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na-Eliot, supported the motion; which after the 31st of December 1812. A third was opposed by Messrs Whitebread, P. resolution went to subject sugar-wash to Moore, General Tarleton, and Sir H. the same duties as were paid on cornMontgomery.

wash. A fourth went to impose an addiThe motion was afterwards carried with. tional duty of 124d. per centon all foreign out a division, as were separate votes of spirits imported, with the exception of thanks to the officers, soldiers, &c. em. ployed in the expedition to Java.

The CHANCELLOR of the ExcuEQUER then Votes of thanks to Commodores Broagh- stated, that he did not purpose that the •ton and Rowley were likewise carried. prohibition should extend to Ireland, and

that of course it would be necessary, that * Tuesduy Jan. 14.

a suspension in the intercourse in spirits DISTILLATION FROM GRAIN.

should take place between the two coul-
On the motion of Mr Perceval, the tries.
House resolved itself into a Committee, to

Thursday, Jan. 16.
take into consideration the subject of dis-
tillation from grain. He began by calling

The House having gone into a commit. the attention of the House to the act pass

tee to consider so much of the Regent's ed last year for the encouragement of agri- speech as related to the King's establishculture, by permitting spirits to be distilled ment: from corn; and which act also tended to en. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, in courage the distilleries, and increase the re. a speech of considerable length, proposed venue; he must, however, now state, that his play for the new arrangement. It will the failure of the crop last year made comprize 28 officers, including four Lords it necessary to adopt another measure, for of the bed chamber, four Grooms of the 'the purpose of stopping distillation from chamber, seven Equerries, with the Groom corn, so as to reserve the grain in the of the Stole at its head, and in his absence, country for the food of the inhabitants. the Vice-chamberlain-The king's private In the the month of October last, the property is to be invested in three Comprices of grain had very considerably risen. missioners, one of them a Master in It was known to every body, that the crop Chancery. The whole additional annual was a very scanty one; and this scarcity, expence to the nation is estimated at 'added to the diminished supply likely to L. 70,000. The whole of his Majesty's be received from foreign countries, had household is to be under the control of the given just grounds to the distillers them. Queen, who is also to receive the arinuat -selves to expect, that a suspension of the sum of L. 10,000, in consequence of his law for permitting distillation from grain Majesty's decreased establishment, chiefly must take place. In order, however, that in horses and carriages. His Royal Highneither the distiller nor the revenue should ness the Prince of Wales is to be allowed suffer, it was his intention to propose 'an

L. 100,000, to reimburse his expences as additional duty of 1s: 8d. a gallon on spi- Regent, since he took upon him the duties rits distilled from sugar; and also a duty of that office. The Right Hon. Gentleman of 12 d. per cent. additional on foreign spi-, concluded by moying resolutions to the rits. The latter was for the encourage- effect of the above statement. ment of the English distiller. For the Mr Ponsonby could not see in his Ma: same purpose there should be a duty of 5d. jesty's situation, what required a large es. a gallon laid on Scotch spirits, and a pro- tablishment about his person. He also hibition against the importation of spirits objected to the sum of L. 100,000, profrom Ireland. He concluded with moving posed to be granted to the Prince Regent, a resolution, that from the 5th February to cover the cost incurred by the assump1812, to the 5th of December next, no tion of the government; as, in the last spirits be distilled from wash ‘made of Session, the Prince declined any assistance

on that account. He therefore hoped the The resolution was agreed to.

Hon. Gentleman would pause, and enter Several other resolutions were then ad- into further explanations, before he prea opted, the substance of which were, --That cipitated his measurè. it should be lawful for the Prince Regent, Mr TIERNEY objected to the establishwith the advice of his Privy Council, by ment of a second Court, as a thing unProclamation', after the 31st of October, known in the Constitution; and which 1812, to permit the distillation froin grain, he considerd as set on foot for the puror to continue the suspension for 30 days pose of creating a separate influence. As


to the appointment of a commission to speech, by concluding, from all that he take care of his Majesty's private property, had said, that the fund was contaminated ; Parliament had no more to do with it that it had its origin in violence and fraud ; than with the property of the king of and that in its maturity it gave protection France.

to inferior agents in similar courses ; and A desultory conversation ensued between that throughout it was most suspicious. Mr Sheridan and Mr Perceval; when the He called on the House to look to what resolutions were put and agreed to.. might ensue from permitting it to remain Friday, Jan. 17.

on its present footing. Look to the dread.

