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sits by the police, in order to verify parte issued a Proclamation to his ara whether they conform to the laws. - my, in which he enlarges on the forWhence has this extraordinary rigour bearance and moderation which he had arisen? It seems to require no com- exercised towards the perfidious Court ment.
of Naples; three times he had pardonFrench troops continue to march to ed its treachery,—and he proceedsBoulogne. They are to assume the “ Shall we grant a pardon a fourth name of the Grand Invading Army of time ?-Shall we, for a fourth time, England.
place any confidence in a Court with An address was transmitted from the out truth, honour, or common sense? British prisoners at Verdun, to the No! Nu! The Neapolitan Dynasty Electress, now Queen of Wirtemberg, has ceased to reign'; its existence is in(formerly our Princes3 Royal,) at a pe- compatible with the repose of Europe, riod when, it was supposed, that the ex. and the honour of our crown. Soldiers! traordinary success of Bonaparte would Mareh, drive into the sea, if they will have rendered him accessible to the wait your attack, those feeble battalions softer emotions of humanity, in which, of the tyrants of the sea. Shew to the after setting forth their sufferings dur. world the manner in which we punish ing a strict confinement of two years the perjured. Lose no time in inforand a half in France, they took the li- ming me, that the whole of Italy is subberty of suggesting, that an application ject to my laws, or those of my al. on her part to the Emperor of the lies,” &c. French, might have the effect of resto. Conform to this declaration, Gen. St ring them to their native land, and of Cyr was detached from Massena's arremoving the principal obstacle to a my, with 30,000 men, in the beginning general exchange of prisoners. Her of January, for the conquest of Naples, Royal Highness felt herself under the and was desired to halt in the Roman bitter necessity of returning an answer, territory till the arrival of the Marshal expressive of her sincere sympathy in with an additional body of troops. Masthe misfortunes of her countrymen, and sena accordingly arrived at Rome on of her earnest desire to assist them; the 17th Jan. and the greater part of his but her power equalled not her good army, from that day to the 22d, filed off will. Any polite attention, she adds, under the walls of that city. Joseph shewn to her by the Emperor of the Bonaparte, who is to supersede Massena French, during his stay at Louisbourg, in the command of this army, arrived did not authorise her to interfere in a at Rome a few days after, and published business which must be settled between a proclamation to the troops, in which, the two Governments.
in the true style and spirit of jacobi
nism, he draws a distinction between ITALY.
the Neapolitan Government and the The French took possession of Ve. people, and desires his troops to rememnice and its territories on the 19th Jan. ber, that though it is their duty to puBonaparte has formed the project of nish a government which has been unmaking Venice again a great commer
faithful to its treaties, they are not at cial place, and has asked the inhabitants war with the people. only to tell him what can be done to In the beginning of Feb. the French accomplish this object. The inhabi. entered the Neapolitan territory. The tants of Venice understand commerce advanced guard passed the river Garigmuch better than the Emperor of the liano, which divides the Roman from French ; and they have informed him, the Neapolitan territory on the 4th of that nothing he can do for them will be February. On the following day, Prince of half so much importance as to make Joseph addressed from his head quarpeace with England.
ters at Ferentino, a proclamation to the
people, which equals in effrontery any Conquest OF NAPLES.
thing that ever preceded it. He stiles The doom of the Neapolitan Monar. himself “ Governor of the kingdoms of chy was sealed on the same day that Naples and Sicily;" he assures the the peace of Presburgh was signed. Neapolitans, that Napoleon has no other On that day (viz. 27th Dec.) Bona- wish than to re-establish in Europe, the March 1806.
respect which is due to public faith ; Palermo in the end of October; but the that “ their laws, property and religion Queen, with the hereditary Prince, reare to be respected ;" and that “in e- mained, and we were told, that the Nea. very French soldier they will find a bro, politan army was so much increased, ther."
that with the assistance of 30,000 Rua" About the oth of February Prince Jo. sians who landed from Corfu at Naples seph forined the army into three divi. in the beginning of November, and 9000 sions: the centre under Marshal Mas. British under Sir James Craig, who had sena, marched by San Germeno and arrived from Malta about the 24th of Capua; the right under Gen. Regnier, the same month, a vigorous resistance by Terracina and Gaeta; and the left was to be opposed to the enemy. No division, composed of Italian corps, such thing appears to have been attempt. commanded by General Lecchi, pro. ed, and the Queen, with the Royal Faceeded by Istri. General Regnier, on mily, found it likewise necessary to rehis arrival at Gaeta, summoned the tire to Sicily about the end of January. Prince of Hesse to surrender.—The 'The Queen is stated to have carried latter signified his intention to defend it away with her property to an immense to the last extremity. On the receipt amount; but she was nearly lost on her of this answer, General Regnier ordered voyage. A frigate, two brigs, and fifan attack to be made on the redoubt of teen transports, with arms, &c. on St Andrew, which was defended by six board, were driven back on the coast of pieces of cannon, and took it. General Naples, and taken possession of by the Grigny, an officer of distinction, lost his French. The enemy found 200 pieces head by a cannon ball.
