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When the putbrown swird was out,

the tongue of this animal is a second argument te With Romach huge he laid about. Hudibras. overthrow this airy nutrication. Brown.

Two milk-white kids run frilking by her fide, * NUTRIMENT. n. { [nutrimentum, Lat.) For which the nutbrown lass, Erithacis, That which feeds or nourishes; food ; aliment. Full often offer'd many a favoury kiss.. Dryden. Why should it thrive and turn to nutriment? King Hardychute, 'midst Danes and Saxon's

Shak. itout,

-The ftomach returns what it has received, in Carous'd on nutbrown ale, and din'd on grout. strength and nutriment, diffused into all the parts

King of the body. South.-NUTCRACKER, in ornithology. See Cor Is not virtue in mankind vus, ♡ III, No 2. and plate CCXLVI.

The nutriment that feeds the mind ? * NUTCRACKERS. n. f. [nut and crack.) An

Swift's Mifcel. inftrument used to enclofe puts and break them * NUTRIMENTAL., adj. [from nutrimente] by preflure.-- He cast every human feature out of Having the qualities of foor! ; alimental.-By virhis countenance, and became a pair of nutcrackers. tue of this oil vegetables are nutrimental; for this Addison's Spe&tator.

oil is 'extracted by animal digestion, as an emulNUTGALL. n. f. [nut and gall.] Hard excref- fion. · Arb. cence of an oak.--In vegetable excretions, mag (1.) NUTRITION. n. f. [from nutritio, nutrio, gots terminate in flies of conítant Thapes, as in Lat. nutrition, Fr.) 1. The act or qualiy of nourish ihe nutgalls of the outlandith oak. Brown. ing, supporting strength, or increasing growth. -

(1.)* NUTHATCH. NUTJOBBER. NUTPÉCK. New parts are added to our substance to supply ER. 1.5. (picus marrius.) A bird. Ainsworth. our continual decayings; nor can we give a cer

(2. NUTHATCH, in ornithology. See SITTA, tain account bow the aliment is so prepared for and Plate CCXXXVII.

nutrition, or by, what mechanism it is so regularly ::*NUTHOOK * s. (nut and hook.] 1. A stick distributed. Glanville's Scepis.-The obstruction with a hook at the end to pull down boughs that of the glands of the méfeptery is a great impedi. the nuts may be gathered. 2. It was anciently, 'ment to nutrition. Arbuth. on Alim. 2. That which I know not why, a name of contempt.

nourishes ; nutriment. Less properly.Nutbook, nutbook, you lie.

Sbak. Fix'd like a plant on his peculiar spot, NUT-JOBBER. See NUT:HATCH and Sitta. To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot. Pope.

(1.) * NUTMEG.: n. f. (nut and muguèt, Fr.} (2.) NUTRITION, in the animal ceconomy, is The nutmeg is the kernel of a large fruit not un- the repairing the continual loss which the differlike the peach, and separated from that and from ent parts of the body undergo. The motion of its investient coat, the mace, before it is sent the parts of the body, the friction of these parts over to us; except that the whole fruit is some with each other, and especially the action of the times sent over in preserve, by way of sweet-meat, air, would destroy the body entirely, if the loss or as a curiosity. There are two kinds of nut was not repaired by a proper diet, containing ou. meg; the male, which is long and cylindrical, tritive juices ; which being digested in the stomach, but it has less of the fine aromatic flavour than and after wards converted into chyle, mix with the female, which is of the Mape of an olive. Hill. the blood, and are distributed through the whole - The fecond integument, a dry and Aosculous body for its nutrition. In young persons, the nucoat, commonly called mace; the fourth a ker. tritive juices not only serve to repair the parts nel included in the shell, which lieth under the that are damaged, but also to increase them, which mace, is the same we call nutmeg. Brown. is called growth. In grown persons, the cutticle is I to my pleasant gardens went,

every where constantly difquamating, and agaio Where numegs breathe a fragrant scent. Sandys. renewing; and in the same manner, the parts rub

