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separation which temporary dreams and we shall contemplate the approach of delusions may work, with the idea of total rest, after all the fire that is in that which is pure, and good, and hap- our own bosoms shall have been chase py. The Native of almost any other tened and subdued-and the plentiful country in the world is tempted by experience of life shall have reconciled prospects of wealth, or the possession of us to seeking in the silence of the security, to establish his home on a grave our refuge from all its griefs soil that is foreign to him-but the on repose from all its pleasures. In lowest Englishman is haunted, where- such moments we forget for the time ever he may be, by the memory of his the point for which we are looking, own early years, and can never bring and live more than half as if we had himself to give up the hope of laying really reached that to which our looks his bones at last beneath the same sod are directed. In such moments-for that covers those whose prayers and they visit us all with what pain, and blessings sanctified and sublimed their fear, and disgust must those who have happiness. The idea of parting with been seduced into partaking of the poany thing that belongs to him as an pular phrenzies of these days, contemEnglishman, is the most painful one plate the thoughts and feelings, to say that comes into the mind of an English., nothing of the actions, with which
His native soil is only one of they have become involved? The these things~his liberty is another, hurry of busy life-the tumults of the and at least as dear a thing—but not eye and the ear r-these
, indeed, reless dear than either is the faith of his turn and efface the delicate impression ancestorsmand with that faith, thank of those more hidden and mysterious God, the loyalty of his ancestors is moments : but they also in their turn blended both in its own essence,
will come back ;-and ere long, surely, and, in his imagination-as never the heart that is not totally corrupted faith and loyalty were before united. will find and say to itself in which of In the heat and recklessness of youth these moments its communion with itand youthful passions he may forget self has been most true and sincere for a season both the soil that gave in which of them the nobler nature of him birth, and all that gives honour the man has been most consulted and nobility to that beautiful soil- in which of them his nobler aspirations but when he feels himself declining in- have been most gratified. In spite, to the vale of years, the recollection of too, of all the errors and corruptions those old things enters into his spirit which have been gaining ground aas a passion, and revives and supplants mong some parts of the population of in its turn all the noisier passions that these realms, who can doubt that the have before obscured and weakened it. life and the manners of the very peoThere is something inexpressibly de- ple that have been most to blame, and lightful in the nature of those feelings most to pity, preserve something, at with which an old Englishman-of least of their old original complexion whatever rank -- regards the well- of purity? It is not merely in the sea known face of his country. He feels. cret communings of the man with the pride of possession in every tree himself-it is in all that he sees and that throws its shadow upon the field does in his quieter moments--in the where he has sported in his youth faces of all that surround him in these he worships the stream in which he moments, and in their wiser words bathed-he worships the gray and that we are sure there are found the mouldering stones of the church, in elements of his entire regeneration. which he first heard that sweet and An Englishman may be taught lessons holy music with which the notions of of sedition and impiety in a street or parental and ancestral piety are re on a highway—but woful, indeed, verently mingled. But there are mo must be the change, if many English, ments, and these neither few nor fleet. men there be, who mature and ing, in which the youngest of us are repeat these lessons by the side of old -- in which we look forward to those old hearths, that used to be surthose sober years, not with fear or re- rounded by the lovers of far different luctance, but with a calm and sted- thoughts, and the reciters of far differfast, even with a hoping eye-shaping ent tales. We cannot bring ourselves to ourselves, with a dim and pensive to think-to believe-in seriousness satisfaction, the feelings with which that the spirit which would find com.
fort or consolation in such employe' disavowed all participation in the more
We are troubled, therefore, but not neither theirs, nor any other party,
most absurd of all their errors, viz.