of cannon, and a great quantity of amOn the 12th, the centre division in munition, in the city. The Royal Favested Capua, which answered to the mily have once more taken refuge at summons, by a discharge of artillery. Palermo, where, unless protected by our On the morning of the 13th, deputies squadrons, they will be exposed to furfrom the city of Naples presented them. ther disgrace and calamity: We are selves to the Prince, and signed the de. left completely ignorant of the conduct livery of Gaeta, Capua, Piscara, Naples, pursued by the Queen of Naples, and and other strong places. General Par. the hereditary Prince, on the enemy's tonneaux entered Naples, and the forts approach, previous to their embarkawere immediately occupied. The Nea- tion; nor have we any grounds to aspolitan officers having requested to certain the measures taken by the serve, the Prince formed several Neapo. Russian and British troops, either for litan corps, and ordered the Neapolitan the defence or the evacuation of the officers who were in the pay of the Neapolitan territory. kingdom of Italy, to enter into it. The following letter from an officer in
The overthrow of the Neapolitan Mo Sir James Craig's army, confirms the narchy appears to have been equally supposition that the British forces which rapid and complete.-With the excep- sailed last year for Malta, were destined tion of some trifling resistance made by to act in conjunction with the Russian the fortress of Gaeta, the capital and its army at Corfu, in defence of the Kingdependencies have become the property dom
of Naples against the invasion of of Napoleon.—Capua, Piscara, and all the French. ļhe other garrisons, were occupied by Castellamare, Naples Bay, Dec. 2. “We the French army, a considerable body of sailed from Malta on the 3d ult. with awhich was on its march to effect the re. bout 10,000 men under Sir James Craig, duction of Calabria. On the 15th Feb. all in the highest order. On the 7th we Prince Joseph Bonaparte, who is, no joined the Russian convoy off Sicily, doubt, destined to be the founder of the baving about 14.000 land troops on Corsican Dynasty in the kingdom of the board. The whole then steered for the Two Sicilies, made his solemn entry in Bay of Naples, in which we arrived afto Naples. On the following day he ter a passage of 18 days. We expected caused to be posted up Bonaparte's Pro- to find the city and country both occuclamation, decreeing the destruction of pied by the French army under Gen. St the Neapolitan Dynasty. The King of Cýr, and measures were accordingly Naplos sailed in a British frigate for preconcerted on our part to force our
landing, and to dislodge them. On our the King of Great Britain against the arrival, however, we found that the ene- common enemy.—It was a curious cirmy had abandoned their positions upon cumstance to contemplate a British arthe information of our approach, and my maneuvring at the foot of Vesuvius, had already repassed the frontier, so that whose lofty crater was discharging its instead of a hostile reception, we had to smokey volumes over their heads. The expect the warmest welcome.
day was fine, the ground of review was “The Russian divisions were landed at the sea beach, and the prospect of all the Mole of Naples, and are quartered the British ships of war and transports in and about that city. The British in the Bay, decorated with the brighttroops were disembarked the day after est colours, contributed to render the our arrival at Castellamare, by Sir whole one of the most impressive specJohn Stuart, under whose immediate tacles that could be imagined--Add to command we are now cantoned at this all this, that the regiments which were place, at Torre del Greco, and at other reviewed are some of the finest of the places in different directions throughout British army." the neighbourhood.
Accounts, however, have been re“Sir James Craig is established at Na ceived from Naples, dated Jan. 19. stat. ples; and, as it is understood that he is ing, that the Russian army had been all to have a general command among the re-embarked at Baiæ Mole in the Bay Allied Forces at large, Sir John Stuart of Naples, and also the British forces at will remain principal in command of the Castellamare, and that they were all to British column. As we are almost all sail immediately either for Sicily or Sarof us here Egyptian regiments, we have dinia. The failure of this well-intended already seen his promptitude and abili- expedition is attributed to the defection ties so gallantly and successfully exert- of the Neapolitan army, occasioned by ed, that we have every confidence in the intrigues of French emissaries, which our leader.
