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8 April

\ 30.05



State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals, High Waterat LEITH

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the For MAY 1809.
open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise,

Morn. Even.
and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water

Days. H. M. H. M. fallen, in inches and decimals, from March

M. 1 3 8 3 30
26. to April 25. 1809, in the vicinity of

Tu. 2 3 55 4 19

W. 3

4 43 5 7

Th. 4 5 31 5 57
Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather.

Fr. 5 6 24 6 52
N. In. Pts.

Sa. 6 7 25 7 55
26 29.45 35 4:5 0.05 Rain

Su. 7 8 29 9 2 27 29.5 39 43


M. 8 9 40 10 12 28 29.7 37 38


Tu. 9 10 45 11 13


W. 10 11 43
30.1 36 38

Cloudy Th.11 06 0 29


Fr. 12 049 1- 9
29.85 37 42

Sa. 13 1 28

1 45
31 38 0.02 Showers

Su. 14 2 3 2 20
29 45 0.01 Ditto

M. 15 2 38 2 55
4 30.2
45 0.03 Snow

Tu. 16 3 10 3 28
5 30.2 24 42 0.31 Ditto

W, 17 3 45 4 3 6. 30.1 49 52


Th, 18 4 20 4 39
30.25 33

Fr. 19 4 59 5 21
8 30.2 45


Sa. 20. 5.40 6 3
9 29.95 46


Su. 21 6 29 6 56
10 29.8 43 59 0.01 Showers

M. 22 7 24 7 57 11 29.62 38 45 0.05 Snow

Tu, 23 8 29 9 2 12 29.8 28 45 0.01 Ditto

W. 24 9 38 10 14 13 29.21 38 49

0.01 Ditto

Th. 25 10 48 11 19 14 29.15 33 45 0.05 Rain

Fr. 26 11 50 15 | 29.61 34

0.011 Hail

Sa. 27 0 19 0 47
32 40 0.56 Snow

Su. 28 1 14 1 40
17.) 29.6 32 43


M. 29 2 6 2 31 18. 29.9 30 41


Tu. 30 2 57 3 21 19 29.8 31 46 0.2 Snow

W. 31 3 45 4 9 20- 29.8 29 48


21 | 29.95


22 30.
31' 51

For MAY 1809.

Cloudy 23 30.3 36 59

Clear Apparent tine at Edinburgk.

D. N. M. 24 30.49 37 61

Ditto 25 30.25

Last Quar. 6. 3. 9. even. 43 45 0.02 Showers

New Moon, 14. 11.47. morr,

First Quart. 22. 1.38. even.
Quantity of Rain 1.381

Full Moon, 29. 8. 2. mora.

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May 5. Duchess of York born, (1767.)

17. Princess of Wales born, (1768.)
18. General Assembly sits.
19. Queen Charlotte born, (1743.)
21 Whitsunday.
22. Princess Elizabeth born, (1770.)
29. King Charles II. restored, (1660.)


Scots Magazine,




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Description of MELGUND CASTIE. the bed of the river Forth to the base THI "HE remains of this ancient edifice of the Ochils, illustrated by a volu

minous and are situated in the parish of A.


distinct Plan or Secberlemno, in Forfarshire, a little

to the tion of those strata, done from actual south of the Esk. It is noted as ha- survey, and from the register of the ving been the property and ocasion. borings and workings for coal in Me al residence of Cardinal Beaton, who Erskine of Mar's estate in that dismakes so distinguished a figure in trict; communicated by Mr Robert

, Scottish history. It afterwards be- Bald, civil engineer, Alloa. In this came the property of the family of first part, Mr Bald treated only of Murray of Melgund and Kinninmouth, subject

, he is to illustrate it still fur

the alluvial strata. In continuing the from whom it passed by marriage to ther, by exhibiting specimens of the Lord Minto, its present proprietor. rocks themselves. It has evidently been an edifice of very

Mr Charles Stewart laid before the considerable extent and strength, tho' now in a state of ruin. The present in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh,

Society, a list of Insects found by him is the first representation of it which with introductory remarks on the study has ever been given ; nor can

of entymology help being surprised at finding no mention of it in the Statistical account has no very peculiar insects, and but

that the neighbourhood of Edinburgh and other works relating to the to- few rare ones.

-The list contained an pography of Scotland. We shall be bout 400 species ; which, Mr Stewart happy if any of our correspondents

stated, must be considered as the most can more fully supply this want, by communicating to us any intere:ting common, as they were collected in the historical particulars respecting it.

course of two seasons only, and witha out very favourable opportunities. Ic was produced (he added) merely as

an incitement to younger and more Proceedings of the Wernerian Natural

zealous entymologists History Society.

