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tuguese, and formed many offensive al- miles south, and they extended 76 miles ic
liances with the neighbouring princes, in length. He had the ports of Zi. DS
he suddenly invaded the territories of his vanchi, Antiguria, Dabul, and South friend, and took Allabeg, a place of Rook, besides his islands of Kenerey and great ftrength and importance. He next Hanarey, and his forts of Allabeg and seized upon Hanarey, a small island near Golaby. He generally kept up an arKenerey, where he established a fishery. my of 30,000 Caffrees, Seapoys, and After many struggles between Angria Topaffes, and as many Morattes as he and this prince, a treaty of peace, offen- could seduce from their allegiance to the five and defenfive, was made between South Raja, their sovereign. His gunthem; the principal article of which ners and sea-officers were mostly renewas, That Angria, in consideration of gado Europeans. He had a large train holding quietly all he had conquered, of artillery, besides the cannon of his should attempt to conquer no more. forts and shipping, and twelve elephants.
Angria having now founded a new His island of Kenerey, is distant nine kingdom, and being acknowledged as a miles from any part of the continent; sovereign by the neighbouring powers, all the north, south, and weft parts, are
became formidable even to the Mogul; rocky; but to the eastward there is a 1. with whom, after many battles with va- fine sandy cove, which the castle fronts,
rious success, he concluded a peace. flanked by two bastions on each side, .: The European nations also thought it mounted with fix guns each, from which
their intereft to enter into treaty with him any boat attempting to land, may be for the security of their trade, which it sunk with great surety. was so much in his power to annoy. A Fort Geriah has an excellent harbour, treaty was concluded with him by Eng- in which the tide rises and falls as re.
land in 1715, after an unsuccessful at- gularly as in the river Thames. This b;' tempt both against Geriah and Kenerey harbour is one of the best upon the coast,
by a very considerable naval force, with and the fort might be rendered almost a numerous army on board, under the impregnable. The island of Golaby had command of Gov. Boone.
a strong fort mounting forty-four guns. Angria having soon after violated this Allabeg lies between Golaby and treaty, as he did every other, another Choul, about fourteen leagues from squadron was sent against him from Eng- Bombay, and ten miles from Choul. land, under the command of the late The naval force of Tulagee Angria
Adm. Matthews, in 1721. But this ex- consisted of about fifteen grabs, which 1. pedition was rendered unsuccessful by carried six and nine pounders, and a
the treachery or timidity of the Portu- great number of men at small arms; guese, who had engaged to aslift Mat- five ketches, two ships of 40 guns, and thews with troops from Goa, but did about 40 galleywats, and other small not fulfil their engagement.
craft. In 1734 Connagee Angria died, and Tulagee Angria has withheld his triwas succeeded by Sambajee Angria, his bute two years; and when the South fon; who added to his hereditary domi- Raja sent to demand it, he slit the ama nions, and became the terror of all his bassadors noses, and sent them ignoneighbours, particularly the South Raja. miniously back. The South Raja thus
Sambajee Angria died in 1745; and outraged, fent last winter to Bombay, to leaving no children, he was succeeded desire the English would join him, to by Tulagze
. Angria, his brother, from destroy Angria ; and has ever since rawhom Geriah his capital is now taken. vaged his country, and blocked
his This man is now about forty years of strong holds by land. The English proage, about five feet ten inches high, of mised to affilt; and in October 1755, an olive complexion, and a bold aspect. Adm. Watson left the Coromandel coast His dominions extended from Bombay, with his squadron; and coming to Roma to Manlo, a fea-port, distant about 120 bay to refit, informed Governor Bour
chier, he was ready to act against Ang- of truce hung over the walls, we marchria; and, whilft things were preparing, ed towards the garrison : but as soon as sent his first lieutenant, Sir William we were got to the bottom of the hill Hewitt, in an armed vessel, to found the near the fort, they fired upon us ; though harbour of Geriah, and make proper ob- they killed only one man, and wounded fervations. And great part of our suce an officer in the Moulder; on which we cess was owing to his discoveries. On retreated to our former ground. Col. February 6. 1756, the land-force's im- Clive then went on board the Admiral, barked, confiting of 700 European fol. to concert measures for another attack. diers, 300 Topasses, or black foot-fol. On this a signal was hung out for the diers, and 300 Seapoys, under the com- line of battle ships only, and the bombmand of Col Clive. On the 7th, the ketches, to renew their fire; which was squadron set sail from Bombay; and continued with such success for three joined the Moratta fleet, consisting of hours, that the enemy capitulated : upthree or four grabs, and forty or fifty on which a company of our soldiers took galleywats, commanded by Narypunt, poffeffion, and hoisted the British Aag on in a creek to the northward of Geriah, the ramparts. But when the fort was called Rajipour, where stood a small fort, surrendered, the Morartes attempted to which they had just taken from Angria. take possession of it before us ; which On the shore lay incamped the Moratta had they done, a very small
