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der of Coching, detached a force against the Dutch fort of Quiion, and their factories of Porca and Quilon in the Travancore country. They were delivered up without refiftance; and we are now in poffeffion of all their fettlements on the continent of India."
(End of the Gazettes.)
There was felt on the 17th and 23d February laft, two violent fhocks of an earthquake at Lisbon. The inhabitants were thrown into the greateft confternation, and quitted their houses, but the city fuftained no damage. A fate fimilar to that of 1755 was apprehended.
March 17. Admiral Chriftian failed from Spithead in the Thunderer man of war, with the Invincible, La Prompte and Albicore frigates, and several tranfports, for the Weft Indies.
Bins, an Emiffary of the London Correíponding Society, who had been delivering lectures at Birmingham, has been apprehended under a charge of feditious -practices, by a warrant from the Secretary of State's Office.
house on that account. The fentence. upon him is, “That he be cafhiered, and declared incapable of ferving his Majefty in any military capacity." The fentence is to be read at the head of every militia, regiment in the kingdom.The King has confirmed the fentence.
April 7. The trial of Admiral Cornwallis, for difobedience of orders, in not proceeding to the West Indies, purfuant to the inftructions of the Admiralty Board, commenced on Board the Orion at Portsmouth, at eight o'clock in the morning.
The charges were three in number. The fubftance of them is as follows: First, That Admiral Cornwallis, after having failed from England for the Weft Indies, and proceeded a confiderable way on his voyage, did return contrary to the orders he had received. Secondly, That not having a fufficient regard to the importance of the fituation of a Commander in Chief, he omitted to shift. his flag on board of fome other fhip after the Royal Sovereign had been difabled, in order to proceed, as he ought to have done, to the place of his destination; but that, inftead of doing fo, he gave his inftructions and the command of the convoy to another officer. And thirdly, That after his return, he disobeyed another order of the Board of Admiralty, by not hoifting his flag on board the Aftrea frigate, and proceeding to the Weft Indies as had been ordered by their Lordfhips.
The Prince of Wales, and a board of general officers, have proposed to adopt an entire new form of drefs and accoutrements for the cavalry. The fwords are to be lengthened, and the caribines thortened. The waistcoats are to reach a good way down the thighs. The boots are to be made fo ftrong between the calf and the thigh, as to refift the ftroke of a fabre. Helmets inftead of hats, in, The chief evidence confifted princia new form, are fuggefted: they are pally of the correfpondence between the to clafp at the chin, like the old-fashion- Admiral and the Board, by which it aped hunting caps. An alteration, like- peared, he thought his health would be wife, is to take place in the faddles, and endangered by going out in a frigate, indeed in almost every part of the accou- and requested permiffion to wait till his trements and drefs. flag fhip as repaired.
Of the fourteen charges adduced againft Colonel Cawthorne, the Court found the prifoner guilty of eleven of them, and part of the twelfth. The first was, that of having withheld and appropriated to his own ufe the marching guineas, which by Act of Parliament are allowed to militiamen. The other charges were generally of a fimilar nature, accufing him of peculation, of receiving money to excufe perfons from ferving in the militia, and putting it in his pocket, without providing fubititutes, &c. It is faid he received twenty guineas from a waiter at the Prince of Wales' Coffee
The Admiral, in his defence, produced a paper or addrefs, which was read by Mr Erfkine. The main ground of it was, that he had acted according to the beft of his judgment undercircumftances, and did not conceive his prefence in the Weft Indies was abfolutely neceffary to the expedition.
Mr Tibbit, fhip-builder in Portsmouth, described the damage the fhip had fuftained-that he could not even be repaired in harbour, and that the muit be taken into deck and heaved down.
Captain Whitby of the Royal Sove
this fituation he was attacked on the morning of Tuesday, by all the gun-boats and other veffels which the enemy could mufter; and after a gallant and even def perate refiftance, against a force fo infinitely fuperior to his own, he found himfelf at length obliged to furrender. We are happy however to find that he received no injury in the conflict.
reign, Mr Alexander the mafter of the ried by the current above the town. Ia fhip, and Mr Kain the Surgeon, were called to prove the anxiety of the Admiral to have proceeded in the Royal Sovereign to the Weft Indies, which was rendered impoffible by the damage fhe had fuftained; that circumftances did not permit the Admiral to change his flag, and that his health would have been greatly endangered by his going out in a frigate.
Some letters which had paffed between the Admiral and the Board on the fubje&t were alfo produced; and after thefe had been read the trial clofed before one o'clock.