ful consequences if ever it should happen, The House resolved itself into a com

which he would not suppose probable, but mittee of supply, in which, upon the motion of Mr Yorke, the sum of L. 3,345,861; this country should hereafter exist, who

which was possible, that a monarch of was. voted for maintenance of seamen and

had the misfortune to have an adviser, ill marines for 1812, L. 3,500,000, for wear and tear of the navy for the year 1812; acquainted with the principles and ana and L. 649,750, for the Ordnance service. !ogies of the British constitution, or carOn a motion of Mr Secretary Ryder, a

ing little about either ; not having studied

the character and temper of the people, maended by Mr Abercromby, a committee

or disregarding their resentment ; rash was appointed to inquire into the state of

enough to obnsider baldness as the surest the nightly watch, and the police of the

way to power, and blinded by his avarice, metropolis.

so as to be desperate enough to venture on Monday, Jan. 20.

so dangerous a career--if ever it should.. The House went into a committee of happen that the crown was cursed to have, supply, and voted L.100,000 to the Regent, and to listen to such a minister, as Charles for the expences he has been at, in conse

the Second had listened to Lord Shaftsquence of his assumption of the exercise bury', only look at the fearful result; at of the royal authority. Mr Tierney and

the ruin of commerce, at the loss of ho. Mr Whitbread objected to the grant, nour, and the degradation of the English without a message from his Highness; bet

character for ever. (Hear!) Only suppose their objection was overruled.

that such men might ever exist, and that

a Prince might be advised to acquire a perTuesday, Jan: 21.

sonal, uncontroled property, at the same Mr BROUGHAM rose to call the attention risk with regard to America, that, Charles of the House to the subject of the droits of II. gained by the Dutch war, what ruin Admiralty, which were deemed to be of every description would be the consevested in the crown, and which at pre- quence ? and yet gentlemen opposite arsent amounted to not less a sum than gued, that all this might be done by law L. 8,000,000. Mr Brougham very for and the constitution, even without that cibly expatiated on the danger to the con- mockery of responsibility-an act of in. stitution from such a sum being vested in demnity. He did not mean to say, that. the crown without any accountability he thought these events likely ; but simithere was no safeguard against its being lar occurrences had once taken place; it portioned out amongst undeserving favou. was possible they might again þappen, rites or mistresses ; it might, in short,, be against which it was the duty of Parliaconverted to any use, public or private, ment to provide. He was now done ; and harmless or dangerous ; and more espe- thanking the se the attention with cially was it of the worst- tendency, as it which they had Konoured him, apologized made it the interest of the crown to levy for the length at which he had detained war' in a way least consistent with its own them. Again he called on them to pause, honour, or that of the country, and with- before they voted any increase to the civil out that frank, honourable, open declara- / list. The constitution knew, of but one tion of hostilities, which, until lately, coursed liinited monarch, with a fixed had been thought consistent with old Eng- expenditure, settled by Parliament, to lish faith(Hear, hear, hear !) The which he was accountable. He concluded Dutch war, in the reign of Charles II. by moving several long resolutions, agree. presented the worst, most infamous, and ing with the tenor of his speech degraded specimen of this system, (with " That all other funds in possession of the exception, perhaps, of the attack on the crown, otherways than by grant from Copenhagen, and the Spanish frigates.) Parliament, applicable in the manner The Ilon. Gentleman finished an eloquent pointed out by them, and to be accounted



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for to them, was contrary to the constitu- to consider whether any reformation is net
tion, and full of danger to the rights and cessary to be made therein and to report
liberties of the people ; that it was the their opinion to the -House."
daty of Parliament to investigate these ac- 'i'he question having been read from the
counts of the droits of Admiralty, and chair, a debatę ensued, in which Sir W.
to appropriate them to the public ser. Scott allowed that some abuses had arisen
vice,”. &c. &c.

in the inferior courts; but contended that
Mr BRAND seconded the motion, which it was impossible to prevent them in every
was opposed by the ministerial side of the instance.
House, chiefly on the ground of the anti- Sir S. ROMILLY explained the dreadfui
quity of the droits.

conseqáences attending a sentence of exOn a division, there appeared for the communication. It prevented the parties resolutions, 38-against them 78 Ma. affected by it from being witnesses or suitjority, 35.

ors-in courts of law, and thus deprived him An amendment of Mr Tierney's was also of all protection for person or property. lost on a division of 94 to 36.

King James I. had sent a message to Par.

