« ZurückWeiter »
highly spirited and laudable conduct election of President, Vice-Presidents, at the battle of Vimiera.
and other officers for the current year, A memorial and representation, the following Noblemen and Gentle from the adventurers in the herring men were chosen :- viz. fishery at the port of Campbeltown, relative to the act passed last Session His Grace the Duke of Athol, re-elect
ed President, of Parliament, for the encouragement and regulation of that fishery, was
Vice Presidents. laid before the Meeting. The Socie
The Most Noble
the Marquis of Huntly
Right Hon. the Earl of Leven and Mela ty directed the Secretary to inform
ville those concerned in that trade, that, Right Hon. Lord Viscount Cathcart under the said act, a Board having Right Hon. Lord Seaforth been now established at Edinburgh, William Macdonald, Esq. of St Marspecially for the purpose of the white
tin's, Treasurer herring fishery, the Society consider. Donald Maclachlan of Maclachlan, Esq. ed that Board' the proper channel to Robert Wilson, Esq. accountant in Edin
advocate, Secretary which representations and communi
burgh, Auditor of Accounts cations on the subject of the herring Mr Lewis Gordon, Depute Secretary fishery should, in future, be addressed, and Collector in place of this Society.
Mr David Watson, Recorder and Clerk A letter from Robert Rennie, D. D. Rev. Dr George Baird, Principal of the minister of Kilsyth, to the Secretary, Mr Alexander Cunningham, Jeweller,
University of Edinburgh, Chaplain was laid before the Meeting, stating, and Medallist that he expects soon to be able to Mr John Campbell, Translator of the publish the additional parts of his Gaelic Language, in place of the work on the important subject of Peat Rev. Mr M'Intosh, deceased. Moss as a Manure and as a Soil, which is intended to be dedicated to
Besides thirty Ordinary Directors, this Society. The Meeting was plea- chiefly resident in Edinburgh, for ma. sed to find that this treatise was in naging the affairs of the Society, sucir forwardness, as Dr Rennie has whereof seven go out by rotation an. paid much attention to, and takes an
nually, the Meeting also made choice extensive view of the subject.
of the following Noblemen and Gen· Mr Macdonald, the Treasurer, con: tlemen as Extraordinary Directors, gratulated the Society upon its flou- several of whom are only occasionally rishing state, and increase of its funds,
in town, and cannot regularly attend as recapitulated by him, and appeared the stated meetings :-viz. from an accurate state thereof, prepa- His Grace the Duke of Argyll red by Mr Wilson, accountant in Right Hon. the Earl of Dalhousie Edinburgh, the Society's Auditor of Right Hon. Lord Gray Accounts, upon the table. From the Right Hon. the Lord Advocate of Scote liberal support which the Society con
land tinues to receive from the Noblemen Sir William Bruce of Stenhouse, Bart. and Gentlemen of Scotland, and even
Sir James Montgomery of Stanhope,
Bart. of England, as this day's ballot evin- Sir Alexander Macdonald Lockhart of ces, the Meeting were enabled to vote Lee and Carowath, Bart. a considerable sum, to be laid out by John Francis Erskine, Esq. of Marr the Directors in encouraging proper James Ross Farquharson, Esq. of Inobjects of imp ovement, by premiums,
vercauld, Captain Royal Navy in the year 1809.
Thomas Miller, Esq. of Glenlee. The Society having proceeded, on Among a variety of other matters the motion of the Treasurer, to the referred to the Directors, were com
munications from Sir John Sinclair, formed various ablutions; the Brahs Bart. and Mr Henderson at Brechin mins all this time, as well as at her arCastle, upon the cultivation of spring rival at the pile, prostrating themselves wheat, and the smut in wheat ; and at her feet, as to a superior being. from Mr Wilson of Kelvinbank, rela. At her return from the river, she sat tive to oak and fir woods. The Meet. down near the opening of the pile, ing then voted the thanks of the So- and the body of her husband was placiety to Lord Viscount Cathcart, forced beside her. The body was then his conduct in the chair, and the sup- . uncovered, on which she, with one of port given by his Lordship, on every the most emphatic, expressive smiles I occasion, for promoting the views of ever saw, bowed her head towards his the institution.
face, and said in a mild tone of voice, in the Moorish language, " Ah, my
husband !” Her look to me indicated Account of an Indian woman burning - Never mind, my husband, we shall
more ; as though she would have said herself
not be long separated. The body of (From an East India Paper.)
