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unpremeditated, to the surprise and amusctuent of his judges. r
The skeleton of the mammoth, found in the ice, at the mouth of the river Lena, in Siberia (see Christ. Observ. for 1808, p. 198), which has been for some time publicly exhibited at Moscow, is said to be intended for the Museum of the Inperial Academy of Sciences at Petersburg. Professor Tilesius has made forty drawings of the skeleton, and its various parts, which he means to publish in folio, with observations. On some points he differs from Cuvier.
. The greatest cold of last winter observed
at Moscow, was in the night of the 11th of January. Mercury expesed to the open air, in a cup, by Dr. Rehmann, was frozen so Jhard, that it might be cut with sheers, and even filed. Count Boutourlin found the mercury in three thermometers withdrawn entirely into the ball and frozen; but in another it was seen by himself and four other persons, from six o'clock till half after, at 35° R. (46+ F). Mr. Rogers, of Troitsk, is said to have seen it at 34° (44. F.) before it froze and withdrew into the ball.
M. Klaproth, member of the Academy of Sciences at Petersburg, has set out for Georgia, with a view to proceed to Persia, where be intends to spend several years.
The Account of Captain Krusenstieru's voyage round the world is publishing at Petersburg in the Russian, and also in the German language.
A cluster of islands has been recently discovered in the South Seas, by Captain
Bristow. They are situated in 50, 40. south latitude, and 166. 35. east longitude; are seven in number; and the largest contains a fine harbour, in which abundance of fish, fowl, wood, and water, can easily be procured. Captain Bristow named them “Lord Auckland's Group.” Dr. Ewell, of Washington, has given an account of the successful internal exhibition of the acetate or sugar of lead, in several diseases, particularly in profuse hamorrhage, and in cases of salivation. He is also of opinion, that it is worthy of a trial in dysentery, at least after evacuants have been used. A large body of warriors, hunters, and trappers, all well armed and equipped, took their departure a few months ago ston Louisville, in America, on a three-year expedition, to join the Missouri Company, who design to establish themselves not only on to the river Columbia, but to enlarge the sphere. " of their commerce to the East lndies. M. Humboldt, h his recent travels, affirms that the marshy streams of Bera" and Rastro, in South America, are full of electrical eels, whose slimy bodies, dashed with yellow spots, communicate in every direction, and spontaneously, a vio. " lent shock. These gymnoti are five or in feet long, and when they suitably direct the action of their organs, armed with an appo ratus of multiplied nerves, they are able to kill the most robust animals. All fishes shun the approach of this formidable eel. It even surprises men, who, standing on the steep bank, are fishing with a hook, the wetted line conveying the fatal commotion. In this instance, the electrical fire is disen" gaged from the very bottom of the water. "
The History of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; arranged according to the Order of Time, and in the exact Words of the four Gospels: to which are added the Lives of the four Evangelists; an Account of the principal Jewish Sects, and Parties; and the Prophetic History of Christ. By Dr. Watkins.
The Substance of a Sermon preached at the Blessing of the Catholic Chapel of St. Chad, in Birmingham, Dec. 17, 1809. By the Rt. Itev. Dr. Milner. 1s. 6d.
Christ's Demand of Attention and Understanding, illustrated by a Sermon preached Sev. 26, 1809, to a Congregativu of Pro
testant Dissenters at York. By William Turner.' 1s. Fresh Cautions to the Public, or a Letter to the Rev. Edward Pearson, D.D. in reply to his Cautions to the Readers of Mr. Simeon's Sermon, entitled, Evangelical and Ph." risaic Righteousness compared. From the Rev. C. Sinuedn, M.A. 1s. Thoughts on the Sufferings of Christ. By the Author of the Refuge. 2s.
