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voices in the present day, and with an unanimity that never, was seen before,, demand a total abolition of the power of arbitrary imprilogment by any human being. And though it may lappen that Jaws for this pu pole will not be enacted in every late at the present t me: yet the examples that have been given in a neighbouring country, of the danger of making a wanton use of this power, will serve to overawe those monarchs, who may still:claim a right to exercise it, from daring to exercise that right in the manner it has hitherto been exercised. Blessed be the spirit which hath abolished such an intolerable evil?
Every man, when he reflects seriously on this subject, must be sensible of the evils that acrue from this source; but it is not at all times that man is disposed to reflect seriously on any subject, nor it is at all times that he can form a lively image of what he has never had an opportunity of observing. He is therefore under obliga. tions to those, wlio take the trouble off his hands. The following picture, drawn by the masterly pencil of Sterne, when tre is difpofed to turn his thoughts.on: this subject, will have its effect. ji blondins The Cuptive.
The bird in his cage pursued me into my room'; I. fát down close by my table, and leaning my head upon my hand, I began to figure to myself the miseries of confinément; I was in a right frame for it ; and fo I gåve full fcope to my imaginations. Les D146 I was going to begin with the millions of my felo low creatures born to no inheritance but ftavery ; but finding, however affecting the picture was, that I could slot bring it near me, and that the multitude of the. fad group in it did but diftract me.
ind d Eloge I took a single captive ; and having first shut him. up in a dungeofi, I then looked through the twilight: of his grated door to take his picture, y ou tí" I beheld his body half wasted asvay with long expectation and confirment and felt wbrat kind of fiok**
ness of the heart it was which arises from hope deferred. Upon lcoking nearer, I saw him pale and feverilh. In thirty years, the western breeze had not ouce fanned his blood. He had feen no fun, no moon, in all that time ; nor had the voice of friend or kinsman breached through his lattice, his children
, .: " But here my heart began to bleed; and I was
forced to go on with another part of my portrait.” P" He was sitting upon the the ground upon a little ftraw
in the fartheft corner of his dungeon, which was alternately his chair and bed. A little calendar of small sticks were laid at the head, notched all over with the
difmal days and nights he had passed there. He had · one of these little sticks in his hand; and, with a rusty : nail, he was etching another day of misery to add to
the heap. As I darkened the little light he had, he · lifted up a hopeless eye towards the door ; then caft it
down ; shook his head, and went on with his work of afiliation. I heard his chains upon his legs, as he turr. ed his body, to lay lis little ftick upon the bundle. He Kave a deep figh. I faw the iron enter into his soul. I burit into tears. I could not fuítain the picture of confinement which my fancy had drawn." :
Think not however that this is a mere fancy picture, which has no reality in existence. Could the horrid walls, of those gloomy mansions allotted for the confinement of human beings in every part of the world, be now cast down, and the miserable objects they contain bé laid open to the vicw, what human being could bear to look at it? The heart of the most favage tyrant would be melted at the fight; and the millions of miferable beings who are there, now at this very mo. ment dying in the agonies of mifery, and thofe who figh at the distant prospect of that only termination of their wretchedness, would freeze uplris foul with horror. Yet the man who could not bear the fight for one mos inent, can, without one painful effort, order hundreds from his fight to be slut op in these dreary mansions
- for ever go and the next moment, forgetting them enals tirely, indulge himself in every excess of sensual grati. fication.
Set Ba't isininkai Esse And doft thou net, my gentle reader, whoever thou
art, in some measure participate in his guilt, if thou
never spendelt a thought on the miseries of those who s are shut up from their families and friends in the man.
fions of sorrow, provided in every town for the punishprsta ment of the guilty would to God I could say of the La guilty alone! but I must add, for the destruction of
the unfortunate. The beneficent Howard acquired that a, senthusiasm of philanthropy for which he was fo reIsmarkably distinguished, merely by visiting these.'unte fortunate manfions. Nor could any one whose soul was
not grown callous in iniquity, have done as he did, with4.zout having felt a sensation of the same kind that ani.
mated him. It is merely because the miserable objects ::. are not seen, that they are not attended to ; and it is
because they are not attended to, alone, that some me. thod is not adopted for freeing them from the intole.
Table diftreffes under which they groan; and that a, . practice is tolerated in Europe which is the opprobrium
of those who call themselves a civilized people. .. 1. But I have dwelt perhaps too long on this melancholy fubject. I therefore relinquish it for the present.
that it were in my power to suggest a means of alleviating this evil! for to prevent it entirely, I fear, is impossible. That the evil may be diminished, is certainly in our power; an attempt to do it deserves to be received with favour. In the hope that it will be so by my readers in general, I shall perhaps venture, on an early occasion, to suggest fome hints calculated for that purpose.
r . . A. VOL I.
F:- Ees ... .......... 3. i. .. bin den.com
Anecdote of M. de Sallo, the first Inventor of Periodic
cal performances. ''1i! iranian In the year 1692, when Paris was afflicted with a long and a severe famine, M. de Sallo, returning from a summer's evening walk, with only a little foot-boy, was · accosted by a man, who presented his pistol, and in a manner far from the refoluteness of a hardened robber, asked him for his money. M. de Salto observing that he came to the wrong man, and that he could get little from him, added, “ I have only threé pistoles about me, which are not worth a fcute; so, much good may you do with them; but let me tell you, you are in a bad way."
The man took them, and without asking him for more, walked off with an air of dejection and terror. 1. The fellow was no sooner gone, than M. de Sallo · ordered the boy to follow him, to see where he went,
· and to give him an account of every thing. The lad · ni obeyed; followed him through several obscure streets,
and at length saw him enter a baker's shop, where he
and, cutting it, gave four pieces to four poor starving ehildren.
The boy having thus happily performed his coma. miffion, returned home, and gave his master an account of every thing he had seen and heard. M. de Sallo, who was much moved, ordered the boy to call him at five in the morning. This humane gentleman arose at the time appointed, and taking the boy with him to shew him the way, enquired in the neighbourhood the character of a man who lived in such a garret, with a wife and four children; when he was told that he was a very industrious good kind of man ; that he was a shoe-maker, and a neat workman, but was overburthened with a family, and had a hard struggle to live in such bad times. » Satisfied with this account, M. de Sallo ascended to the shoe-maker's garret; and knocking at the door, it was opened by the poor man himself, who, knowing him at first sight to be the person he had robbed the evening before, fell at his feet, and implored his mercy, pleading the extreme distress of his family, and begg-, ing that he would forgive his first crime. M. de Sallo defired him to make no noise; for he had no intention to hurt him. “ You have a good character among “your neighbours, faid he, but must expect that your “ life will soon be cut short, if you are now so wicked " as to continue the freedom you took with me. Hold " your hand ; here are thirty pistoles to buy leather; " husband it well, and set.your children a commenda "able example. - To put you out of farther tempta-, 64 tions to commit such ruinous and fatal actions I will
encourage your industry ; I hear you are a neat s workman, and you shall take measure of me, and of
this boy, for two pair of shoes each, and he shall " call upon you for them.” The whole family appeared struck with joy, amazement, and gratitude. M de Sailo departed, greatly moved, and witha mind filled with satisfaction, at having saved a man and per.