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THE

Scots magazine,

AND

EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,

FOR MARCH 1806.

Description of the View of LOUDON CASTLE.

LOUDON Castle, the ancient seat additions, under the direction of the

of the Earls of Loudon, and celebrated architect Mr Elliot. now the property of the Countess of The present view is of the south Loudon and Moira, is situated in front, and represents the castle as it Ayrshire, on the banks of the wa- is now finishing. The place is cater of Irvine, and surrounded with pable of very great improvement ; extensive woods of the finest tim. and from the taste and opulence of ber.

the noble proprietors, it is probable The Castle is now undergoing a it will soon be made one of the finest thorough repair, with considerable places in Britain.

Memoirs of the late Marquis CORNWALLIS. THIS nobleman was descended royal cause during the eventful pe

of

wars,

“ having (as mily, who, in the reign of Edward the " the preamble sete forth) from his third, came over from Ireland, and “ youth, with great fidelity, served settled in Suffolk. An ancestor of King Charles I. in court and this family, John Cornwalleys, was a camp, for which he sufered the sheriff of London in the year 1377,

56 loss of his estate." and knight of the shire in two par- Marquis Cornwallis was born the liaments of Richard the second's 31st of Dec. 1738, and seems to reign. The Lordship of Brome have been intended, from his cradle, (which gives title to the presump- for the army. He accordingly tive heir) came into the family by entered into the service at a very marriage about this time In the early age, and we find him in 1758 reign of Henry VII. William Corn. a captain in Colonel Craufurd's light wallis was among those who were infantry ; three years after this he certified to be capable of supporting accompanied the Marquis of Granby the dignity of knighthood. The

The to the continent as one of his aids-du. dignity of baron was conferred in camp, and was in the fields of Ger1661 upon Sir Frederic Cornwallis, many under the most skilful and by Charles II. on account of the celebrated generals of the day. In attachment he had displayed to the 1761 he was promoted to the rank

of

of lieutenant - colonel of the 12th Shortly after his Lordship's arrival regiment of foot, at which time be in America, we find him acting as was in the House of Commons as an able and indetatigable partizan, representative of the borough of with the rank of major-general, unEye. He succeeded to the peerage der Sir W. Howe. His Lordship's on the death of his father, Earl Coin. first enterprize in 1777, was an atwallis, in the year 1762, who was tempt to surprise an American post, the fifth peer of his family, and in in the neighbourhood where he then 1765 was nominated one of the lords lay, in which he in part succeeded, of the bed.chamber, and about the and soon after this he received orders same time was honoured with the from General Howe to abandon the appointment of aid du camp to his Jerseys, and in July embarked with present Majesty. During this pe. the English commander in chief on riod his lordship frequently voted the expedition to the Chesapeak. against the minister, and sometimes After performing various services took what is called the popular side during the different campaigns of the of the question ; in particular, when American war, his Lordship had the the memorable bill for securing the misfortune to be under the necessity legislative power of Great Britain of surrendering with the troops unover the American colonies was in der bis command to the confederated troduced into the House of Lords, French and American armies on the Earl Cornwallis was one of the five 17th of October 1781, at Yorkat the head of whom was the vene- Town, into which place Lord Cornrable Earl Camden, who refused wallis had withdrawn his little army, their consent to that measure. In in full confidence of holdiog out una 1796 he was promoted to the com- til the arrival of succours which had mand of the 33d regiment of foot, been promised him. Destitute even which he held till his death, so that of ammunition, his Lordship, unwilwhatever opposition he thought pro- ling to expose the remains of his galper to make to the administration, it lant army, consented to capitulare, no ways impeded his success in ob. and the terms were, on the whole, taining military rank. Two years not unfavourable. After this unfor. after this, his lordship married Miss tunate business, Lord Corowallis re. Jemima Julikens Jones, daughter of turned to England, where he conti. James Jones, Esq. With this lady, nued till the year 1790, when he went who brought him two children, a out as Governor-General of Bengal. son and daughter, he enjoyed every Marquis Cornwallis was the wisest felicity the marriage state is suscep- governor of India, and the only one tible of, until he was called to em- who encouraged a system of peace bark with his regiment for America. and conciliation. His idea of the On this occasion Lady Cornwallis, government was that of a territory inconsolable at the idea of parting not to be extended, but improved; a with him, applied to his uncle, the country not to be oppressed, but reArchbishop of Canterbury, who, at conciled. His character was happily her request, procured the King's conformable to the principles of his leave of absence. But notwithstand- government. Simplicity and honesty ing, military duty prevailed over con- were the strong traits of his characa jugal affection, and a nice sense of ter ; and his moderation and benevohonour urged his lordship to proceed lence spurned the mean ambition of with the forces to America. The trampling upon the subject powers separation, however, proved too much of this vast empire, and swelling the for the counters, who literally fell a train of Indian vassals, . But above victim to her love, and died of grief. all he abhorred that low intrigue,

