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No sooner was the society instituted than they cast their eyes on Dr Anderfon of Madras, as a person on whofe good offices they could depend, in forwarding any plan that promised to render the lot of any part of the human race more aa greeable than it had been. The president accordingly wrote to him, acquainting him with the nature of the institution, and requesting his aid in procuring for them feeds or plants of anyi vegetable production, that he judged proper for their illand. The following is the answer Dr Anderson returned to this letter ; with a copy of which, the Editor of this work has been lately favoured. The information it contains may be of use to the inhabitants of other warm regions, and therefore it deserves to be made public, that the example may help to stimulate others to pursue a similar plan of conduct. ", To Robert Broaks, Esq. Governor, and the rest of
the Governors and Members of the St. Helena Planfor ters Society. . .
GENTLEMEN, L I have been favoured with your letter and plan, which must afford general fatisfaction, from the very laudable objects of its views. 97:46 There can be no doubt but the whole may be executed, from the variety that appears in the temperature of your atmofphére. . 10. At present, however, I shall confine myself to the three objects that seem of the first importance, viz. the supply of roots, grain, and herbage for food, wood for fuel,, timber and shelter for the yam vine, cotton, and indigo, as some employment for persons that might otherwise remain idle. : - The yam I have seen in your illand being the Arum Efculentum requires a marshy soil; and the lofty situation of the arable land in St. Helena, will never admit of much land being laid out in this manner; whereas the yam Diofcoria Alata of Linnæus, is more wholesome and pleasant for food, and, in light garden mold, the dews from heaven will almost prove fufficient watering for its nourishment. 1.“ The convolvalus Batatas may be planted with the plough, and affords a good kind of food...
T yrion rises ti"? In case you establish Tanks, I would recommend, as soon theiy waters fink three of four feet, little holes may be ved 23!11!19 Åsents bilier dinį prie B
ug ncar the water's edge, and filled with garden (mould, into each of which two or three feeds of the Nymphæa (Egyftian bean) should be planted and gently watered till they vegetate; after which they can live at a considerable depth, and will cover the water with their leaves and a most beautiful flower. The feeds afford a gond pulse, and the root a wholesomė yam, that are'čat by the 'natives of Southern Afia.
** I send by captain Gregory, a box filled with the yam, Dioscoria Alata. The Convolvolus Batatas shall be fent, when they have taken root here, in tubs of earth, as it is propagated by cuttings of tlie stalk; and in case you are not already in possession of thefe two roots, I take this opportunity to assure you, they will prove a great means of maintaining the inhabitants, if the planters betwixt the upper part of Lemon Valley and the governor's garden will pay attention to their culture. .**. Amongft the feeds in a box which I have likewise committed to captain Gregory's care, I must distinguish'a finall parcel of the Phaseolus Bengalensis, on account of the prolific nature of this Phaseolus, and valuable bean it affords for food. The Cynosurus, Corocanus, Panicum, Milium, and Zizania, will afford food for the poultry, and fodder for the cattle. ".
“ The tree feeds I have put up in this box'are chiefly with a view to establish sufficient fire-wood, and to serve as a Theiter, and to support the vine of the yam and the sweet po. tatos, although fome are fit for other purposes, as you will fee by the remarks detached to the inclosed lift of them.
“ In low latitudes, we frequently find islands of confiderable height, covered with wood to their summits ; Lut the - Freight and exposure of St Helena may be some bar to this.
"I have no doubt, however, that by degrees your society vill eitablish shelter of trees on the summit of the illard, to protect more tender plants from bleak winds.
** That no affiltance may be wanting which this country Faffords, I have directed your plan to be publithed in cur
Courier. , 173161 Il return for your attention, I can only inclose accounts
of an attempt in agitation for the culture of genuine cochireal in the honourable Company's poffeflions, in the promeNing whicr, the society, by its central situation, may bccon e very instrumental. I am, &c. JAMES ANDERSOS.
Furt George 4th Feb, 1789.
List of Seeds for the St. Helena Planters Society, alluded
Ti n to in the foregoing Letter, von 9.3.14! Nymphæa,--The Egyptian bean, or great water lily, 1. « Pbaszolás Bengalenfis, ---Kidney bean... 7954 Cynosurus Corocanus, Panicum, Milium, and Zizania,
} * Tectionn, --The timber is elastic, strong, and durable, refifts the worm, and is superior to any other timber for thipbuilding, and beams for houses. sac Erithrina Curollodendron, is so light, that rafts are made - Toftit, as well as many kinds of toys.
** Mimna odoratifima, fit timber for carriages of burden, such as carts, &c. +*?Thespipa Populnia,--Light, smooth grained timber, and Trong enough for wheel carriages.
