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plot, that is many horreens, and wi
mind, to abound in faults, in the fame manner that a strong and fertile foil produces most weeds
What are the lays of artful Addison,
Coldly correct, to Shakespear's warblings wild. It is with much regret, however, we must observe, that after Shakespear had supported, with uniform propriety, one of the most difficult characters Genius ever attempted, he should at last fall off, and put a trilling conceit in the mouth of a dying man.
'Oth. I kissed thee e'er I killed thee no way but this, Killing myfelf to die upon a kiss.
It might alfo be objected to the contrivance of the plot, that Iago had not fufficient motives for the perpetration of so many horrid crimes, and this the fagacity of Shakespear has foreseen, and with much address obviated. In the course of our observations, we have already noticed, that he does not fuppofe Jago, in his first setting out, resolutely to plan the destruction of Defdemona and Caffio. The objects he had in view were, to get poffeffion of the wealth of Rodorigo, and to be preferred in the place of Caffio ; but seeing matters beginning to be embroiled around him, the firm and undaunted Iago will not stop short, whatever should be the consequence. By thus viewing his conduct, it will appear natural and probable. He wishes (as human nature ever muft) to view himself even for a moment in the light of an honest man
... And what's he then that fays I play the villain, &c. . .
Act. 2. fc. xiv. But the principal fault which we observe in this performance, is a want of confiftency in supporting the upright and disinterested character of Æmilia. We can easily suppose, in the first place, that she migbt procure Desdemona's napkin for her husband, without seeming to concur with him, or even suspect his schemes : But when afterwards, in the tenth scene of the third act, fhe sees the improper use to which this napkin is apa plied, and the great distress which the loss of it occa
fioned to Desdemona, without so much as wishing to explain the misunderstanding, she is no more the open and virtuous Æmilia, but a coadjutor with her dark and unfeeling husband. This is a remarkable violation of every appearance of probability, when we contrast it with her noble and spirited conduct afterwards. We are surprised to find a slip of so much magnitude from the clear and piercing judgment of Shakespear, especi. ally when we consider, that it could have been very ea. fily remedied, by removing her during this interview.
tous in hinary atence; and icours
. Anecdote of Mr. Whitfield. ABOUT thirty years ago, the famous Mr. George Whitfield used annually to visit this metropolis, and by his popular mode of preaching allured great multia tudes, especially of the female sex, to attend his fermons. The great object of his discourses was to roule them to acts of beneficence; and as he had instituted a charitable seminary at Georgia in Carolina, he was ftrenuous in his exertions to induce his audience to be liberal in giving alms for the fupport of the helpless persons he had there collected together. Among his constant hearers was one Mrs.
the wife of a brewer, in a small line of businefs, in the Grassmarket of Edinburgh, who had some difficulty to provide funds for carrying on his affairs without embarrassment, He had no time to attend the daily harangues of this ghostly orator ; nor was he much pleased with the time his wife spent on these occafions, and far less with the demands she sometimes made upon him for money to be given for charitable purposes. This diversity of opinion between the man and wife sometimes produced family discord ; and while the lady believed the Divine was little less than an angel from Heaven, the husband considered him as no better than a thief, or a pickpocket, who, under false pretexts, induced simple people
tunnu her humas sudden did noe an oppe the knewhich
to throw away, upon others, the means that were necefsary for the subsistence of their families ; nor was he, when heated in the contest, and chagrined at times from the want of money, at all fcrupulous, in expresfing, without reserve, the opinion he entertained of this supposed saint. The wife, who was of a warm difpofition, though not deftitute of sense at bottom, was much irritated at these reflections, and thinking they proceeded entirely from the worldly mindedness of her husband, felt a strong inclination to indulge her own propensity to benevolence by every means that should fall in her way. To get money from her husband avowedly for this purpose, she knew was impossible; but she resolved to take it when she could find an opportunity for that purpose. While she was in this frame of mind, her husband, one morning while he was writing at his desk, was suddenly called away, and, intending to return directly, he did not close his desk. His wife thought this too favourable an opportunity to be missed ; and opening the shuttle where she knew the money was kept, she found about 25 guineas, which the husband had provided to pay for some barley he had lately boughi. From this she took out ten pieces, and left every thing else as before ; nor did the husband, on his return, take any notice of it..
