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7. Danskers. Danes; used by S. only here. Cf. Webster, White Devil: “Like a Dansk drummer.” Danske, for Denmark, occurs often in Warner's Albion's England. On me, see Gr. 220.
8. Keep. Live, dwell. Cf. M. for M. iii. 1. 10: “this habitation where thou keep'st,” etc.
10. Encompassment and drift. “Winding and circuitous course " (Caldecott).
11. More nearer. For the double comparative, cf. iii. 2. 283, iii. 4. 155, and v. 2. 121 below. Gr. 11.
The meaning is, “By these natural and circuitous inquiries you will get nearer to the point than you possibly could by a direct question” (M.).
12. It. For the indefinite use of it, see Gr. 226.
22. Slips. Offences. Cf. T. A. ii. 3. 86: “these slips have made him noted long ;” Oth. iv, 1.9: “a venial slip,” etc.
28. Season. See on i. 2. 192.
29. Another scandal. “A deeper kind of scandal ; much as üllws means particularly, and ällos óðirns, in the Odyssey, an out-of-the-way (or foreign) traveller” (M.).
31. Breathe. Utter, speak; as in 44 below. Quaintly=artfully, ingeniously. Cf. T. G. of V. iii. i. 117: “a ladder quaintly made with cords,” etc.
32. Taints. Cf. Macb. iv. 3. 124: “The taints and blames I laid upon myself,” etc.
34. Unreclaimed. Untamed (Schmidt). So reclaim=tame, in R. and J. iv. 2. 47, etc.
The passage means “A wildness in untamed blood to which all young men are liable” (D.).
36. Ay. Metrically a dissyllable. Gr. 482.
38. Fetch of warrant. A warranted or justifiable artifice. The quartos have “fetch of wit ”=-cunning device. Cf. Leur, ii. 4. 90: “Mere fetches.”
40. As 't were, etc. “Just as you might speak of an article slightly soiled” (M.). . 42. Converse. Conversation. Cf. L. L. L. v. 2. 745 and Oth. iii. 1. 40. S. uses the noun only three times, and with the accent as here.
For him=he, see A. Y. L. p. 136 or Gr. 208.
43. Prenominate. Aforesaid. Cf. T. and C. iv. 5. 250 : “to prenominate in nice conjecture.” For the form of the participle here, see Gr. 342, and cf. deject in iii. 1. 155 below.
45. In this consequence. “In thus following up your remark” (Schmidt). 47. Addition. Title. See on i. 4. 20 above. 50. By the mass. Omitted in the folios, because it is an oath (Coll.). 51. Leave. Leave off. Cf. V. and A. 715: “Where did I leave?” T. of S. ii. 1. 26 : “Where left we last ?” etc.
58. O'ertook. For the form, cf, Macb. iv. I. 145: “never is o’ertook.” For rouse, see on i. 2. 127 above.
64. Of wisdom and of reach. Schmidt takes of to be “used to denote a quality," as in “thieves of mercy,” iv. 6. 18 below. The expression
would then be=wise and shrewd. Abbott (Gr. 168) makes of=by means of. Wr. compares L. L. L. iv. 2. 30: “We of taste and feeling."
65. Windlasses. Windings, roundabout ways; used nowhere else by S. Cf. Golding, Cæsar: “bidding them fetche a windlasse a great waye about."
Assays of bias. “Indirect ways” (Schmidt); a figure taken from the game of bowls, in which the player sends the ball in a curved line instead of a straight one.
66. Indirections. Cf. K. John, iii. 1. 276: “Yet indirection thereby grows direct.”
71. In yourself. Perhapsrin your own person, for yourself, as Johnson and Capell explain it. Caldecott says, “The temptations you feel, suspect in him.” Wr. thinks it may mean “Conform your own conduct to his inclinations."
73. Ply his music. It is doubtful whether this is to be taken figura. tively (“Let him go on, to what tune he pleases,” as Clarke explains it) or literally (=attend to his music-lessons), as Schmidt supposes.
76. God. Changed in the folio to “Heaven," probably on account of the act of parliament in the time of James I. forbidding the use of the name of God on the stage.
77. Closet. Chamber. Cf. iii. 2. 307 below.
78. Doublet. See A. Y. L. p. 158. For unbrac'd=unfastened, cf. 7.C. i. 3. 48 and ii. 1. 262.
80. Ungarter'd. Cf. the description of a lover in A. Y. L. iii. 2. 398: “then your hose should be ungartered ;” and see also T. G. of V. ii. 1. 78.
Down-gyved. Hanging like gyves or fetters. The 4th and 5th quartos have “downe gyred,” which Theo. adopts (“down-gyred”), explaining it as “rolled down." The ist folio has “downe giued,” changed in the ad to “downe-gyved.”
82. Purport. Accented on the last syllable; used by S. nowhere else, either as noun or as verb.
On so ... as, see Gr. 275; and for the repetition of he, Gr. 242.