part of the army, confisting of 5000 foot and 4000. plunder would have fallen to our lot. horse, under Ramajeepunt. Here Ang. And this they would have effected, but ria had been treating to surrender the for the gallane behaviour of Capt. Forfort to the Morattes who had been sent bes, who commanded the company sent against him by the South Raja, upon to take possession of the fort. He drew certain private stipulations; but endea- his broad sword, made his men face to, vooring to go by land from Geriah to to the right-about, and swore by his Golaby, he was taken by a detachment maker, that he would cut the Moratta of their army, and was at this time pri- general's head off, if he offered to ad. foner amongst them, having left his bro- vance a step further : which so terrified ther-in-law in the command of the fort. him and his men, that, without further
When the Admiral arrived off the molestation, he left Capt. Forbes to take harbour, on the lith, he summoned the possession of the fort. castle 10 surrender ; but was answered, Before the fort surrendered, a shell they would difend it to the utmost; and fell into the Restoration grab, which having great reason to suspect treachery Angria had taken from our company, from the Morattes, as they had not yet by which accident his whole feet at offered him any assistance, he stood in to Geriah was soon in a blaze, confisting the harbour in the afternoon of the 12th, of eight grabs, one ship, a great number The fort fired briskly about half an hour; of galleywats, and other small craft. but the incessant fire from our ships and In the fort were 250 iron and brass bomb ketches, not only leffened their cannon of all sizes, and a prodigious fire, but destroyed the houses. At four quantity of ammunition and provisions, o'clock the fignal was made to cease fi- of rich goods, and some money. The ring; which raised the spirits of the ene- garrison confift:d of about 300, though my, and encouraged them to renew their there was near 2000 in the fort; and cannonade On this the bloody flag Angria's mother, two wives, two chilwas hung out, and we continued firing dren, and brother-in-law, are among the till fix o'clock; at which time a flag of prisoners ; who have been treated by the truce was sent on fhore, expecting the Admiral with generosity and humanity. garrison would surrender Atnine o'clock in filver rupees we have found about our troops landed a mile and a half from 100,000 l. and in other effects near the fort, and were joined by near 10,000 30,000 l.; but we are searching in ex. Morattes. In the morning, secing the flag pectation of a great deal more, so that I
hope we shall share very considerably in gazettes, and hitherto uncontradi&ted, the plunder of this notorious pirate. We than to any pretended letter, unauthen, released eight English, two Scotch, and ticated, and produced by a minifterial three Dutchmen from imprisonment in writer for a ministerial purpose : alled-1 Geriah, who had been taken in several ging, that as ministers know, that the vessels by Angria. (xviii. 522.]. G. M. parliament may require the papers of
their transactions to be laid before them, Some account of the answer, written by the face of a negotiation is made, by
the author of the Fourletters to the peo- memorials and orders to ambassadors, ple of England, to the pamphlet, in- to represent something very different titled, The conduct of the ministry from the secret springs and feeret manimpartially examined [xviii. 544 ] ner of accomplishing the business. A chiedo de manerwer to the charge following argument. The French, if brought against them in the Fourth letter they released the prisoners in conse. to the people, this is chiefly a support of quence of a demand, as a matter of right, that charge, in reply to the answer. admitted by this very act, that their
The charge brought against the mi. goods allo ought to be restored ; hut of nistry, in the powth letter, for tacitly their goods no restitution is pretended giving up our right to the contested to have been made, though the French part of America, by foliciting instead cannot be supposed to withhold what of demanding the release of three men they had acknowledged to be our who had been imprisoned by the French due; it follows therefore, from the for trading on the Ohio, is obviated in non-restitution of the goods, that the the defence, by producing two letters releasement of the prisoners was aked from Lord Albermarle, and part of a and granted as a favour: and upon this memorial by him delivered, in which suppolition, and this only, it is easy to the imprisonment of these men, is cal. account, not only why the goods were led an unjust proceeding, and their release not restored, but why no farther apand reflitution of their goods is D E- plication was made about them after MANDED as matter of right. But the prisoners were released, the truth of the charge is supported in the answer, this fact being too notorious to be con. by producing the following extract from tested. Besides, it is equally notorious, the French memorial of justification. that the three men who were retained
“ The Marquis de la Jonquiere sent at Canada, seized at the same time, these four men to France; and being and on the same account, were never some time detained in prison at Ro- released; as they certainly would have chelle, they implored the protection been, if the court of France, by releaof Lord Albemarle, the British ambas. sing the others on a demand, had acknowsador there; and Lord Albemarle so. ledged them to have been unjustly con. LICITED their liberty, WITHOUT como fined.