She was now very anxious to get this money properly disposed of; and with that view dressed herself in great haste ; and having wrapped the pieces in a bit of paper, she took them in her hand to go out; but as fhe passed a mirror, she observed fomething about her heads dress that required to be adjusted, and putting the money on a bureau beneath the mirror, she spent a little time in making the necessary adjustments; and recollecting she had omitted to give some directions before she went out, she stepped hastily into the kitchen for that purpose, without taking up the money. Just at this nick of time, the husband came into the room, and seeing something on the top of the bureau, he took it
up to examine it ; and, seeing what it was, he imme. diately conjectured what was the truth. Without saying a word, however, he took out the gold, and put an equal number of halfpence in their stead, leaving the paper to appearance as he found it, and went out again. The wife having heard her husband go out of the room, was in great fear that he had discovered her treasure, and returned with great anxiety to search for it; but seeing it happily just as she had left it, she haftily snatched it up, without looking at it, and went directly to the lodgings of Mr. Whitfield to dispose of it. · When she arrived, she found him at home--and a happy woman was lhe! Having introduced herself, by telling him how much she had been benefited by his pious instructions, &c. which he returned with a ready politeness ;- she expreiled her regret that she had it not in her power to be as liberal to his poor orphans as she could wish ; but she hoped he would accept in good part the mite she could afford to offer to him on their account; and with many professions of charitable dispositions, and thanks for the happiness she had derived from attending his discourses, the put the money into his hands, and took her leave. Mr. Whitfield, in the mean time, putting the money into his pocket without looking at it, made proper acknowledgments to her, and waited on her to the door.
He was no sooner, however, alone, than he took it out to examine the contents, and finding it only copper and comparing the sum with the appearance of the person who gave it, lie instantly imagined it must have been given with intention to affront him ; and with this prepossession on his mind, he haftily opened the door, and called the lady back, who had not as yet got to the bottom of the stair. This summons she instantly obeyed. On her return, Mr. Whitfield, assum. ing a grave tone and stern manner, told her, that he did not expect she could have had the presumption to offer to affront him; and, holding out the halfpence, asked BEE, OR '. Feb. 2, her what she could mean by offering him such a paul„try compliment as that. The lady, who was very cer. tain the had put good gold into the paper, and recollecting that she had often heard him called a cheat and an impostor, immediately.' concluded that he himself, had put the halfpence in place of the gold, and made ofe of that pretext to extort more from her'; 'and fell upon him moft bloodily, telling him, she had often , heard him called a swindler and a rascal, but till now The had never believed it. She was certain the had given him ten red guineas out of her hands, and now he pretended he had got only as many halfpence'; hor did the leave him till fhé had given him a very full complement of abufe. She then went home in a great hurry; and had a much better opinion of her husband's difcernment and fagacity ever afterwards. He kept his fecret; and till her dying day, she made a good wife to him; nor ever afterwards went after field-preachers of any fort. .in
. ..) A.
To the Editor of the Bee.. ! "SIR,. . Your ingenious correspondent's observations on the Flowers of the Forest, go far to prove that it is not of as old a date as has been generally supposed. But what he has suggefted, has not produced full conviction on my mind. · "The first dawnings of the Reformation in Scotland were in the end of the 15th century. In the beginning of the 16th, we know for certain there were many preachings in churches, private houses, the streets, fields, and fea.fhore. Is there any thing incredible in fuppofing, that then,, as at all times, people resorted to them from various motives : Some from mere curioli, ty; and that the youth of both sexes might occasionally improve these seasons for the purposes of love?