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with their determination ; which is, indeed, men : there be land-rats, and water rats, wa. to return to their home, and to trouble youter-thieves, and land-thieves ; I mean, pirates i with no more suit ; unless you may be won and then, there is the peril of waters, winds, by some other sort than your father's impo- and rocks: The man is, notwithstanding, suf: sition, depending on the caskets...

ficient ;-three thousand ducats ;-I think, I Por. If I live to be as old as Sibylla, I will may take his bond. die as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained Bass. Be assured you may. by the manner of my father's will: I am Shy. I will be assured, I may; and, that I glad this parcel of wooers are so reasonable; may be assured, I will bethink me: May I for there is not one among them but I dote on speak with Antonio? his very absence, and I pray God grant them Bass. If it please you to dine with us. a fair departure.

Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the ha Ner. Do you pot remember, lady, in yonr bitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, father's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a sol- conjured the dier, that came hither in company of the sell

d with you into : I will buy with you,

talk with

you, Marquis of Montferrat ? :

and so following ; but not eat with Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio; as I think, you, drink with you, nor pray with you. so was he called.

What news on the Rialto?- Who is becomes Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that here? ever my foolish eyes looked upon, was the

"Enter ANTONIO. best deserving a fair lady.

Bass. This is signior Antonio. Por. I remember him well; and I remem Shy. Aside.] How like a fawning publican ber him worthy of thy praise. How now! Fast he looks! what news?

I hate him for he is a christian :
Enter a Servant.'

Bụt more, for that, in low simplicity, Serv. The four strangers seek for you, ma- He lends out inoney, gratis, and brings down dam, to take their leave and there is a fore. The rate of usance here with us in Venice. runner come from a fifth, the prince of Mo- If I can catch him once upon the hip, rocco; who brings word, the prince, his mas- will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. ter, will be here to-night.12 119 He hates our sacred nation; and he rails,

Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with Even ́there where merchants most độ congre. so good heart as I can bid the other four fare.

(thrift, well, I should be glad of his approach : if he On me, my bargains, and my well-won have the condition of a saint, and the com. Which he calls interest : Cursed be my tribe, plexion of a devil, I had rather he should If I forgive him! shrive me than wive me. Come, Nerissa. Bass.

Shylock, do you hear? Sirrah, go before.-Whiles we shut the gate Shy. I am debating of my présent store; upon one wooer, another knocks at the door. And, by the near guess of my memory,

{Exeunt. I cannot instantly raise up the gross SCENE III, Venice. A public Place.

Of full three thonsand ducats: What of that?

Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, Enter Bassanio and SHYLOCK: - Will furnish me: Bat soft; How many Shy. Three thousand dacats;-well. *

*** months

[nior; Bass. Ay, sir, for three months.>?". Do you desire?-Rest yon fair, good sig. Shy. For three months,-well.

[TO ANTONIO Bass. For the which, as I told you, Anto- Your worship was the last man in our mouths, nio shall be bonnd.

Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor Shy. Antonio shall become bound-well. borrow,

Bass. May you istead me? Will you plea- By taking, nor by giving, of excess, sure meShall I know your answer? Yet, to supply the ripe wants 4 of my friend,

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three I'll break a custom : -Is he yet possess'd , months, and Antonio bound...

How much you would? ** Bass. Your answer to that. )

Ay, ay, 'three thousand ducats. Shy. Antonio is a good man."

Ant! And for three months." Bass. Have you heard any imputation to Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told the contrary?

me go, M. Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in Well then, your bond; and, let me see, saying he is a good man, is to have you un- But hear you; derstand me, that he is sufficient : yet his Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor means are in supposition : he hath an argosy

.:: borrow, bound to Tripolis, another to the Indres ; 1 Upon advantage. understand moreover upon the Rialto, he hath Amt. * : all I do never use it. a third at Mexico, la fourth for England, Shy. When Jacob grazd his uncle Laban's and other ventures uche hath, squander'd sheep, abroad: But ships are but boards, sailors but | This Jacob from our holy Abraham was * Temper, qualities. + Wants which admit no longer delay.

.tr): Informed.)!

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(As his wise mother wrought in his behalf,) Ant. I am as like to call thee so again, The third possessor; ay, he was the third. To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too. Ant. And wbat of him? did he take inte-If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not rest?