the deceased was then carried into the
inclosure, and placed lengthway on Surat, June 30. 1808. the funeral pile She then went thro YES TESTERDAY, a Suttee, or cere- various mysteries and ceremonies, too
mony of a Brahmin woman burn- intricate for me to understand; but ing herself with the body of her decea- among others she poured Ghee sevesed husband, took place at Phooltarah, ral times on the sacred fire which was a village about two miles from Surat, placed before her, when her son took on the banks of the Taptie. I went some of the ashes and put them in there very early, and arrived at the her mouth, which she swallowed. She spot long before any preparations were then drank three separate times of made for the approaching solemnity. consecrated water. On returning the At length twelve slight poles were Loote to one of the officiating Brahfixed as uprights in the ground, round mins, he found a little left, which he which a wall of Jewarrie stalks was swallowed with uncommon avidity; placed, as was a roof also of the same' she then received a few rupees at two stalk, forming a shed of six or seven different times from her son, and prefeet square, and about six feet high,' sented them as offerings to the Priests. with a small door-way facing the ri- — Three female relations were then ver. A platform, or bed, was then allowed to approach her; they threw formed of billets of wood, six feet long, themselves at her feet, and seemed im. and between two and three feet wide, ploring for something; she touched and two feet high. This was the fu- all their foreheads, and gave each some neral pile. In a short time after, the grass, rice and flour, and they departbody of the deceased arrived, preced- ed. I must not omit mentioning, that ed by tomtoms, and followed by the blades of grass, were invariably used Suttee, surrounded by Brahmins, and even in the most trifling ceremonies. attended by her son, a yoush of about She was then decorated with a
The deceased was an old necklace of camphire, and bracelets man, with gray hairs, the woman ap- of the same--as also a wreath formpeared about forty, and was very stout. ing a turban, indicative of her throwShe sat down before the door of the ing off the nature of womanhood, and pile, and after performing a few cere- assuming that of the man ; all these monics, she attended the body of her mysteries being concluded, she arose, husband to the river, where she per- and prepared to walk round the pile
seven times. The first round, two Brahmins was liberal and open to a Brahmins laid hold of her to support great degree ; and so far from oppoher; she, in an audible voice, declin- sing my approach, they appeared anxed their assistance, and said she could ious that I should see the whole miwalk alone and indeed the oftener nutely, that I might relate that every she went round, her step appeared the thing had been conducted without demore firm and determined. This ce- ceit or persuasion. I accordingly took remony being completed, she entered my station by the angle post at the the inclosure, and seated herself on the door, where I remained the whole time, pile in an upright posture, and placed the Suttee at not more than three the head of her deceased husband in feet distance from me. She appeared her lap. Ghee, in large quantities, so totally absorbed in her prayers, and had been previously poured on her performing the necessary ceremonies, head and garments; pieces of cam. and in conversation with her son, that phire, cow dung, plaintain grass, rice, she paid not the smallest attention to Hour, &c. &c. were then strewed any thing round her, excepting once, over the body of the dead man. Bil. when she waved her hand to me not lets of wood were then placed by the to advance nearer. During the whole officiating Brahmins in a pyramidical ceremony, which lasted considerably form around her, and a few bundles of more than an hour (for I was too very dry brushwood were placed at much interested to look at my watch) the top near her head ; the sacred fire she was as firm and collected, and perwas then given by one of the Brahe haps more so, than most of the bymins to her son, who presented it to standers. I never took my eyes off her his mother. The head Brahmin re- the whole time, and dare assert, that mained in conversation with her for a not the smallest degree of compulsion quarter of an hour, during which pe- was used; and that, upon the whole, riod she held the light in her hand. A this instance of fortitude and heroism leaf of the Shaster was also carried in, may have been equalled, but never and as the Brahmin did not bring it surpassed, and may certainly be acout again, I suppose this was also pla- counted as extraordinary a display of ced on the pile. The Brahmin then the powerful effects of religion upon took leave of her, and when he came the human mind, as any upon record to the door (as if anxious that an Ew- in the annals of either ancient or moropean should be a witness of her set- dern nations, and induces us to credit ting fire to the pile with her own the otherwise almost improbable narhands) he beckoned me to approach, ratives of antiquity. when immediately I saw her bow her head on that of her husband, and on raising it, set fire to the brushwood above her. It did not burn as quick as
A Journey through the HIGHLANDS, was expected, during which time she
and WESTERN ISLES, in the Sumsat as composed as if she had no in
mer of 1801.- In a Series of Letters terest in the affair. The Brahmin
to a Friend. close to me seeing this, threw some ( Concluded from p. 101.) fire on the pile, and in two seconds the whole was a complete conflagra
Br THE ETTRICK SHEPHERD. tion. While the bodies were burning,
Letter IX, the Brahmins kept dancing round the
DEAR SIR, funeral pile with enthusiasm and apparent satisfaction.
