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The accompanying Engravings originally appeared in the Athenæum ; and are here inserted by favour of the Editor of that excellent weekly Paper.
THE NEW BUILDINGS IN WEST STRAND.
The Lowther Arcade.-Golden-Cross Inn. [March,
The Lowther Arcade, which receives its name from the late very efficient First Commissioner of Woods and Forests, Lord Viscount Lowther, will be 245 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 35 feet high. It will contain twenty-five shops, the whole of which will have eighteen feet frontage, and the greater part will be 32 feet deep. All will have light and air in the rear. In the same triangular stack of building, there will be 20 shops in the Strand, 18 in William-street, and 9 in Adelaidestreet; making in the whole, with those in the Arcade, sixty-seven dwellings. The whole building terminates at each of the angles by a circular aræostyle octastyle temple of a composite order, surmounted by a balustrade, and a cupola crowned with a dome and a tholus. The architect and builder of the whole comprised in this triangle is Mr. William Herbert, of Farm-street, Berkeley-square. The buildings were commenced in November last, and we understand will be finished fit for occupation by Michael
this item. We may here notice with approbation the handsome iron railing with which the church-yard is now enclosed. It has been cast to the massive pattern of the old wrought iron railing in the front of the church; and has been fixed on a substantial wall of granite. But, with respect to that same old iron railing, there is an important consideration to be regarded, which we would beg to enforce, on better authority than our own:
"Not less than 700 bodies have already been removed from this ancient burial-place to the newly consecrated ground at Camdentown, and the church-yards of St. Clement's, St. Bride's, St. James's, and St. Anne's. The remaining bodies, &c. as yet to be exhumated, are calculated at 1000. The coffins are lodged so close to each other, as the excavation proceeds, that they have the appearance of a subterranean boarded floor." Times, Oct. 3, 1827.
"When the new street is completed, it will be the duty of the parish to remove the iron railing which now encloses the portico; and if such a fence be necessary, (which doubtless it is), to set it back quite clear of the columns, into which it has been originally very injudiciously introduced. The columns have already received much injury from this circumstance, by the perpetual contraction and expansion of the metal, nor is it less injurious to the majestic effect of the portico of this elegant Church."
Memoir, by Joseph Gwilt, Architect, in Britton's and Pugin's " Public Buildings."
On the eastern boundary of the improvements will be Agar-street, so named from the present first Commis
In the smaller triangle of building at the westernmost end of the Strand, Mr. Nash assigned stations for the Vicar's house, the Athenæum, and the Golden Cross inn, with its extensive stables. The first of these, as we
sioner, the Rt. Hon. G. J. W. Agar have already described, has been
Ellis. This will, in fact, be an enlargement of Castle Court, the houses on one side of which are sufficiently good to remain. The opposite side will be occupied by the Charing-Cross Hospital; and at the other angle of the same triangle of building, between William-street and Chandos-street, will be the Opthalmic Hospital.
Returning up the continuation of Pall-Mall East, the road passes over part of the old burial-ground of St. Martin's church. By the Act of Par liament, persons were allowed the expenses (in no case to exceed 107.) of removing the bodies of their relations*; and we find that by the account made up on the 5th Jan. 1830, no less than 19531. 48. 8d. had then been spent on
erected to the north of the church; the
The purchase of the old Golden Cross was by far the largest the Commissioners had to make. It was concluded on the 28th Dec. 1827, when those extensive premises, together with three houses in St. Martin's Lane, and two houses and workshops in Frontier Court, were bought of George Howard and others for the sum of 30,000l.†
+ Report of Commissioners, 1829.
1831.] Earl of Bantry's Family-Grendon Family.
The highly desirable project for a renewal of Hungerford Market, the plan of which is included in our plate, is the independent enterprise of a Joint Stock Company. The architect is Mr. Charles Fowler, and we shall take an early opportunity of publishing some details, in addition to what has already appeared in our last volume, part 1. p. 264.
Mr. URBAN, Cork, Jan. 20. THE inquiry in your Minor Correspondence for December, regarding the trial between James Annesley, Esq. and Richard Earl of Anglesea, refers to circumstances intimately connected with the foundation of the Earl of Bantry's family.
At the period in question, the land which formed the subject of the lawsuit, consisting of the fertile island of Whiddy near Bantry, and a vast tract of mountains round the Bay, was farmed by two persons named White and Despard, who had emigrated from the Queen's County. At Whiddy, however, they realized good fortunes, ostensibly by agriculture, but much increased, as was reported, by illicit trade, for which this remote and almost inaccessible district at that time afforded great facilities. Despard, satisfied with his acquisitions, sold his share of the farm to White, and returned to the Queen's County. The son of the latter was at this time in London, studying for the Bar, and having formed some acquaintance with the celebrated Lord Mansfield, found means to ascertain that learned Lord's opinion on the subject in dispute, whereupon his father contracted with t which
he knew to be the stronger of the two, for the purchase of the fee simple of the estate. I am not acquainted with the manner in which the suit terminated, but it was of course in favour of White, whose family are in possession of the estate.