[would say, As to thy friends ; (for when did friendship Shy, No, not take interest;, not as you take Directly interest : mark what Jacob did. A breed for barren metal of his friend ?) When Laban and himself were compromis’d, Bùt lend it rather to thine enemy; That all the eanlings which were streak’d, and Who if he break, thou may'st with better pied, [rank, Exact the penalty.

[face Should fall as Jacob's hire; tbe ewes, being Shy:

Why, look


how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams: I would be friends with you, and have your And when the work of generation was


(with, Between these woolly breeders in the act, Porget the shames that you have staind me The skilful shepherd peeld mé certain wands, Supply your present wants, and take no duit And, in the doing of the deed of kind *, Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; This is kind I offer.

(me: " Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time Ant. This were kindness. Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Shy.

This kindness will I show:Jacob's.

Go with me to a notary, seal me there This was a way to thrive, and he was blest ; Your single bond; and, in a merry sport, And thrift is blessing, if men stead it not. If you repay me not on such a day, Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are serv'd for;

Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit A thing not in his power to bring to pass, Be nominated for an equal pound But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken heaven..

In what part of your body pleaseth me. z Was this inserted to make interest good ? Ant. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams?

bond, Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:-|And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. But note me, signior.

Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for
Mark you this, Bassanio,

me, The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.

I'll rather dwell I in my necessity. An evil soul, producing holy witness,

Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forIs like a villain with a smiling'cheek;

feit it;

(before A goodly apple rotten at the heart;

Within these two months, that's a month 0, what a goodly outside falsehood hath! This bond expires, I do expect return Shy, Three thousand ducats -- tis a good of thrice three times the value of this bond. round sum.

Shy. O father Abraham, what these ChrisThree months from twelve, then let me see the rate.

[to you. Whose own hard dealings teaches them susAnt. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden pect

[this; Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft, The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me In the Rialto you have rated me

If he should break his day, what should I About my movies, and my usances t:

By the exaction of the forfeiture? [gain Still have I borne it with a patient shrug; A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man, For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe: Is not so estimable, profitable neither, You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat dog,

As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine,

To buy his favour, I extend this friendship : And all for use of that which is mine own. If he will take it, so; if not, adieu ; Well then, it now appears, you need my help: And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. Go to then; you come to me, and you say, Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this Shylock, we would have monies; You say so; bond,

(tary's; You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, Shy. Then meet ine forth with at the noAnd foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur.

Give him direction for this merry bond, Over your threshold; monies is your suit. And I will go and purse the ducats straight; What should I say to you? Should I not say, See to my house, left in the fearful guard Hath a dog money? is it possible,

Of an anthrifty knave; and presently A cur can lend three thousand ducats? or I'will be with you.

[Erit. Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key, Ant.

Hie thee, gentle Jew. With 'bated breath, and whisperiog humble. This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows Say this,

[ness, kind. Fuir sir, you spit on me on Wednesday Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's last ;


(dismay, You spurn'd me such a day; another time Ant. Come on: in this there can be no You calld ine-dog ; and for these court

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SCENE II. Venice.' A Street.
Belmont. A Room in Portia's House.

Enter LAUNCELOT GOBBO. Flourish of Cornets. Enter the Prince of Laun. Certainly my conscience will serve

Morocco, and his Train ; Porria, NE- me to run from this Jew, my master: The RISSA, and other of her Attendants. fiend is at mine elbow; and tempts me, say. Mor. Mislike me not for my complexion, ing to me, Gobbo, Launcelot Gobbo, good The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,

Launcelot, or good Gobbo, or good LaunceTo whom I ain a neighbour, and near bred. lot Gobbo, use your legs, take the start, Bring me the fairest creature northward born, run away: My conscience says-no; také Where Phæbus' fire scarce thaws the icicles, heed, honest Launcelot; take heed, honest And let us make incision for your love, Gohbo; or, as aforesaid, honest Launcelot To prove whose blood is reddest, his, or mine. Gobbo; do not run; scorn running with I tell thee, lady, this aspéct of mine

thy heels : Well, the most courageous fiend Hath fear'd + the valiant; by my love, I bids me pack; via! says the fiend ; uway! The best-regarded virgins of our clime (swear, says the fiend, for the heavens ; rouse up a Have lovd it too : I would not change this brare mind, says the fiend, and run. hue,