(2.) NUTMEG. (See MYRISTICA, N° 2.) The ed off, or otherwise separated from the fleshy parts tree which produces this fruit was formerly of the body, are foon supplied with new flesh; thought to grow only in the Banda Ihands. It a wound heals, and an emaciated person grows is now.paft a donbt, however, that it grows in plump and fat. Buffon, to account for nutrition, the isle of France and in all or moft of the isles supposes the body of an animal or vegetable to be of the south seas; as well as that a wild species a kind of mould, in which the matter necessary to of it grows at Tobago. (See Plate CCXXVI, fig. its nutrition is modelled and assimilated to the 3--3.) We refer those who wish for farther infor- whole. As to the nature of this matter, be fupination respecting the trade in this article to M. pores that there exists in nature an infinite numP. Soonerat's account of a voyage to the Spice ber of living organical parts, and that all organised lands and New Guinea, printed at Paris in bodies conlift of such organical parts; that their 1775, &c, translated into English, and printed at existence is constant and invariable; so that the Bury St Edmond's in 1781, &c. and to Bougain. matter, which the animal or vegetable affimilates ville's voyage, and Dr Hakesworth's compilation to its substance, is an organical matter of the kime of English voyages. It is proper, here, however, nature with that of the animal or vegetable, which to mention that the use of this article to excess consequently may augment its volume, without is extremely dangerous.

changing its form or altering the quality of the NUTPECKER: See NUTHATCH and SITTA' substance in the mould. As to the power that

NUTRIA, an ancient town of Illyricum. communicates it, there exist (fays he) in nature Polyb. 2.

certain powers, as that of gravity, that have no afNUTRICATION. 1. l. (nutricatio, Lat.] Man. finity with the external qualities of the body, but py of feeding or being fed.--Besides the teeth, act upon the most intimate parts, and penetrate

them throughout, and which can never fall under or snakeawood, are very narcorc biiters, like the. the observation of our senses. And lastly, he sup- nux vomica. poses that the internal mould itself is reproduced, (1.) NUYS, a town of Germany, in the circle not only by a fimilar power, but that it is the very of the Lower Rhine, and ci-devant electorate of fame power that causes the unfolding and repro- Cologne, now included in the French empire, and duction thereof: for it is sufficient (proceeds be) dep. of the Roer; seated on the Erfft, 5 miles SW. that in an organized body that unfolds itself, there of Dusseldorf, and 22 NNW. of Cologne. Lon. be some part similar to the whole, in order that 6.52. E. Lat. 51. 11. N. this part may one day become itself an organized. (2.) Nuys, or Nuitz, a town of France, in body, altogether like that of which it is actually the dep. of Cote d'Or, famous for its wines ; 42 a part.

miles S. of Dijon, and 18 WSW. of Auxonne. * NUTRITIOUS. adj. [from nutrio, Latin.] NUZZER, or NuZZERANAH, a prefent or of. Having the quality of nourishing

fering from an inferior to a superior. In Hindolan O may'st thou often see

no man ever approaches his superior for the first Thy furrows whiten'd by the woolly rain time on busipels, without an offering of a gold or Nutritious !

Philip. at least a silver rupee in bis right hand; which, if -The heat equal to incubation is only nutritious; not taken, it is a mark of disfavour. Nuzzeranah and the nutritious juice itself resembles the white is also used for the sum paid to the government of an egg in all its qualities. Arbuth. on Alim. as an acknowledgment for a grant of lands or any

NUTRITIVE. adj. (from nutrio, Lat.] Nou public office. rithing ; nutrimental; aliinental. --While the secre * TO NUZZLE. v. a. (This word, in its original tory or separating glands are too much widened fignification, seems corrupted from nurjle; but and extended, they suffer a great quantity of nu when its original meaning was forgotten, writers tritive juice to pass through, Blackmore.

