and the other cry out assimilation. When requisite to expose the working of the anti- a wrong is to be done, the bigots are eager, Irish spirit, in that far mightier and subtler and the utilitarians cold. Small thanks owe power-the press. In an educated country, we to either, for the possession of aught that whatever be the forms of its government, we are still unrobbed of; small hopes of seor the technical names of its institutions, the curity in our lives or properties can we chereal ruling estate is neither the kingły nor rish, if the hypocrites win power,-if possithe parliainentary, but that wherein the re- ble, still less from the infidels. Church presentatives of opinion are journals,-daily, extension and political economy are equally weekly, monthly, and quarterly, as the case treacherous and insincere pretences; the heart may be. These give the nearest and truest and soul object of the two fierce and selfish utterance to public sentiment and public factions that use them being, the centralizing feeling. Johu Mill, one of the few men in of all authority and patronage and power in England who are unabsorbed by the chaffer- Whitehall-place, and their own safe houseing bustle of the hour, has said, that news- ment there. What Toryisin would be, if papers are becoming the real political unions; installed in that high place of empire, we all and this, no doubt, will be the case twenty of us pretty well know. What English Rayears hence. We think, however, that with dicalism would be there—our murdered faone or two illustrious (or infamous) excep- thers, could they rise from the grave of now tions, this state of things is not yet come. well nigh two hundred years, might tell us; Newspapers were some short time ago like for they “inet the fate of the Amalekites the members of an unreformed parliament, from the hand of the chosen race, and their without constituencies. Like their less po- spoil was carried away, and their place made tent brethren of the Third estate, they now desolate," as their butchers of Drogheda and begin to affect responsibility ; but like the Cashel have triumphantly recorded. Are latter, this responsibility is more in form than the principles of imperial radicalism changed
since then? Somewhat, doubtless : the Pu- | falsehood being one of the deadliest poisons ritans robbed in the name of the Lord; the known, it is generally vended and labelled, Economists rob in the name of Ricardo : the “Best elixir of the purest facts carefully premen of 1649 read the bible; the men of 1841 pared.” Even that is not always enough. The read Bentham: the former had one virtue, character of the establishment whereout the that of being in earnest ;-when the latter potion comes, is often curiously questioned ; argue for Malthusian morality and the harm- and hence the laudable anxiety of all expelessness of absenteeism-is it not harsh to rienced dose-givers, to be able to show a believe them so ?
label from the head repertory and grand maAb uno exemplo disce omnes. When nufactory of facts, at whose treshold all ministers asked in 1839, for leave to issue manner of raw truth and falsehood are daily Exchequer bills to the extent of £2,500,000, laid, and within whose walls they are togein order to spend that sum upon Railways in ther so ingeniously disguised, and with so Ireland, they grounded the application upon much subtlety commingled, that it fretwo principal facts :-Ist, that unless such a quently becomes a labour of no little time loan were given, Ireland must lose the ad- and skill, to analyze and sever them into vantage of these improved facilities of transit, their original distinctness. not having the means otherwise of attempt- Whether the age of miracles be passed or ing their construction; and 2nd, that the no, some have doubted; but it is tolerably same security, which in a hundred previous clear that the age of oracles is only cominstances had been found unfailing, for the mencing. With a Blue book for a vaticinatrepayment of the money proposed to be lent, ing stool, and parliamentary evidence to would again be given : and this security, as supply riddle talk, any man may, with a little we have already observed, was a local re- practice, not only prophecy any thing he venue, two years' payment of which would takes into his head, but absolutely make expunge the debt. The moment the propo- people believe any thing to have happened, sition was made," Whig robbery,” roared that it suits his humour or interest to invent. the Times ; " England is going to be swin- And herein do the modern or statistic oradled,” sobbed the Herald ; “ a popish plot,” cles far surpass their heathen predecessors. was discerned by the Standard; "an un- They could only venture to foretell, taking necessary abandonment of the great funda- their chance for what might turn up to eke mental principles, upon an adherence to out a meaning. But our statistic Dodona which, so far as the circumstances of each can obliterate all the inconvenient evidence particular case will admit, the permanent of our senses, to say nothing of the testiprosperity and improvement of a great com- mony of history, whereof at will it can take mercial country must mainly rest,"--circum- no account; and demonstrate, according to locuted the Tamworth trumpeter. Last of the strictest forms of parliament, that what all comes the perverse Spectator, with its never happened at all, did positively, and little fife and drum, attempting to mimic the undoubtedly, and demonstrably take place. burlier sounds of the band that went before, Ah! they may talk as they will of the good and failing that, essaying a small mischiev- old times, but there never, never was an age ous chirrup of its own. Well understanding like this. the addiction of its readers to anything that There sits for the Irish borough of Newry, looks like statistical facts, the Spectator pub- in the present parliament, a young English lished a series of articles, purporting to give gentleman of the name of Ellis. And there detailed evidence of how and when poor in- -does not sit perhaps, but at all events nocent John Bull had been swindled out of there fidgets up and down, about and across vast sums, by his overreaching partner, the floor of the House