« ZurückWeiter »
replied—“You see that I was not quite wisest laws, the Protestants have seditious mistaken: this would be to make abjura- meetings on every side. Their ministers preach tion.” Then kneeling down he said heresy, and administer the Supper; and we “ I ask pardon of God for all my sins, altar, and the pulpit of pestilence opposing
have the pain of beholding altar raised against and I firmly believe that I am washed by that of truth. if the law which revoked the the blood of Christ, who redeemed us edict of Nantes—if your declaration of 1724 with a great price. I have no pardon to
had been strictly observed, we venture to say ask of the king. I have always honoured there would be no more Calvinists in France.
Consider the effects of a tolerance which may him as the anointed of the Lord. I have become cruel by its results. Restore, sire! ever loved him as the father of the coun- restore to the laws all their vigour-to religion try. I have ever been a good and faith- its splendour. Let the solemn renewal of your ful subject, of which my judges appeared declaration of 1724, the fruit of your wisdom to be thoroughly convinced. I have ever
and piety, be the happy result of our remonpreached to my flock patience, obedience by the clergy in 1770 and 1772 against the
strance. Similar representations were made and submission; and my sermons, which Protestant assemblies. The hostility shown are in their hands, are a summary of to this meagre, half toleration, has inflicted a these words— Fear God; honour the permanent evil on France. Protestantism King.'. If I have violated his laws relating was suppressed to the extent of administrative to religious assemblies, it is because God sincere respect for the victorious Church of
power; but as no enactments could enforce commanded me so to do. As to justice, Rome, a spread of irreligion has been the conI have not offended it—and I beseech sequence. Ardent Huguenots defied authority God to pardon my judges.” The priests and braved martyrdom; while the indifferent, finding it impossible to extort any ac
although they declared themselves converted,
were unable to submit their conscience to knowledgment from him, M. Rocheite Papal tyranny, and became the leaders and and his companions in martyrdom were teachers of the Encyclopædist school. finally conducted to the place of execu- “The philosophic pariy, in its hatred of the tion, where an immense body of specta- clergy, co-operated with the enlightened memtors awaited them. To the very last
bers of the educated classes in producing a mi
tigation of the code under which the Huguenots moment he displayed a martyr's con
groaned: and the writings of Caveyrac and stancy: he was hanged, and the three the Abbé L'Enfant, in favour of bigotry, were brothers in succession were beheaded. received with general contempt. Louis XVI. They were equally firm. After the two gave an edict in 1787, which improved the . eldest had suffered, while the youngest This ill-fated king, although remarkable for
condition of Protestants in a small degree. was laying his head on the bloody block, humane feelings, was still influenced by edaaround which lay the corpses of his bro- cation, as well as by respect for the opinions thers, the executioner urged him to escape and policy of his immediate predecessors; and, their fate by abjuring. “Do your duty,"
“Do your duty," without the exertions of the admirable Lareplied the young man, with a firm and moignon Malesherbes, it is doubtful whether
this edict would have been obtained. That tranquil air and voice. In a moment he
eminent man was indefatigable in the council ceased to exist. The immense multitude and by his writings. "It is the least (he obsilently dispersed, astonished, for the first served on one occasion, that I can do to retime, to find that the laws were so bar- pair, in the eyes of the Protestants, all the barous, and that the martyrs of the desert
harm which M. de Bassville, my uncle, did to
them in Languedoc.' were so heroic. *
“ The concessions were no more than what In 1765, the Romish clergy of France could not be with safety withheld; and the made an effort to resist the tendency to- terms of the edict expressly state that the wards toleration, which was then begin- non-Catholics cannot claim under its provi. ning to be felt, by a remonstrance to the sions inore than the law of nature forbids beking :
ing refused.' In short, it only conferred the
means of recording the civil existence of the “< It is in vain (that body declares) that all Huguenots; nothing like a privilege was public worship, other than ihe Catholic, is for granted; and an express stipulation was made bidden in your dominions. In contempt of the to prevent any Protestant minister from sign
ing certificates establishing the birth, mar
riage, or decease of one of his flock. The * Coquerel, “ Hist. des Eglises du Désert," religious assemblies were no longer the object tom. ii. pp. 268-290.
of such vigilant pursuit; but the Protestant
worship existed by sufferance, rather than by sake.” (Coquerel, Hist. des Eglises du Désert, permission.
