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by foreign seamen, provided that at - What has been done by the presbytery least one fourth of the crew be British of Dunse, with respect to Meff. Home fubjects.

of Polwarth and Dyfart of Eccles, we Rear-Adm. Broderick, in the Har- have not yet learned. The presbytery wich, failed from Portsmouch, March... of Edinburgh, at their meeting Marcb 30. at which port Vice-Admn. Weit arrived received a letter from them, figned by on the 26th, in the Magnanime, with Mr Lawrie of Langton, their moderathe Namur, Efex, and Torbay: and tor, complaining of the method taken two other thips of bis fleet put into Ply, by the prefbytery of Edinburgh with mouth. He left Mr Broderick in the refpe&t to the two brethren“aforemenbay, with seven sail of the line. cioned.

Com. Stevens, with a squadron of The presbytery of Haddington requifhips for the East Indies, with the com; red. Mc Home of Athelstonford, by a pany's tips under his convoy, failed letter, to appear before them on the 5th from Spithead March 10.; as did, the of April, to answer the charge brought fame day, Rear-Adm. Coates with the against him. He wrote an answer, West India fleet.:

bearing, that he designed to have at

tended, but that several things had hapΤ Ι Α Ν

pened, which rendered it impossible for We have received accounts of the fol. him; and therefore begging to be in lowing proceedings had in consequence dulged till the 1 of May, when he of the letters wrore by the presbytery of assured them he would attend. Some Edinburgh. [47.)

members were for proceeding to confia Mr Steel, minister at Stair, having der the charge, others for granting the been called before the presbytery of defired delay. The last was agreed to Air, acknowledged, That be had been without a vote;s with certification, that in the play house when Douglas was act. the presbytery would judge of the affair ed; but pleaded, that the playhouse on the ift of May without further de being at a great distance from his pa. lay: which they ordered to be intimated rish, he had no reason to apprehend to Mr Home by a lecter.His trathat he would be known, or that his gedy was acted at Covent Garden, Lone presence would have given offence; add- don, on the 54th of March ; and he jng, however, that as he was now fen. was then at London. sible he had in this been mistaken, and When Mr Carlyle appeared firft be that tiis condoc had been offentive to fore the presbytery of Dalkeith, he did his brethren and others, he was ex- not explicitly acknowledge his having tremely sorry on that account, and de- been in the playhouse, nor express his clared bis firm refolution to abitain from concern for the offence he had given : fuch practices for the future. This ac- the presbytery therefore judged it necefknowledgment and declaration was ac- fary' to give him a libel. He took a cepted by a majority of the presbytery. proteft, requiring that the prefbytery of

The presbytery of Earlton wrote a Edinburgh, who had given the inforvery discreet answer to the preibytery of mation, should be his libellers, accord, Edinburgh, approving of their zeal for ing to the form of Process. Some memfupporting the minifterial character and bers apprehending the clause founded the interest of religion ; and affuring on, viz. par. 3. chap. 7. to be a little them, that they had taken such mea. dubious, it was agreed to lay the protek fures with their brother Mr Scot of before the prelbytery of Edinburgh. Weiruther, as they were firmly persua. That presbytery returned for answer, ded would be moft conducive to the That the clause in the Form of Process egreat and good ends which the prefby- vidently respected an information given tery of Edinburgh had in view,

by one or more private perfons, but The presbytery of. Chirnside, it is could not apply to informations trans-faid, rebuked Mr Cupfles of Swinton, mitted by one presbytery to another; and dismissed the affair.