Took leave of you in my last at The conduct of the officiating Balnachulish, ngar which, there is
abundance of excellent slate ; and after crossing the Orchay, and the
Ossian; and that the river is in every respect, to a pool high on the Cona so much celebrated in these Tweed, called the Wisdom Pool, and songs.of ancient times; and, indeed, which, I am persuaded, hath formerly the names of several of the adjacent been used for the same purpose. This mountains seem to warrant such a con- pool the inhabitants believe to be sujecture. You will observe, my dear pernaturally endowed with an extraSir, that I have no doubts respecting ordinary quality on a certain returnthe existence of the bard; but whe- ing day each quarter of the year, and ther his heroes had any, save in his on these days, all the people, both far brain, may perhaps turn out a point and near, that are in any degree dethat will admit of discussion. Glen- ranged in their minds, are brought to coe is, however, stocked with excel. it as a certain restorative. Beside the lent sheep, that is what we are sure pool is an altar, or rather cairn of of; but it is hard now to discern stones, on which an offering is first where so many people could have re- laid with great reverence to St Filsided in the glen, as seem to have lan, the tutelary Saint of the counlived there previous to the revolution. try, by whose agency this miracle is The day was very hot, and we arriv- brought about ; after that, the paed at the Kings? house, in the Black tients are tumbled into the pool over mount, almost parched with thirst.- head and ears; then pulled out drop“ Have
you any porter ?" said Mr L. ping wet; bound hand and foot with on entering haneal,"
," said the wife, strong ropes, and locked up in the -“ And ale ?” said he“ oh! that's chapel, where they are suffered to revery good.” We were very sorry to main until the sun rise next morning. find she had answered in Gaelic, and If they are found then bound in the that she had neither the one nor the o- same manner as when left the precedther. She had, however, plenty of ing day, it is looked on as a bad amen, tea, the only beverage in the High- and they are carried home with wail. lands that a stranger can partake of ings, because their offerings have not freely. We then came over the Black been accepted: but Mr R-Cmount. Rested at Inverouran; and my informer, assured me, that this did
not happen above once in seven years; and it being the first on which the for though you bound them with all improved breed of short sheep. was the ropes in StrathfiHan, they would tried, it hath long produced large be loosed in part next day. He also droves of the best wedders, most of assured me, that there were numbers which are bred at home ; yet the thus bathed and were bound every draft ewes which that country sends year; and I found, on conversing with a to the south, are commonly of an insouth-country man who resided there, ferior quality. This must either bet that its good effects were so visible, owing to their age, or bad treatment; that it was allowed, by the most sensi- as it is evident from the samples of ble people of the place, to contribute their wedders what the country can much to the recovery of such as were do. The Earl of Breadalbin now sets thus affected. The latter also told me, his pasture farms very high, some of that he once saw seven ducked all at them being, by computation, five shil. once, one of whom was a weaver, who lings and nine-pence for each sheep. was as much knave as fool. This fel. It abounds with a variety of scenes of low declared afterwards, that he, with great natural beauty. We now desa great deal of difficulty, disengaged cended into the country of Balquhid himself, and afterwards loosed all the der, the hills of which are inferior to rest. It is certainly not a little re- none in the Highlands for sweet na: markable that this superstitious belief tural pasture-ground. You are better should prevail in an enlightened coun- acquainted with that country than I try, so late as the present day; and as am, and also with the finely contrasted no person can now have any interest scenery on the banks of Loch-Lubin carrying it on as a trick, it can on. nich, of which we got a good view as ly be accounted for from some expe- we passed along. Afterwards, pasrience of its efficacy. This then must sing through Callander, we slept that certainly be accounted for in some night at Down ; and the next day, more natural way than the supernal taking seats in the Stirling fly, we revirtues of its waters on such days; turned by Edinburgh and Peebles inand if it is beneficial to persons thus to Ettrick-Forest. As you have traafflicted, which is at least dubious, velled all these roads in idea with me any day of the year, and any pool and formerly, I shall not take up your chapel will do as well as these of St time, and my own much longer, in Fillan ; or otherwise, it is a very well. detailing the other trifling adventures contrived plan to work on the imagi. we encountered by the way. We arnation. After this, we turned down rived in Yarrow precisely in five day's Glendochart; rested at Sui ; and then from the time of our leaving Harries. mounted the hills, by a foot path, into -Thus terminated the unfortunate the braes of Balquhidder. From the journey, as it is generally called. Nor height, we had a fine view of Loch will you refuse your assent to the proTay, and the mountains of Breadalbin, priety of the denomination, when you several of which are amazingly high, consider that it was not productive of and specked with eternal snow. Ben- one good effect: that we never, in Lawers, supposed the highest of the our way out, walked an hour without range, properly called the Grampians, being drenched to the skin, and mud. is elevated upwards of 4000 feet above ded to the knees: that we never went the sea. Ben-More, Ben-Leo, and on the sea, though but for a few miles, Ben-Doran, are all said to be below without encountering storms, accithat height, but very near it. The dents, and dangers : nor ever, after whole of Bredalbin, with its adjacent leaving Greenock, proceeded one day glens, is an excellent sheep country, by the route we intended, but either