"The Court having heard the evidence in fupport of the charges exhibited against the Hon. William Cornwallis, Vice-Admiral of the Red; and having heard his defence, and the evidence in his behalf, and having maturely weighel and confidered the fame, were of opinion,
"That with refpect to the two firft charges, of his returning without leave, after having been ordered to proceed to Barbadoes, and of his difobeying the orders he had received, MISCONDUCT WAS IMPUTABLE TO HIM, for not baving thifted his flag on board the Mars or Minotaur, and proceeding in either of them to the Weft Indies; but in confideration of other circumftances, the Court ACQUITTED HIM OF ANY DISOBEDIENCE in his conduct on that occafion.
"With refpect to the third charge, of his having, after his return, difobeyed the orders of the Board of Admiralty, in not going out to the Weft Indies in the Aftrea frigate, the Court were of opinion, that the charge WAS NOT PROVEN, and therefore ACQUITTED Admiral Cornwallis upon that charge." A letter was received at the Admiralty on the 19th inft. from the first Licutenant of the Diamond frigate, off the coaft of France, containing an account of the capture of Sir Sydney Smith. Sir Sydney in the night of Monday laft, went in his boat to cut out a French lugger in the port of Havre. This he accomplished, after some resistance, by which one Frenchman was killed; but, deterred from immediately failing by the rapidity of the current, he caft anchor. During the night, however, the ship drove from her anchor, the cable, it is faid, having been cat by one of the prifoners, and was car
A cargo of flax, the produce of our fettlement in New South Wales, was fome time ago imported into Whitehaven.
At Perth, on the morning of the it of April, an affair of honour was determined between Captain W- --r and Lieut. Cg, of the Princess of Wales' Light Dragoons, quartered at Perth. The parties with their feconds (Major L- ---n and Captain W-t}, met on the North Inch; when after an exchange of fire, the feconds interfered, and the parties were reconciled.
On the 4th of April the remains of Thomas Tod, Efq; were interred in the burying place belonging to the Orphan Hofpital. When the funeral proceffion reached the hospital, it was met by the Governors; and the boys and girls, headed by their mafter, alfo joined in paying the laft tribute of affection to their worthy benefactor. The crowd of spectators on this occafion was uncommonly great.
At Dumblane, on the 5th curt. the juftices of peace of that diftrict of Perthfhire, fined several delinquents in the fum of 6881. 10s. 6d. for diftilling whisky.
9. This day a refpite, during his Majefty's pleasure, was received by the Lord Provoft for John O'Niel, under sentence of death in the tolbooth of this city.
On the 11th, there were new potatoes of this year's growing, digged in the open field, as large as crows eggs, upon the farm of Merkfwood, about an Englith mile north of Paisley.
The Duc D'Angouleme and his fuite attended the Theatre on the 14th, and were moft cordially received by a very crowded and fashionable audience The decorations of the box fitted up for his Royal Highness did credit to the taste and liberality of the manager. feftoons were a dark purple fattin, edged with a deep filver fringe, and lined with white muflin. His Majefty's arms, eiegantly finished, were placed at top.
On the 17th, the church of Cranston, four miles fouth of Dalkeith, was totally confumed by accidental fire, which was occafioned by the beadle having left fome coals in the fove. It was obferved in flames about half an hour after the congregation had left it, and by five o'clock was all in afhes.
20. A duty on wine being among the taxes brought forward on the 18th by Mr Pitt, an exact account of the ftock on hand was taken this day.
The navy of this country, exclufive of the hired armed veffels for protecting the coaft trade, confifted on the 31ft of March laft of 170 fhips of the line, 29 fifties, 188 frigates, 211 floops, making in the whole a navy of 598 thips of war. We have taken and deftroyed, fince the commencement of the war, 153 ships of the French navy, of which 27 are line-ofbattle fhips, not under feventy-fours, and we have added, of thefe captures, 64 to our own navy. The enemy have taken and destroyed of our naval force 34, 5 of which are line-of-battle fhips. This account extends to the 31st March laft.
The reduction of the price of oatmeal is an agreeable circumftance. In the market of the 12th, the beft kind fold at l. 1s. 6d. per boll, which was three hillings and one penny half penny cheaper than laft week. The magiftrates therefore ordered the peck to be fold at feventeen pence, which is twopence lower than it was last market day.
The Magiftrates have lowered the affize of bread. It is expected to be foon further lowered.