84. Horrors. Abbott (Gr. 478) makes the word a trisyllable ; but, as F. suggests, “why not let Ophelia's strong emotion shudderingly fill the
90. Perusal. Study. Cf. iv. 7. 135: “peruse (that is, carefully examine) the foils.” See also Rich. Il. p. 194, note on Perus’d.
91. As. As if. Cf. i. 2. 217 above. Gr. 107. On the measure, see Gr. 507.
92. Shaking of. See Gr. 178. Tschischwitz thinks that “is made” is understood. 95. As. The quarto reading; the folio has “That.”
Bulk. Explained by some as=breast. Sr. quotes Baret, Alvearie : “The Bulke or breast of a man ;” and Malone cites R. of L. 467 : “her heart ... Beating her bulk.”
99. Help. The folio has “helpe;" the later quartos "helps” or “helpes."
100. Bended. S. uses bended and bent interchangeably, both as past tense and as participle.
F. here quotes Miles, Review of Hamlet: “We are not permitted to see Hamlet in this ecstasy of love, but what a picture! How he must
have loved her, that love should bring him to such a pass !-his knees knocking each other!- knees that had firmly followed a beckoning ghost! There is more than the love of forty thousand brothers in that hard grasp of the wrist,-in that long gaze at arm's length,-in the force that might, but will not, draw her nearer! And never a word from this king of words ! His first great silence,—the second is death !"
102. Ecstasy. Madness. Cf. iii. 1. 160, iii. 4. 74, 136, 137, below. See Macb. p. 211.
103. Fordoes. _Undoes, destroys. Cf. v. I. 210 below. See M. N. D. p. 188, note on Fordone.
112. Quoted. Noted, marked; formerly pronounced and often written “coted,” which is the quarto reading here. Cf. R. and 7. i. 4. 31, T. and C. iv. 5. 233, etc.
113. Wrack. Wreck, ruin. The word was spelt and pronounced wrack in the time of S. It rhymes with alack in Per. iv. prol. 12, and with back in V. and A. 558, R. of L. 841, 965, Sonn. 126. 5, and Macb. v.
Beshrew. A mild form of imprecation (Schmidt). See M. N. D. p. 152.
114. Proper. Appropriate. Cf. F. C. i. 2. 41 : “Conceptions only proper to myself,” etc.
115. Cast. Schmidt puts this passage under cast=compute, calculate (a common meaning in S.) and explains it as=“to be mistaken.” M. takes it to mean, "to forecast more than we ought for our own interests.” Wr. makes cast=contrive, design, plan. Johnson says : “The vice of age is too much suspicion. Men long accustomed to the wiles of life cast commonly beyond themselves, let their cunning go farther than reason can attend it."
118. Which, being kept close, etc. “The king may be angry at my telling of Hamlet's love ; but more grief would come from hiding it” (M.).
SCENE II.—2. Moreover that. Over and above that. On the other hand, more above in 126 below=moreover (M.).
5. So I call it. The quartos omit I.
6. Sith. The quarto reading=since, which is derived from it (see Wb.). The folio has “Since not."
8. Put him ... from, etc. Cf. iii. 1. 174 below : “puts him thus From fashion of himself.” See also R. and 7. iii. 5. 109, T. of A. iii. 4. 104, Lear, ii. 4. 293, etc.
10. Dream of. The folio has a deeme of,” which some editors prefer. II. Of. From. We still say “of late” (Gr. 167). Cf. Acts, viii. 11. 12. Sith. The folio has “since,” as in 6 above.
Neighbour'd to. Associated or intimate with. Cf. Lear, i. 1. 121, Hen. V. i. 1. 62, etc.
Humour. Disposition. The quartos have “hauior,” and some mode ern eds. give “haviour.”
13. That. Redundant, as Delius points out. Vouchsafe your rest. “Please to reside” (Caldecott). 14. Companies. See on loves, i. 1. 173 above.
17. Whether. Monosyllabic, as often (Gr. 466). This line is not in the folio.
18. Open'd. Disclosed. Cf.W.T. iv. 4. 764, Hen. V. i. 1. 78, etc.
22. Gentry. Courtesy; as in v. 2. 109 below (Schmidt). It is=gentle birth in R. of L. 569, Cor. iii. 1. 144, etc.
23. Expend your time. Cf. Oth. i. 3. 391 : “If I would time expend with such a snipe."
24. Supply and profit. “Aid and furtherance” (Caldecott).
30. Bent. Endeavour, straining; a metaphor from the bending of a bow (Johnson, Schmidt). Cf. iii. 2. 359 below; also Much Ado, ii. 3. 232 and T. N. ii. 4. 38.
38. Heavens. The plural is often thus used by S. Cf. Temp. i. 2. 175: "Heavens thank you for 't !” Id. ii. 1. 324 : “Heavens keep him from these beasts !” (see also iji. 1. 75 and iii. 3. 20); M. N. D. iii. 2. 447: “Heavens shield Lysander,” etc.