guardians of the state. There at the bottom of that cry--whether
tenor of the language fessed themselves on this occasion to
blem and it is there that the true ap- hands of the impotent--they who do peal, in regard to their character, must not honour the King must be made to soon be made to the collective wisdom respect his authority—they who do of the nation. The statements which not fear God must not be suffered to the ministers of the crown have it in blaspheme his most Holy Word. their power to lay before Parliament, It is on plain principles like these, will, we doubt not, compel even the that all true lovers of their country Whigs to lend them their support in ought now to combine in one body every measure that is judged necessary and with one soul; and if we know for securing the internal peace of the any thing of the character of the Bricountry. But the Whigs will find, tish people, there is already such a unless we be much mistaken indeed, magnificent, invincible, and irresistithat this support of theirs will come ble Combination. They who think far too late to give their party any ele- that nothing more is exhibited, in all vation (and it had need of much) in this frowning and murmuring popular the general mind of the people. Had commotion, than a reasonable
, and they come forward at an earlier stage therefore pardonable discontent, under of the business, their manliness and the hardships which the people suffer apparent disinterestedness might in- from the stagnation of trade and the deed have founded for them no incon- pressure of taxation-these, being men siderable claims to respect, in regard of party, will be men of party
still ; to any matters of parliamentary dis- and considering the ministry alone to cussion which they might afterwards be objects of danger and of fear, they have thought fit to bring forward. will seek only for their overthrow. But But as it is, the case will, we shrewd- they who know that the great legitily suspect, be far different; and they mate principles of all çivil government will find, that the only result of all have been fiercely and wrathfully detheir manœuvres has been the addition nounced and that the Bible has been of new strength and security to an ad- hideously trampled under bestial feet ministration, the members of which will look to a higher aim, and will in spite of all the clamours of Reform- lay aside for a while all preference of ers and of Whigs have as yet, done men and of measures, till they have nothing to lessen their originally great seen the eternal principles of morality claims on the respect and confidence and religion vindicated, and all those of the better part of the nation. glorious sentiments and passions which
It is, we know, the opinion of many, . these principles inspire into a nation's that since the dark days of the French heart, ' rescued from the foul pollution Revolution, there has been no period that on every side is thrown upon them so pregnant with danger--though, in by unhallowed hands. It is not now our opinion, none need tremble for who is a Tory?who is a Whig? But their country who know the power of it is, who is a Briton ?-who is a Chrisa its knowledge and its virtue. Love, tian? The honour of our country, not Fear, is the principle that must and the glory of our God, are the aunow unite together all ranks of society. gust and
sacred objects which we vow We stand forward to vindicate the to defend ; and if there be any virtue cause of order, liberty, and religion, in the blood either of our heroes or seeing not that they are about to be our martyrs—if the present age be not overthrown, but that they have al- lamentably severed by some invisible ready been most vilely insulted. We chasm from the days of old,
-We may stand forward not against enemies rest assured that the Nation has only whom we fear, but for friends whom to lift its voice, and that its majestic we love. The Anarchist and the A- thunder will drive, with fear and theist are not formidable to our eyes ; trembling into their hiding places, the but the Throne which they would over scattered hordes of anarchy and imturn is dear to us, and the Altar which piety, who are now vaunting so loudly they would subvert is sacred. High and so fiercely, unaware of the irreobjects must not be contumeliously trievable ruin that is about to fall upon and irreverently assailed even by the their heads.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Werner's Geognosy.—The splendid geo- of the earth, by Brieslac an Italian, which logical dreams of Buffon, the ingenious spe will serve for a time as a tub to the whale. culations of Hutton, and the wild and not Dr Barclay on Animal Life.-Dr Barunpoetical mineralogical fancies of the clay, we understand, has in the press, Germans, induced many enthusiasts to a very learned and curious work, on the search for proofs of these fascinating re- phenomena and laws of animal life. It veries, in the mountains and rocks of dif- will, we trust, clear away the vast load of ferent lands. Some facts were in this way rubbish with which this beautiful subject collected, but still geology could not be is at present encumbered. It is a remarksaid to exist as an independent branch of able circumstance, that although the phenatural history. It was first elevated to nomena and laws of the living system, are this rank by the investigations of Saussure very obvious and distinctly marked by naand Werner.-The discoveries of Saussure ture, that physiologists, in their absurd were numerous and important; and those anxiety, to appear mysterious and proof Werner not less so. Werner founded the found, have abandoned their own fascinafirst system of geognosy, and by its publi- ting field of inquiry, to roam in the unsacation paved the way for all the remarkable tisfactory wilds of metaphysical speculation. discoveries and views which have since been Geology.- Professor Jameson, in oppo. made in Geology.--The first English ac sition to those mineralogists who assert the count of this system, was that published in mechanical, and deny the chemical formaEdinburgh in the year 1808, and since that tion of quartz rock and red sand stone, has period, others have appeared from the pens brought forward several proofs in favour of those distinguished philosopers, Thorson of the latter, principally from the fact of and Murray. We have just learned that granite, universally acknowledged to be of Daubuisson, a celebrated pupil of Werner's, chemical formation, having been found in has in the press, a work on Werner's Geog- repeated instances embedded both in sandnosy, in two volumes octavo, of which we stone and quartz rock, where all must have are entitled to form high expectations. been simultaneously and chemically formed.