[queen. my conscience, hanging about the neck of my Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle heart, says very wisely to me,-my honest

Por. In terms of choice I am not solely friend Launcelot, being un honest man's By nice direction of a maiden's eyes : [led son,-or rather an honest woman's son;Besides, the lottery of my destiny

for, indeed, my father did something smack, Bars me the right of voluntary choosing:

something grow to, he had a kind of taste; But, if my father had not scanted me, well, my conscience says, Launcelot, budge And hedg'd me by his wit, to yield myself not ; budge, says the fiend; budge not, says His wife, who wins me by that means I told my conscience: Conscience, say 1, you counyou,

(fair, sel well; fiend, say I, you counsel well : to Yourself, renowned prince, then stood as be ruled by my conscience, I should stay with As any comer I have look'd on yet,

the Jew my master, who, (God bless the For my affection.

mark!) is a kind of devil; and, to run away Even for that I thank you; from the Jew, I should be ruled by the fiend, Therefore, I pray you, lead me to the caskets, who, saving your reverence, is the devil himTo try my fortune. By this scimitar, self: Certainly, the Jew is the very devil inThat slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince,

carnation; and, in my conscience, my conThat won three fields of Sultan Solyman,

science is but a kind of hard conscience, to I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, offer to counsel me to stay with the Jew : Out-brave the heart most daring on the earth, The fiend gives the more friendly counsel : I Pluck the young suckling cubs from the she will run, fiend; my heels are at your combear,

mandment, I will run. Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey,

Enter old GOBBO, with a Basket. To win thee, lady: But, alas the wbile! Gob. Master, young man, you, I pray If Hercules, and Lichas, play at dice

you; which is the way to master Jew's ? Which is the better man, the greater throw Laun. (A side.] O heavens, this is my true May turn by fortune from the weaker band : begotten father! who, being more than sandSo is Alcides beaten by his page;

blind, high-gravel blind, knows me not:-1 And so may I, blind fortune leading me, will try conclusions g with him. Miss that which one unworthier may attain, Gob. Master young gentleman, I pray you, And die with grieving.

wbich is the way to master Jew's? Por.

You must take your chance; Laun. Turn up on your right band, at the And either not attempt to choose at all, next turning, but, at the next turning of all, on Or swear, before you choose,- if you choose your left; marry, at the very next turning, wrong,

iurn of no hand, but turn down indirectly to Never to speak to lady afterward

the Jew's house. In way of marriage: iherefore be advis'd f. Gob. By God's sonties, 'twill be a hard Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto way to hit. Can you tell nie whether one my chance.

Launcelot, that dwells with him, dwell with Por. First, forward to the temple; after him, or no? Your hazard shall be made.

(dinner Laun. Talk you of young master Launce. Mor. Good fortune then! (Cornets. lot?–Mark me now; (aside.] now will I To make me bless'd, or cursed'st among men. raise the waters :-Talk you of young master

[Exeunt. Launcelot ? • Allusion to the eastern custom for lovers to testify their passion by cutting themselves in their mistresses' sight. + Terrified.

Not precipitate. Experiments.

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Gob. No master, sir, but a poor man's son ; | my master's a very Jew: Give him a present! his father, though I say it, is an honest ex give him a halter: I am famish'd in his serceeding poor man, and, God be thanked, well vice ; you may tell every finger I have with to live.

my ribs.

Father, I am glad you are come ; Laun. Well, let his father be what he will, give me your present to one master Bassanio, we talk of young master Launcelot.

who, indeed, gives rare new liveries; if I Gob. Your worship's friend, and Launcelot, serve not him, I will run as far as God has sir.

any ground.--O rare fortune! here comes the Laun. But I pray you ergo, old man, man ;-to him, father; for I am a Jew, if I ergo, I beseech


Talk you of young mas- serve the Jew any longer. ter Launcelot?

Enter BASSANIO, with LEONARDO, and Gob. Of Launcelot, an't please your master

other Followers. ship.

