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to Dr. Henderson's examination of the on the scale exhibited in the Appeal, erTurkish New Testament, that, on the tended only to three books." scale exhibited in the Appeal, it had only And here we leave the matter, to lise extended to three books. This the Pro- the Professor's own words to us, " with fessor seems to think is at variance his own conscience;" reminding him that with our remark, that he, Dr. H. ap-| after another reading of the article with prears to have read nearly the whole; and which he seems so highly offended, we by way of fixing on us the charge of do not see in it one sentiment which we inconsistency, he quotes Dr. Hender-could wish cancelled : and that we still son's words from the postscript to his do think Ali Bey's version one that Appeal, which are these, “ Some of the would disgrace the merest novice in books of the New Testament, as contained oriental literature; one in which the in this translation, I have never read.| divine simplicity of the dictates of the We really do wish that the learned Pro- (Holy Spirit is sacrificed at the altar of fessor had demonstrated to us the sup Mahommedan bombast; and, in which, posed inconsistency between the parts the very soul of the Christian religion of this statement. Surely he does not is reduced to the vapid dregs of Islam. need to be informed, that it is one thing. | ism. to read a book through so as to discover that it abounds either with beauties or deformities, and another to produce a critical analysis of it. Besides, we only

| A Sermon on the Death of Byron. By a said, Dr. H. appears to have read neurly

| LAYMAN. London: Longman and the whole; and his own words, which

Co. pp. 36. 1824. the Professor quotes, “ versus," Dr. H. We suppose that the author of this and ourselves are, “Some of the books,” | Sermon must have somewhere met with &c. Now we would ask, whether it be Robert Robinson's Village Discourse not possible for a person to read nearly on the text, Ye may all prophesy one by the whole of the books of the New Tes one ; and having imbibed his sentiment, tament, and yet to leave some of them that those who understand christianity may

teach it, resolved to attempt an improveWe can assure Professor Lee we care-ment of the death of the leading genius fully read the Appeal through, before of the age. We can tell him, however, we wrote a word respecting it; and that that poor Robinson was considered hewe even saw, as clearly as we do now, terodox, and this, we suspect, was acthe passage in question; nay, that it counted one of his errors. The Laywas that very passage that led us to man must expect that the clergy will throw in the expression, that is to say, not be pleased with his assumption of on the scale exhibited in the Appeal,and their office, because it may lead his the ground of what follows in con-| readers to imagine, that others can nection with this, we beg leave to point | preach besides those who have been liout to the Professor in case even he berally educated, and are as liberally should have overlooked it; he will find paid for it. it in close connection with the very We have read this Sermon with some same passage to which he has called degree of pleasure; the object of the our attention. Dr. H. says, p. 64. of writer has evidently been to do good. the P.S. “ Nor have I exhausted what From the text, 2 Sam. iii. 38. the Laythe volume exhibits of a similar stamp man proposes, I. To consider the cerwith that which has been developed in tainty of death; II. To make some rethe course of the preceding pages.” marks on the unwillingness generally Does not this clearly imply that Dr. prevalent amony men, to make the Henderson's reading in this version of event of death a subject of serious conthe New Testament, had been carried cern, as it respects themselves. III. To beyond the passages on which he di- suggest a few considerations arising rectly animadverts? and notwithstand from the event of Byron's death; and ing all the Professor has said, and not- | IV. To consider the duties and responwithstanding all he can say, it will still sibilities of individuals occupying eleremain true, that Dr. H. may have read vated stations in society, and more esnearly the whole of Ali Bey's Version pecially such as are distinguished by of the Turkish New Testament, while superior mental endowments. We do his examination of it; “ that is to say, I not see that all these subjects rise na

unread ;


291 turally out of the text; but they are do, and we cordially wish success to well discussed, and the appropriate every well meant attempt to accomplish observations of the Layman, are very the object. We have not room for exsuperior to many we have seen published / tracts, but wish the publication of our by Clergymen.

author success, and shall have no ob· From one or two remarks in the jection to read his future sermons even course of the Sermon, we suspect that though they may never have been its author has studied in the Arminian | preached. school; but there is nothing that ma- By the way, Mr. B. has given an terially opposes the scripture doctrine of anecdote of the late Emperor of France, the way of salvation. We are pleased with in p. 8, of his Sermon, which is new to the desire that seems to pervade the us, and which we think must be apohearts of the reflecting part of the public, chryphal. At any rate, if true, it is so to prevent the mischief that the circula- daringly impious that we shall for ever tion of works, like those of Byron, might | cease to wonder at his downfal.