Hament for remedying the evils then felt Wednesday, Jan. 22.

from excommunication for slight offences, Mr LUSHINGTON brought up the report of but from that day to this nothing had been the distillery suspension bill.

done in the business. The case of the peSir J. NEWPORT objected to the clause titioner was fully sufficient to prove the which prohibits the importation of spirits oppressive effect of this mode of 'punish, from Ireland, as a breach of the union.

ment. She had suffered two years impri. Mr SINCLAIR opposed the bill altogether, sonment for applying a vulgar epithet to as hurtful to agriculture.

woman who kept a house of ill fame. Sir G. CLARKE wished the Scotch distil.

After some further discussion, in which lers to be charged with duty in the same Sir J. Nicholl, Mr W. Smith, the Attor, mode as in England, and brought up a ney General, and others, took part, Lord clause for that purpose.

Folkstone withdrew his inotion, in conseIt was opposed by Mr Perceval, and quence of Sir W. Scott having undertaken rejected.

to bring in a bill for refovrning the proThursday, Jan. 23..

ceedings in the Ecclesiastical Courts; and

the consideration of the particular case. be. The bill for preventing distillation from fore the House, was deferred to a future grain was read a third time and passed. day.

Friday, Jan. 24. On the motion of Lord Folkestone, the The House went into a Committee of Suppetition of Mary Anne Dicks, now im- ply, and the following sums were voted: prisoned in the gaol of Bristol, in conse- L. 1250-to Captain Manhy, for his Life quence of a suit in the ecclesiastical court, Preserver. was read.

L.4699. 4s. for the repairs of Henry the Lord FOLKESTONE then rose to submit VIIth's Chapel. his promised motion relative to the Eccle. Mr Wharton then moved, that L. 10,057 siastical Courts. The inquiries which he should be granted towards defraying the had made since the petition of Mary Anne expences of erecting a bridge over the river Dicks had been put into his hands, had Eden, at Carlisle. convinced him that it was not a particular Sir John NEWPORT rose tò object to the grievance to which he should direct the

grant. The people of Cumberland had no attention of the House, but to a system of higher claim to the public inoney than any proceedings, from which similar severities other county. were daily emanating. His Lordship en, : Mr WHARTON and Sir JAMES, GRAHAM tered into a detailed history of the rise and observed, that strong representations had progress of the spiritual jurisdiction in this been made on this subject to the Commitcountry, and then cited a variety of cases tee by the Scotch, and particularly by the of individual oppression, resulting from Irish Members : and the purpose of the the perversion of the sentence of exeom- intended bridge, said Sir James Graham, munication from its avowed purpose, which was to facilitate the entrance of the Irish was pro salute anime. He concluded with Members into the British Parliament. moving, “ That a committee be appointed rA laugh.) to enquire into the state of the jurisdiction -- Mr WHITBREAD, in reply to what had of the Inferior Ecclesiastical Courts, and fallen from Sir James Graham, observed,


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that it was curious that the bridge, which his leave of that House, and of the public, had been allowed to be wide enough for he hoped it would not be considered prethe passage of Scotch Members, and Scotch sumption in him to say, that he believed cattle, should be too narrow, to admit the he had acted with honesty to the public passage of the Irish Members.A - and fidelity to his Prince. He felt he laugh. )

-These latter gentleman were in- could carry with him into his retirement deed of great weight, but he had not been the proud but delightful consciousness of aware that their breadth was such as to re having'acted right. quire a bridge of ampler dimensions than the Scotch.--A laugh.)- At any rate he

Tuesday, Jan. 28. could not conceive why the county of Cum- Mr Sinclair presented a petition from berland should be particularly favoured ; the freeholders of Caithness, praying for and the present principle, if extended, an alteration in that article of the Union, would put in the hands of Government the by which they are entitled only to be repreerection of all the bridges in the king. sented in Parliament alternately with the dom.

Stewartry of Bute. The petition was orAfter some discussion, the Committee dered to lie on the table. divided, when the resolution was carried

Wednesday, Jan. 29. by 35 to 27.

On the motion of Sir John Newport,
Monday, Jan. 27.

leave was given to bring in a bill to ascer-
On the motion for going into a commit- tain the population of Ireland.
tee on the royal household bill, Mr Tier-

After some . opposition from Mr C. ney opposed the Speaker's leaving the Hutchinson, on nearly the same grounds chair. He argued against the principle as those already before the public, his Mar and various clauses of the bill, as uncon- jesty's household bill was read a third time stitutional, and also injurious to the hon- and passed. our of the Prince Regent. In these censures he was joined by Mr Whitbread, Mr