supposed it to come from nozzle or nose, and in * NUTRITURE. n. 5. [from nutrio, Lat.] The that sense used it. i. To nurse ; to foster.-Old power of nourishing. Not used.-Never make a men long nuzzled in corruption, scorning them meal of flesh alone, have some other meat with it that would seek reformation. Sidney. 2. To go of less nutriture. Harvey on Consump:

with the nose down like a hog.--He charged NUTSHELL. n. ji (nut and foell.] 1. The hard through 'an army of lawyers, sometimes with substance that incloses the kernel of the nut. I sword in hand, at other times nuzzling like an eel could be bounded in a nutshell, and count myself in the mud. Arbuth. John Bull.-Sir Roger fhook a king of infinite space. Shak. Hamlet.- It seems his ears, and nuzzled along, well satisfied that he as easy to me to have the idea of space empty of was doing a charitable work. J. Bulhbody, as to think of the hollow of a nutshell with The blessed benefit, not tere confin'd, out a kernel. Locke. 2. It is used proverbially for Drops to the third, who nuzzles close behind. any thing of little value.- A fox had me by the

Pope, back, and a thousand pound to a nutshell, I had NY, two towns of Sweden, in Warmeland; the never got off again. L'Estrange.

one 36 miles NW. the other 53 N. of Carlstadt. NUT TER MOHR, a town of Germany, in East NYBELLED, a town of Sweden, in Smaland. Friesland ; 9 miles se. of Embilen.

NYBORG. See NyebogG.. (1.) * NÚTTREE. n. f. Inut and tree.] A tree NYBY, a town of Sweden, in E. Gothland. that bears nuts.-Of trees you shall have the nut NYCHTHEMERON, among the ancients, ligtree and the oak. Peacham.

nified the whole natural day, or day and night, Like beating nuttrees, makes a larger crop. consisting of 24 hours, or 24 equal parts. (See

Dryden. Day, § 2.) This way of considering the day was (z.) NUT.TREE. See CORYLUS.

particularly adopted by the Jews, and seems to (1.) NUX, (Lat.] A Nut. Sze BOTANY, Index; owe its origin to that expression of Moses, in the and NUT.

first chapter of Genelis, “ the evening and the (2.) Nux MOSCHATA. See MYRISTICA, and morning were the firnt day." —Before the Jews NUTMEG.

had introduced the Greck language into their dis(3.) Nux PISTACIA. See Pistacia,

course, they used to signify this space of time by (4.) Nux VOMICA, a fiat, compresled, round the simple expression of a night and a day. It is fruit, about the breadth of a shilling, brought from proper here to observe, that all the eastern counthe Eaft Indies. It is found to be a certain poison tries reckoned any part of a day of 24 hours for for dogs, cats, &c. and it is not to be doubted a whole day; and say a thing that was done on that it would also prove fatal to mankind. Its the 3d or 7th day, &c. from that last mentioned, farface is not much corrugated ; and its texture was one after three or seven days. And the Heis firm like horn, and of a pale greyish-brown co brews having no word which exactly answers to lour. It is said to be used as a specific against the the Greek Nuxempspov, fignifying “ a natural day bite of a species of, water snake. It is confider- of 24 hours," use night and day, or day and night, , ably bitter and deleterious; and has been used in for it. So that to say a thing happened after three doses from five to ten grains twice a-day or so, in days and three nights, was, with them, the same intermittents, particularly quartans, and in con- as to say it happened on the third day. This ex. tagious dysentery. The STRYCHNUS IGNATH plains what is meant by “the Son of Man's being is a tree of the same kind, producing gourd-like three days and three nights in the beact.of the fruit, the feeds of which are improperly called St earth.” Ignatius's beans. These, as also the woods or NYCTALOPES. roots of some sucb trees, called lignum colubrinum, NYCTALOPIA.

See MEDICINE, index. Dd 2


NYCTANTHES, ARABIAN JASMINE, a genus of the watch, and were called notturni triumviri, of the monogynia order, belonging to the dian- from their office and number. dria class of plants; and in the natural method NYCTEUS, in fabulous history, a son of Nepranking with the 44th order, Sapiari&. The tune by Celene, king of Lesbos, or Thebes; who corola and calyx are octofid; the perianthium married Amalthæa, by whom he had NYCTI• dicoccous. There are 5 fpecies; the most remark. MENE and Antiope, the mother of AMPHION able of which are,