Religious and Literary Intelligence.


| poly--and delivered from undue anxiety about pecuniary aid. The sermon was

enriched throughont by a perpetual series ANNUAL MEETING.

of most appropriate scriptural illustrations, June 23. On Wednesday morning, the drawn, for the most part, from the conduct first of the Annual Sermons was preached of our Lord towards his disciples and at Great Queen-Street Chapel, by the others while laying the foundation of his Rev. Christopher Anderson, of Edin-spiritual kingdom ; and though extended burgh.

to a length somewhat unusual, was listen· The passage selected as the foundation ed to, by the numerous and respectable of his discourse, was Matt. vi. 33. Seek | audience, with profound attention. first the kingdom of God, and his righteous In the evening, at Surry Chapel, the ness, and all these things shall be added Rev. Thomas Morgan of Birmingham, unto you; and the object he proposed was, preached from Isa. xl. 9, 0 Zion, that by an easy and natural accommodation of bringest good tidings, get thee up into the the subject, to delineate the principal high mountain ; 0 Jerusalem, that bringest features of that spirit, in the agents em good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; ployed in promoting the kingdom of God, lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of the propagation of his gospel, which is of Judah, Behold your God. From which essencial to their success. He argued, the preacher deducted two general ideas. that the little comparative success attend- |1. That the church of God has glad tiing such efforts, both at home and abroad, dings to announce to a perishing world. was to be traced, not to the absence of 2. That it behoves her to give to those miracles, but to the nioral causes--and, in tidings the utmost degree of publicity. a great measure, to the influence of such Under the former head he expatiated on feelings and principles in the agents them the superior excellence of the gospel, esselves, as had a direct tendency to render | pecially as adapted to meet and remove their exertions abortive. He considered the miseries of man ; and under the latter, the requisite spirit to include a sense of he remarked that-it was the will of Jesus our personal unworthiness to be employed | Christ that the gospel should be preached in the work of God a deep impression of | among all nations-it devolves upon the our collective inability to accomplish any church to execute this high commissionthing whatever---self-abasement, self-de. | it is indescribably criminal pot to use every nial, and self-annihilation-strong personal exertion for this purpose and finally, that attachment among the respective agents one of the most efficient modes of per

and a spirit of practical wisdom in be- forming this duty is in the encouragement haviour, business, and government. After | and support of Missionary Societies. dwelling at length upon these particulars, RESOLUTIONS of the General Meeting, he adverted more briefly to the advantages held on Thursday, June 24, 1824, at Great resulting from the presence and operation Queen-street Chapel: Benjamin Shaw, of this Spirit. Under its infinence, he Esq. Treasurer to the Society, in the remarked, we shall be scrupulously and Chair: systematically watchful against a spirit of '1. On, the motion of the Rev. C. Anvanity and parade-we shall be guarded derson of Edinburgh, seconded by Alexagainst the spirit of selfishness and mono- ander Haldane, Esq. of Hatcham House,


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“That the report now read be adopted London, Messrs John, Deakin, Birmingand circulated under the direction of the ham, James Deakin, Glasgow, Joseph • Committee ; and that this Meeting grate- Dent, Milton, Richard Foster, Jun, Camfully acknowledges the continued protec- bridge, W. B. Gurney, London, Joseph tion of Divine Providence afforded to the Gutteridge, London, Joseph 'Hanson, Missionaries of the Society, and rejoices Hammersmith, Thomas King, Birmingham, in the pleasing evidence furnished by the James Lomax, Nottingham, John MarReport, that their labours have not been shall, London, Thomas Potts, Birmingham, in vain.

Samuel Slater, London, J. B. Wilson, II. On the motion of Joseph Butter. worth, Esq. M. P. seconded by the Rev.

Central Committee. Robert Winter, D.D.

Rev. Thomas Blundell, F. A. Cox. T. C. “ That the removal of some valuable

Edmonds, William Giles, William Gray, Missionaries by death in the course of

Thomas Griffin, J. H, 'Hinton. James the last year, and the serious illness of

Hoby, Joseph I'vimey, Joseph Kingborn, others, calls for deep sympathy on the

George Pritchard, John Safiery, James part of this Meeting ; and for earnest and

Upton, w. Winterbotham, Messis Gilbert importunate prayer, that others may be

Blight, William Buls, W. B. Gurrey, raised up to occupy the vacant stations, 1

Joseph Gutteridge, Joseph Hanson, John and to carry the tidings of salvation

Marshall, Samuel Slater. where they have not hitherto been heard.”