This writer also infifts, with respect
to the grant to the Quaker, which in IT. Upon this folicitation his Most the defence is denied, that though it be Chritian Majesty not only ordered them true, that no order has yet been made on apo to be discharged from their confinement, plication of the Ohio company for a settlebut directed some money to be given ment of limits, yet lands had been grantthem ; for which Lord Albemarle re. ed; for if lands had not been granted, turned, THANKS to the minister of the there could be no such thing as an O. marine As A PERSONAL FAVOUR DONE hio company; and to conclude, that TO HIMSELF."-The writer of the because the company had sued for a answer insists, that more credit is due settlement of limits, that therefore they to this memorial, signed by the French had no grant, is just as absurd as to minifters, published in all the foreign conclude that because two neighbouring
PLAINING OF THE MOTIVES UPON
gentlemen quarrelled about the boun- provoke the French to make against us. daries of their estates, therefore one or It is added, that our treatment of the both of them had no estate at all. captives it yet more cruel and infamous
In answer to that part of the defence than the capture, the privilege of feedwhich is written to prove, that the war ing them being let out from one to anwas begun with alacrity, and carried other, till, instead of 6 d. allowed by the on with propriety and vigour, it is ob- government, 3 d. only is paid to the per. served, that no attempt which the son that actually furnishes these wretchFrench have made, either in Europe or ed prisoners with food; which, as it must America, has been frustrated; and that be furnished at a price so low, can be no attempt made by us has succeeded, but little better than poison ; so that, by notwithstanding it is admitted by the unwholsome provisions, close confineauthor of the defence, that we had a ment, and putrid air, they are suffered to Heet which was thought sufficient both perish, without redress, and without pifor defending ourselves and disappoint- ty. [xviii. 98.] ing our enemy. It is also infiited, that The affertion, That by this attack on the ill success of our cruises arose from the French trade, the home insurance is their destinations being injudiciously di- raised to more than 50 per cent, is derected; and that for this the ministry nied; and it is affirmed, that the in. only is answerable, as their orders to surance was never more than 40 guineas; admirals and commodores are always and the safety of our own trade is so far explicit, to cruise between two speci- from having been secured, that when fied latitudes and longitudes, as near as the merchants have applied for stronger the longitudes can be known: and that convoys, they have been refused, with the escape of the French fleet through false accounts of the enemy's force; the the Atreights of Belleifle ought to have effects of which has been fuch, that the been foreseen, and guarded against, ac- approaching spring will demonstrate our cording to the defender's own account, trade to have suffered much more than who admits, that single vessels were that of the French. known to have passed it, and therefore In answer to the pretence, That the it was passable for a fleet, which is una expedition to the westward was intended der no necessity of sailing abreast; and to intercept Salvert and La Motte, as however dangerous the passage might well as Du Guay, whom it was suppobe, the navigating it was known to be sed they would join; it is shewn, that a more probable means of safety, than the junction of Du Guay with Salvert the navigating any other part of the sea and La Motte could not be supposed in which our feet might intercept them, without the groffest ignorance and aband for this reason their chusing this surdity. Du Guay was at Lisbon ; La passage was a probable event.