Comparative Anatomy.-- The zeal and This is at variance both with the Neptunean ardour displayed in the study of comparative and Plutonian theories ; and he further anatomy in several of the universities on the urges, that granite is not confined to one Continent, is little known, and certainly very particular species of rock, but occurs in imperfectly felt in the anatomical school of several, being not of earlier formation than Scotland. Since the splendid period of the all other rocks, nor of newer formation than great Monros, this most important of all the most others, but very often a contemporanebranches of natural history appears to have ous crystallization with the rock in which been very little cultivated. At present we it is situated New Monthly Magazine. have too much of the trade of anatomy, and Skull of King Robert the Bruce.- A few too little of its philosophy. We hear of no new days ago, in the church of Dunfermline, discoveries, or observations, of no young and the grave of the celebrated warrior King rising comparative anatomists, who, en Robert the Bruce was opened, in presence thusiastically devoted to their science, are of a numerous assemblage of men of rank actively employed in tracing out, by actual and science. The skull, and various parts investigations, those admirable displays of of theskeleton, were in a state of preservation : structure, and arrangement in the animal Now that the opinions of Gall and Spurzworld, which must in the course of time, heim are not passed over as mere pieces of reflect so much light on physiology, and quackery, the curiosity of anatomists, and even confer so many benefits on medicine.-We of the public in general, was excited by this are sure this state of an invaluable science invaluable opportunity of inspecting and excannot long exist we already almost feel amining such a skull as that of Robert the that there are rising around us, in this Bruce. We are told, that several of the grand arena of philosophy, a host of young, propensities of this great man, were strongly dauntless, and enthusiastic anatomical in- expressed in the eminences of the skullin quirers, who will establish another epoch, particular, that the organ of combativeness worthy that of the Monros.
was the most prominent of the whole. Theories of the Earth.—It is now a gene Brewster's Optical Mineralogy.—Dr ral complaint with amateur mineralogists, Brewster has ascertained that every minerai that since the demolition of the theory of species has distinct and beautifully marked Hutton, and the abandonment of the Nep- optical characters. This new mode of detunian views of De Luc, geology has become termining ininerals, which is one of the dull and uninteresting. It may be men most valuable discoveries made by this distioned, for the information of those fire. tinguished philosopher, will, we understand, side speculators, that things are not in so form a prominent feature in the work on bad a state, for only a few days ago we re crystallography, now preparing for publicaceived three volumes octavo, of a new theory tion in Edinburgh,
Mont Blanc. - It would appear from of crumbling serpentine rock, with loose the observations of Brochant, that this blocks of limestone ; there was not the least colossus, hitherto considered as a mass of appearance of volcanic production ; no tregranite, contains not a bed of that rock, mor of the earth, no noises ; neither stones, but is composed of a mineral aggregate, nor smoke, nor noxious vapours were emitbelonging to the mica formation.
ted from the cavity, but a brilliant and perCalton
Hill.-It would appear from ob petual fiame issued forth, of an intense heat, servations contained in the Second Number and said to be inextinguishable by water; of the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, the remains of the walls, which had formerly that this hill is principally composed of fel- been built near the spot, were scarcely disspar and augite, and that like similar rocks coloured ; and trees, brushwood, and weeds, in India, contains carbonaceous matter, not, grew close to this little crater, if so it might it is true, in the form of diamond, but in a be called. state nearly approaching to it.