Corresponding Committee. III. On the motion of the Rev. J. Rev. J. Acworth, Leeds, (). Clarke, Truro, Kinghorn, seconded by the Rev. Stephen E. Daniel, Luton, B. H. Draper, SouthSutton,

ampton, R. Edminson, Bratton, John “That this Meeting, fully sensible that Geard, Hitchin, S. Green, Bluntisham, the general co-operation of the friends of W. Groser, Maidstone, W. Hawkins, Weythe Society is essential to its prosperity mouth, J. Hemming, Kimbolton. Mr. C. and success, presents cordial thanks to Hill, 'Scarborough, Rev. T. Horton, Dethose Ministers and other individuals, I vonnort who have, in different ways, exerted them- | Exeter, C. Larom, Sheffield, John Mack,

. Lame selves on its behalf; and trusts that increa. I P

n epeld, non vack,

increa- | Clipston. T; Middleditch, Biggleswade. sed efforts will be made in the year now | c. T. Mileham, Portsea, James Millard, commencing."

Lymington, W.' H. Murch, Frome, J. IV. Moved by the Rev. Professor | Payne, Ipswich, R. Pengilly, Newcastle, Chase, from the United States, seconded Richard Price, Coate, H. Russel, Broughby J. E. Gordon, Esq.

ton. J. Singleton, Tiverton, Mr. T. Thomp* That the sincere thanks of this Meet- son, Newcastle under Line, Rev. T. Thoning be presented to those Gentlemen by

ger, Hull, T. Tilly, Portsea, Rev. W. whom the affairs of the Society have been Tomlin, Chesham, T. Warters, Pershore, conducted during the past year that the | J. Wilkinson, Saffron Walden." Treasurer and Secretary be requested to V. On the motion of the Rev. F. A. continue in their offices--that Mr, Bed

Cox of Hackney, seconded by W. B. dome, Mr. John Danford, and Mr. Joseph Gurney, Esq. Hans on, be the Auditors-and that the " That the best thanks of this Meeting following be the list of the Committees | be presented to the Trustees of this Chapel, for the year ensuing.

and to the Rev. Rowland Hill, and the General Committee.

Trustees of Surry Chapel, for their kind.

ness in permitting us to occupy their plaRev. Christopher Anderson, Edinburgh. ces of worship on the present occasion." W. H. Angas, London, George Atkinson, VI. On the motion of the Rev. John Margate; George Barclay, Irving, Isaiah | Birt of Manchester, seconded by the Rev. Birt, Birmingham, John Bírt, Manchester, Reynold Hogg of Kimbolton. Thomas Blundell, Northampton, Thomas "That the next Annual Meeting of the Coles, Bourton, F. A. Cox, Hackney, | Society be held in London, on Thursday, E. Clarke, Truro, T. C. Edmonds, Cam. June 23, 1825." bridge, Moses Fisher. Liverpool, William VII. On the motion of Joseph Gut. Giles, 'Chatham, W. Gray, Chipping Norton, teridge, Esq. seconded hy the Rev. WilThomas Griffin, London, Robert Hall, liam Newman, D. D. Leicester, J. H. Hinton, Reading, James “That the respectful acknowledgments Hoby, London, Reynold Hogg, Kimbollon, 1 of this Meeting are due, and are hereby Richard Horsey, Wellington, William presented to Benjamin Shaw, Esq. TreaInnes, Edinburgh, Joseph Ivimey, London, surer, for his able conduct in the Chair John Jarman, Nottingham, Joseph King: tbis day." horn, Norwich, Thomas Morgan, Birming. ham, William Nichols, Collingham, George Pritchard, London, Henry Page, Worcester, Thomas Roberts, Bristol, John Saffery,

BAPTIST IRISH SOCIETY. Salisbury, W. Steadman, D. D. Bradford, The Tenth Anniversary of this Society Micah Thomas, Abergavenny, James Up-: was held at the City of London Tavern, on ton, London, W. Winterbotham, Horsley, Friday, June 25th. The Chair was taken Messrs. G. F. Angas, Newcastle on Tyne. by Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M.P. who Gilbert Blight, London, William Burls, I opened the business of the day by observo 293