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March 1757. Minister's profecuted for countenancing the flage. 159 and that fuch interpretation as was con- the Christian church in all ages, tended for, was contrary to the univer: to stage plays and players, and on the fal practice of the church, and, if coun- known bad effects of a playhouse in E. tenanced, would occasion inextricable dinburgh. It contains three articles of difficulties or numberless inconvenien- charge; viz. 1. His associating himself cies. The presbytery of Dalkeith, on or familiarly keeping company with the the 15th of March, having considered players, persons who by their profesthis answer, together with Mr Carlyle's fion, and in the eye of the law, are of, proteft and requisition, agreed, for ob- bad fame. 2. His attending the rehear. , viating all doubts, to give him a libel, sal of the tragedy of Douglas, and aflittin virtue of their own powers, on the ing or directing the players on that ocfooting of the fama clamofa ; and ap- calion. 3. His appearing openly in the pointed a committee to prepare it a. playhouse in the Canongate, within a. gainst the 25th. Mr.Carlyle protested, few miles of his own parish, near to an and appealed to the fynod ; and likewise university-feat, and hard by the city of infifted, that the presbytery had mifta. Edinburgh, where he was well known, ken his conduct at their former meeting; having often preached, and affifted at for that he meant to signify, that he was the administration of the Lord's fupper willing to make proper acknowledg. in that city. This article further charments when they should allow him a fit ges him with having taken possession of opportunity for that purpose. As this a box in the playhouse in a diforderly paper seemed to state what had paffed way, or forcibly turning some gentlemen at the former meeting, in a light diffe. out of it, and there witnesling the 'rerent from what it appeared to the pret presentation of the tragedy of Douglas ; bytery, they ordered remarks to be a tragedy which tended to encourage made upon the paper, and the paper and the monstrous crime of suicide, and con. remarks to be entered in the record. tained such dreadful oaths or expressions,

At this meeting a petition was pre, and mock prayers, as were so offensive sented, signed by three of the elders of to the audience who countenance che the parish of Inveresk, and said to be ftage, that they were struck out or varied the deed of the elders ; fetting forth; in the future representations. All which That Mr Carlyle, ever since his settle. oaths, expreffions, and mock prayers, ment among them, had been extremely he, fays the libel, knew to be containzealous in promoting the interests of re- ed in that tragedy, having perused it in ligion, and had so abounded in works of manuscript, or witnesied the rehearsal mercy and charity, that he had gained of it. The libel then shews the bad ten. the esteem and entire confidence of the dency of such a practice; and concludes, whole parish; and after further setting that all, or any part of the charge being forth, that the alledged offence, or proved, he ought to be censured accorcharge, was, in the apprehension of the ding to the demerit of the crime or ofpetitioners, of such a nature as by the fence. This libel, with a list of wit. Form of Process ought to be taken away nesses annexed, was put into Mr Carwithout a public discusion, the petition lyle's band; and he was fummoned aconcludes with praying, that the presbyo pud alta to give in his defences on the tery would dismiss the affair in some pri. sth of April. vate brotherly way. This petition was Before the court was dismissed, four read and recorded.

more of Mr Carlyle's elders declared On the 25th, the committee present. their adherence to the petition formerly ed a draught of the libel; which was a- mentioned, making in all seven. But greed to. This libel is founded on fe- five elders gave in a counter petition, veral texts of fcripture and acts of aliem- disclaiming the ocher, and declaring bly, relating to the good behaviour and their readiness to lay before the presbyconduct of ministers ; on three acts of terý, either at their ordinary meeetings his present Majefty, and the opinion of or at a parochial visitation if appointed,



the reasons why they could not concur

Edinburgh, March 7. 1757. with it. The prefbytery delayed the PREMIUM by the EDINBURGH Soo confideration of both petitions till next

CIETY for the year 1757. meeting.


for encouragement of Arts, SCIENCES, P.S. On the sth of April, Mr Car

MANUFACTURES, and AGRICULTUR E, have lyle gave in a paper, bearing, That he resolved to bestow the premiums annexed, under thought himself bound to take this first the conditions here specified. opportunity of answering to the whole

[The articles marked this *, were proposed last charge, and not put the presbytery to year [xviii. 106.); but produced nothing, or nothing the trouble of leading a proof; and there of sufficient merit (49.). - Those marked thus t, fore acknowledges, That he had been are new articles.] once or twice, with fome gentlemen of s. * For the best account of the rise and progress good reputation, and Mr Digges [mana. of commerce, arts, and manufactures, in ger of the theatre; and the principal act.