have been too generally successful. “ The strictest discipline has been en
HOLLAND. joined to, and is observed by, the troops. The inhabitants in consequence treat us Letters from Rotterdam state, that with great tokens of affection. Their the preparations for invading this coun. regard, however, is much increased by try are resumed with the greatest actia circumstance which they were not vity ; that seven sail of the line are much accustomed to meet with from ready for sea in the Nieu Diep, and their late French Protector—They are that the transports lately laid up are repaid for whatever they furnish. Every fitting, and are to proceed to the Helexertion is making by Sir James Craig, der to take on board troops. In the as well as by our ambassador at this mean time the sufferings under which Court, to procure the necessary supplies that country labours are described as of horses, waggons, &c. for our future overwhelming. The letters saymovements, and in the course of a very “ The present system of taxation few days we expect that our cavalry, as falls insufferably hard on the middling well as our artillery, will be completely class; and as the former mode of taxmounted.
ing the rich produced emigration, it is “ General Lacy, (an Englishman by beyond doubt that the present one will birth) who commands the Russian troops, produce starvation. There is no hole and Sir James Craig, are to be at the to creep out at; no subterfuge; the head of the allied forces of the whole only hope is Peace. Once, failures kingdom, including the Neapolitans. were hardly known here ; they now oc
“ On the 30th ult, we were reviewed cur daily. Rubbery and murder were by their Sicilian Majesties near this also unfrequent; within the last two place. Sir John Stuart commanded months seven or eight felons have been the line. We exceeded eight thousand broken on the wheel. It has even been in
Sir James Craig accompanied contemplation to promulgate a law, that their Majesties, who expressed their ad- 10 woman should be seen in the streets miration at the appearance of the troops, after a certain hour, alone." and their confidence in the support Proclamation follows proclamation in which had been thus furnished them by the Batavian Republic agairist the in
troduction of British commodities-
NAVAL OPERATIONS. On the ist Feb. one was issued, pruhi. The Earl of St Vincent has been ap. biting under the severest penalties, the poinied by the new Ministry to the subjects of Holland from holding any comn and of the Channel tteet, in room commercial or friendy intercourse what. of Admiral Cornwallis, who, it is said, is ever with the subjects of Great Bije to be rewarded with a Peerage for his tain. Private letters, however, say, services. On the 12th of March, his “that much of the severity of the regu- Lordship hoisted his fiag on board the Jations which atfected the commercial Hibernia of 110 guns at Portsmouth, interests of that country, more especial- and sailed next day with some ships of ly as connected with England, has been the line to resume the blockade of the remitted, and a further relaxation of port of Brest. those resstraints is daily expected."- We have at length received accounts A considerable part of the Batavian of the operations of a French squatroops which co-operated with the dron which sailed from Rochefort so long French in Germany, are arrived in the ago as the beginning of July last, on a interior of Holland.
roving cruize, and which has so sucLetters from Holland contain accounts cessfully baffled the pursuits of diffeof the disastrous effects produced in rent divisions of Butish ships sent in that country by the late high winds.--- quest of it, as to have obtained the name A very large extent of territory was of the “ Invisible Squadron."--This fleet inundated, and most of the roads ren- consisted of four large ships of the line, dered impassable. The damage done three heavy frigates, and three corvettes. is immense, and a vast expence will On the 19th of July, they captured the be incurred for the repairing of the Ranger sloop of war, Capt. Coote, in dykes, which are in many parts broken, the Bay of Biscay, and some days after and otherwise materially injured. the Dove Cutter, and several merch.
It is highly creditable to the Dutch antmen both outward and homeward Government, that, unawed by the ex- bound. On the 27th of September they ample of their inhuman Dictator, they fell in with the convoy from St Helena, have ordered all the British prisoners and took, after a severe action, the Cal. recently wrecked on their coast, to be cutta of 54 guns, Capt. Woodriffe.liberated and sent hon upon a signed (See Mag. for Dec.)-On the roth of agreement for their exchange. October, off Vigo, they fell in with the SACKING OF MEDINA.