BAPTIST TRISH SOCIETY.. ing, that he was most particularly desirous resolved, That it be adopted and circulated of calling the attention of the company to at the discretion of the Committee, as the state of Ireland, having been himself exhibiting, in some measure, the importremarkably struck by it during his visit to ance and efficacy of Scriptural Instruction that country last year; he had visited their in restoring to the atllicted kingdom of cabins, wbich were wretched in the ex-) Ireland those moral and spiritual advantreme, and exhibited poverty in every | tages which have followed the reformation form; their ignorance even exceeded their | in other parts of the United Empire.” poverty. While this state of things existed, Rev. Mr. Morgan said that no doubt it was the duty of England to do all in its could remain of the dark state of Ireland, power to teach them morality; and, till the and of the cultivation necessary to render Scriptures were more largely disseminated that wilderness beautiful and fruitful. among them, no material change for the India, twenty-five years ago, had been, better could be expected; there was a like the fabled Upas, spreading poison gentleman present, who had witnessed around, but had now yielded to the imsome of the awful scenes that had struck mortal benefits of the tree of life which himself, of ignorance, he was almost going was planted on the banks of the Ganges; to say-of idolatry. In the county of Rose such he hoped would now be the state of common there was a holy well, to which

Ireland, and that they the natives annually made a pilgrimage, to Principality of Wales, the preacher the number of 15,000 or more, for the pur- mounted on his little pony, going from farmpose of tasting its waters, which they sup- house to farm house, preaching the glad posed to have the power of cleansing from tidings of salvation. He most cordially all sins; and, after performing what they | seconded the Resolution. hold to be a religious rite. they passed the Rev. Mr. Anderson observed. that the evening in riot and drunkenness. While Resolution he held in his hand applied such gross proceedings as these took place substantially to the Irish readers of the in that unhappy country, it became all word of God : and when he considered Christians to do their utmost in disseminat what that word was, he felt uncommon ing the light of the Gospel.

which 1 Ireland, and that they might see, as in the

pleasure in moving the Resolution. IdolAfter the Report had been read, theatry almost covered the globe, and he even Rev. Mr. Evanson, of the Established doubted whether Asiatic idolatry was so Church, a native of Ireland, rose, and said, | dreadful as European, that existed not “He felt additional satisfaction in moving only on the Continent but in Ireland; that this Report be printed, as he was a there was a material difference, however, native of that country to which their exer- between the sytem and its supporterstions were directed. It had been fre. Popery he abhorred, but papists he loved ; quently stated, that at such meetings as and, having made this distinction, he the present, little less than calumny had frankly confessed that the system followed been urged as to the state of Ireland ; 1 in Ireland appeared to him nothing less while he deprecated this system, however, than idolatry of the worst description, for he must express his detestation of that there the holy wafer was worshipped as false delicacy, that induced speakers to the actual body of Christ, which, to him gloss over the miseries of that country; it was worse than all the paganism of Jupiter, was not to be denied that a dreadful disease or the idols of Juggernant: if Paul had existed among the peasantry of that land; been so shocked at Athens, what would he and he could bear such testimony as a | he have been at Ireland ? He moved, nine years' residence in the county of Cork ! " That this Meeting is increasingly conwould afford, that the statements that had | vinced with the experience of every year, been made were in no degree incorrect. that no means under the blessing of God, The Chairman had stated what he had is so well calculated to benefit the popuseen, during bis visit to that island, and he lation of Ireland, especially those adults himself had witnessed the same sort of who are unable to read, and who can pilgrimages, which, not even the most speak only the Irish langnage, as the strenuous supporters of the Catholic Church employment of Irish Scripture Readers; could venture to pronounce as likely to im- | and, whilst it rejoices that the Divine prove the morality of the people. It was blessing has already attended the labours grateful to him to know that these exer- l of those who are thus engaged, recomtions were principally directed towards mends that this mode of disseminating those two counties, one of which was in. I religi

religious knowledge should be still more volved in the most Cimmerian darkness, extensively employed, not doubting but and the other the hot-bed of sedition: hé that the liberality of the Christian public was even borne out in his remarks by that will readily meet any increased expenmost pestilent and detestable work, called | diture.” the Memoirs of Captain Rock, where it was Mr. John Sydney Taylor, Barrister, rose stated, that the Irish priests did not allow to second the Resolution. The object of the people to read the Scriptures, so that the Institution, whether tried by its own their only religion was Pastorini's Pro nature, or by the test of experiment, phecies, and the Miracles of Prince Ho would be found productive of the most henlohe.” The Rev. Gentlemar concluded, beneficial consequences; and what was by moving,

that object? simply to convey a know“ That this Meeting, cordially approving ledge of the Scriptures to the most forlorn of the Report which has now been read, and illiterate of the Irish population,