Friday, Jan. 31. Ponsonby, and some other members. Mr LOCKHART brought forward a motion They were answered by Mr Perceval, who for a Committee, to inquire if any and was joined by Mr Adam, the Prince's Chan- what persons becoming bankrupt can sit cellor, and on a division, Mr Tierney's mo- in that House, which was negatived withtion was negatived by 141 to 59. In the out a division. committee, Mr Tierney made seyeral ob. An animated debate took place in con jections to points of form, which were sequence of the rescinding of so much of a overruled by the proper messages, and the former order respecting the return of Poconsent of the Prince Regent; and all the liee Magistrates, as required them to give clauses were passed, with only one divie in their present qualification ; which had sion of 105 against 33.

been adopted on the motion of Mr SecretaMr Adam explained the origin of certain ry Ryder, on the ground that each Magisdebts which it appears the Prince of Wales trate, acting without such qualification, beconsiders himself bound in honour $0 ing liable to a fine of L. 100, it would cause pay, although not legally compellable ; many of them to criminate themselves, and to this purpose it is intended to apply which was a principle unknown in English the 70,0001. per annum which is left to law. Sir F. Burdett, in moving for the his Royal Highness, by his exchequer re- restoration of the order to its original form, venue. The Honourable Member conclud. contended, that there had been many very ed by saying, that this last duty to his improper appointments of Police MagisRoyal Master was the last of his own pu. trates, and conceived that this was the onlitical life. Atfairs, it was of no conse ly way to rectify the abuse. The motion quence to the world to know, drew him to of Sir Francis was lost by a majority of 57 the labours of his profession. In taking to 7.

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Historical Affairs.


killed ; 1 serjeant, and 9 privates wounded. Sir S. Auchnuty took 56 pieces of cannon, and ammunition in proportion.

All the other places held by the French


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cial details of the capture of Batavia, by marines were landed. Cheribon was taken the British troops, under the command of without loss, by Captain Beaver, of the Sir Samuel Auchmuty. Dispatches have Nisus, and there the French General Jasince been received, announcing the capitu• melie and his suitc were captured, on their lation of General Jansen, with the remain way to join General Jansen. Sourabaya der of the French forces, and the surrender surrendered without resistance on the 220 of the remaining part of the island of Java, September, and Fort Ludowick, containing eastward of Samarang, to the British. 98 pieces of heavy cannon, followed the The dispatches containing these accounts, example. A detachment from the Nisus were forwarded by Governor Farquhar, marched 35 miles from Cheribon to Carang from the Mauritius, and were brought to Sarabang, and seized a large magazine of England by the Phæbe frigate. The de- coffee, &c. valued at 250,000 dollars, and tails were published in a London Gazette made about 700 prisoners, although their Extraordinary, on the 20th January, but own number was only 239. Not one man they are so voluminous that our limits will was hurt. They also seized 9 waggons only admit of the following abstract :- laden with silver and copper anoney at Bon.

General Jansen capitulated on the 17th gas, with a great quantity of arms. TagSeptember, and surrendered all the country, gal was taken possession of by Captain not already subject to the British arms, to Hillyar, of the Phæbe, who found the Gohis Majesty. The Europeans in the service vernment stores capacious and well filled of the enemy are prisoners of war. The with coffee, rice, and pepper. native

troops were dismissed to their homes. The greatest resistance was experienced General Jansen did not retire to Sourabaya, at the fort of Samanap, which was taken by as was expected, but retreated to Sama- Captain Harris, with the boats of the Sir rang, where he endeavoured to collect the Francis Drake and the Phæton. remains of his scattered forces. On the By Captain Harris's desire, the fort of appearance of Sir S. Auchmuty before that Bancalang was taken possession of by the place in the Modeste frigate, with a few Sultan of Madura, on the 10th of Septemtransports, the French commander evacu- ber, and British colours hoisted. The ated the town, as he before had done the Frenchgorernor, and all the Dutch inhabicity of Batavia, and took a mountain posi- tants were sent prisoners on board the Drake. tion at Jattee Alloe, about six miles off, on The whole of Java is now in possession of the road to Solo, the residence of the Em- the British forces, much to the satisfaction peror of Java. In this position he was at- of the natives. Lord Minto concludes his tacked by Colonel Gibbs on the 16th of letter, which is dated from Batavia, Sept. 29, September, routed, and pursued for 12 by saying, “ Your Excellency will observe miles up the country, most of his forces with satisfaction, from these documents, and artillery taken; and the next day he that the final pacification of the island has surrendered as above stated. The British been hastened by fresh examples of the loss in the attack, was only 2 rank and file same spirit, decision, and judgment, whick:

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