North Britain, with the causes promoting or or], in a tavern ; that he had heard read retarding them, a gold medal, by the select fo

ciety. or repeated great part of the tragedy of

2. * For the most reasonable scheme for mainDouglas at Mr Digges's house, where Mrs

caining and employing the poor, with an inWard and some others of the actors were quiry how far it can be executed by the laws present ; that he had been sometimes in now in force, a gold medal, by the select foMr Digges's house along with the au

ciety. thor, and had some conversation about 3. For useful inventions in sciences, arts, or a

griculture, to be divided in proportion to the the tragedy, but that he had never ate merit and utility of the invention, twenty-five or drunk with Mrs Ward, or conversed guineas. with her, further than in agreeing or dif- 4. To the person who fall frame the best aragreeing to what was said about the

ticles on which a lease of lands may be extendplay; that he had been present, with

ed, whereby the ground may be laboured to

the advantage of the tenant, and without several gentlemen, at one rehearsal of

prejudice to the master, a gold medal. it; and that he was afterwards present s. For the greatest number of useful experiwhen it was acted publicly, and the ments in agriculture, five guineas, given by her house being crouded, he was admitted

Grace Henrietta Duchess-dowager of Gordon. to a seat with some difficulty and press. 6. For the best dissertation on joils

, and their

different natures, a silver medal. ing. The paper proceeds to apologize


# For the best differtation on the nature and for his conduct, from his apprehenfion of operation of manures, a silver medal. the good tendency of the play, and, the 8. To the person who shall produce the greatest play being now published, fubmits it,

variety of marls, and other natural manures, how far his apprehension was just. He

with a short account of the places where they

are found, and the uses to which they are apo expresses his extreme sorrow for having

plied, a gold medal, or five guineas. given offence; and declares, that if he g. * For the beft différtation on tillage, a silver 1 had thought such conduct would have medal. been offensive, he would have taken 10. t. For the best explication of the principles on care, as he resolved to do hereafter, to

which ploughs ought to be constructed, so as avoid it." He pleads, nevertheless, that

to be adapted to various purposes, five guineas,

or a gold medal, the charge brought against him, is not, is. To the farmer, or other person, who shall According to the Form of Process, a pro keep, and let out for hire, the best covering per ground for a libel and a public trial, Itallion for draught, not under fifteen hands but of that kind for correcting which

high, to be hewn at Edinburgh the second privy ceniores were established; and

Wednesday of December next, ten guineas.

N. B. A note must be sent to the secretary therefore prays that the libel may be of the society, at least the night before the said thrown out. The presbytery, after second Wednesday of December, acquainting Teasoning, were of opinion not to drop

him at what stable the stallion is put up. the libel; but in regard Mr Carlyle was

12. † Second ditto, five guineas. not prepared to make his defences, they 13.† To the person who shall produce the best delayed considering the relevancy till

young stoned horse, three years old, bred in

Scotland, to be shown at Edinburgh the second the 19th of April.

Wedopsday of July 1761, twenty guineas. [Several domcllic artieles are deferred

14 7 Second

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are sold.

14. † Second ditto, ten guineas.

be produced on or before the first of February 15. † To the farmer, or person, who fall, this next, five guineas.

year, bring most early to any market in Scot- 35. For the best hogshead or Atrong ale, brewed
land, the greatest quantity of potatoes, not by public brewers, a silver cup.
under fifty bolls, on or before the 20th of Au. 36. For the next best ditto, a silver medala
gust next, ten pounds Sterling.

37. For the best hogshead of porter, a silver cup. 26. + To the next greatest quantity of ditto, fix 38. For the next ben ditto, a silver medali pounds Sterling.

39. + To the perfon who shall collect the greatest 17. + Tothe third ditto, four pounds Sterling (52.] quantity of woollen rags for manure, not un 38. To the farmer who Iball plant the greatest der 1000 stone, to be proved to the satisfaction

number of timber trees, oak, beech, ash, or of the fociety, two guineas.
elm, not under one thousand, at the distance 40. † For the second ditto, one guinea.
of ten feet from each other, before March 1. 41. To the gatherer of the greatest quantity of
1758, ten pounds Sterling.

white rags for the paper-mills

, worth fourteen 19. Second ditto, vot under five hundred, five pence per ftone and upwards, in quantity not pounds Sterling.

less than 300 stope, one guinea, 20. To the farmer who shall raise the greatest 42., To the next fix highest gatherers, the quan

number of thorns, not under twenty thousand, tities not under 200 stone, ten fwillings Sixpence before December 1758, fix pounds sterling.

