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Dum. To look like her, are chimney-sweepers

black. LONG. And, since her time, are colliers counted

bright. King. And Ethiops of their sweet complexion

crack. Dum, Dark needs no candles now, for dark is

light. BIRON. Your mistresses dare never come in rain,

For sear their colours should be wash'd away. King. "Twere good, yours did; for, fir, to tell

you plain, I'll find a fairer face not wash'd to-day. Biron. I'll prove her fair, or talk till dooms-day

here. King. No devil will fright thee then so much as

she. DUM. I never knew man hold vile fuff fo dear. LONG. Look, here's thy love: my foot and her face fee.

[Showing his shoe. BIRON. O, if the strects were paved with thine

cycs, Her feet were much too dainty for such tread! DUM. O vile! then as she goes, what upward

lies The street should see as she walk'd over head. KING. But what of this? Are we not all in love? BIRON. O, nothing so fure; and thereby all for

fworn. King. Then leave this chat; and, good Birón,

(now prove Our loving lawful, and our faith not torn.

Dum. Ay, marry, there ;-some flattery for this

evil. Long. O, some authority how to proceed; Some tricks, some quillets, how to cheat the devil.

DUM. Some salve for perjury.

0, 'tis more than need!
Have at you then, affection's men at arms:'
Consider, what you first did swear unto;-
To fast,--to study,--and to fce no woman ;-
Flat treason 'gainst the kingly state of youth.
Say, can you falt? your ilomachs are too young;
And abstinence engenders maladies.
And where that you have vow'd to study, lords,
In that each of you hath forsworn his book:
Can you fill dream, and pore, and thereon look?
For when would you, my lord, or you, or you,
Have found the ground of study's excellence,
Without the beauty of a woman's face?
From women's eyes this doctrine I derive:
They are the ground, the books, the academes,
From whence doth spring the true Promethean fire.
Why, universal plodding prisons up



Some quillets,] Quillet is the peculiar word apdlied to law-chicane, I imagine the original to be this. In the French pleadings, every several allegation in the plaintiff's charge, and every diftin& plea in the defendant's answer, began with the words qu'il est ; - from whence was formed the word quillet, to lgnify a false charge or an evasive answer. WARBURTON.

affe Elion's men at arins :) A man at arms, is a soldier armed at all points both offensively and defensively. It is no more than, Te soldiers of affection. John

hath forsworn ---] Old Copies —have. Corrected by Mr. Pope. MALONE.

prisons up -] The quarto, 1598, and the folio, 1623, read -- poisons up.

The emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. A passage in King John may add fome support to it:




The nimble spirits in the arteries ;*
As motion, and long-during action, tires
The finewy vigour of the traveller.
Now, for not looking on a woman's face,
You have in that forsworn the use of eyes;
And study too, the causer of your vow:
For where is any author in the world,
Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye?'
Learning is but an adjunct to ourself,
And where we are, our learning likewise is.
Then, when ourselves we see in ladies' eyes,

Do we not likewise see our learning there?
0, we have made a vow to study, lords;
And in that vow we have forsworn our books ;6
For when would you, my liege, or you, or you,
In leaden contemplation, have found out
Such fiery numbers,' as the prompting eyes


" 'Or, if that surly spirit, melancholy,
" Had bak'd thy blood, and made it heavy, thick,
" Which else runs tickling up and down the veins," &c.

MALONE. 4 The nimble Spirits in the arteries ;] In the old systems of physic they gave the same office to the arteries as is now given to the as appears from the name, which is derived from àepe Tafelv.

WARBURTON. s Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye? ] i. e. a lady's eyes give a fuller notion of beauty than any author. JOHNSON.

6 our books ;] i. c. our true books, from which we derive most information ; the eyes of women. MALONE. 7 In leaden contemplation, have found out

Such fiery numbers, ] Numbers are, in this passage, nothing more than poetical measures. Could you, says Biron, by Solitary contemplation, have attained such poetical fire, such spritely numbers, as have been prompted by the eyes of beauty ? JOHNSON. In leaden contemplation, ] So, in Milton's Il Penferofo :

" With a fad, leaden, downward caft." Again, in Gray's Hymn to Adversity:

" With liaden eye that loves the ground." STIEVENS.