and ZETHUS. He was mortally wounded in 1. NYCTANTHÉS ARBOR TRISTIs, the melan- battle by Epopeus, who had carried off Antiope. choly or forrowful tree. This thrub, the pariatacu NYCTICORAX, in ornithology, the nightof the Bramins, grows naturally in fandy places raven; a species of ARDEA. in India, particularly in Ceylon and Java, wbrere NYCTIMENE, a daughter of Ny&eus, who, it is produced in great abundance, and attains having committed inceft with ber father by means the height of 18 or 20 feet. It rises with a four- of her nurse, was changed into an owl by Minerva. cornered stem, bearing leaves that are oval, and Ovid. Met. ii. 590. taper to a point. They stand opposite, on thort NYD, a river of Norway, which runs into the foot-stalks; are of a shining brownish green on the North Sea at Drontheim. upper fide, a more vivid green on the under, and NYDALA, a town of Sweden, in Smaland. of a tafte that is astringent and somewhat bitter. (1:) NYE, Nathanael, an English mathematiFrom the middle rib, on the under surface of the cian, who was mater gunner of Worcester, under leaves, proceed o3 both sides a number of costulæ Charles II. He wrote a treatise, entitled, The or smaller ribs, which run nearly to the margin, Art of Gunnery, in 1670. and mark the surface with the impreslion of their (2.) Nye, Philip, an English nonconformist, a arched furrows. The flowers, which are white native of Sussex, defcended of a genteel family and highly odoriferous, having a sweet delectable there, was born about 1596. After attending the smell, emulating the best honey, coufist of one grammar school, he was sent to Oxford, and enpetal deeply divided into 8 parts, which are nar tered a commoner of Brazen-nofe College, in Tower towards the stalk, and dilated towards the 1615, whence he removed to Magdalen-ball, under summit. They stand upon foot-stalks, which a puritanical tutor. He was admitted A. B. and emerge from the origin of the leaves ; are rigid, A. M. in 1619 and 1622, about which time he obliquely raised towards the top, grow opposite in entered into orders, and was, in 1620, curate of pairs, and are divided into 3 Thort lesser branches, St Michael's church in Cornhill, London. Rewhich each supports 5 flowers placed close toge. solving, however, to reject the conftitution of the ther, without partial foot-stalks. The fruit is church of England, he became obnoxious to all dry, capsular, membranaceous, and compressed.' the cenfures of the episcopal court; to avoid it is generally afferted of this plant, that the which he went to Holland, in 1633. He contiflowers open in the evening, and fall off the fuc- nued at Arnheim till 1640; when, the power of ceeding day. Fabricius and Paludanus, how the parliament beginning to prevail over the king, ever, affirm from actual observation, that this be returned home, and was soon after made mieffect takes place only in such sowers as are im- nister of Kimbolton in Huntingdonshire, by Ed. mediately under the influence of the folar rays. ward Lord Kimbolton, then earl of Manchester. Grimmius remarks, in his Laboratorium Ceyloni. In 1643, he was appointed one of the assembly cum, that the flowers of this tree afford a fragrant of divines at Westminster, and became a great water, which is cordial, refreshing, and often em- champion of the Presbyterians, and of the solemn ployed with success in inflammations of the eyes. league and covenant; and, having married the The tube of the flower, when dried, has the daughter of Stephen Marshall, was sent with his smell of saffron; and, being pounded and mixed father-in-law into Scotland the same year, to exwith sanders wood, is used by the natives of the pedite the taking of the covenant. Accordingly, Malabar coaft for imparting a grateful fragrancy be harangued the people, in fome zealous speeches to their bodies, which they rub or anoint with in favour of the covenant. After his return, both the mixture.

houses of parliament took the covenant the same 2. NYCTANTHES SAMBAC,' is also remarkable year; when he preached a sermon in defence of for the fragrancy of its flowers, and is a native it, showing its warrant from Scripture, and was relikewise of India. It is cultivated in our stoves, warded with the rectory of A&on near London, in where it generally rises with a twining stem to the the room of Dr Daniel Featley, who was ejeded. height of 18 or 20 feet. The leaves are opposite, Not long after, however, Nye began to dilike fimple, and entire, but in different parts of the the proceedings of the assembly, and diffented plant affume different forms; the lower leaves from them, opposing the discipline intended to being heart-Maped and blunt, the upper oval and be settled by them; and, closing with the Indefharp. The Powers are white, inexpreflibly fra- pendents when they became the reigning faction, grant, and generally appear with us in the warm he paid his court to the grandees of the army, summer months. Strong loam is its proper foil. who often consulted him. In December 1647 he There is a variety of this species with a double was fent by them, with Stephen Marshall, to the Hower, which is much larger and more fragrant king at Carisbrook castle, in the Ine of Wight, than the former.