each. 21. Second ditto, not under ten thousand, four 43. To the next fix highest gatherers, for quanpourd's Sterling.

tities not under 100 itone, five joillings each. 22. For the greatest quantity of madder, not 44. † To the perfon who shall collect, in any

under twenty pound weight, dresied and cu private family, the greatest quantity of fuper

red for the market, three pounds Sterling. fine rags for the paper-mills, worth from
23. For raising and curing the greatest quantity 2 s. 6 d. and upwards per stone, one guinca.
of woad, not under one hundred pound weight, 45. † To the second ditio, fifteen frillings.
three pounds Sterling

40. † To the third ditto, ten millings.
* To the farmer who shall save and dress the

N. B. The quantity and value of the rags greatest quantity of well-ripened red clover

to be ascertained by certificates from the mafeed, not under one hundred pound weight, nagers of the paper-mills to whom the fame

four guineas.
25. + Second ditto, two guineas.

47. For the greatest quantity of best post paper, 26. To the farmer who shall save and dress the not under twenty reams, a silver medal

greatest quantity of best ryegrass feed, not un- 48. For the greatest quantity of best pro patria der forty' bolls, two gaineas.

paper, not under twenty reams, a filver medal. 27. To the farmer who shall feed, and fell to 49. For the greatest quantity of best printing pa

butchers, the greatest number of calves, not per, not under (weniy reams, a silver medal. under eight, cach calf being fix weeks old at 50. + For the greatest quantity, not under forty least, and the number to be proved to the sa reams, of brown cap paper, made on a royal

tisfaction of the fociety, four pounds Sterling. frame, fittest for packing, a silver medal. 28. For the next greatest number of ditto, three 51. + For the greateft quantity, not under fix pounds Sterling

reams, of deep blue paper for lapping fine liN. B. The intention of the society, in pro

nen, a silver medal. posing premiums for calves, is, to introduce 52. For the best printed and most correct book good calves hides into this country.

in the Roman character, (not excluding the 29. + For the best tanned calf-skins, not under a occasional insertion of other characters), in ocdozen, two guineas.

? tavo or duodecimo, consisting of not less than 30. To the person who shall produce for sale, the eighteen (heets it oftavo, and twelve sheets if

greatest quantity of best salt butter in firkins, duodecimo, the impression for sale to be 250 c0not under one hundred weight, to be produced pies at least, and the printer's name prefixed to at the weigh-house of Edinburgh, the second the book, a silver medal.

Friday of December next, four pounds Sterling. 53. For the best printed Greek book, the com 31. For the next greatest quantity of ditto, iwo petitors not to be restricted either in fize, or pounds Sterling

number of fheets, but the impresfion for sale 32. To the person who shall produce for sale, the to be 250 copies at least, and the printer's

greateft quantity of best cow-milk cheese, not name prefixed to the book, a silver medal. under one hundred weight, at the said weigh- 54. For the bett drawing atter any statue, bulto, house, on the second Friday of December next, or bass-relieve, by buys under twenty years of four pounds Sterling

age, four guineas. 33. For the next greatest quantity of ditto, iwe 55. 7 For the second ditto, three guineas. :*", pounds Sterling.

56. + For the third ditto, iwo guineas.
34.* To the person who shall cure, and preserve 57. For the best landscape after picture, print,

in a dry form, the greatest quantity of yest, or drawing, by boy's under eighteen years of
so as ftul to be fit for the purposes of brewing age, three guineas.
mod baking, 110€ under teu pound weight, i* 58.7 For the leçond ditto, two guineas.

5.9. For

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19. For the neatest and belt drawing of architec. 81. Second ditto, one guinea.

ture, after picture, print or drawing, by boys 82. t For the best piece of gold lace, and best ! under cighteen years of age, three guineas. piece of silver lace, as to work and pattern, to 60. For the second ditto, two guineas.

be given to the actual workman, two guincas. 01. For the belt drawing of fruits or flowers, with 83. ^ For the second ditco, one guinea.

foliage, after prints, paintings, or drawings, by 84. For the best half-dozep blankets, in imitation

boys or girls under fifteen years of age, iwa of English blankets, not under three yards long : guineas.

by iwo and an half yards broad, five guineas. 62. + For the second ditto, one guinea.

