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SCOTS MAGAZINE ,

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A PRIL

1796.

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CONTENT S.
Pag. 11

Pag
Receipt for Cleaning the Teeth 220 Burlefque of Horace's Otiun Divos 271
Commissioner to the General Affem- Sonnet, Mary Q. of Scotland taking
bly an Anecdote

her leave of France

271 The Life of James Macpherson, Esq; 221

STATE PAPERS, The Life of Sir Wm Chambers

234||Note transmitted to M. Barthelemi, Account of the Life of Abbe Şieyes,

by Mr Wickham

272 concluded

226 Note transmitted to Mr Wickham, Interesting Particulars, of the Go

by M. Barthelemi

272 vernment and present State of Russia, continued

BRITISH PARLIAMENT: 230

HOUSE OF COMMONS. Literary History of the Present Pe

Game Laws riod, concluded 235

273 On Coins

State of the Nation

274 Some Observations on the Structure

Slave Abolition Bill

276

HOUSE OF LORDS. of our Globe, &c.

240

Mr Burke's Penfion
Topography and Natural History of
Scotland continued

242

IRISH PARLIAMENT. Observations on Grafting of Trees 247 Commons on the Fisheries Minutes of Agriculture-Watering

MONTHLY REGISTER. of Meadows

249

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. The Bird-Catcher and Canary, an France

279 affecting anecdote

251 Holland-Italy-Spain, &c. 280 The Decayed English Merchant and

GAZETTË INTELLIGENCE, his Daughter, continued Shakespeare MSS

35 Containing uispatches from Capt. Account of Vortigern

Draper, Sir John Borlase War. 259

ren, Admiral Rainer, Gen. Stuart, REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

Capt. Newcome, Sir Edward Pela The Whim, a Comedy, by Lady lew, and Sir R. Abercromby 281-4, Wallace

261

LONDON.
Rolland's Appeal to Pofterity 262 Trials of Colonel Cawthorne and
Lord Monboddo's Ancient Meta- Admiral Cornwallis

284-5 physics 265 Incidental Occurrences

284-5 New PUBLICATIONS

267-69

EDINBURGH.
POETRY.
Incidental occurrences.

28346 A Contented mind

Report of the Weather, &c.

286 270 On the Death of the Rev. Dr Kippis 270

Fiars

287--8 The Pilgrim

270 LISTS-Marriages, Births, &c. 288-90

278

EDINBURGH:
Sold by James Watson & Co. No 40. South Bridge ;
And by the Principal Booksellers in Town and Country,

By Allen & West, No 16. Paternoster-row;
And MARTIN &Bain, No 184. Fleet-street, London.

RECEIPT

FOR CLEANSING THE TEETH.

THE teeth being in this age so much attended to (and perhaps not too much) by both sexes, a few hints concerning the purification of them may not be unacceptable : Clean your teeth at night, because when eating, particles of meat are apt to cleave about the mouth, and enter the crevices of the teeth, and which, thro' the natural heat of the mouth, will putrify if they be left in till the morning, of consequence these putrid particles will become harbours of animalculæ, which are the ruin of the teeth. Also the grossness which is collected in the day, will not be so eafily erased in the morning as at night. Never use any powder (or at least very feldom), the composition of which being prejudicial in general to the teeth, as it rubs off the enamel, the preservation of which constitutes the goodness of the teeth ; if any powder is to be used I would recommend fine charcoal duft, or Peruvian bark; only use a dry brush, or else water that is milk-warm to wash your mouth with; for so great a transition as from họt soups to cold water, instead of bracing up the teeth, only tends to enervate and make them ache.

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COMMISSIONER TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

ANECDOTE OF THE LATE LORD CHESTERFIELD.

HIS Majesty having been opposed in the cabinet, and disappointed in carrying fome meafures which he was much fet upon, retired to his private chamber in great dudgeon before all the business wa: finished.

Among other things, a Commissioner to represent his Majesty in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland behoved to be named. The Cabinet Council overheard his Majesty beating and pockering the fire very violențly, which he frequently did when in a passion, and each declined going into his presence to get a Commissioner named. Knowing Lord Chesterfield's address and humour, they all pitched on his Lordship to get the business done, as it would not admit of delay. His Lordship accordingly went in, making his bows with “ please your Majesty”. The King continued pockering the fire with his back to the door, and took no notice of Lord Chesterfield. Upon advancing some steps, always addressing the King, he at last got out, “ Whom will your Majesty be pleased to name as Commillioner to represent your Majesty in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland ?” without turning round, he called out," the Devil.” Upon repeating the message again and again, he got the same answer, " the Devil" Then says Lord Chesterfield, will it please your Majesty to continue the writ of Commission in the usual style ? Shall we call him your Majetty's Well beloved Cousin and Counfellor ?” This put his Majesty in good humour, and the business was done in the usual way.