Literature encouraged by the Pasha.Carrier Pigeons.- The Flemish papers The Pasha of Egypt, say the French have recently contained accounts of the late savans, has become an object of universal annual competition of the Society of Pigeon notice. His name abounds in our jour. Fanciers at Antwerp. On this occasion, nals and periodical works. He sends thirty-two pigeons, with the word Antwerp agents to Europe to procure artists, manumarked on their wings, were despatched facturers, and skilful workmen. He is exfrom the above city to London, whence tremely fond of botany. He had heard they were sent back with answers, their lately that a rich amateur of Paris possessed wings being previously counter-marked with a cinnamon tree, and he caused it to be the word London. The custom of training bought at an enormous price, to be transpigeons to convey letters from one place to ported to his gardens at Alexandria. It is another, is prevalent in all parts of the East, only eight days since he had sent to him but particularly in Syria, Arabia, and Egypt. from Paris 5 or 600 volumes. The Mogul formerly kept a vast number Bathing in the Dead Sea. It is well of pigeons for the purpose of carrying known that the water of this sea is saturated letters on occasions when extraordinary with salt, chiefly muriate of magnesia, and speed was necessary. The Pashas of the
common salt. Its specific gravity is 1.211. Porte do the same. They fly from one ex Mr Legh, who bathed in it in 1818, informs tremity of his dominions to the other. By us, that he saw several shell-fish in it, not this mode of conveyance the Consul of unlike periwinkles. The account which he Alexandretta daily sends despatches to Aleppo gives of the effects of bathing is singular, in five hours, though couriers occupy a but not very intelligible. I shall give it in whole day in proceeding from one town to his own words. « Our Arab guides had the other. The caravans travelling through endeavoured to alarm us as to the conseArabia, maintain communications with the quences of bathing in these pestiferous waArab sovereigns, by means of pigeons with ters; but we made the experiment, and letters fastened under their wings. These found that though two of our party were messengers fly with extraordinary rapidity, unable to swim, they were buoyed up in a and return with fresh speed to the place most extraordinary manner. The sensation where they have been reared. They are perceived immediately upon dipping was, frequently observed lying with their backs that we had lost our sight; and any part on the sand, with their bills open to receive of the body that happened to be excoriated the morning dew, and recover breath. Pliny smarted excessively. The taste of the water mentions, that pigeons were employed to was bitter and intolerably saline. From introduce letters into Mutina (Modena,) this experiment some of us suffered a good when that place was besieged by Mark deal of inconvenience, an oily incrustation Antony They were also employed in being left upon the body, which no attempt 1574, at the siege of Harlem, and in 1775, at washing could remove for some time; at that of Leyden. The Prince of Orange, and several of the party continued to lose when the latter siege was raised, determined portions of skin for many successive days."that the pigeons should be maintained at (Ibid. p. 192.) the public expense, and that at their death We can understand the meaning of every they should be embalmed, and preserved in part of the preceding description, except the the town-house as a perpetual mark of alleged loss of sight. It deserves notice, gratitude.
that the specimens of salt collected from the Perpetual light of Adalia.- On the eastern southern extremity of the Dead Sea did not coastot Lycia and the western shore of the Gulf deliquesce. This was doubtless owing to of Adalia, a flame called yanar is seen to issue the dryness of the climate ; not to the purity from an opening, about three feet in diame of the salt. ter, in the side of a mountain, and in shape Climate of Moscow.–The severest frost resembling the mouth of an oven. Captain of the winter 1817–1818 was equal to Beaufort of the royal navy, wlien surveying 28° Reaumur (- 31° Fahrenheit.) In this part of the coast of Karamania, visited Petersburgh they had 30° ( - 35°
This mountain, like that of Falirenheit.) But this winter was reckoned Cuchivano, was calcareous, being composed a mild one, for the quantity of snow was