Bass. You may do so;-but let it be so Laun. Ergo, master Launcelot; talk not hasted, that supper be ready at the farthest by of master Launcelot, father; for the young five of the clock : See these letters deliver'd'; gentleman (according to fates and desiinies, pnt the liveries to making; and desire Graand such odd sayings, the sisters three, and liano to come anon to my lodging. such branches of learning,) is, indeed, deceas

[Erit a Servant. ed; or, as you would say, in plain terms, Laun. To him, father. gone to heaven.

Gob. God bless your worship! Gob. Marry, God forbid! the boy was the Bass. Gramercy; Wouldst thou aught with very staff of my age, my very prop.

mne ? Laun. Do I look like a cudgel, or a hovel- Gob. Here's my son, sir, a poor boy, post, a staff, or a prop ?-Do you know me, Laun. Not a poor boy, sir, but the rich father?

Jew's man; that would, sir, as my father Gob. Alack the day, I know you not, shall specify,young gentleman: bat, I pray you, tell me, Gob. He hath a great infection, sir, as one is my boy, (God rest his soul!) alive, or would say, to serve dead

Laun. Indeed, the short and the long is, I Laun. Do you not know me, father? serve the Jew, and I have a desire, as my

Gob. Alack, sir, I am sand-blind, I know father shall specify,you not.

Gob. His master and he, (saving your wor. Luun. Nay, indeed, if you had your eyes, ship's reverence,) are scarce cater-cousins : you might fail of the knowing me: it is a Laun. To be brief, the very truth is, that wise father, that knows his own child. Well, the Jew having done me wrong, doth cause old man, I will tell you news of your son: me, as my father, being I hope an old man, Give me your blessing: truth will come to shall frntity unto you, light; morder cannot be bid long, a man's Gob. I have here a dish of doves, that I son may; but, in the end, truth will out. would bestow upon your worship; and my

Gob. Pray youi, sir, stand up; I am sure, suit is, yon are not Launcelot, my boy.

Laun. In very brief, the suit is impertinent Laun. Pray you, let's have no more fool to myself, as your worship shall know by this ing about it, but give me your blessing; I am honest old man; and, though I say it, though Launcelot, your boy that was, your son that old man, yet, poor man, my father. is, your child that shall be.

Bass. One speak for both ;- What would Gob. I cannot think, you are my son."

Laun, I know not what I shall think of Laun. Serve you, sir. that: but I am Launcelot, the Jew's man; Gob. This is the very defect of the matter, sir. and, I am sure, Margery, your wife, is my Bass. I know thee well, thou hast obtain'd mother.

thy suit : Gob. Her name is Margery, indeed: I'll be Shylock, thy master, spoke with me this day, sworn, it thou be Launcelot, thou art mine and have preferr'd thee, if it be preferment, own flesh and blood. Lord, worshipp'a To leave a rich Jew's service, to become might he be! what a beard hast thou got! thou The follower of so poor a gentleman. hast got more hair on thy chin, than Dobbin Laun. The old proverb is very well parted any thill-horse * bas on his tail.

between my master Shylock and you, sir ; Laun. It shonld seem then, that Dobbin's you have the grace of God, sir, and he hath tail grows backward; I am sure he had more enough. hair on his tail, than I have on my face, when Bass. Thon speak'st it well: Go, father I last saw him.

with thy son:Gob. Lord, how art thou changed! How Take leave of thy old master, and inquire dost thou and thy master agree? I have My lodging out :-Give him a livery brought him a present; How 'gree you now?

[To his Followers. Luun. Well, well; but, for mine own More guarded t than bis fellows’: See it done. part, as I have set up my rest to run away, so Laun. Father, in :-) cannot get a service, I will not rest till I have run some ground :/ no ;-I have ne'er a tongue in my head.-

Shaft-borse. + Ornamented.