“ Casalpina Sappan.-- Logwood for dying.. ..! *!*-. Mimosa Nilotica, yields gum-arabic, and bark for tan. ning leather. The seed pods equal galls for ink.
to Mimosa Cinerea, the infpiffated juice of this tree is ***called' terra japonica. .:: Cm Mimosa Madraspratensis. Fiedge mimofa. 3:3° “Robinia Mitis. i
“ Robinia Grandifora, Its leaves are boiled and eaten as 'greens." £..66 Annona Squamofo, custard apple.
136 56 Cachu hut.'. !!:;6-Tamarindus, the Tamarind tree, of which the leaves and fruit are a pleasant acid. This tree grows wild here
among freep rocks...: ** Golv-piuni, Cotton of the finest grain.
*** Indigofera, Indigo.. The large feed from Surat ; the Imaller, the best fort of indigo made here. RC Moringha, Indian horse radiflı."
« All the feeds are fresh gathered : Some of them are mixed with powdered tobacco ; and the bags in which they Kare' contained dipped in a solution of corrafive fublimated
mercury, to prevent insects destroying them.”
How mitich might the lot of mankind be meliorated in a few s centuries by such pursuite ! Europe, Aba, Africa, and Ame
rica, would thus each contribute its share to the general improvement. And every country on the globe would be bet: tered for it. The mention of one plant alone, introduced into Europe from America, the potatoe, is enough to awa. ken the attention of every perfon, whose foul can feel the expanfive glow of beneficent affections, and make them look up with gratitude to those, who, by attentions of this fort, have proved the best friends of mankind. ?', :,: Front
HISTORICAL CHRONICIT :'ynostwind Ib
INTRODUCTION. : r. noviskuse A Cursory VIEW of the present POLITICAL STATE OF
EUROPE, continued from page 120.
hiillos Spain, though greatly weakened by the unwieldy extent of her foreign poffeffions, which have ruined her own do? mestic industry, and reduced her to a state of debafement she never could have otherwise experienced, seems to be not yet aware of the evils that have resulted to her from this cause. She cannot make use, with advantage to herself, of even the hundredth part of those territories, that all the world admit belong to her; yet she greedily grafps at more. They are in terror every moment, of hearing that their best fettled provinces have thrown off the yoke, and afferted their independence; yet she is eager to affert her right to settlements, which she has it not in her power * to occupy; and which, if she could occupy, would be productive of nothing but additional embarrailments. In' these respects, Spain is only on' a footing with other powers; who in general pursue with as inconfiderate warmth, projects alike delusive and destructive." The contest for power, which has just been ended between Britain and Spain, if no other object was concealed under it than what was avowed, was one of the most inconsiderate that has been entered intoʻin modern times; nor can the evils origi- nating from thar be palliated by the equivocal nature of that
á 110, foi ; 'i sistitisi ü ^rii:* convention which has been patched up between them. An equivocal treaty will always be deemed highly prejudicial to all the powers that are concerned in it, by every politician of found fense, however much it may be relished at times, by those of another denomination. si in mi
The Count de Florida Blanca, who has had the principal direction of affairs in Spain for some time past, feems to be feriously disposed to augment the internal prosperity of that fine country, as much as is in his power but he has many difficulties to overcome, that must retard his progress. He has the prejudices of the people, and the prejudices of the minifter himself to get over, before he can make those rapid advances he wishes.-Time,-much time must be required, before these can be effectually got' over. This æra, he never can hope to fee.-In the mean while, he does the best he can. The operations of war he dillikes, às only tending to derange the private economy of the state. His at. tention seems to be directed to the exciting a spirit of in
agriculture, manufactures, and commerce.--Under his aufpices, navigable canals have been formed, for facilitating internal commerce : Roads have been projected, and in part made, under his inspection; bridges built; societies inftituted in every part of the kingdom for encouraging agriculture and useful arts, and every thing else that can be expected from a man in an exalted station of life, who never can be supposed to know the best means of alleviating the distress of the poor, or of removing those apparently small, but irresistible obstructions, that stand in their way to retard their feeble progress. May success attend his endeavours, and may those that 'shall succeed him, be able to profit by the experiments he will have made, and the experience he shall have obtained !..
Spain is much less known in Europe than it deserves to be; and though far behind some other nations in useful arts, is still less backward, than has been in general supposed. i The bigotry, for which she was fu remarkable in the days of Philip the second, is now much relaxed. And among other benefits, conferred upon the people by Count Florida Blay*ca, must be reckoned, the check he has given to the power of
the clergy-not by dire@ly curtailing their efablished press judices by force, but by introducing a mode of reasoning and