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Of beauteous tutors have enrich'd you with?
Other slow arts entirely keep the brain ;

And therefore finding barren practisers,
Scarce show a harvest of their heavy toil:
But love, first learned in a lady's eyes,
Lives not alone immured in the brain;
But with the inotion of all elements,
Courses as swift as thought in every power;
And gives to every power a double power,
Above their functions and their offices.
It adds a precious seeing to the eye;
A lover's eyes will gaze an eagle blind;
A lover's ear will hear the lowest found,
When the suspicious head of theft is stopp'd;'


8 Of beauteous tutors -] Old Copies – beauty's. Correded by Sir T. Hanmer. MALONE.

9 Other sow arts entirely keep the brain ; ] As we say, keep the housę, or keep their bed. M, MASON.

the suspicious head of theft is stoppid;] i. e. a lover in pursuit of his mistress has his sense of hearing quicker than a thief (who sufpe&s every found he hears) in pursuit of his prey.

WARBURTON. " The Suspicious head of theft is the head suspicious of theft." He watches like one that fears robbing," says Speed, in The Two Gentlemen of Verona. This transposition of the adjective is sometimes met with. Grimme tells us, in Damon and Pythias : " A beavy pouch with golde makes a light bart."

FARMER. The thief is as watchful on his part, as the person who fears to be robbed, and Biron poetically makes theft a person.

M. MASON. Mr. M. Mason might have countenanced his explanation, by a passage in the third part of K. Henry VI:

Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind:

“ The thief doth fear each bush an officer:" and yet my opinion concurs with that of Dr. Farmer; though his explanation is again controverted, by a writer who figos himself Lucius in The Edinburgh Magazine, Nov. 1786. - The suspicious

Love's feeling is more soft, and sensible,
Than are the tender horns of cockled ? snails;
Love's tongue proves dainty Bacchus gross in taste:
For valour, is not love a Hercules,
Still climbing trees in the Hesperides??
Subtle as fphinx; as sweet, and musical,
As bright Apollo's lute, strung with his hair ;

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head of theft (says he) is the suspicious head of the thief. There is no man who listens so eagerly as a thief, or whose ears are so acutely upon the stretch,"

STEEVENS. I rather incline to Dr. Warburton's interpretation. Malone. cockled --] i. e. inshelled, like the fish called a cockle.

STEEVENS. 3 Still climbing trees in the Hesperides?] Our author had heard or read of " the gardens of the Hesperides, and seems to have thought that the latter word was the name of the garden in which the golden apples were kept; as we say, the gardens of the Tuillories, &c.

Our poet's contemporaries, I have lately observed, are chargeable with the same inaccuracy. So, in Friar Bacon and Frier Bungay, by Robert Greene, 1598:

" Shew thee the tree, leav'd with refined gold,
" Whereon the fearful dragon held his seat,

" That watch'd the garden, call'd HESPERIDES. The word may have been used in the same sense in The Legend of Orpheus and Eurydice, a poem, 1597:

16 And, like the dragon of the Hesperides,
- Shutteth the garden's gate,

MALOne. 4 As bright Apollo's lute, strung with his hair; ] This expression, like that other in The Two Gentlemen of Verona, of.

Orpheus' harp was firung with poets' finews," is extremely beautiful, and highly figurative. Apollo, as the sun, is represented with golden hair; so that a lute ftrung with his hair, Incans to more than strung with gilded wire. WARBURTON.

as sweet and musical " As bright Apollo's lule strung with his hair." The author of the Revisal supposes this expression to be allegorical, p. 133. Apollo's luic strung with funbeams, which in poetry are called hair.

But what idea is conveyed by Apollo's lute firung with funbeans? Undoubtedly the words are to be taken in their literal sense ; and in the stile of Italian imagery, the thought is highly elegant. The very same íort of conception occurs

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