Miscell ax Eoto 5. A Review of the Reports to the Board of Agriculture from the Western Departme", of England; comprising Cheshire, Shop" shire, Herefordshire, Worcestershire, 0".
lricsstis a Bible society. An amiliary Bible Society has been formed at Leicester, on the same plan with that at Bristol, of which we gave an account in our last ntmber. Thomas Babington, Esq. ote of the members for the borough, has been chosen its President; and a Committee has been appointed, whose labours have been successful in obtaining a very general opport from the town and neighbourhood. An Address has been circulated by the Committee, which is drawn up with so much ability that we are induced to lay a part of it before our readers. * Notwithstanding the diversity of sentitent which unhappily prevails among Christians, we may fairly presume on the concuronce of all parties and denominations in promoting a design so disinterested as that of diffusing the light of Revelation. In the Prosecution of this design, our party is the *orld; the only distinction we contemplate is between the disciples of revelation, and the unhappy victims of superstition and *alatry; and as we propose to circulate the Bible alone, without notes or comments, tooth only can be a gainer by the measure. To those who confine their views to this *ntry, the want of Bibles may not appear *ery urgent; but without insisting on the **ny thousands, even here, who are destitole of them, it is certain that in Pagan, Mahonetan, and Popish countries, they are *tremely rare, and their number totally *dequate, not merely to supply the im* population in those parts, but even * increasing demand which a variety of *mstances have combined to produce. **pply this demand to whatever extent **y be cartied, is the aim of the Society * London, with which this is designed to *perate. Their ambition, as far as it * Please Providence to smile upon their * is by imparting the Holy Scriptures, * on the fountain of revelation to all * It was natural and necessary for £our. Ossano. No. 99.
the first movement in so great an enterprise to commence at the heart of the empire; nor is it less so that, having commenced there, it should propagate itself through the larger vessels and arteries to the remotest extremities of the body, We have the pleasure of perceiving that the example of the metropolis has been followed in several of our principal towns and cities, and there is room to hope that similar Institutions will, ere long, be formed in every part of the kingdom, Nor has the emulation excited been confined to this nation and its dependencies: societies of the same description have been formed at Philadelphia, at Berlin, and at Basle; each of which derives support and assistance from the original
one established in the metropolis of Great
Britain.” “In whatever light we consider the British and Foreign Bible Society, it appears to us replete with utility. Its formation will, we trust, constitute a new aera in the history of Religion, which may be styled the AEra of Unanimity. It affords a rallying point for the piety of the age, an unsuspicious medium of communication between the good of all parties and nations, a centre of union and co-operation in the advancement of a common cause, which cannot fail to allay the beats and smooth the asperities of discordant sentiment. By giving the most effectual aid to means already set on foot for the conversion of Pagan nations; it also promises to accelerate the period when truth shall become victorious in the earth.” “What incalculable benefits may
be expected to result from the completion
of such a plan. Wherever the Scriptures are generally read, the standard of morala is raised, the public mind is expanded, a spirit of inquiry excited, and the sphere of intellectual vision inconceivably enlarged. While they contribute most essentially, to the improvement of reason, by presenting to its contemplation the noblest object”
Part I. large
they aid its weakness, and supply its deficiencies by information beyond its reach. If “to know the only true God and Jesus Christ, whom he hath sent,” be, as our Saviour assures us, “eternal life,” to adopt effectual measures for imparting that knowledge, must be allowed to be the most genuine exercise of benevolence. It is to be lamented that Protestant nations have been too long inattentive to this object: We rejoice to find that they are now convinced of their error, and that, touched with commiseration for the unhappy condition of mankind, they are anxious to impart those riches which may be shared without being diminished, and communicated without being lost
to the possessor. Such is the felicity of reli-.
gion; such the unbounded liberality of its principles. Though we should be sorry to administer fuel to national vanity, we cannot conceal the satisfaction it gives us to reflect, that while the fairest portion of the globe has fallen a prey to that guilty and restless ambition which by the inscrutable wisdom of Providence is permitted for a time to take peace from the earth; this favoured country is employed in spreading the triumphs of truth, multiplying the means of instruction, and opening sources of consolation to an afflicted world... In these eventful times, so pregnant with difficulty and danger, we consider this as affording a most favourable omen of the ultimate intentions of Providence respecting this nation.”