The modern peerages state that the family of White have resided at Bantry since the period of the Commonwealth; but they carefully abstain from giving the early particulars of the family, and confine themselves to general statements. I would suggest a probable descent. The name of Simon prevails in his Lordship's family. Hence it seems probable that they are descended from a Simon White, who obtained a grant of land in the county of Limerick soon after the Restoration. He and a Robert Wilkinson jointly had a grant of a good estate in the barony of Ownybeg, in that county. Mr. White, the first settler at Bantry, was, I think, great-grandfather of the Earl of Bantry.
As I am on the subject of genealogies, I wish to make some inquiries of your Correspondents. I find an old paper containing pedigrees of the different families through whom the estate of Shenston in Staffordshire passed. Among them is a particular account of the eminent family of Grendon, one of whose members was summoned to Parliament in the reign of Edward III. The account terminates with the falling of the estate into the hands of the Crown, temp. Hen. VII. Notwithstanding which, the following note is at the foot of the paper:
7ber 1668. This is the coppie of what I founde amongst my old writings at Shenston, parte of which land I enjoy to this day. THO. GRENDON."
On the back is a note by another person, stating that this was a copy of his grandmother's pedigree from his uncle Grendon of London.
Now it is clear, from Thomas Grendon's note, that he had an ancient residence of Shenston, where his ancient family papers remained. Perhaps some of your Correspondents can give some account of this family of Grendon, and how the estate of Shenston fell a second time to the family, and at what period, and who is the present possessor? Indeed, that part which Thomas Grendon inherited, may have descended to him from the original Grendons, and been originally separated
208 Bp. Berkeley's Family.-Sir Thos. Hunt, of Norfolk. [March,
from the rest as a younger son's portion, for the paper relates only to two mibts of Shenston. I dont know what the word "mibts" means.
at Folsham (not Folkham) in Norfolk, where a monument to his memory on the north side of the chancel, still remains, but much defaced by a fire which happened there in 1770, by which several houses were consumed, and when the Church also took fire, and was burnt in such a manner that nothing but the walls were left.
Sir Thomas Hunt was lord and patron of the parish of Folsham, which he purchased in 1582, of Edward Parker, Lord Morley, and was a benefactor to the poor of the adjoining parish of Hilderston, where his ancestors resided, as appears by a monument originally placed at the east end of the south aisle of that parish church, but removed, when the Church was repaired about twenty years since, into the nave; it is probably in memory of the father and mother of the above Sir Thomas Hunt, and, if so, was erected by him.
It is a small arched monument of Sussex marble, inlaid with the figures of a man, his wife, and their children, in brass, above a shield with the arms and crest of Hunt; and beneath the following inscription in old English characters:
I am anxious also for some information on another subject, which I think must be generally interesting, namely, the descent of the very celebrated Dr. Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne. In the first account of his life, which may be seen in the Encyclopedia Britannica, he is stated to be the son of William Berkeley, Esq. of Thomastown, a cadet of the family of Earl Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle. In his life, written by his brother (who must have known how the fact stood), he is merely stated to be the son of William Berkeley, Esq. whose father came to Ireland soon after the Restoration, and obtained the collectorship of Belfast, the family having greatly suffered for their loyalty to Charles the First. Now it is well known that Sir John Berkeley, of a very distant branch of the Earl of Berkeley's family, suffered greatly for his adherence to Charles the First, but on the restoration was created Lord Berkeley of Stratton, and became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. His title however became soon extinct, and it seems very probable that the Collector of Belfast was a natural son of his, and obtained the Collectorship from his father the Lord Lieutenant, it being a very natural post for the latter to confer in such a case. The pretension contained in the original memoir shows that there must have been some sort of ground for such a claim, while the silence of the Bishop's brother on the point, seems to show that there was something in it too delicate to allow him to insist on it. This, coupled with his assertion that the family suffered for their loyalty to Charles the First, and our knowledge that Sir John Berkeley did so suffer, and was afterwards sent to Ireland as Lord Lieutenant, seems almost to decide the point. The title of Lord Berkeley of Stratton died, I believe, with his son. A. S.
Mr. URBAN, Ampton, near Bury St. Edmund's, Feb. 9. IN your interesting Miscellany, vol. xcv. ii. p. 518, you gave a description of a monument in the Church of Camberwell, Surrey, erected to the memory of Jane, the wife of Thomas Grimes, esq. (not Sir Thomas), and Forwards of Sir Thomas Hunt, of
hath Done but
who was huriad
"Enter'd a couple heare dothe ly, that hatefull deathe did kill,
Whiche lyvinge loved as man and wife, and bent to God there will,
Whose names to tell, thus weare they called that death hathe refte of life, Edmon Hunt the gentilman, and Margret hight his wife;
Children these had fourtene in all, daughters four, and sonnes tene;
infantes dyed, thre marchants weare,
Who hopes by fayth heaven for his haven
Obiit ille anno Domini 1558, Octobris 11,
As the above is not noticed by Parkin the Norfolk historian, nor has to my knowledge ever appeared in print, you will perhaps think it worth preserving in your columns, and by so doing will oblige a constant reader, and one who has venerated this ancient monument ever since his boyish days, when taught to read it by the old parish clerk, then almost the only person in the village who was able to