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failure, why not make inquiry ? and if that is found out, ought he not to be expelled society by the unanimous voice of honest men? We are told, fhame acts more powerfully than principle: and I am persuaded, a man will often hear general surmises with a deaf ear, who would start at the thoughts of open reprobation. This must however be prudently and carefully examined; but may be done after due investigation. On the other hand, could not an institution be made to bring forward the unfortunate, and succour the distressed citizen. The rich who fear not the hour of adversity, may perhaps Ipura at the proposal; but the sober thinking man would approve. Suppose an institution was formed for the express purpose of relieving decayed merchants, after the circumstances attending their failure were duly inspeca ted by a committee, I dare say it would meet with encou, ragement; and a small annual contribution, too trilling to be regarded by the opulent, would do the business, and it is too useful a scheme to be disregarded by the humble, Were this proposed by some patriotic gentleman, I dare {ay it would meet with encouragement: and surely to be the means of depressing and affronting this villain, and encouraging the honest and virtuous, is an undertaking worthy of man.

If this is thought worth inserting in your work, it may peşhaps bring forward some more able arguments, and be the means of at least making the villain blush while the honest cannot but commend.'

*I am indeed of opinion, that had this inftitution been formed for some y:ars past, the payments to real objects would have been very few; but in all pro bability, the evil will increase, till the public take the alarm, and by some mark of odium, assume that au. thority, which our laws, in their present situation, cannot impart...... . ..und.. . D. G. **** In our next will be offered to the public fome' hints, tending to If medý the evil liere complained of.

H h 2 g Suidenou

To the Editor of the Bee t.
To the Editor of the Bee..


is Sir,

Hamilton, Jan, 5th 1991.. As I see it is within the compass of your design, I would recommend to the public by your means, a publication I have lately read with a good deal of pleasure, and I hope with some profit too ; and am persuaded it is worth the attention of landholders, farmers, and manufacturers ; but as it is not my custom to say of any human performance it is without a fault, I must own there are several pretty palpable mistakes scattered up and down through the whole, besides one entire heterogeneous chapter. The performance I mean is intituled, Thoughts on various Objects of Industry, &c. by John Nasmith, and foresaid chapter, the 5th of the ist book, which, with your leave, I mean to comment upon with such freedom, as it shall be ashamed to shew its face again in the ad Edition ; but as the commen, tary may perhaps be longer than the text, which is a fault you know very cominon to commentators, I shall only give you the contents of the several papers at pre. sent, reserving the filling of them up to some future occasion, when it may suit the conveniency both of you, Sir, and your readers.

Ch. I. A differtation on hobbies. What a hobby is, as distinguished from the useful beast, or a beast of burden. The benefit the revenue derives from hobbies, or the keepers of hobbies. This is well known to all able financiers: therefore they will be very cautious how they discourage the breed of hobbies. Some men will as foon part with their wives as their hobbies. How an useful beast inay be converted into a hobby, and by whom.--The bad effects of such a practice, as men are as ready to differ about their hobbies as any thing, el-' pecially learned men ; an example of this in your first number.--The linen, woollen, and cotton manufac. tures, all three very useful in themselves, and might

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both stand and thrive very well in the same stable, were it not for the same whimsical tribe that are always setting them on to kick at each other.. .

Ch. II. The author's apprehenfions for the ruin of the linen manufacture, by the introduction of the cota ton, ill founded. --The coarfe linen manufacture can receive but little damage from the cotton.

Ch. III. Aninquiry, whether it be most advantageous for Scotland to puh the manufacture of coarse linen, or fine, most ; a question yery proper to be satisfactorily answered for the benefit of both landholders and fiaxraisers. This will lead me to take notice of a very palpable mistake of the author, in contrasting the average value of the linens stamped in Scotland, with the average value of the linens stamped in Ireland, which has inade him throw a very unjust aspersion on the honourable board of trustees officers, intrusted with the Scots stamps, as if they were generally a third part out in their judgement, of the value of the linens stamped by them. He indeed supposed they do not take the same care of the value, as the me, sure of their cloth ;, but I must acquaint all whom it may concern, that it is the duty of every officer, after looking over and measuring a piece of cloth, to put a value on it to the best of his judgement, which he affixes over the number of yards; which values are summed up, as well as the yards, to make up the aggregate sum of each sent to the office, and that each of these officers confiders himself as upon oath, as well to value, to the best of his judgement, as to the number of yards. I had other three chapters more to add; but as I have already cut out work for a twelvemonth, and who knows what change may be in that time ; befides this is already run to a considerable length; so, for the prefent, I am your humble servant.

Criticus fed non Creticus. P. S. As the author has inserted two or three large blads of Latin, which I do not well understand, though

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once a Latin scholar, but as honest a one as ever came
from sehool, for, so far from carrying away any thing
that did not belong to me, 'I chose rather to leave the
greatest part of what I had honestly paid for. A tak
for your learned correspondents, to give'a good English
translation of my name, and for the future, when they
insert more than four Latin words at a time in any
English book, I would propose that they give a good
tranflation below, for the benefit of English readers
if they be able, that is to say..



Remarks on Liberty.

To the Editor of the Bee. ... 'Sir, On reading the article France No. IV. of your hile torical chronicle, the following thoughts were suggests


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Revolutions in focieties and nations are not affairs universally demonftrable, that owe their perfection or circumscription to the powers of the human mind. These belong rather to the nature of cause and effect. Their hidden and secret nature are beft known by their consequences. One cause however is obvious, the oppression of men in power. Despotic governments might preserve the peace and felicity of their subjects by leo! nity and equity of administration. The people under : such princes might be cemented to their sovereigns without so much as knowing for why—at least with:out any inquiry into the rights of sovereignty. But whenever oppression begins, the painful chains fpeak to their understanding more emphatically than all the eloquence of Demofthenes. Another evident reason of ftaté-revolution is, the introduction of commerce. The heads of the people might even be generous and hus

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mane in framing an absolute government: but these principles being only flexible, and corruptible by in.. tereft, what can save a nation from utter ruin, but the common and commercial people? and how shall these become saviours of their country, unlefs by mechanical ingenuity and commerce, they obtain influ. ence to raise up their dignity ? Unless they industri. ously cultivate those arts, which have fertility to supply the defects of nature ? Oppreffion, therefore, matching with influence and mental refinement, will struggle and debate from their own weight and importance; and the result must turn out according to the fuperior balance of contending powers. Such things appear to have been two causes of the French Revolution, which, if as stedfastly maintained in infancy, as at the birth, must be productive of the manhood of liberty. If there principles laid down are general, Spain in its multiplied degrees of fociety, and ill fituation for trade, on account of the influx of the Mexican fpecie, must yet fpur long in the furrows of flavery.

Un ami inconnu, · Paisley 31st January 1791.

oboust :
15:11 tis... To the Editor of the Bee.

o SIR, sem As a freind to every attempt to serve the community, I cannot but be interested in the success of your weekly publication. I send you a short paper on the means of promoting agricultural knowledge, and the great bene- , fits, which may be derived from it to this country. If;, my future correspondence shall be thought worth your acceptance, I will pursue this subject. 4313 Ile Illit, ', in r esni !, JAQUES.

Gæteris Specimen esto, said Cicero to Atticus; and he said wisely : for such is the influence of example over

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