tom. i. pp. 97, 98.) “The boon was trivial, yet the edict was opposed in its progress, and the cause of fanati
The French Revolution at length recism found a zealous defender in M. D'Epres stored the Protestants to their civil and menil, who resisted to the last, and called upon religious rights. In 1814 and 1815, after the magistrates to avoid .crucifying the Lord
the restoration of Louis XVIII., anew' by the sanction of such a sacrilegious fanatical Papists led the Protestants to measure. It may indeed be doubted whether any concession would have been made if the dread a return of the days of persecution. different parliaments had not, on several occa- A blind populace was excited against the sions, given decrees in favour of the Protest. Protestants, who were falsely accused of (Browning's History, p. 274.)
being too much attached to the throne of M. Coquerel has inserted, from authen- the deposed usurper, Buonaparte. Fanatic documents, various interesting parti- ticism once more sharpened its daggers culars relative to the organization of the at Nismes and in the surrounding counchurches of the deseri, chiefly through try, where the Protestants, not without the persevering efforts of two of their reason, apprehended the return of a sepastors–M. Antoine Court and M. Paul cond St. Bartholomew. The circumRabant. For these details we must refer stances connected with this transaction to his very interesting volumes; but we are somewhat minutely detailed by Mr. cannot withhold from our readers the fol. Browning, to whose narrative our readlowing eloquent and touching “Prayer ers are necessarily referred. Sufhce it for believers, who read together the word to state, that the revolution of 1830, which of God and a sermon, but who are de- placed Louis Philippe upon the throne of prived of the public exercise of their re- France, secured to the Protestants their ligion:"
religious liberties--at least, on paper.
Nevertheless, they are still subjected to va“Great God, whom the heaven of heavens cannot contain, but who hast promised to be
rious annoyances, and attempts have been present wherever two or three are met toge. repeatedly made to abridge their liberties. ther in thy name, behold us assembled in this Their dead have been disinterred.* So house, to offer unto thee our religious worship, lately as the 27th of October, 1843, bapto adore thy greatness, and to implore thy compassion. We groan in secret, because we are deprived of our public exercises, and no "The following disgraceful circumstance longer hear in our temples the voices of thy has been related in the Paris journals, exservants. But we murmur not at thy provi. tracted from the Phare de la Rochelle. It will dence. We acknowledge that thou mightest be found at length in the Propagateur of 30th jastly overwhelm us by thy severest judgments, June, 1838. therefore we wonder at thy goodness amidst "A Protestant lady, named Fleury, died at thy chastisements: but we beseech thee to the village of Pont-l'Abbé (Charente-Inféhave pity on us. We are without a temple: rieure), and was interred on the 2d of June by but do thou fill this house with thy glorious the Protestant pastor of Marennes. As cemepresence. We are without a pastor: but do teries are communal property, and under the thou thyself be our pastor. Teach us the control of the mayor, independent of the clergy, truths of thy Gospel. We are about to read the deceased was buried in the only burialand meditate upon thy word. Impress it upon ground, which however the priests, according our hearts! Grant that we may therein learn to their custom, consider a domain of the to know thee, what thou art, and what we are; Church. The vicar had protested against the what thou hast done for our salvation, and sepulture; and on the night of the 71h he had what we ought to do for thy service; the vir. the corpse disinterred. He then wrote the follues which are well-pleasing to thee, and the lowing record of his own disgrace:vices which thou dost prohibit; the punish- ** A Mons. CAMBOX, Pastaur à Marennes. ments which thou hast denounced against the ** Monsieur, le belæuvre que celui dont vous impenitent, the lukewarm, the cowardly, and êtes venu vous illustrer à Pont-l'Abbé, la veille the profane, and the glorious rewards which du saint jour de la Pentecôte. Vous avez thou dost promise to those who continue faith. grand sujet de vous en glorifier, la mémoire ful unto thee. Grant that we may depart from en restera longtemps dans les cours. Le corps this pious exercise more holy, more zealous de Mome. Fleury vient enfin d'être exhumé du for thy glory and for thy truth, more weanad lieu où, contre mon droit et mon opposition, from the world, and more religious observers vous l'aviez fait déposer. Cette opération s'est of thy commandments. Hear us for thy Son's terminée cette nuit entre minuit et une heure.