85. † For the next ditto, not under two and an half N. B. No person to contend for above one yards long by two yards broad, three guineas. of the four different branches of drawing above 86. For the best balf-dozen coarfe blankets, in imentioned.

mitation of English blankets, not under one and 83. * To the boy or girl under twenty years of an half, nor above two yards broad, and from age, who shall produce the best pattern of his two to two and an halt yards long, three guior her invention for a Scots carpet, the pattern to be drawn upon design-paper, from which 87. For the fix best pieces of shalloon, each piece the carpet can be put into the loom, two gui to consist of thirty yards, to be dresled and fi

nished off in the English manner, two of the 64. + To ditto for a damask carpet, two guineas. pieces to be black, two to be blue, and two 65. † To ditto for damaik table-linen, two guio cloth-coloured, three guineas.

88. For the second ditto, iwo guineas. 66. + To ditto for flowered lawn, two guineas. 89. For the two pieces of shalloon, best whitened, 67. For the best three pieces of printed cotton or dressed, and finished in the Englih manacr,

linen, not under twenty fix yards each piece; cach piece to consist of thirty yards, three guione of the pieces to be two colours, one common pencilled three or four colours, and a go. For the second ditto, two guineas.

piece in chints colours, a silver medal. 91. For the best ten pieces of plain fustian, five 64. For the greatest quantity of best sealing wax, white, and five coloured, each piece to confift

not under twelve pound weight, ane guineai of twenty yards, dressed and lapped after the 69. For the greatest quantiiy of belt lcaling wa Manchelter manner, four guineas. fers, not under twelve pound wright, one gui- 92. + For the second ditto, iwo guineas.

93. For the fix best pieces of linen, for lining of 70. For the whitest, best, and finest lace, com hats, not under twenty yards each, best dyed,

monly called Hamilton lace, of a new pattern, glazed, and dressed, three pounds Sterling.

not under two yards in length, two guineas. 94. Second ditto, two pounds Sterling 71. * For the best dyed shades, in worsted or 95. † For the best twelve grofs chair-web, fix

woollen yarn, blue, green, and orange; three gross being blue and white, and fix gross brown, colours in each fhade, and a pound in each co two guineas. lour, five guineas.

96. For the best dozen of hats, to be sold at a 92. For the second ditto, three guineas.

price not exceeding one guinca each, four gui73. For the best tent stitch, or petit point, in worsted shades, on a fire-screen, five guineas, 97. For the best dozen of felt hats of Scots wool, or a gold medal.

four guineas, given by Meff. Buchanan junior 74. * For the best imitation of Turky carpets, as and company at Glasgow, who gained the prize

to colour, pattern, and workmanship, of at for fine hats last year.
least two yards long and one and an half 98. † Second ditto, ibree guineas.
broad, five guineas, given by Miss Jenny Dai- 99. † Third ditto, two guineas.

100. For the greatest number of best straw hats 75. † For the best carpet, all of wool, of the best or bongraces, not under a dozen, five guineas. damalk figure, best colour and border, four 101. For the greatest quantity of best and clearguineas.

est glue, not under fifty pound weight, three 76. * For the belt imitation of Wilton carpets, pounds Sterling.

twelve yards long by three quarters of a yard 102. For the fecond ditto, two pounds Sterling. wide, with eighteen yards border to suit the 103. For the third ditto, one pound Sterling. carpet, three eighths of a yard wide, eight gui- 104. For the greatest quantity of belt buckram

not under six pieces, of twenty-four yards each, 77. For the best carpet, of that kind called the three pounds Sterling.

Scois çarpet, making forty-eight square yards, 105. For the second ditto, two pounds Sterling to be divided into any number of carpets, the 106. For the third ditto, one pound Sterling. firmest and best made, belt figure, best colour 107. For tbe greatest quantity of baked hair for and border, five guincas.

upholsterers, not under fifty pound weight, the 78. For the second ditto, four guincas.

strongest, cleanest, and best curled, two guineas, 79. + For the third ditto, three guin.eas.

108. For the second ditto, one guinea. 30. For the three beit pieces of livery lace, not 109. For the best fix gross of mohair buttons for

under thirty yards cach, as to work and pat cloaths, twa guinease tern, two guineas.



118. For

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