The countries which, by the exifting laws in France, conftitute the French territory, are; 1. France, as it ftood at the commencement of the war.-2. The French colonies in the Weft Indies ftill occupied by France.-3. The islands of France and Mauritius.-4. Martinico and Tobago.-5. The whole island of St Domingo.-6. Pondicherry, Chandenagore, Carical, Mahe, and the other French establishments in India.-7. Avignon, and the county of Venaiffin.-8. Principality of Montbeliard, and Bishoprick of Porentrui.-9. Savoy, Nice, and Monaco.-10. Auftrian Flanders and Brabant, and generally, whatever belongs to the Emperor on this fide the Rhine. 11. Maeflricht, Venlo, and Dutch Flanders.-12. The Bishoprick of Liege.
It has been computed by fome, that from the mildness of the winter, and favourable feafon for the lambs, the Rock
of sheep will be encreafed nearly one half this year.
22. The Dutch prifoners were removed from the Castle to a large lodging at Fountain-bridge, in order to make room for fome French prifoners.
By order of the Lord Provost and Magistrates, a general furvey and examination of the weight of bread took place, through the city, extended royalty, Canongate, Potterrow, Brifto, Wefter Portfburgh, and Leith; and we are authorised to affure the public, that (one or two inftances excepted) the whole bakers were found to have their bread of fufficient weight and quality.
25. This day the Rev. Dr Erskine preached before a very crowded congregation in St Andrew's Church, being the first fermon for the benefit of the Edinburgh Miffionary Soceity. The Society has met with the greateft encouragement. It has not existed much above a month, and it has already received upwards of 800!.
27. This morning an alarming tumult took place in Glasgow, but by the timeous interference of the magistrates, with the aid of the military, the rioters were difperfed, and peace was again reftored to the city. The cause of diforder seems to have originated from fome country people in the butter and egg marketafking extravagant prices for their goods. A proclamation has been iffued by the magiflrates, offering a reward for the difcovery of the rioters.
30. The Ruffian Admiral Tate arrived this evening in Leith Roads, along with a two-decker and two frigates. He has made the fignal for convoy to the Baltic trade.
There has been of late a very great importation of grain into Leith and other ports in the Frith; of confequence a further reduction may be immediately looked for.
19. The Houfe of Lords gave judgement in the cause of Stein v. Steuart, Somervail, and Co. merchants in Leith. The interlocutors of the Court of Seffion were ordered to be reverfed, and a proof of certain of the articles of the appellant's condefcendence allowed; and on the proof being taken, that the Court of Seffion fhould re-hear the caufe.
THE extreme degree of mildness which has continued uniformly throughout this month, has not been equalled in the
memory of man. Of confequence the farmer has had every opportunity he could wish for fowing and labouring, and the fields wear a moft pleafing and promifing aspect. Excepting a few fhowers between the 1ft and 10th, the weather has not only been fair, but clear and warm. On the 18th, the thermometer ftood as high as 54° before fun rife; and it was at 70° feveral days at noon in the fhade. Fish continue in abundance, efpecially turbit, and fo low as is. of a moderate fize. Beef and mutton rather scarce and dear, best 7d.-veal 6d. and 7d. Bread and potatoes have fallen. The English report for March states, that the appearance of the next crop of wheat, in every part of the kingdom, is exceedingly promifing. The feed-time was never known to be fo forward as in the present season, and it has generally fucceeded fo well, that a most abundant harvest may reasonably be looked for. Oats are alfo in great forwardnefs; the land is in excellent condition for barley; and the beans come up remarkably ftrong. Thefe excellent appearances, added to a confiderable foreign fupply, have produced, in the course of the laft two weeks, a proportionate reduction of the prices of wheat. At Mark-lane, it fell on Monday from 12s. to 14s. per quarter, making, with former reductions, upwards of twenty fhillings. In the weft and north it has fallen in nearly an equal proportion, and in some places the markets have been glutted. Barley and Oats have alfo experienced a very dull fale, and the prices have confiderably fallen. Indeed, thefe laft articles, from the large ftock in hand, promise to be unusually abundant. While grain has thus lowered its price, butcher's meat and pota toes are on the advance. The former have advanced fince last month nearly a penny per pound. Cattle in general keep high and fearce, and find a ready fale in all the principal fairs. Sheep have actually advanced nearly one third in value fince this time laft year, and few good ones are to be bought at any price. Good horfes find a ready fale at very high prices, notwithstanding the reduction of the fencible cavalry. The cultivation of potatoes from shoots has been fuccefsfully practifed in various parts of the island, and found to be highly advantageous. VOL. LVII.
Great oats with fodder
Beft wheat, per boll
Beft wheat, per boll
Oatmeal, per boll
06602G 466 400
0 19 10