Mr. Desgranges, the missionary at Wingpatain, in a letter dated April last, states, that Ananderayer—once a Brahmin, but now, he trusts, a genuine disciple of Christ—is constantly employed in the affairs of the Hision. He conducts the devotional exercises. of the natives, “who are inquiring the was to Zion." He prays in public, and preaches, with servency and zeal. He labours assiduously in aiding the translation of the four Gospels into the Telinga language, and in examining manuscript tracts containing statements of the way of salvation. His wife has also been baptized, and is stated to be an ornament to her profession. Many hun
dreds have heard the Gospel in the Telings
language. St. Matthew's Gospel has beel
translated, and a copy of it sent to Calcutta. The other Gospels are nearly complete. The number of scholars in the missionary schools increases, and some of them advance in the
knowledge of the English language and of
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
Dr. Vanderkemp states, that the missionary settlement of Bethelsdorp now (September 1809) contains 979 souls, and that a blessing continues to attend the preaching of the word of God; although, on the other hand, he has to lament the lukewartunes of several.
By a decree of the Conservative Senate of France, the state of Rome is united to the French empire. The city of Rome is to be the second city of the empire, and shall enjoy peculiar privileges; and the Prince imperial is to assume the title and receive the humours of the King of Rome. And after having been crowned at Paris, the Eupetentil year of
their reign, be crowned in the church of St. Peter at Rome. Palaces, it is further ordained, shall be prepared for the Pope at Paris, at Rome, and in different parts of the empire; and he shall have rural property assigned to him to the amount of two milions of livres in different parts of the em
Pie: but the expenses of the sacred college,
aud of the Propaganda, are declared to be inperial. The most remarkable part of the decree is that which, after affirming that all foreign sovereignty is incompatible with the tiercise of any spiritual authority within the empire, ordains, that “the popes shall at their elevation take an oath never to act contrary to the four propositions of the Gallican Church, adopted at an assembly of the clergy in 1632; and that these four propositions shall be common to all the catholic churches of the empire.” In order rightly to understand the import of this decree, it will be necessary to state what the four propositions are, which are thus revived and confirmed by the fiat of Bonaparte. They are as follows: 1. That neither St. Peternor his successors have received from God any power to interfore, directly or indirectly, in what concerns the temporal interests of princes and soveon states: that kings and princes cannot
be deposed by ecclesiastical authority; nor their subjects freed from the sacred obligation of fidelity and allegiance, by the power of the church and the bulls of the Roman pontiff. 2. That the decreas of the Council of Constance, which maintain the authority of general councils as superior to that of the popes in spiritual matters, are approved and adopted by the Gallican Church. 3. That the rules, customs, institutions, and observances, which have been received in the Gallican Church, are to be preserved inviolable. 4. That the decisions of the pope in points of faith are not infallible, unless they be attended with the consent of the church. It is not a little remarkable, that at the moment when Bonaparteis thus circumscribing the power of the pope, already much abridged by the concordat, which conceded, among other things, the sole appointment of bishops; the Itoman catholics of England and Ireland should refuse to their king a negative even on the pope's appointment of their bishops, although the pope can now be considered in no other light than as the muctropolitan of France.
Tar important question, who is to be the new co-sort of Bonaparte, is at length decidtd. The destinca victim is the Archduchess Maria Louisa, eldest daughter of the EunFor of Austria, now in her nineteenth year. The contract has been signed by the parties touccmed; and Berthier has proceeded to Vienna, in order to conduct the bride to Pai. He arrived at Vienna on the 4th inst. *nd was to leave it on the 15th, with the to empress. The marriage, for which the * splendid preparations are making, it * expected, would be celebrated on the *h instant. How poor Josephine is emPoyed, while Paris resounds with the notes "iestive preparation, is not said. She ap* to be as much forgotten as if she had **er existed. Her humiliation, however, is ** be put in competition with that of the *Austria, which may now be regard
An imperial decree, lately issued by Bonaparte, and which professes to be for the “ Relief of certain State Prisoners ul France,” furnishes a most striking illustration of the horrid despotism which he has succeeded in establishing in that country. It exhibits one of those tremendous inflictions of misery, the very recital of which makes one tremble: it establishes eight bastiles, or state prisons, in France: most of them in retired situations at a distance from the capital. The unhappy tenants of these prisons are never to be brought to trial, or heard in their justification; the original cause of their detention only being to be reviewed once a year by persons named by Bonaparte. The objects of this decree are: 1. Men who have at different epochs made an attempt on the safety of the state, whom state reasons prevent from being brought to trial. 2. Chiefs of bands in civil wars, who are similarly circumstanced. 3. Robbers of diligences, whoru the courts cannot condenin, though “”
of their guilt. 4. Men acquainted with state secrets, employed by the police in foreign countries, and suspected of failing in fidelity,
but whom it is unsafe to try. 5. Subjects of .
