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The other part of the plan conduct of the operations in of oampaign was the Palestine France led to a result that no offensive: Allenby already bad one had antioipated. But the an overwhelming preponder- first winter edition of the plan anoe over the Turks. That was better both in means and preponderance
was to be conception than its autumn further inoreaned; he was to successor. Allenby's British be reinferoed from Mesopo- troops were taken from him tamia with forces originally after the disaster of the spring, fixed at a higher figare, but and Indian divisions substiultimately amounting to i tated. Fooh's authority as Indian division. An Indian chairman of the Exeontive cavalry division in France was War Board was better conto be sent to him. His foroes oeived and clearer than his were so large that the real authority generalissimo, difficulty was supplying him, which was to " 00-ordinate and his capacity for hitting the action of the British and hard depended much more French armies." If the second upon the rate at which the edition of this plan of oam. railroad from Egypt could be paign finished the war, the pushed forward. But with a first edition would have done little time and a great deal it even more surely. So great of railroad material, it was in war is the importance of a reckoned he ought to be able good plan that, as soon as it to annihilate the very inferior was found and carried out, Turkish foroes in front of the war ended. In the winter him.
of 1917-1918, a friend talking To this Eastern project the of the diffioulties in front of Frenoh members of the the Allies, said to Fooh's Chief Supreme War Counoil at of Staff
, Weygandfirst presented some opposi- “However bad our situation tion, but assented on oondition may seem now, it was worse that no white troops were re- for you and General Fooh moved from France for this at the Marne; for you were attempt. There was also the heavily outnumbered, and we opposition to it from General will still be superior till the Robertson, the Chief of the month of April.” Imperial General Staff.
Weygand answeredThis plan of campaign, in “Our situation is maoh its two parts, & central oom. worse now; for then we had mand in France and an
an the magnificent plan of Marshal offensive in Palestine, was in Joffre, and now we have no effeet the plan that carried plan at all.” the Allies to viotory in the The Supreme War Council autumn: Allenby's annihila. adopted this plan at a session tion of the Turkish Army in in the last days of January front of him knooked out the and the first days of February oorner-stone of the edifice of 1918. The utmost precautions the enemy's power, and Foch's of secrecy were adopted: for some of the sittings most of defended by Ludendorff unless the secretaries were excluded information was acquired where from the room. The copies of the blow was intended to fall: the plan of campaign and of then forces sufficient to meet the minutes of the meeting it might be concentrated in were limited to a few copies that quarter. The information and put in the hands of only was therefore inestimable. a few people. For Ludendorff, Pablio opinion in France and as he has now told us, was as Italy had been oanvassing the anxious about being attacked question of a supreme comas the Allies were. His posi- mander in the field during the tion, a few weeks before the whole winter, and was naturoampaign oould be expeoted to ally oonoerned at the disoonopen, was anxious and pre- neotion between the
the three oarious : on almost every front armies defending its soil. To ho was outnumbered. The reassure this opinion the news oollapse of any of the numerous that these armies had been fronts meant the loss of an given a certain unity under Ally whose fall would probably Fooh was published in the bring down another, till the papers, but in a vague and four Central Powers knocked misleading way. The other each other down like skittles decision, to overwhelm the Through the two main channels, Turkish armies in Palestine, was Danish and Swiss, along with guarded with greater preoauthe indigoretions of the enemy tions of secrecy than any other whioh reached the ears of the decision ever taken by the Allies, they could know his ap- Supreme War Counoil. prehensions, which he confesses A very sprightly and brilin his published memoirs. Ver- liant writer on military affairs, dan, olose to the line of railroad Colonel Repington, had till the whioh gave them lateral com- beginning of January been munioation, was a sensitive military oorrespondent of The point in the German defensive Times' at that date he left system, and here the German The Times, which had grown General Staff antioipated an oritioal of General Robertson, attaok by the Allies that would and became military corre. forestall theirs. There was no spondent of the Morning secret more precious than where Post. There he became the the Allied attack was coming. avowed exponent of that The various theatres of war, in General's viewe, referred to which the system of the Central himself as the official spokes. Powers lay, were strung out man of the General Staff, and along an awkward line, separ. published information which ated by nature, and in the East he could not have obtained oonnected by railroad lines of anywhere but from the War oommunioation insufficient, de- Office. A letter from bim, fective, and slow. Ignorant written in Paris on February where the aim of the Allies 5, was published, denounoing was, no portion oould be firmly the Inter-Allied War Council
VOL, CCVIII.-NO, MCCLIX.
which had just been held, to seize the printing presses On February the 11th another of the Morning Post,' and so article by him was published suppress it entirely; but after in the Morning Post.' This a talk with his Attorneywas a detailed and acourate General, Sir Gordon Hewart, account of the decisions and Mr Lloyd George adopted a discussions of the last Session course much more astute. The of the Supreme War Council. editor and Colonel Repington It described with fulness the were only prosecuted and fined Executive War Board ag for & technical offence under “The Versailles soldiers under the Defence of the Realm Aot; the presidenoy of General and Sir Gordon took care Fooh,” “controlling and direot- during the prosecution to ing the reserves," and reveals make only the disclosures the machinery by criticising about the General Reserve a it. Farther, he calls on Par. subjeot of complaint: the liament to intervene, and not passage about the side-show, permit "a side-show” to take which revealed the secret of place. The side-show he de- the Allies, he treated as in. soribes, in the very words of offensive. This artfol treat. Mr Lloyd George, as recorded ment may have attenuated in the minutes of the session, the effect of the betrayal. as “the delivery of a knook- The editor of the Morning oat blow to Turkey.” So as Post,' whose patriotism was to leave nothing in doubt, he above suspicion, noted, and indioates the theatre of war Colonel Repington no doubt where the side - show is to also, from their own sense of take place : “the Turks will daty, and (as the magistrate retire in front of us from who convicted them said) they Damagous to Aleppo."