At this meeting there were laid on AT

T the meeting of this Society on the Society's table the first two vo

8th April, there was read the lumes 4to, with a volume of figures, of first part of a description of the Mine- Comte de Bournon's System of Mines ral Strata of Clackmananshire, from ralogy; presented by the author.



It would, appear

244 Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- tion a fact which may perhaps prove tory.

useful to cultivators. In a garden at

Lauriston I had several rows of very March 30. THE leaf-buds of the fine strong plants, which were earthed

hawthorn hedges are up in Oct. last, in the usual way. I had in general bursting : in sheltered pla- likewise some rows of slips or young ces the leaves are expanded.

plants, which were not in any way April 3—5. Sharp frosts on these prepared for resisting the frost. It days have put a stop to the progress now turns out that the strong plants of vegetation.

which were carefully ridged up have ll. The cold' still continues, all perished; while the neglected slips and to-day snow fell copiously, It have survived. It seems evident, melted quickly in the vicinity of E. therefore, that the earthing up of artidinburgh, but it lies deep on Pentland chokes is a bad plan ; and, instead of Hills.

proving a protection, is in reality cal, -16: Heavy showers of snow culated to enable severe frosts to pené. and hail, with strong easterly gales, trate to the remotest fibres of the roots. have destroyed much blossom of the A slight covering of litter, without apricot, peach, and plum trees. The any ridging, will probably be found Wheatear(Motacilla Oenanthe,)which the best preservative. had made its appearance in this neigh- It may to some appear a coincidence bourhood in the end of March, seems worthy of remarking, that it is, this now to have again left us, on account year, exactly a century since the ocof the renewed inclemency of the currence of the most memorable frost weather. Not one is now to be seen, of modern times, that of 1709;

-20. Above a dozen of Eider- when innumerable birds were found ducks, here called Dunters, (a rare frozen to death in our fields; when species,) were brought to market, ha- the intense cold extended even to the ving been accidentally entangled in south of Europe, and blasted the nets set for catching padles or lump- orange and olive trees of Italy; and fish in the Frith of Forth.

when some parts of the Mediterranean -21. Hard frosts, especially Sea were covered with ice. during the night, continued almost without intermission since the begin- P.S. CANINE MADNESS. In last ing of the month, have not only sus- month's memoranda we hazarded some pended vegetation, but have produced remarks on the proclamations lately à shrivelled and burnt appearance on issued on this subject, and the conse, the young leaves of many shrubs and quent dread and anxiety which agitaflowers; which the previous warmth ted the public mind. The authorised bad, unfolded, Towards the end of persecution of the dogs (for such did April last year, we had several great the proclamations virtually prove) terfalls of snow, but the cold was not minated on the 14th April, Great nearly so intense as this year. has been the slaughter. The environs

The effects of the uncommon seve. of the principal tan-yards in the neighrity of the past winter are now becom- bourhood may still be seen strewed ing evident in the flower-borders and with carcases stripped of their skins. in the kitchen-garden. Many peren. In a warmer season, the effluvia from nial flower-roots which generally sur- these might have proved not very convive in ordinary winters, have been ducive to the health of the inhabitants. killed; and many beds of artichokes We may possibly have been unfortuand similar plants, have perished.

nate in not acquiring the best infor In regard to artichokes, I may men. mation ; but we must still say, that


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every instance of supposed madness in had accidentally slipped out to the
our dogs since the beginning of March street, might then hope to have them
last, (for we have not learned of any restored on payment of a small fine, in-
real instance *,) might, we think, bestead of trembling to hear of their be-
distinctly traced to the orders them- ing massacred by curriers or black-
selves of the Magistrates and Sheriff, guards; and a temptation to habits of
as its unintentional origin and cause. cruelty and of theft would thus be
While we are happy to be able to snatched from idle, thoughtless, and
make a statement so consolotary to profligate boys, some of whom have
the relations of those few children and been known to be so bold in this ini.
others said to have been bitten, we quitous traffic as to entice away dogs
certainly do not intend any reflections from their homes with the view of
on our Magistrates; on the contrary, slaughtering and paying them.
we give them praise for their vigilance We observe with sincere pleasure,
and alacrity. Nor should it be ac- that a medical gentleman of this city
counted detracting from that praise, if is endeavouring to call the attention of
we venture again to suggest to them, the public in general, and of medical
in the event of any future alarm,) people in particular, to the subject
the propriety of an accurate investiga- of hydrophobia, -à subject on which
tion as to the foundation of such re- every one talks with fluency and con-
ports, before issuing any proclamations fidence, while every one seems to be
on the subject ; and the great expe- equally in the dark. To promote so
diency of entrusting the execution of important and interesting an inquiry,
their orders, when issued, to police might, we conceive, be worthy of our
men or other authorized officers only, city and county rulers, especially as
and of absolutely prohibiting the in- they, and their predecessors in office,
terference of all tanners and curriers, have, on different occasions, shewn
and their apprentices, and of boys in themselves feelingly alive to apprehen-
general, under a penalty Under such sions on this head, and laudably an-
regulations, the Magistrates? orders xious to guard the public safety and
might be equally well enforced, and health; and it is a subject equally de-
would be as readily obeyed; while serving of attention and encourage-
the inhabitants would be enabled to ment from the different literary and
walk the streets without having their physical societies of this place. In
feelings shocked by being compelled the mean time, Dr ROBERTON, dis-
to witness the butchering of mastiffs playing no common zeal and liberality
and pointers at every turn"; the own- in behalf of the public weal, and of
ers of harmless favourite dogs which medical science, has come forward as