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HIS Gentleman was descended 'TWAS when the full ear'd harvest bowd

from one of the most ancient fami- Bencath the merry reaper's hand; lies in the North of Scotland, being

When here the plenteous iheaves were

strew'd, coulin-german to the Chief of the clan

And there the corns nod o'er the land; of the Macphersons, who deduce their

When, on each side, the loaded'd ground, origin from the antient Carti of Ger- Breathing her ripen’d (cents, the jorial feason many. He was born at Ruthven in the

crown'd. county of Inverness, in the latter end

The villagers all on the green, of the year 1738, and received the first Th' arrival of their Lord attend; rudiments of his education at home, The blithsome shepherds haste to join, from whence he was sent to the gram

And whistling from the hills descend; mar school of loverness, where his ge

Nor orphan nor lone widow mourns ;

E'en hopeless lovers lose their pains; nius became so conspicuous, that his

To-day their banish'd Lord returns, relations, contrary to their original in- Oộce more to blefe his native plains, tention, determined to breed him to a Each hoary fire with gladdeo'd face learned profeffion. With this view, he Repeats fome anfient cale; was sent successively to the Universities How he with Tyrcis, at the chace, of Aberdeen and Edinburgh, in the last

Hy'd o'er the hill and dale: of which he finished his (tudies.

Their hoary heads with rapture glow,

While each to each repeats While at the University, he exercised How well he kriew where to bestow, his poetical talents, which, however, Was to oppreslion filt a foc; were not (if a few passages of Olian are still mixing with their praife' his youthful

feats.

In the excepted) of the first order. year 1758, he printed at Edinburgh a

Then from the grass Melanthus roso,

The arbitrator of the plains, Poem in fix Cantos, intituled “ The

And silent all stood fixt to hear Highlander," in 12mo.

The Tityrus of Mernia's swains : mance is a tissue of fuftian and absurdity, For with the Muse's fire his bofom glowod. feeble, and in some parts ridiculous, and And easy from his lips' the numbers flow'd. thews little or no talent in the art of “ Now the wish'd-for day is comē, versification. In a short time the Author

Our Lord reviews his native home; was sensible himself of its faults, and, it

Now clear and Atrong ideas rise, is faid, endeavoured to suppress it. We

And wrap my soul in extacies.

Methinks I see that ruddy morn, shall, therefore, not revive this abortive

When, waken'd by the hunter's horn, effort by any extract. About the same I rose ; and, by yon mountain's fide, period he wrote the following Cite on Saw Tyrcis and Achates ride : the Arrival of the Earl Mariíchal in While floating by yon craggy brow

'The flowly fast'ring milt withdrew : Scotland, which is called an Attempt

I saw sha rojack cross yon plan, in the Manner of Pindar.

Yon heuihy steep itaw him gain ; Vol, LVIII.

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The hunters still iy o'er the ground, « 'The kings of th' carth, with open arms,
Their shouts the distant hills resound;

Th'illustrious Exiles hail :
Dunnotyr's towers resound the peal

Sce! warlike Cyrus, great and wise,
That echoes o'er the hill and dale :

Demand and follow their advice,
At length, what time the ploughman leads And all his breast unveil.
Hume from the field his weary steads, See ! pouring from the hills of snow,
At yon old cree the roebuck fell:

Nations of savages in arms; The huntsmen's jocund mingled fhouts his A defert lies where'er they go, downfall tell.

Before them march pale Terror and Alarms. « The memory of those happy days “ The princes of the south prepare Still in my breast muft transport raise ;

Their thousand thousands for the war; Those happy days, when oft were seen Against thee, Cyrus, they combine ; The Brothers, marching o'er the green,

The North and South their forces join, With dog and guns, while yet the night

To crush thee in the dust : Was blended with the dawning light, But thou art fafe; Achates draws When first the sheep begin to bleat,

His sword with rhine, and backs thy cause; And th' early kine rise from their dewy Yes, thou art doubly fafe, thy cause is just. feat."

" With dread the Turks have oft beheld Thus as he spoke, each youthful breast His sword wide waving o'er the field; Glows with wild extacies;

As oft these fons of carnage filed In each eye rapture stands confest,

O'er mountains of their kindred dead. Each thinks he flies along the mead,

When all the fury of the fight
And manages the fiery steed,

With wrath redoubled rag'd;
And hears the beagles' cries.

When man to man with giant might,

For all that's dear engag'd ; The fage Melanthus now again

When all was thunder, smoke, and fire; Strt tch'd forth his hand, and thus resum'd when from their native rocks the frighted the strain.

{prings retire : “ Now my youthful heat returns,

'Twas then, through streams of smoke and My breast with youthful vigour burns :

blood, Methinks I see that glorious day,

Achates mounts the city wall; When, to hunt the fallow deer, Though wounded, like a god he ftood, Thret thousand march'd in grand array;

Aod at his feet the foes fubmislive fall. Three thousand march'd with bow and

Brave are the Goths, and fierce in fight, spear,

Yet these he gave to rout and fight :
All in the light and healthy dress

Proud when they were of victory.
Our brave forefathers wore

He rush'd on like 'a storm ; dispers’d and
In Kenneth's wars, and Bruce's days,

weak they ily. And when the Romans fled their dreadful

Thus, from the Grampians old, wrath of yore.