Oporto fleet, and cap'ured four of the
must valuable. Having now a consiAdvices have been received from Mr derable number of prisoners, and their Barker, ihe East India Company's Re- provisions and water beginning to fail, sident at Bagdat, containing an account they attempted to return to Rochefort; of the capture of Medina by the Waha- but their look-out corvettes fell in with bees, whose army, having been rein. Sir Chas. Stirling's division in the Bay, forced from the desert, has overwhelm- which they escaped from in the night ed the adjacent country, and taken the by quick sailing. The enemy then city by assault, with infinite bloodshed aitempted to reach Cadiz; but receiving and devastation. They set fire to Me- intelligence that Lord Collingwood's dina in various places, destroyed the fleet was off that port, tbey bent their mosques, after having ransacked them
course for Teneriffe, where they arof their valuable shrines and treasures rived about the middle of November. and completely demolished the tomb of They here sold (we are told in the the Prophet. Some thousands of fe. French papers,) 18 of their best prizes, males of the first rank were carried off and having refitted and victualled, again by the besiegers into the deșert, with a set sail, and arrived at Rochefort on number of the principal male inhabi. the 24th December, when they landed tants. A troop of camels were also all their prisoners, who, we are happy to sent away with jewels and other treasure be informed, were in good health. On to an immense amount. Judda had the 13th of Jan. the prisoners were all also been taken by these marauders, and marched off from Rochelle to Verdun, the inhabitants were forced to give up where they arrived on the 11th of Feb. all their property to save their lives. a distance, by a circuitous course they
took, of 600 miles. The march was ex. time and obliged to run on shore. Her tremely fatiguing, from wet weather and masts and bowsprit soon after went by deep roads. — The accommodation at the board, and her boats went adrifto Verdun is said to be comfortable, but As her situation was extremely perivery expensive.
lous, Capt. D. humanely forbore firing Among the ships taken by the Ro. at her, although she vauntingly dis. chefort squadron, we regret to find the played those colours which she could Belle packet for India, in the end of Oc- not protect. It is feared that the grea. tober, when only ten days out from ter part of her crew perished. ImmePortsmouth. She had on board dispat diately after Capt. D. captured a Dutch ches of importance, and a number of sloop, with naval stores, from the Cape private letters, the latter of which ap- Town, from whose people he learned, pear to have fallen into the hands of the that the vessel run on shore was a French enemy, as extracts from these have been ship of 32 thirty-pounders (short guns) published in the French papers, tho' and 250 men, and had just sailed from they contain no public information, and Table Bay; that she had on board the relate chiefly to the private affairs of the ordnance, &c. of L'Atalante French parties.
frigate, lately lost there, and was The Eari Howe frigate, having on
bound with them to the Mauritius, board the Marquis of Wellesley and where ordnance stores were wanted to suite, is arrived at Portsmouth from the fit out other ships, East Indies,
La Libre French frigate, of 40 guns By the late overland dispatch we and 280 men, is taken by the Loire and learn, that Linois's squadron was fallen Egyptienne frigates, after an obstinate in with in October by an American, off defence for half an hour, in which the the Laccadive Islands. There had been enemy had 20 men killed and wounded, a serious mutiny on board the Marengo, and was so much damaged that all her which was with difficulty quelled. Some masts went overboard after she was taof the mutineers had been put in irons, ken possession of. The Egyptienne but Linois found it necessary to libe- had eight men wounded, one of them rate them, and cajole them with promis- since dead. La Libre sailed from Flu. es of plunder. The crew of the Maren- shing on the 14th of Nov. in compago had been informed of the death of the ny with a French frigate of 48 guns, Governor-General, and expressed a hope from which she parted, in a gale, on the that war would be rekindled in the 9th Dec, off the coast of Scotland. The southern provinces, in the event of officers of La Libre are apprehensive which, they should find friends among that their consort is lost, as the weathe natives on the coast.
ther was extremely tempestuous when The Gazette of the ist March con. they parted. tains two letters, transmitted by Sir The Druid frigate has taken the Prince Home Popham, from Capt. Donelly, of Murat French privateer, of 18 sixhis Majesty's ship Narcissus, who had pounders and 127 men; a coppered been detached to procure intelligence. ship, and a fast sailer. The first dated Coast of Africa, states
We have the satisfaction to announce that he fell in with a brig and a schooner the safe arrival, at Yarmouth, and in the French privateers, with the Horatio Humber, of all our troops from the ConNelson, which they had taken, and tinent. The officers and troups are which carried 20 nine, and two 12 Lieut. Gen. Lord Cathcart, Lieut.Gens. pounders. The latter, with the brig, Dundas and Don; aid-de-camps, Capts. mounting 12 guns, with 70 men, were Ainslie and Jarvis; Major-Gen. M-Kentaken. The schooner escaped. Capt. zie Fraser, aid-de-camp, Capt. WoodD, rejoices that this nest of thieves (for house ; Major General Sir Arthur (Velthey plundered indiscriminately) was lesly, aid-de.camp the Hon. Capt. Standestroyed, particularly as many valuable hope; Major General Sherbrooke, aidvessels had just come to the coast. de-camp Capt. Thomson ; Major Gen.
The second letter, dated off the Cape Hill; aid de camp Capt. Peebles; Maj.of Good Hope, Dec. 15. states that the Gen. Paget; Assistant Adjutant GenNarcissus had fallen in with a French Lieut Col. Bradford ; Deputy Inspecship of war, which she chaced for some to: of Hospitals Dr Patrick, with several