an indvidual, and through the medium

of the newspapers, has offered an ho* If a single case of real canine mad. norary medal, in order to rouze attenness has appeared in this city, on this oc- tion and excite investigation: “I

6 casion, and if real hydrophobia has, in any one instance, or in any degree, been

“ shall (he says) till the 1st of July the result, may we not hope that, in

next, at No. 12, Prince's Street, rethis seat of medical learning, such a case " ceive Essays or Observations on the will not be suffered to pass unheeded, * subject of Hydrophobia, marked with but will be minutely and accurately de- " the author's seal, accompanied by a tailed !--We expect, however, no such

separate paper, sealed also with the elucidation, although physicians and sur. ed the bitten; because

" same seal, and inclosing the name of We do not believe any real case has at

" the author.. I shall then select a this time existed, or is likely yet to of

proper committee to examine these cur,

essays, some time within a month

66 after

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" after the above period, and, accord- .

According to tables recently publi“ing to their decision, shall award a shed by the Prince of Lichtenstein, the “ small honorary inedal, with an ap- population is estimated at 23,965,000.

propriate inscription ; no paper in. We may suppose such an increase to

closing the name of the unsuccess- to have taken place since 1792. “ ful candidate being examined, but The following is Mr Coxe's state

remaining till called for." - Editou ment of the army at different periods. burgh Star for 25th April 1809. Edinburgh,

War establish26th April, 1809.

ment in

1673 60,000
1690 97,000
1705 132,244

1735 150,000 Statistical and Military View of the

1745 270,000 AUSTRIAN Dominions.

1788 364,000 HE following statements, drawn

Under the reign of Leopold the II. from various sources, may be in- it was composed as follows: Infantry, teresting at the present moment, when 39 German regiments, 9 Hungarian,

war, so deeply involving the interests 2 Transylvanian, 5 Walloon, 2 Jtaof all Europe, has just broken out.

lian, 3 Artillery, 2 Garrison, 17 The following list of the Austrian Frontier, in all 79, containing dominions and their population in 220,000 men. Cavalry, 11 regi. 1792, is given by Mr Coxe.

ments Heavy Cavalry, 16 Dragoons Arcbduchy of Austria, divided

and Hussars, and 1 Hulans, in all 28, into, 1, Austria below the

containing 50,000 men. Ems, sometimes called

The Prince of Lichtenstein esti. Lower Austria ; and, 2.

mates the present regular army at Austria above the Ems, including the district of

271,800 infantry, 50,800 cavalry, and Burghausen, sometimes

14,840 artillery, in all 390,000. He called Upper Austria, . 1,550,000

reckons also an army of reserve of Interior Austria, divided into

50,000 and a militia of 25,000, indethe Duchies of Styria, Ca.

pendent of the Hungarian insurrection. rinthia, and Carniola; the

This last is very numerous.

It has counties of Goritz and

not been in the field since the wars of Gradisca, and the Littorale,

Maria Theresa, when it repeatedly or government of Triest, 1,600,000 Kingdom of Bohemia,

saved the Austrian monarchy.

2,700,000 Marquisate of Moravia, 1,100,000

The recruiting is supplied by the Austrian Silesia,

200,000 Military conscription, which was inKingdom of Galicia and Lo.

troduced under the auspices of Joseph domiria(dismembered from

II. into all the Austrian dominions, Poland,)..

3,600,000 except the Tyrol, the Netherlands, and Province of Bucovina (part of Moldavia,).

the Hungarian territories. Each pro120,000

vince is divided into a certain numHungary, divided into Low. er and Upper,


ber of circles, each circle into four Bannat of Temeswar, (now

districts, every house is numbered, annexed to Hungary,)

700,000 and every family inscribed. Each Transylvania,

• 1,250,000 regiment is supplied by its peculiar cir. Sclavonia,

380,000 cle ; each of the four companies of the Croatia,

400,000 Military district on the Tur.

regiment by its proper district, where kish frontier,


it is usually quartered in time of peace,

No exemptions are granted, except to 19,750,000 the nobles, to families where there is



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