tism was forcibly administered to a pa- In the preceding declaration of the ralytic child, of eight years of age, by Archbishop of Paris the true spirit of Pothe chaplain of the Hospital l'Enfant pery spoke out; and it furnishes a pracJesus, at Paris, notwithstanding the boy ical refutation of the assertion so often had repeatedly declared his wish and in- made by our modern pseudo-liberalists, tention of adhering to the Protestant reli- that Popery is changed. Popery changed! gion, which is that of his parents, who As soon may the Ethiopian change his further signed a written declaration and skin, or the leopard his spots, or the hyprotest that the pretended conversion of ena its ferocious nature. “An infallible their son to Popery was contrary to their religion changed is nearly a contradiction intentions, and against their consent.* in terms." In proof that Popery is unIn fact, although the charter declares that changed in its principles, it might be surall religions are placed upon an equal ficient to refer to the authentic formularies footing in France, yet the Romish Church of doctrine and instruction put forth by there has managed to turn that part of the Romish Church, and from the writthe charter, which was designed to secure ings of her canonists and saints, not forreligious liberty, into an intolerable edict, getting the so-called “angelical doctor,' and has boldly told Louis Philippe, by SAINT Thomas Aquinas. But we will the mouth of the Archbishop of Paris, adduce only two or three testimonies from that pledges have been given at the foot the declarations of modern Papists, inof the aliar of Mary,' of the speedy re- cluding the present Pope, Maur Cappelstoration of that time, when all French- lari, calling himself Gregory XVI., which men shall be united in the bonds of one will demonstrate the unchangeable nature faith,' and Romanism shall be avenged of Popery :upon Protestantism."
" If any one says or pretends to insinuate that
modern Roman Catholics differ in one iota from **Courage, Monsieur! encore quelques actes de cette nature, et vous rendrez de plus en plus wishes to deceive others. Semper eadem is not
their ancestors, he either deceives himself or recommendable votre ministère, déjà si accrédité par la solidité ne vos doctrines. Le repos than of our jurisprudence.” (Case stated by
more emphatically descriptive of our religion dont vous assurez le corps de vos fidèles après Francis Plouden, 1791.)* leur mort est une garantie du repos dont vous pouvez assurer leur âme.
“Roman Catholics (said the late Mr. Charles “« Recevez, Mosieur, l'assurance de toute la Butler,)— Roman Catholics believe the docconsideration que vous avez su m'inspirer.
trines of their Church to be UNCHANGEABLE...... “• Labro, Desservant de Pont-l'Abbé. It is a tenet of their creed, that what their faith “« Pont-l'Abbé, le 8 Juin, 1838.'
ever has been, such it was from the begin“This strange letter obtained a reply from ning, such it now is, and such it EVER WILL the Protestant pastor, the mildness of which BE." (Book of the Roman Catholic Church, presented a striking contrast to the unchristian p. 9.). boastings of the priest. He congratulated him- “The present Earl of Shrewsbury declares, self that he was not minister of a religion which that 'there is but one ground on which we pursues men even in their grave, and would (meaning Protestants and Papists] 'can meet deprive their mortal remains of the rest they the authority of the Church' (meaning the deny to their souls; and concluded by exhort- Romish, not the universal Church of Christ) ing the vicar to inquire seriously, and as in - the doctrines of primitive antiquity, as the presence of his Maker, whether his con- defined by Trent, and promulgated and reduct and sentiments were Christian, or if he ceived as such; because without authority had not rather stided the voice of charity and there can be no doctrine, and the doctrines the feelings of humanity.” (Browniny's His promulgated by authority' (meaning the as. tory, p. 297.)
sembly of Romish divines, commonly called « Archives du Christianisme,” Nov. 25, the Council of Trent] are FINAL AND IRREVO1843, pp. 215, 216. The chaplain of the hos- CABLE. (Letter to A. L. Phillips, Esq., depital l'Enfant Jesus, audaciously denied the scriptive of the Estalica of Caldaro, &c., p. 142.) truth of the fact above stated, and charged the
The addresses to the laity by the tituProtestants with having invented it; but his falsehood was detected and exposed by the lar Romish bishops and vicars apostolic pastor, Cuvier, the correctness of whose statement was subsequently acknowledged by a . Cited in Mr. Hall's “Examination of the committee that was appointed to investigate Romish Doctrine of Purgatory and the Practhe transaction.
lice of Prayers for the Dead," p. 341.