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80 well known by the name of sub. country. Such, however, was not
sidiary treaties.
Too generous to

his destiny, Ireland was disorganized, govern by intrigue, too honest 10 and the English power there shook rule by force, he was desirous to lay to its very centre. It was even doubtthe foundations of his government in ful how long it would remain an apthe common acknowledgement and pendage to Great Britain ; for it was perception of its justice. His code menaced by insurrection within, and of Indian law was humanity.

invasion from without. One of these No sooner did he arrive in India events had actually taken place, and than a war broke out between the the other soon followed. In this Company and Tippoo Sultan, son of critical state of affairs, the eyes of Hyder Ally, who, from small begin- the Cabinet and the nation were nings, bad acquired extensive terri. once more turned towards him, and tories, and an immense army. The he was invested with the vice-regal conduct of hostilities was at first in- powers, amidst the acclamations of trusted to the Madras Government, both kingdoms. His administration but little or no progress being made, was short; but it was successful. the governor-general left Calcutta, The union of the insurgents was disand proceeded to the scene of action, solved, the disaffected disarmed, and where he arrived on the 12th of Dec. an invading enemy taken captive. 1790. After various successes, his The restoration of tranquillity in lordship at length obliged the Sul- Ireland was soon succeeded by its tan to accept of such terms as he union with Great Britain, on which chose to dictate. Tippoo consented Marquis Cornwallis resigned the goto cede part of his dominions, paid vernment of the country, and returna large sum of money, and undertook ed to England. Here he was soon to furnish a more considerable por called upon to act a distinguished tion of treasure within a limited pe. part in the negociations which were riad. Two of the Sultan's sons were opened for a general peace, being ia delivered as hostages for the due 1801 appointed the plenipotentiary of performance of the treaty, and it is Great Britain to the congress assemonly justice to a prince whom we bled for effecting that desirable obhave been accustomed to style a bar. ject. The result was, the peace of barian, to observe, that he fulfilled Amiens. The life of Lord Cornevery article of the treaty with scru- wallis was a series of honourable expulous punctuality. This import. ertions in the service of his country, ant war being thus ended, Lord with very short intervals of repose. Cornwallis returned to England, and Little more than two years elapsed, though he gably refused to be en- after his return from France, when riched out of the plunder acquired government was again desirous of by his gallant army, honours and em- availing itself of his talents and expeployments, so well earned, awaited rience. The affairs of India were in him at home. He was created a a critical state, and no person seemed Marquis in 1792, and admitted to

so proper to restore them, as one un. the privy council; and in addition to der whose auspices they had former. his other appointments was nomina- ly been so flourishing. The appointted to the lucrative office of master. ment of governor-general was accorgeneral of the ordnance.

dingly offered him, and he accepted Returning once more to the bo. it, with a strong presentiment that som of domestic happiness, the Mar. he could not survive the ordinary quis seemed to promise to himself a period during which that -office is life of ease and quiet in his native held. His health had been sensibly

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on the decline for some months pre- whenever a male heir succeeds to its vious to his embarkation; and he he shall be obliged, after a certain had every reason to dread the effects age, and a specified time after his of a trop.cal atmosphere, upon a succession, to marry, if he happens to fraine alieady yielding to the hand be unmarried ; and if he does not of time, and impaired by the variety do so, the next substitute to succeed of services in which he had been ein in the same manner, as if the succesployed under every vicissiturle of cli- sion had opened to him by a death.' mate. Suon after his arrival in the By this he not only expects to keep East Indies, he set out to take the his estate among his friends, but also command of the army, when he was hopes that it shall always be in the arrested by the hand of death at person of one of his own descendants. Ghazeepore, in the province of Be- The first spare time I could com. nares, on the 5th of October. The mand upon my return home, I have Marquis is succeeded in his honours thrown Mr G's. ideas upon paper, and and estates by his only son, Charles I request that you will give them a Viscount Broine, who is married to corner of your magazine, which is Louisa, one of the daughters of the read by every description of people; Duke of Gordon.

that if they be approved of, they may be adopted by those who choose it ;

at any rate, I hope to see some ani. On a New Mode of Making Entails. madversions upon what appeared to

me to be a new mode of making enSIR,

tails. I am, &c. happened lately to be in Berwick

D. R. D. shire, visiting an old acquaintance, Edinburgh, March 19. 1806. who one day had a number of his neighbours at dinner.