in attendance upon the commisiioners then apNYCTASTRATEGI, among the ancients, pointed to carry the four dethroning votes, as were officers appointed to prevent fires in the they are now called; viz. 1. To acknowledge right, or to give alarm and call assistance when a the war raised against him to be just; 2. To abo. are broke out. At Rome they had the command lish episcopacy; 3. To settle the power of the


militia in perfons nominated by the two houses; of Carelia. It is 130 miles long and 30 broad ; 4. To facrifice all those that bad adhered to him, and is fertile and populous. It contains 3 dif. for which service they were rewarded with soolotricts. Hellingfors is the capital. 2-piece. Nye was also employed about that time NYLEN, a town of France, in the dep. of the by the same masters to get subscriptions from the Dyle, and late prov. of Austrian Brabrot, o miles apprentices in London, &c. againit a personal wsw. of Herenthals. treaty with the king, while the citizens of that, NYL-GHAU, in zoology, a fpecies of antelope, metropolis were petitioning for one. In April and clafled in that genus, by Drs. Gmelin and 1648, he was employed, as well as Marthall and Pallas, Messrs. Pennant, Kerr, &c, though others Joseph Caryl, by the Independents, to invite the reckon it a species of Bas. " It seems” indeed, secured and secluded members to fit in the house lays Bewick, in his Hift, of Quadr. " to be of a again, but without success. In 1653 he was ap- middle nature between the cow and the deer, pointed one of the triers for the approbation of and carries the appearance of both in its form. public preachers; in which office he not only In fize, it is as much smaller than the one, as it is procured bis fon to be clerk, but, with the affift., larger than the other : its body, horns, and tail, aoce of his father-in-law, obtained for himself a are not unlike those of a bull; and the head, neck, living of 400l. a-year. In 1654, he was joined and legs, are similar to those of a deer. See CAwith Dr Lazarus Seaman, Samuel Clark, Richard PRA, Š VII, No 14; and Plate LIX. Mr Bewick Vines, Obadiah Sedgwick, Joseph Caryl, &c. as concludes his account of it by observing, that an affiftant to the commissioners appointed by “ It remains to be considered, whether this rare parliament to eject fuch as were then called fcan- animal might not be propagated with success in dalous and ignorant ministers and schoolmasters this country. . That it will breed here is evident in London. After the restoration in 1660, it was from experience; and if it should prove docile debated by the healing parliament, for several enough to be easily trained to labour, its great bours together, whether he and John Goodwin swiftness and confiderable strength might be apfhould be excepted for life. The result was, that plied to the most valuable purposes."? if Philip Nye, clerk should, after the ift Sept. NYLODESE, [inc. New Lodefe,) a town of 1660, accept or exercise any office, ecclefiaftical, Sweden, in W. Gothland; built in 1545, by emicivil, or military, he fhould, to all intents and grants from Old Lodele, and governed by its own purposes in law, stand as if he had been totally laws. It was burnt by the Danes, in 1611. excepted for life. In Nov. 1662, he was suspec.

NYM, a river of France, in the dep. of Forets, ted to be engaged in Tongue's plot; but the fuf, and late duchy of Luxemburg ; which runs into picion was never proved. He died in Cornhill, the Sour, below Echternach. London, in Sept. 27. 1672, and was buried in the NYMBURG, a town of Bohemia, on the Elbe. upper vault of the said church.