in England, which are printed in the is made from an edition printed at Venice “Laity's Directory" between the years in 1832, of which edition he has every 1791 and 1800, abound with expressions reason to believe, not only that the soveof gratitude for the generous liberality and reign Pontiff was not unaware of it, but toleration shown to British Romanists by that he even made some alterations in it. the sovereign and the legislature, and also He further adds, that it must be borne in for the munificent charity of Englishmen mind that Gregory XVI., under the tiara, to the French clergy, as well as to Eng- has preserved the sentiments of Maur lish nuns of various religious orders, who Cappellari on the same subjeci.* We had escaped from France on the subver. wish to draw our readers' attention to the sion of all religion by the Atheists of the assertions of this writer, as M. Peronne French Revolution. In 1792, in parti- (whose treatise on theology we undercular, when the Duke of Cumberland stand is a class-book at the Popish semi(now King of Hanover) was at Rome, naries of Oscott, near Birmingham, and Pope Pius VI. requested him to convey of Ushaw, in the county of Durham), to his royal father expressions of thank- pronounces that he has treated the subject fulness for the indulgences" (then] of the Pope's infallibility with such strict“ lately granted to the Roman Catholics ness of logical method, such force of arof England." The Pope further ex- gument, and such copiousness of learning pressed his kind“ wish that every mem- ......that he HAS PLAINLY SETTLED THE ber of the legislature should be informed Question !!! of the grateful sense ir which that indulgence was held.” (Laity's Directory, ellement Grégoire XVI. Traduit de l'Italien 1793.) As, however, we advance, the par M. l'Abbe Jammes. Louvain. 1834,” % language of gratitude and of loyalty be- tomes 8vo. comes changed; and in the “ Laity's . “Nons avons tout lieu de croire non Directory” for 1827, in which an appeal seulement que le souverain-pontife n'est pas is made to the purses of English Roman- lication, mais encore qu'il y a fait quelques
resté tout-a-fait etranger à cette nouvelle pubjsts for funds for erecting chapels at Liver- modifications." (Triomphe du Saint Siege, pool, in order to accommodate the many &c., tom. i. p. iii. ) -—“On rappellera pareillethousands of Irish Papists who were set- ment que, sur le même sujet, Gregoire XVI. a tled at that port, these men, who it must conservé sous le tiure les sentimens de Maur Capnot be forgotten) had colonized them. pellari.” (p. vii.)
+ As M. Peronne's treatise is not of very selves there, are mendaciously termed
common occurrence in this country, we tran"martyrs to religion," who " are, per- scribe the whole of his commendation of the haps, destined..........to re-establish the Pope's work: “Non possumus tamen quin venerable but fallen religion of their hic præcipue commendemus opus illud quod
hoc ipsa de re Gregorius XVI. Pont. Max. forefathers !"
quem diu sospitem incolumemque Deus serWe now come to Maur Cappellari, the
vet, jampridem, dum in minoribus esset, vulpresent Pontiff, Gregory XVI. Forty- gavit titulo Il Trionfo della santa Sede e della four years since, he published “Il trionfo Chiesa contro gli assalti de' novatori combattuti della santa Sede e della chiesa contra gli e respinti con le stesse loro armi, Rome 1799. assalti de novatori, combattuti e respinti Quodque recens et pluries recusum, ac gallice
etiam germanice, hispanice atque hollandice con le stesse lori armi”—"The Triumph versum, magnum ubique plausum excitavit. of the Holy See and of the Church In hoc quippe opere præclarissimus Auctor against the assaults of innovators, com- LOGICÆ METHODI SEVERITATE, EA ARGUbated and answered with their own
MENTORUM VI AC DOCTRINA COPIA PontiFICIAM arms." The original work we have not
INPALLIBILITATEM, adversus neotericos e jan
seniano grege VINDICAVIT, UT seen; but we have before us a French
CON PECERIT. Ita nempe Gregorius XVI. quad. translation of it, printed at Louvain in raginta et amplius abhinc annis, divinas Sedis 1834,* the author of which states that it illius prærogativas strenue propugnabat, quæ
æternæ providentiæ consilio ab eo, nil tale co
gitante, deinceps erat tenenda, ac tanta cum • “Triomphe de St. Siége et de l'Eglise, ou sapientia atque apostolici animi robore guberles novateurs modernes combattus avec leurs nanda.”—Prælectiones Theologicæ, quas in Colpropres armes; par Maur CAPPELLARI, actu- legio Romano S. J. habebat Joannes Perrone, e
The following are a few of Maur Cap- who had been drawn into the party of pellari's assumptions :
Photius, by terror of persecution, after he 1. That the Papal government is the had evinced much zeal in defending the government of God.