In the course of the afternoon, the subject of en. CELESTIAL PHENOMENA for April tails was introduced, when it was al

1806. lowed on all hands, that they, for the most part, had the effect of preser

Tuesday, April 1st. ving the estate together, if not for the THE Moon will eclipse s Leonis, a descendants, at least for a branch of star of the 4.5 magnitude, situathe family of the entailer, which ap- ted in longitude 5..21o.39"..32", peared to be the original design of and latitute 5...42.10" South. The them. In the course of the conver- star will immerge behind the dark sation on this subject, I was not a limb of the Moon at 403 minutes little amused with an observation of after 6 o'clock in the evening, when one of the company, a Mr G-, its distance from the Moon's centre who seemed to think that all our en. is about 16 minutes South; after contailers were wrong when they made tinuing eclipsed for the space of 153 their entails to prevent their estates minutes, it will emerge from behind going out of their family, without, at the Moon's western limb at 56 mithe same time, taking means to pro- nutes after 6 o'clock, when it is sicure a family, by obliging the sub- tuated about 154 minutes South of stitute to marry. He informed us, her centre : about the middle of this that he has lately entailed his estate, eclipse the Moon's horizontal semi(which has been handed down from diameter will be 16..14", her hori. father to son for some generations,) zontal parallax 59'--36", and the time. but he caused his man of business of her southing roh.

...41'. draw the entail in such a manner, that On the same day, the longitude of

the

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the planet Juno will be 5.140.27', The right ascension of Ceres will and her latitude 50 minutes North. then be 1089..28' ; and her declinaThursday, April 3d.

tion 30°..18' North. The planet PALLAS is at present

Sunday, April 20th. situated in right ascension 870..6',

The first satellite of JUPITER will and declination 5...34 South. Friday, April 4th.

immerge into his shadow at 56 mi

nutes and 33 seconds after two' The pladet Venus will be station- o'clock in the morning, mean time. ary in longitude u...159.47'..28",

On the same day, at 1 minutes and latitude 5°..22' North. She comes

after y o'clock in the evening, the to the meridian about 5 minutes af

Sun will enter the sign Taurus, and ter 10 o'clock in the morning.

his longitude will then be exactly Wednesday, April 9th. The Moon will be in conjunction

one sign.

Monday, April 21st. with Jupiter at 48 minutes after

The longitude of Juno will be o'clock in the morning.

5*..12°..s', and his latitude 1..57' • The planet MERCURY will arrive North. at the greatest elongation from the

On the same day, the right as-
Sun, and may be seen in the morning cension of Pallas will be 9;...28',
before sun-rise. His declination, and and her declination 19..22' South.
consequently his amplitude, are more
northerly than that of the Sun.

Sunday, April 27th.
On the same day, the right ascen.

The planet CERES is situated in sion of the planet Cere's will be right ascension In°..40', and la105°::32', and her declination 30°., titude 29°51' South.

Monday, April 28th.
Friday, April 11th.

The planet JUPITER will be statiThe planet Juno is at present si- onary in longitude 99..8o.13:30". tuated in 5.1 2°..56' of loagitude, His latitude" is then 15 minutes and 1°.. 26' of North declination.

North, bia declination 2... 58' South, Saturday, April 12th.

and the time of his southing 4"..12
The right ascension of Pallas in the morning.
will be 91°.. 11', and her declination
3o..21' South.

Tuesday, April 20th.
Monday, April 14th.

The planet MERCURY will arrive
The GEORGIUM SIDus will be in

at his inferior conjunction with the opposition with the Sun at 17 mi

Sun at 47 minutes after 8 o'clock in

the evening
nutes after 6 o'clock in the morning,
in longitude 68..230..38'. Its latitude Wednesday, April 30th.
will be 37 minutes North ; its decli- The right ascension of PALLAS
nation 80.36', southing 119...58'. will be 990.57', and her declination

Tuesday, April 15th. 09..19' North
The planet PALLAS will arrive in

D. Bi
opposition to the Sun at 47 minutes
after 8 o'clock in the evening. His
longitude will then be 6...249.54'.. Memoirs of the Progress of MANU-
26", his latitude 2°..46' Norih : his FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE,
declination 7.10' South, and the and the FINE ARTS.
time of his southing 12" evening.
Friday, April 18th.

EW Tables of the Sun, compoThe planet MERCURY will be sta

N

sed by the celebrated DELAMBRE, ţionary in longitude 1...120..58'..14". have been lately printed at Paris.

40' North.

1

5

They

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