It was taken by the Saxons in 1634. Lon, 15, 34. NYEBORG, aa ancient sea port town of Den. E. Lat. 50. 10. N. mark, on the E. coast of the isle of Funen, built (1.) * NYMPH. na f. [vullon; nympha, Lat.] 1. A in 1175, on a bay of the Great Belt, surrounded goddess of the woods, meadows, or waters.with a rampart and ditch. It has the remains of And as the moisture which the thirsty earth an ancient palace, in which Christian II, was born, Sucks from the fea, to fill her empty veins, and to the top of which he was carried up, while From out her womb at last doth take a birth, an infant, by a monkey, and brought down again And runs a nymph along the grasly plains. Davies. unhurt. A wing of it serves as a magazine and 2. A lady, In poetry. arsenal. The famous diet in 1256 was held in it. The nymph I dare not, need not name. Waller. The Swedes were defeated before it, in 1659. It (2.) NYMPH, in entomology, that state of wing. is so miles E. of Odensee, and 16 W. of Corfoer. ed insects between their living in the form of a Lon. 10. 15. E. Lat. 55. 22. N.

worm and their appearing in the winged or most NYED, a town of Sweden, in Warmeland. perfect state. The eggs of infects are first hatch(1.) NYEKIOBING, an ancient town of Den- ed into a kind of worms or maggots; which aftermark, in the isle of Falster, on a narrow channel wards pass into the nymph state, surrounded with opposite Laland. It has a good trade, a free shells or cases of their own skins: 10 that, in school, and an ancient palace, in which several reality, these nymphs are only the embryo insects of the queens formerly resided. It was plunder- wrapped up in this covering, from which they ed in 1288, and K. John held a congress in it at last get loose, though not without great diffi. with the Hanfe Towns, in 1507. Lon. II. 51. E. culty. During this nymph state the creature loses Lat.

its motion. Swammerdam calls it nympha aure. (2.) NYEKIOBING, a town of, Denmark, in lia, or simply aurelia ; and others give it the Zealand, which has a good harbour and confider- name of chrysalis, a term of the like import: (See able trade." Lon. 11. 44. E. Lat. 55. 57. N. CHRYSALIS, | I-VI.) but modern entomologists NYEVRE. See NIEVRE, No 1, 2. *

prefer the term Pupa to both, See ENTOMONYKARLEBY, a town of Sweden, in E. Both. LOGY, Sect. IV. nia, 70 miles SW: of Cajana; built by Gustavus (3.) NYMPHs, in mythology, (ý 1, def, 1.) were Adolphus, in 1620.

certain inferior goddefles, inhabiting the mounNYKIRK, a town of Sweden, in E. Gothland., tains, woods, waters, &c. said to be the daughNYKOPING. See NIKIOPING.

ters of Oceanus and Tethys. All the universe NYKYL, a town of Sweden, in E. Gọthland. was represented as full of these nymphs, who are NYLAND, a province of Sweden, in Finland, distinguished into several ranks or classes. The lying on the gulf of Finland, W. of the province general divilion of them was into celestial and ter.