Catholic faith against heresy, Cappellari “ If he (that is, God) has established a go
thus concludes his argument:vernment, if he maintains it immovable, if he “We must, therefore, conclude, that these demands from us absolutely that we submit to humble prayers addressed to Pope Adrian, it, he must necessarily manifest it to us in such before the council was dissolved, in the name a manner that the facility of recognizing it of the council, and, consequently, by the counshould be in proportion to the obligation to cil itself, are a practical recognition of the obey it, for all those whom that obligation con- absolute, independent, inherent, and monancacerns. Therefore, the government established ICAL POWER of the Roman Pontiff."* ... "The by Jesus Christ must be easy to be known to Pope ... is A TRUE MONARCH; consequently the whole of Christendom: and it ought to be he must be provided with the means neces. so by its nature—that is to say, God, its found sary for the exercise of his monarchical auer, must have distinguished it from human thority. But the mean most necessary to that governments by characters which should be end must be that which will take away from inseparable from it, and from which no one his subjects every pretext for refusing submiscould mistake its divine origin.”... ." He sion to his decisions and his laws, and his inwho obeys the actual government of the fallibility alone can have this efficacy. ThereChurch, obers GOD HIMSELF; we are certain, fore the Pope is infallible.”+ that it watches incessantly over the deposit of
That this pretended absolute and infallifaith, over the integrity of morals, over the safety of his children, to repel and destroy his ble monarchical authority is not a dead enemies. Thus, the authority of the tribunals letter (however some nominal Protestants at this present is not less venerable than the may dream), the following incident will authority of those tribunals formerly was, since demonstrate. On the final cession of they are essentially the same thing."* Gibraltar to Great Britain, the Papists re
2. The Pope assumes to be an abso- siding there were secured in the posseslute and infallible monarch.
sion of their civil rights and property. lating at some length the supplication of Certain property had been given for the Ignatius, patriarch of Constantinople, to maintenance of the Romish worship there, Pope Adrian, to re-establish in his see the proceeds of which have ever since Theodorus, who had already been conse- been administered by laymen. On the crated by him metropolitan of Caira, but arrival at Gibraltar (from Maynooth) of
Mr. Hughes, with the title of Bishop of Societate Jesu in eod. coll
. Theol. Prof., vol. viii., Heliopolis and Vicar Apostolic of Gibralp. 535. Lovanii, 1843. 8vo.
tar, he attempted to seize this property * S'il a établi un gouvernement, s'il le main- into his hands. The lay trustees resisted tient immuable, s'il exige absolument de nous his aggression, and defended their rights que nous nous y soumettions, il doit nécessaire before the civil tribunals, which proment nous le manifester, de manière que la facilité de la reconnaitre soit en proportion nounced a verdict in their favour. Subavec l'obligation de lui obéir pour tous ceux sequently they appealed to the Privy que concerne cette obligation. Donc le gouvernement établi par J. C. doit être reconnais- * Il n'y a donc qu'a conclure que ces humsable à toute la chrétienté, et il doit l'être par sa bles prières adressées au Pape Adrien, avant nature, c'est-à-dire que Dieu, son fondateur, que le concile ne fat dissous, au nom du condoit l'avoir distingué des gouvernemens hu- cile, et par conséquent par le concile luimains par des caractères qui en soient insé- même, sont une reconnaissance pratique de parables et d'après lesquels on ne puisse se mé la puissance absolue, indépendante, originaire prendre sur son origine divine......Qui obéit et monarchique du Pontife romaine. (Capau gouvernement actuel de l'Eglise obéit a Dieu pellari, tome i. p. 89). même; on a la certitude qu'elle veille sans
† Le Pape, est un vrai monarque; donc il cesse au dépôt de la Foi, a l'integrité des doit être pourvu des moyens nécessaires à mæurs, a la såreté de ses enfans, à repousser l'exercice de son autorité monarchique. Mais et à détruire ses enemis: ainsi l'autorité des le moyen le plus nécessaire à cette fin sera tribunaux d'a présent n'est pas moins vénéra- celui qui otera tout pretext à ses sujets de reble que l'autorité de ceux d'autrefois, puis- fuser de se soumettre à ses décisions et à ses qu'ils sont essentiellement la même chose. lois, et son infaillibilité seule peut avoir cette (Cappelluri, Triomphe du St. Siége, fc., tome efficacité. Donc le Pape est infaillible. (Ibid., i. pp. 36, 37, 38.)