42. Still. Ever. See on i. 1. 122 above.
43. Assure you. Be assured. Cf. Lear, jj. 1. 106: “Nor I, assure thee, Regan ;'' Oth. iii. 3. 20: “assure thee, If I do vow a friendship,” etc. The quartos have “I assure you."
45. And. The folio has “one,” which K. and Coll. retain. 52. Fruit. The dessert. The folio has “newes.”
54. My sweet queen. The folio reading; the 2d and 3d quartos have “my deere Gertrard,” which, as W. remarks, “smacks less of the honeymoon.”
56. Doubt. Suspect. See on i. 2. 256 above, and cf. iij. I 166 below: “I do doubt the hatch,” etc.
No other but. See on i. 1. 102 above.
The main. The main point or cause; as in 2 Hen. VI. i. 1. 208 : “look unto the main” (Schmidt).
60. Desires. Good wishes. 61. First. That is, first audience or opening of our business (Caldecott).
64. Truly. Modifying was, not found (Wr.). For similar transpositions, see Gr. 420. 67. Borne in hand. Deceived, deluded. See Macb. p. 208. Sends. For ellipsis of subject, see Gr. 399, and cf. iii. 1. 8 below. 71. Assay. Proof, trial. Cf. iii. 3. 69 below. 73. Three. The quartos have “threescore.” 79. Such regards, etc. Such conditions as are safe and allowable.
80. Likes. Pleases. Cf. Hen. V. iii. prol. 32 : “ The offer likes not;" Ii. iv. 3. 77: “Which likes me better,” etc. Gr. 297.
81. Our more consider'd time. “When we have more time for consid. ering” (Caldecott). See Gr. 374.
83. Well-took. For the form of the participle, see Gr. 343. S. also uses taken (i. 2. 14 above) and ta’en (i. 3. 106 above).
84. Feast. “The king's intemperance is never suffered to be forgot. ien” (Johnson).
86. Expostulate. Discuss. Hunter quotes Capt. John Smith's book on Virginia : “How these isles came by the name of the Bermudas ... I will not expostulate.”
90. Wit. Wisdom; as often in S. See Mer. p. 137.
95. More matter, etc. More matter with less mannerism. See A. Y. L. p. 155, note on Matter.
96. Art. “The Queen uses art in reference to Polonius's stilted style; he uses it as opposed to truth and nature” (Delius).
98. Figure. “A figure in rhetoric,” as Touchstone says (A. Y. L. v. i. 45). Cf. L. L. L. i. 2. 58.
100. Remains. For the ellipsis of it, see Gr. 404.
105. Perpend. Ponder, consider ; "a word used only by Pistol, Polonius, and the clowns” (Schmidt). Cf. M. W. i. 1. 119, A. 'Y. L. iii. 2. 69, etc.
109. Beautified. Theo. substituted “beatified” on the ground that S. would not call beautified “a vile phrase” when he had used it in T. G. of V. iv. 1. 55: “seeing you are beautified With goodly shape;" but it is not there used adjectively.
113. In. Into. Gr. 159. Wr. quotes 7. G. of V. jj. 1. 250–252.
116–119. Doubt. In the first three lines doubt=have a misgiving, have a half-belief; in the fourth line=disbelieve (Clarke).
121. Reckon. Count, number (Schmidt); or perhaps=express in numbers or verse, as Delius explains it.
124. Whilst this machine is to him. Whilst this body is his; "the af. fected language of euphuism” (Wr.). S. uses machine' nowhere else.
126. More above. Moreover. See on 2 above. 127. By. See Gr. 145.
133. Ás I perceived it. “There is much humour in the old man's inveterate foible for omniscience. He absurdly imagines that he had discerned for himself all the steps of Hamlet's love and madness; while of the former he had been unaware till warned by some friends, and the latter did not exist at all ” (M.).
136. If I had play'd, etc. “If I had just minuted the matter down in my own mind” (M.); or, as Warb. and Wr. explain it, “if I had been the agent of their correspondence,” or their confidant. See on tables, i. 5. 107 above.
137. Or given, etc. Or had connived at it. For winking the quartos have "working."
139. Round. Directly, without ceremony. See Hen.V. p. 175, and cf. ii. 1. 183 and iii. 4. 5 below. As Caldecott remarks, it has “the reverse of its literal meaning, that is, without circuity.” For the adverbial use, see Gr. 60.
140. Bespeak. Speak to. Cf. Rich. II. v. 2. 20, etc.
141. Out of thy star. “Out of thy sphere” (2d folio); "above thee in fortune” (Schmidt). Sr. quotes T. N. ii. 5. 156: “In my stars I am abore thee.”
142. Precepts. The folio reading; the quartos have "prescripts ” (cf. A. and C. iii. 8. 5).
145. Took the fruits, etc. “Profited by my advice” (Schmidt). “She