of Lords, a certain Patrick. A show of figures, to accomplish much-given-to-interineddling personage, for this praiseworthy task of exposure and con- his sins entitled “ Brougham and Vaux.” viction, being indispensable, the self-dubbed These two senators, either by concert, or national accuser was resolved to go to the through a singular coincidence, thought fit, fountain head of all modern political know- early in the session of 1839, to cals for a ledge, the Library of random Returns, or certain return regarding the sums expended dered to be made by the omniscient House of upon public works in Ireland since the Cominons. In this we grant our prosecutor Union. What specific mischief his lordship showed his ordinary keenness of discrimina- hoped to accomplish by his statistic movetion. Poison, whether it be meant to work ment, may never, perhaps, be known. He in the belly or the brain—the death of an in- had heard of something useful being prodividual, or the detriment of a nation-is jected by his old friends the Whigs, and somehow or other unpopular in name. And thought it a good opportunity of showing
his activity and highsouled independence, by such an extent, we suspect he would at least doing something calculated to throw false have known, when he had burnt his fingers, light on the measure. We are not sure that his whether the chesnuts were rotten or no. return was ever presented or printed ; and in Not so, apparently, the member for Newry. all human probability his shuttlecock-ship It is now upwards of a year and a half since forgets every thing about the matter. the one-sided reckoning that bears his name
Fortunately, however, the return moved was presented to parliament. It is to be for in the Commons' House by Mr. Ellis, presumed that he read the same after it was was in due time both produced and printed. printed. But it is certain, at least, that the Though we differ widely from that gentleman Spectator read and published every item in opinions, we shall not do him the injustice thereof, before it was in possession of the of supposing that he understood precisely members of the House of Commons. To what he was doing, when he asked for the what intellectual faculty of abstraction, or return in question. His want of acquaint- arriving at conclusions from data given a ance with public accounts may be a loss to priori, we are wholly unable to say. himself, and an injury to the public, but it Be this as it may, the ridiculous, but not implies nothing of which an honourable man on that account less mischievous tale of Ireneed be ashamed. In total unconsciousness land being a defaulter, on foot of money of the injustice he was thus lending himself lent her since the Union, to the tune of to commit, Mr. Ellis was induced to move | £8,828,141, has gone forth, upon the highfor “a Return of all monies, from whatever est statistical authority in the realm, uncontrasources, and under whateverdescriptions, voted dicted and ungainsayed; and the governor applied by way of grant or loan, in aid of ment, staggering from such a blow in the public works in Ireland since the Union." | face, have never ventured to whisper a reNow, by the rules and customs of the House newal of the only proposition, by which it is of Commons, any thing not strictly and lite- possible to accomplish the construction of rally ordered to be given in a particular great lines of Railway in Ireland. return, is inadmissible. Mr. Ellis moved But what could Government have done ? only for half the account between Ireland How could they ask an English member to and the imperial treasury, and therefore he vote more money, after its being shown in got only the half of it. Had he moved for black and white, that on similar pretences the other half, he would have got that also ; the joint exchequer had lost in recent years but that he did not do. The account in such an enormous sum ? question consists of several millions of Enormous indeed ; but did it never occur money; and in this account, if properly to any of the gentry, whom we pay enorstated, there would be made to appear, what mous salaries to per annum, to ask the simthere must be, and there is, a credit side and ple, and one would have thought, the oba debit side. The debit side was moved for, vious question—is the return true ? Unbeand the credit side was not; and thus the lievable as it may appear, the fact neverthebalance sheet is ordered to be printed against less is certain, that not one of the said gentry Ireland, by the unwitting House of Com- did ever take the trouble of asking the said mons, as if there were, in point of fact, no question, as we ourselves happen unequivocredits in the said account at all. We are cally to know. We further know, that the debited with no less a sum than £8,828,141; Government were apprized at the time, when and the whole of the credits being left out, this sham account appeared, that it could be ignorant English members are thus led to refuted most triumphantly. They were disthe utterly deceptive inference, that we are tinctly told that the refutation could be comdefaulters to the entire amount so stated ! pleted from the same public sources of In charity we must repeat our belief, that information, whence the charges had been Mr. Ellis was unaware of the delusion he drawn. They were urged and pressed to was thus rendering himself the means of have this act of common justice to the creating ; but 'tis truly a pity when members country done ; yet from that day to this, move for papers they don't understand. Had they have never condescended to trouble Mr. Ellis possessed the ordinary acquaint- their heads on the matter. They have sufance with public county business in Ireland, fered an unreal, an unfair, an unquestionable which every country gentleman on this side accusation of fraud and insolvency to lie unof the channel has, he could not have fallen contradicted for more than
a whole year, into the stupid blunder he did, and suffered against the resources, the hopes, and the himself, by designing persons, to be used so character of the country; and they have completely as a catspaw. Or if we can ima- done so with the elements of the contradicgine an Irish member being bamboozled to tion in their hands !