federative' states, who cannot be tried because their crimes are either of a political nature, or were committed before the union with France.—What a state must that of France be, when such a decree can be issued ; and when to the ruthless oppression which marks it, mockery can be added—It is a decree, forsooth, for the relief of state prisoners! This decree, we presume, is one of the acts of grace which is to shed a lustre on Bonaparte's espousals!—O happy Britain! how does such a detail as this put to sliame the discontent and disaffection of thy sons! Bonaparte's expected journey to Spain has been put off in consequence of the arrangements for his nuptials. It does not, however, appear that his presence will be particularly wanted in that quarter. The present month, indeed, has announced no new occurrences in Spain, excepting that the Freuch troops have seated themselves before Cadiz, and are evidently preparing to commence the siege. The garrison has been reinforced by some British and Portugueze troops, and it may possibly hold out for some months. There is, however, no reason to expect that any thing can arise to prevent its final fall. The account in our last, that Ceuta had been taken possession of by our troops, was premature. The difficulties which preventedit, have, however, since been removed, and our troops are now reported to have been received within its walls. The British army in Portugal is said to have advanced to meet a large body of French troops which threatened the castern frontier of that country. Their policy, however, we apprehend, will be to retire as we advance, in the hope of drawing us to a distance from our resources, and of being able to operate
ou our flanks or rear. We cannot help look
ing with considerable apprehension to this quarter. We dread the sacrifice of any more of our gallant troops in a contest which must now be pronounced hopeless.
Hanover has been finally annexed to the kingdom of Westphalia. The delay of this measure was thought to indicate a hope on the part of Bonaparte that Hanover might prove useful to him in negociating a peace with this country. Now that, by his close union with Austria, he has delivered himself from all fear of hostility in that quarter, he probably thinks that any reserve on this subject is no longer necessary.
The war in the Tyrol appears to be nearly extinguished. Hofer, the gallant leader of the Tyrolese, has been taken, and executed as a criminal ; and doubtless this is not the only instance of severity which the relentless cruelty of their conqueror has led him to inflict.
Nothing new has transpired with respect to the state of our relations with America, though the hope of an accommodation of her ditterences with this country gathers strength daily. The capture of Guadaloupe, which took place on the fifth of February, removes a considerable part of those differences, that which related to trading to the colonies of the enemy: France, has now no eolony in the western world.
The conquest of Guadaloupe was effected without any considerable loss on our part. Four officers and forty-six men were killed; fifteen officers and two hundred and thirtyfour men wounded. The black troops appear to have behaved most gallantly. The number of prisoners taken amounts to about three thousand.
The disturbances among the officers of the Madras establishment, which threatened ruin to our Indian possessions, mny now be considered as at an end. A general amnesty has been proclaimed to the army, with the exception of three officers—viz. LieutenantColonels John Bell aud John Doveton, and Major Joseph Storey, who are to be tried by a court inartial; and seventeen others, whe have the option given them of either being tried or dismissed the service.
0 EN for AL REylections. During the last month the House of Commons has been occupied chiefly in the investigation of the circumstances attending the Walcheren expedition; and the decision on that important question, on which may depeud the sate of the present ministry, is liow on the point of being made—though pot, Perhaps, after less than three or four
nights' debate on this one measure of the executive government. In the mean time many minor battles have been fought in parliament; and in these the ministry have been more than once discomfited. They were beaten, as we before noticed, in the question respecting the names of the menubers who should form the Committee of Public Expenditure: they yielded on the