Motte and Salvert were to go from It is denied that the fame plan which Louisburg to Brest; Lisbon was 136 was successfully pursued in the last war leagues distant from this course ; and Du was adopted in this ; because, during Guay, as if he had not been sufficiently the last war, no ships were sent to cruise out of the way, failed to Cadiz, which on the banks of Newfoundland in the was 20 leagues farther out of the way foggy months; nor was the Mediterra. both in latitude and longitude. Yet nean left deftitute of a force sufficient from this particular alone the ministry to protect Gibraltar and Mahon. supposed a junction with the northern
It is also in lifted, that the capture of squadrons to be intended, the French merchantmen before war That, allowing our fleet to be so was declared, was a cruel and unjuitic weakened by sickness, as not to furnish fiable measure, which has rendered as the proper equipments, this very sickness odious to all Europe, and was not of was the effect of criminal negligence : it fufficient importance to prevent the was the effect of forcing men to sea who fuccess of any attempt which it might had never been used to that element, of
the want of ventilators, and of good pro- at Toulon might sail through the freights visions.
of Gibraltar, and either fuccour the coBut that a squadron might have been lonies in North America, or invade Misent time enough to preserve Minorca, norca, is shewn to be without any
appears even by the very attempt to shew dation in probability; the vessels for the contrary; because it is allowed that transporting the troops that were affem. there was a sufficient number of ships for bled there, were such as were only fit this service ready victualled and manned, for the smooth seas and short voyages under failing orders; and as no foreign in the Mediterranean, and were no more
service could be equally pressing with fit for the Atlantic ocean than a wherry. bet the preservation of Minorca, because no The assertion, That Mr. Byng's fleet
other place was equally in danger, no was well manned and equipped, is also thing more was necessary, than to recal shewn to be false; as he had neither these failing orders, and send the feet ftoreship, fireship, nor hospital- hip; and that had been destined to other less ne- several of his vessels, particularly the Inceffary service, on this.
trepide, was not fit for the sea. GaliffonIt is also alledged, that the ships niere, on the contrary, whose fleet is said which were said to be necessary for the to have been manned with old men and defence of our own coasts, might as well boys, was at the time of action in a very
have been at Mahon as where they were. different condition; for supposing him to s; By lying at Spithead they gave the m-e have been ill manned when he left Tou
mr an opportunity to go on board, lon, he had the ablest failors from two and hoist his flag for one day, [xvii. hundred transports to take on board his 306.], and then, as an admiral absent feet. upon leave, receive a thousand pounds But as it is now too certain that Mi. per annum ever since ; but they could not norca is loft, this writer asserts, that it
prevent an invasion from Flanders and was not intended to be kept, for the folI! Picardy, in fmail craft; and the small lowing reasons.
craft in the French ports furnished the 1. The general and subaltern officers pretence for dreading an invasion. An of the regiments at Mahon, to the numinvasion from France in small craft can ber of fixty, were suffered to remain in
never come but from the nearest ports ; England during the whole time of the Es
and the wind that would have brought equipment at Toulon. them from these ports to the coait of 2. An offer of 6000 troops by the Kent, Sussex, or Effex, would have pre. Modenese minister, for the defence of vented the feet at Spithead from op- St Philip's, was refused.
posing them. A fleet in the Downs on 3. No reinforcements of • ly could have prevented the invasion troops was sent, notwithstanding the ap2
that we were taught to expect; but as plication and remonstrances of Gen.
there was a fleet at Spithead, where it Blakeney on that head. And 6 could not act, there was no fleet in the 4. Two HUNDRED AND SEVENTY i Downs, where it could.
POUR THOUSAND POUNDS Sterling was It is said in the defence, that if 15,000 remitted to Mirepoix from France, just Frenchmen had landed, the consequence before he left this kingdom. i might have been fatal, even to our ca Such is the fubftance of the answer to the
pital; but it is remarked in the anfwer, defence of the ministry: and upon this occa
that this once opulent and powerful fion we hope our readers will observe, that 3
island, containing two millions of men we state what is said on each side, without
able to bear arms, must be reduced very entering into the merits of the cause which o low indeed, if 15,000 Frenchmen could either has espoused; leaving the facts al: .
force their way to our capital, and pro- ledged by both, to stand on such proofs as they
duce fuch scenes of ruin as cannot be have brought to support them, and leaving e conceived without horror.
the public to determine on wbich side the ba. The fuggeftion, That the French fleet lance of evidence turns. Gent, Mag.