Well; (Looking on his palm.) if any man in SCENE III. The same. A' Room in Italy have a fairer table *, which doth offer to

Shylock's House. swear upon a book. I shall bave good fortune; Enter JESSICA and LAUNCELOT. Go to, here's a simple line of life! here's a sniali tritle of wives: Alas, fifteen wives is nothing; Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil,

Jes. I am sorry, thou wilt leave my father so; eleven widows, and nine maids, is a simple Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness : coming-in for one man: and then, to 'scape But fare thee well; there is a ducat for thee. drowning thrice; and to be in peril of my And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see lite with the edge of a feather-bed ;-here are Lorenzo, who is thy new master's guest: simple 'scapes ! Well, if fortune be a woman, Give him this letter; do it secretly, she's a good wench for this gear.--Father, And so farewell; I would not have my father come; P'll take my leave of the Jew in the See me talk with thee. twinkling of an eye. [Ereint Laun. and old GOBBO. Most beautiful pagan,,most sweet Jew! If

Laun. Adieu !- tears exhibit my tongue.Buss. I pray thee, good Leonardo, think

a Christian do not play the knave, and get on this;

(stow'd, thee, I am much deceived: But, adieu! these These things being bought, and orderly be foolish drops do somewhat drown my manly Return in haste, for I do feast to night

spirit; adieu !

(Exit. My best-esteem'd acquaintance; hie thee, go. Leon. My best endeavours shall be done Alack, what heinons sin is it in me,

Jes. Farewell, good Launcelot.· herein. Enter GRATIANO.

To be asham'd to be my father's child! Gra. Where is your master?

But though I am a daughter to his blood,

I am not to his manners : O Lorenzo, Leon.

Yonder, sir, he walks. if thou keep promise, I shall end this strife;

[Exit LEONARDO. Become a Christian, and thy loving wife.[Exit. Gra. Signior Bassanio, Bass. Gratiano!

SCENE IV. The same. A Street.
Gra. I have a suit to you.
You have obtain'd it.

Enter GRATIANO, LORENZO, SALARINO, Gra. You must not deny me; I must go

and SALANIO. with you to Belmont.

Lor. Nay, we will slink away in supperBass. Why, then you must :-But hear Disguise us at my lodging, and return [time; thee, Gratiano ;


All in an hour. Thou art too wild, too rude, and bold of

Gra. We have not made good preparation. Parts, that become thee happily enough,

Salar. We have not spoke us yet of torchAnd in such eyes as ours appear not faults ;


[order'd; But where thou art not known, why, there

Sulan. 'Tis vile, unless it may be quaintly they show

And better, in my mind, not undertook. Something too liberal t;- pray thee, take pain Lor. 'Tis now but four a-clock; we have To allay with some cold drops of modesty

To furnish us:

[two hours Thy skipping spirit; lest, through thy wild Enter LAUNCELOT, with a letter. behaviour

Friend Launcelot, what's the news? I be misconstrued in the place I go to,

Laun. An it shall please you to break up And lose my bopes.

this, it shall seem to signify. Gra.

Signior Bassanio, hear me: Lor. I know the hand: in faith, 'tis a fair If I do not put on a sober habit,

And whiter than the paper it writ on, (band; Talk with respect, and swear but now and then, Is the fair hand that writ. Wear prayer-bcoks in my pocket, look de- Gra.

Love-news, in faith. inurely;

(eyes Laun. By your leave, sir. Nay more, while grace is saying, hood mine Lor. Whither grest thou? Thus with my hat, and sigh, and say, amen; Laun. Marry, sir, to bid my old master Use all the observance of civility,

the Jew to sup to-night with my new master Like one well studied in a sad ostent :

the Chiristian.

[Jessica, To please his grandam, never trust me more. Lor. Hold here, take this :-tell gentle Bass. Well, we shall see your bearing 3.

I will not fail her ;--speak it privately; go.Cra. Nay, but I bar to-night; you shall not Gentlemen,

[Exit LAUNCELOT. By what we do to-night.

[gage me Will you prepare you for this masque to-night? Bass.

No, that were pity ; I am provided of a torch-bearer. I would entreat you rather to put on

Salar. Ay, marry, I'll be gone about it Your boldest suit of mirth, for we have friends Salan. And so will I.

(straight. That purpose merriment: But fare you well, Lor.

Meet me, and Gratiano, I have some business.

At Gratiano's lodging sume bour hence.
Grai and I must to Lorenzo, and the rest; Salar. 'Tis good we do so.
Lut we will visit you at supper-time.

(Eveunt SALAR, and SALAN.

[Exeunt. Gra. Was not that letter from fair Jessica ! * The palm of the hand extended. + Gross, licentious. I Show of staid and

serious demeanour.10 Carriage, deportment.

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