34.50. N.

restrial. The former were called URANIÆ, and' nymphs and their webs and distaffs, and curious were fupposed to be intelligences that governed work, exciting admiration. The poet who has the heavenly bodies or iphéres : The latter, called described this grotto, deferves not to be regard. Epigeix, prelided over the several parts of the in- ed, as fervilely copying Homer; he may juftly ferior world, and were divided into those of the claim to rank as an original topographer. The water and those of the earth. The nymphs of the piety of Archidamus furnished a retreat for the water were the OCEANITIDES, or nymphs of the nymphs, where they might find shelter and proocean; the NEREIDS, the nymphs of the sea, the vision, if distressed; whether the fun parched up NAIADs and ephydriades, the nymphs of the foun- their trees, or Jupiter enthroned in clouds upon the tains; and the limniades, the nymphs of the lakes. mountain-top scared them with bis red lightning The nymphs of the earth were the oreades, or and terrible thunder, pouring down a deloge of nymphs of the mountains; the napææ, nymphs of rain, or brightening the summits with his snow.” the meadows; and the DRYADS and HAMADRY NYMPHÆ, in anatomy, two membranaceous Ads, who were nymphs of the forests and groves. parts, htuated on each lide the rima. They are Besides there we meet with nymphs who took of a red colour, and cavernous Aructure, fome. their names from particular countries, rivers, &c. what resembling the wattles under a cock's throaf. as the citharoniades, so called from mount CITHÆ. They are sometimes smaller, sometimes larger ; RON in Bæotia : DODONIDES, from Dodona ; TI and are contiguous to the præputium of the cliBERIADES, from the Tiber, &c. Goats 'were toris, and joined to the interior Gide of the labia. sometimes facrificed to the nymphs; but their' See ANATOMY, s 317, constant offerings were milk, oil, honey, and (I.) NYMPHÆA, in antiquity, structures about wine. The following account of nymphs is which the learned are not agreed. Some take given in Chandler's Greece. “ They were suppo. them to have been grottos, deriving their pame fed to enjoy Ipngevity, but not to be immortal. from the statutes of the nymphs with which they They were believed to delight in springs and were adorned; but that they were confiderable fountains. They are described as Neepless, and works, appears from their being executed by the as dreaded by the country people. They were emperors, (see Ammian, Vi&or, and Capitolinus ;) susceptible of passion. The Argonauts landing on or by the city præfects. In an inscription, the the Thore of the Propontis to dine in their way to term is written nymfium. None of all these nym. Colchos, fent Hylas, a boy, for water, who dif- phæa bave lasted down to our time, except one, covered a lonely fountain, in whieh the nymphs discovered some years ago between Naples and Eunica, Malis, and Nycheia were preparing to Vesuvius. It is a square building, with only one dance; and these seeing him were enamoured, entrance, and some steps that went down to it. and, seizing him by the hand as he was filling his On the right hand, in entering towards the head, vase, pulled him in. The deities, their copart- there is a fountain of the porest water, along ners in the cave, are such as presided with them which is laid a naked Arethusa of the whiteft over rural and paftoral affairs.---The nymphs, it marble; the bottom or ground is of variegated was the popular persuasion, occasionally appear. marble, and encompassed with a canal fed by the ed; and NYMPHOLEPSY is characterized as a water from the fountain: the walls are set round frenzy which arose from having beheld them. with shells and pebbles of various colours; by Superstition disposed the mind to adopt delusion the setting of which, as by so many strokes in a for reality, and gave to a fancied vision the effi- picture, are expressed the 12 months of the year, cacy of full conviction. The foundation was per. and the 4 political virtues ; alfo the rape of Prohaps no more than a indirect, partial, or obscure serpine; Pan playing on his reed, and soothing view of some harmless girl, who had approached his flock; besides the representations of nymphs the fountain on a like errand with Hylas, or was swimming, failing, and wantoning on fishes, &c. retiring after the had filled her earthen pitcher. It seems pretty evident that the nymphæa were Among the sacred caves on record, one on mount public baths; for at the same time that they were Ida in Crete was the property of Jupiter, and one furnished with pleasing grottoes, they were also by Lebadea in Bæotia of Trophonius. Both these supplied with cooling streams, by which they were oracular. (See TROPHONIUS.) But the com- were rendered exceedingly delightful, and drew mon owners of caves were the nymphs, and these great numbers of people to frequent them. Silence were sometimes local. On Cithæron in Bæotia, seems to have been a particular requisite there, as many of the inhabitants were pollelled by nymphs appears by this inscription, Nymphis loci, bibe, called SPHRAGITIDES, whole cave, once_allo lava, tace. oracular, was on a summit of the mountain. Their (II.) NYMPHÆA, in botany, the WATER LILY; dwellings bad generally a well or spring of water; a genus of the monogynia order, belonging to the the former often a collection of moisture conden- polyandria class of plants; and in the natural fed or exuding from the roof and sides; and this, method ranking under the 54th order, Miscellania. in many instances, being pregnant with stony par. The corolla is polypetalous; the calyx tetraphylticles, concreted, and marked its passage by in- lous or pentaphyllous; the berry multilocular and crustations, the ground-work in all ages and coun- truncated. There are s species'; viz. tries of idle tales framed or adopted by fuperftiti 1. NYMPHÆA ALBA, the white water lily, is a ous and credulous people. A cave in Paphiago- native of Britain, and grows in lakes and ditches. nia was sacred to the nymphs who inhabited the The root has an astringent and bitter tafte, like mountains about Heraclea. It was long and those of moft aquatic plants that run deep into wide, and pervaded by cold water, clear as cryf- the mud. The Highlanders make a dye with it, tal. There also were fien bowls of one, and of a dark chelnut colour.


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