knew the risks they were The article also tells Luden- taking. Colonel Repington dorff that Allenby's real diffi. disavows in this article havoulty was, the very point of ing an “official report of these the discussion that the Supreme proceedings," or "spoken to War Counoil had had, “How any of our military or military long will it take for our broad. representatives who attended"; gauge railway, at the rate of but he protests too much. In half a mile a day, to reach this and subsequent articles Aleppo?” The article is a from his lively pen be quotes summary - a very excellent actual phrases—the natural, feand oonoise summary-of the licitous, epigrammatio phrases principal decisions and disous- of Mr Lloyd George recorded sions that had taken place at in the minutes of the session : a session where the Supreme they must have caught his War Council had refined on quick literary eye as he read their usual precautions for them over. He could not have seoreoy, extravagant as these had all the information he usually were. The first de- published, which was absooision of the War Cabinet was lutely complete, unless he bad
been shown an official report General Staff in London, and of the proceedings. The per- was succeeded at Versailles by
who showed them to General Rawlinson, Colonel Repington can only Fooh, when he oame to Ver. have been an officer of the sailles, was an old man, unwell General Staff, and it is per. and worn with anxiety, and footly easy to guess who it beginning to lose his trim was. That officer was cer- horseman's figure. He shone tainly not General Robertson, in debate as much as he did who is far too rough and in action. In his profound straightforward for these de- grasp of any question: in his vious methods. But it must opaoity for dealing at onoe, have been an officer of the and conolusively, with any General Staff of whioh General opposite point which he reRobertson was the ohief, and jeoted : in the skill with which to defeat a plan whioh General he exposed the fallaoy of an Robertson opposed he disclosed unsound argument: in the that plan to a journalist, and flexible readiness with which thus through him to the he adapted his attitude to any enemy.
not only told contrary idea he felt unable Ludendorff
the plan, but to refute : in the facility and through the article suggested rapidity with which he evolved to him a means of parrying schemes to reach a common the blow, to “evade Allenby's agreement: in the closely offensive by retiring, and bring woven and orderly logio of his the U-boats down the Danube thought: in the rapid, almost to Constantinople.” No officer exuberant, flow of his speech : was punished in consequence in the flashing power of illusof the conviotion of Colonel trating his meaning: in his Repington and the editor of ruthless contempt for weaker the Morning Post.'
dialecticians,—in all these he The Executive War Board— resembled a great Chanoery Fooh, Wilson, Bliss, Cadorna special. In the
special. In the simplioity of -got to work at once. Foch his ways—he had not even an proposed that the General Re- A.D.C., and he used to arrive serve should begin by being a alone, his papers ander his seventh of the total Allied arm, with an absence of oereforce from the North Sea to mony astonishing to any one the Adriatio, and fixed it at sooustomed to the pomp that thirty divisions; and letters surrounds even & brigadier : were addressed to each com- in the roughness of his ways, mander-in-chief asking him if a strong contrast to the gentlehe would contribute his quota, manly English and grand proportionate to the number of manner of the Italiano: in his divisions he commanded, to the extreme piety,-in all these he General Reserve. On Febru- was like a rustio Frenob curé, ary 15th, Sir Henry Wilson redolent of the soil, the true gucceeded Sir William Robert- soil of France, the soil of son as Chief of the Imperial peasants and soldiers, descendants of those who accomplished angle and Rheims. But if he the Gesta Dei per Francos, very is successful and drives one or different from the glittering other of these lines back, he foam of Paris. In sheer in himself presents an anguarded telleot he towered above every and open flank, and the more
at the Supreme War successful he is, and the more he Counoil as much as Mr Lloyd enlarges tho angle, the longer George did in courage. and therefore the more open
During the first half of the and unguarded his flank will be month of February the Ger- "I will therefore divide my man scheme of attack became General Reserve into three porolearer. The Allied and the tions, each larger than the German lines formed an angle, other. The smallest portion and the German divisions in I will place in Dauphiné, close large masses began to accumu- to the best orossing into Italy; late towards the point of the the largest I will coneentrate angle: here also appeared Von round Paris; the third portion Hutier at the head of an army. I will place round Amiens. He was a specialist in surprise From the concentration of attacks, and at the oapture of German troops the attaok Riga, in the prooeding autumn, must come in the Rheims or the Germans had used a new Cambrai region; therefore the mancavre invented by him. balk of the General Reserve Instead of oollecting their at- round Paris is best situated to taoking divisions in front of come to the help of either the point at which it was region. The Amiens portion aimed to break through, they stands behind the British Fifth were kept very far back from Army, the weakest point of the line, and brought up to the line, and ready to support the point stealthily the night it. The Dauphiné portion is before, 80 that the enemy, situated so as to be able to go though he might guess the to the assistance of the Swiss region, could not guess exactly or the Italiane, in the unlikely where. While these divisions event of their being attacked, were at this distance from the or to rejoin the rest of the line, they praotised over ground General Reserve." artificially made to resemble Fooh did no more than outthe real point of attack. It line the part to be played by was an invention appropriate the General Reserve, for it to the German genins for secret never was to come into existand tireless organisation. enoe. Major Grasset quotes
Fooh in effeot said to the Napoleon as saying that the Exeoutive War Board
art of war is simple enough to "Ludendorff must launch understand; it is doing it that his mags of attaok either is diffioult. The outline of westward or southward, either Fooh's plan was perfeotly towards the British side of simple: Ludendorff had formed the angle and Cambrai, or his mass of manouvre near the towards the French side of the apex of the angle formed by