A torrent decp and strong, “ O’er every hill; o'er every dale,

Down rushes on the fold,
All by the winding banks of Tay, And sweeps the shepherd and the flock along.
Resounds the hunter's chearful peal,

“ When, through an aged wood, Their armour glitt'ring to the day.”

The thunder roars amain, Big with his joys of youth the old man His paths with oaks are strew'd, ftood

And ruin marks the plain : Dunnotyr's ruin'd towers then caught his So, many a German field can tell, eyem

How in his path the mighty heroes fell. He stopt--and hung his head in pensive “ Wher with their num'rous dogs, the swains mood.

Surprize the aged lion's den, And from his bosom burst th? unbidden Th' old warrior rushes to the charge, figh,

And scorns the rage of dogs and men ;

His whelps he guards on ev'ry side ; Then turning with a warrior look

Safe they retreat-What though a mortal Shaking his hoary curls, the old man spoke:

dart “ Virtue, O Fortune ! scorns thy pow'r,

Stands trembling in his breast, his dauntless

heart Thou canst not bind her for an hour; Virtue shall ever shine;

Glows with a victor's pride. And endless praise, her glorious dow'r, “ So the old lion, brave Achates sought; Shall bless her fous divinc.

And miracles of prowess wrought;

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This war,

With a few picquets bore the force rally admitted to be the Works of Mr

of eighty thousand: stopt their course, Macpherson himself. 'Till off his friends had march'd, and all was well.

In 1762 he published « Fingal, an Ev'n he himself could ne'er do more,

Antient Epic Poem, in six

books,” toFate had no greater deed in store gether with several other Poems, comWhen all his host was fafe, the godlike Hero posed by Ossian, the son of Fingal, transfell."

lated from the Gaelic language, * 4to. Thus as he spoke, each hoary fire The subject of this Epic Poem is an inFights o'er his ancient wars ;

vasion of Ireland by Swaran, King of Each youth burns with a hero's fire, Lochlin. Cuchullin, General of the

And triumphs in his future scars ;
O'er bloody fields each thinks he rides,

Irish tribes during the minority of CorThe thunder of the battle guides;

mac King of Ireland, upon intelligence Beneath his lifted arm, struck pale,

of the invasion, assembled his forces near The foes for mercy cry;

Tura, a castle on the coast of Ulfter. And hears applauding legions hail The Poem opens with the landing of Him with the shouts of victory.

Swaran ; councils are held, battles After this performance, we hear no fought, and Cuchullin is at last totally more of Mr Macpherson's metrical com- defeated. In the mean time Fingal, posicions.

King of the Highlands of Scotland, It was intended that he should enter whose aid had been solicited before the into the service of the Church, but enemy landed, arrived, and expelled whether he ever took orders we are un- them from the country. certain. Mr Gray speaks of him as a which continued but six days, and as young Clergyman*, but David Hume many nights, is, including the episodes, probably more truly describes him as the story of the Poem. The scene, the “ a modest sensible young man, not set- heath of Lena, near a mountain called tled in any living, but employed as a Cromleach in Ulster. This Poem also private tutor in Mr Grabam of Balgow- was received with equal applause as the an's family, a way of life which he is preceding Fragments. not fond of t." This was in the year The next year he produced 1760, when he surprised the world by ra,” an ancient Epic Poem, in eight the publication of “ Fragments of Anti- books : together with several other ent Poetry, collected in the Highlands Poems compofeci by Ollian, son of Fin. of Scotland, and translated from the gal, 4to. ; whicli, though well received, Gaelic or Erse language.” 8vo. These found the Public fomewhat less disposed Fragments, which were declared to be to bestow the fame measure of applause. genuine remains of ancient Scottish poe. Though thefe Poems had been examintry, at their first appearance delighted ed by Dr Blair, and others, and their every reader ; and some very good authenticity asserted, there were nog jedges, and amongst the rest Mr Gray, wanting some of equal reputation for were extreniely warm in their praises. critical abili_jęs, who either doubted of As other specimens were said to be re- declared their disbelief of the genuinecoverabl, a subscription was set on foot neís of them. By this time the Author to enable our Author to quit the family seems to have develted himself of that, he was then in, and undertake a mission modesty which Mr Hume had formerly into the Highlands, to secure them. commended, and treated his antagonists He engaged in the undertaking, and in an arrogant manner, not calculated foon after produced the Works whose to remove any impresions they had reauthenticity has since occasioned so much ceived. controversy, but which now secm gene- “ Since the publication,” says he, • Mason's Life of Gray.

“ of the last collection of Olian's Poems, + Vol. 5. page 529.

many insinuations have been made, and Vol. LVIII.

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doubts

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