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The Nouns following are Feminine, and have no Singular Number ; as, Nozze a Wedding, Esequie Funeral, Minacce Threatnings, Spezie Drugs.
III. Nouns ending in i are but fifteen in Number,
and do not change in the Plural, but are only distinguished by their Article, whether they be fimple Substantives, or the Names of Men or
Cities. Example. il Di
Plural. i Di. il Lunedi Monday,
i Lunedi. la Diocesi a Diocess,
le Diocesi. la Iri the Rainbow,
le Iri. Giovanni John,
Napoli, &c. Nouns of Number also end in i; as, Dieci Ten, Undici Eleven, Vinti Twenty.
IV. Nouns ending in o are all of the Masculine
Gender, except la Mano a Hand, and make their Plural in i; as, il Fratello a Brother, i Fratelli Brothers ; la Mano a Hand, le Mani Hands. Huomo a Man, makes Huomini in the Plural.
Note. Some Substantives in o, for the greater Elegance, make their Plural in a rather than in i, and then their Plurals are of the Feminine Gender ; they are these that follow.
the Rings. il braccio, le braccia,
the Arms. il budello, le budella,
the Guts. il calcagno, le calcagna,
the Heels. il cerchio,
le cerchia, the Hoops. il ciglio,
le ciglia, the Eye-brows. il corno,
the Horns. il dito, le dita,
the Fingers. il ditello, le ditella,
the Arm-pits. il filo, le fila,
the Threads. il grido, le grida,
the Cries. il guscio, le guscia,
the Shells. il ginocchio, le ginocchia, the Knees. il labro, le labra,
the Lips. il lenzuolo, le lenzuola, the Sheets. il legno, le legna,
the Sticks. il melo, le mela,
the Apples. il membro, le membra,
the Members. il muro,
the Walls. il migliaio, le migliaia, 'Thousands. l'orecchio, le orecchia,
the Ears. ľofo,
the Bones. il paio, le paia,
Pairs. il pomo,
Apples. il pugno, le pugna,
Fifts lo ftaio, le ftaia,
the Bushels, il riso,
Laughters. ľ uova,
the Eggs. il rubbio, le rubbia,
the Measures. il vestigio, le vestigia, the Footsteps.
Nouns, ending in co and go, of two Syllables only, take an h in the Plural to avoid a haríh Pronunciation : Example ; il Fuoco, i Fuochi, the Fires; il Luogo the Place, i Luoghi the Places; except il
le risa, le uova,
Porco a Hog, il Greco a Greek, which make i Porci, i Greci, Plural.
Figlio a Son, makes Figli ; Baccio a Kiss, Baci ; Occhio an Eye, Occhi in the Plural Number: In like manner, other Words form their Plural, by leaving out the final o of the singular Number; Words also ending in io, end their Plural in two ii ; as, vario several, varii ; tempio, tempii, Temples ; incendio, incendii, Burnings; natio, natii, Natives; or as some Authors write them, varij, tempij, incendij, natij.
V. There are only fix Nouns in the Italian Tongue
that end in u, and these are all of the Feminine
A Crane, le grù.
Servitude, le servitù.
OBSERVATIONS on the NOUNS.
HE Italians have a peculiar Method of in
creasing or diminishing the Signification of their Nouns, by the Addition of certain Syllables to the End of each Noun ; this Addition ferves to add to, or take from, the Merit of the Thing expressed, or to express its remarkable Quality, be it either good or bad, great or little.
1. The Augmentatives, in a good or enlarged Sense, are formed by changing the last Vowel into one, ona, otto, otta ; as,
Capello a Hat, Capellone a great large Hat. Donna a Woman, Donnona a good Woman. Castello a Castle, Castellotto a great large Castle, Casa a House, Casatta or Cafone a large spacious
[House. 1. Let it be observed, that these Augmentatives are frequently of the Masculine Gender, though the original Nouns are themselves of the Feminine ; as, Cafa is Feminine, Calotta or Cafone Masculine
2. The other Augmentatives, which declare the Thing mean, or of small Account, are formed by changing the last Vowel into accia Masculine, accia Feminine ; as,
Capello a Hat, Capellaccio a great ugly Hat. Donna a Woman, Donnaccia a large bad Woman. Casa a House, Cafaccia a great filthy House. II. The Diminutives are of two Sorts, that-is, of
Kindness and Flattery, or of Compassion or Mocking
1. Those of Kindness and Flattery, make their Termination (Ending in ino, etto, ello Masculine, ina, etta, ella Feminine ; Example, Paftore a Shepherd, Paftorello a little Shepherd; Pastora a Shepherdess, Pajtorella a little pretty Shepherders.
2. Diminutives of Compassion and Mockery end in uccio, uzzo, icciuolo Masculine, and make their Feminines by changing o into a; as, from Huomo
a Man, is formed Huomuccio, Huomuzzo, Huomicciuolo, a poor little Man; from Donna a Woman, is formed Donniciuola a poor filly Woman; and the like as will be found in the Dictionary.
Diminutives, it is to be observed, are frequently of the Masculine Gender, though the first Noun be Feminine ; as, Camera a Chamber, Fem. Ca. merino a little Chamber, Mafc.
Nouns of Plenty or Multitude take the Addition of ame, or aglia; as, here are much People ecco Gentame, or Gentaglia.
Of Nouns ADJECTIVES.
and E: Those ending in O are of the Mafculine Gender in the Singular Number, and make their Plural in I, as, bello fair, belli ; fanto holy, Janti, Plur. The Feminine Gender of these Nouns in C is formed by changing the O into A in the Singular Number, and into E in the Plural; as, bello, fanto, Masc. bella, fanta, Fem. belle, sante, Plur.
Adjectives, which end in E, form both the Masculine and Feminine Gender in the Singular Number without any Change, and make their Plural in I only for both Genders ; as, un huomo prudente a prudent Man, un do: na prudente a prudent Woman, duoi huomini prudenti two prudent Men, due donne prudenti two prudent Women.
Adjectives are compared by piú more, meno less, meglio better, and the Word an, which fullows in Comparison, is rendered by di, del, che,