through the most acceptable medium willing to secure them, had the opportuwhich was allowed to be their verpacular pity; and why should those perish in their tongue. The principle was not new, it state of moral and religious destitution, was only the application of it that was who were so circunstanced as to be inacoriginal, for it had previously been acted cessible to the voice of intelligence, exupon in other instances. It had been cept through the language of their foretried in Wales with effect, and it had, in fathers. A language could not be forcibly the most important of our distant colonies, put ont of existence-the very effort to a salutary operation. In British India, do so would react and preserve it. To no political movenient-no triumph of the proscribe the language of a conquered British arms, however splendid-had made people was to endear it the more to those any impression on the most degrading, who connected it with the melancholy recruel, and hideous system that had ever collection of their departed independence. afflicted the heart. It was the spirit of It became valued for its adversity, and religious instruction, conveyed to the heart was valued for its very persecution. The of the Hindoo, through the medium of first William, who was more of a warrior their native language, which inspired the than a statesman, endeavoured by violent just confidence, that terrors of barbarity | means to extirpate the English language. began to abate, and that even the diabolical He banished it from his Court-he would idol Juggernaut, surrounded as he was by have driven it from the city and the hamhis pale victims, and the ministers of let; he forbade it to be heard in the vengeance and abomination, trembled to sanctuaries of justice, and he loaded all bis fall before the ark of the living God. / those who used it with every vexation Could it be possible that this mode of of opprobrium and vassalage; and what instruction could have such beneficial was the result ? Why, the dynasty of effects in our most remote dependencies, the Conqueror has long been extinct, and and not be conducive to the social and the language that he proscribed has bemoral welfare of Ireland ? · The people of come immortal. It was not, however, Wales were not less attached than the against any particular language that Irish to their native language, to those knowledge contended, -it was not against popular traditions, and to the recollections the sign, but against the thing, signified of their independence; yet, by instructing it was against what was vicious in the them in the Scriptures through the me- mind, and depraved in the affections - it dium of their own tongue, they were not was against the errors of prejudice, and taught disaffection to the English Go- the abominations of ignorance; and, when vernment—they were not induced to look those were corrected, whatever language back to the barbarous past with regret, human nature spoke, would be the voice but onward to an improving future with of reason, and consistent with the will of satisfaction, and they were drawn into a its Creator. Of all the curses that could closer bond of affinity with their English afflict a people, the greatest was ignobrethren, by partaking of the habits and rance; it was thi

influence tha sympathies of a common civilization. When Ijected the mind to a weakness that prosknowledge once disturbed the stagnation trated all its faculties, and to a violence of ignorance, the impulse of curiosity, that put it on a level with irrational which was thereby excited, would break nature. It was the parent of innumeradown the barrier of an imperfect and ble crimes, and the guardian of the sad primitive language, and open for itself a mummeries of superstition; it exhausted way into the vast field of science, art, and the heart of every virtue-it withered the intelligence, that opened on their expand- intellect of every power, except those ing intellect. This excitement might be which gave to the bad passions a degracompared to a river poured upon a plain, ding influence, or a savage ascendancy. that would give a channel for itselt, and It was this ignorance which the Gospel, in overcome every obstacle until it reached | its mercy, commanded them to extirpate the ocean, and was lost in its expansiveness. wherever it was found, whether it spread But to teach the Scriptures to every peo. | its pestilential influence over the wilds of ple in the language of their respective | Ireland, or the plantations of Demerara. country, was not more consistent with the What constituted the basis of the moral dictates of human reason than in accor- and political supremacy of England ? It dance with the Divine philosophy of the was knowledge--it was education-it was Gospel; when the Apostles received the the progress of mind, which had kept on gift of tongues, every man heard them its serene and irresistible course, while preach in his own tongue the wonderful | many rival kingdoms of Europe were sunk works of God. It was true, the miracle in the apathy and debasement from which itself was temporary, and had ceased, but the ancestors of Englishmen emerged, at the reasons on which it was founded still that glorious era, when they burst the subsisted, and was eternal : it was that shackles of ignorance, and the ruins of reasonable principle which they were now superstition fell around them. To diffuse applying to the moral exigencies of Ireland, the energy which knowledge conferred, and they made use of human virtue and through all parts of their empire, was to confidence in Heaven as substitutes for unite it in a bond of moral and intellecmiraculous interference. That portion of | tual relation more powerful than a legisla. the Irish people who could read the scrip. | tive union, and to fill every part, from the tures in the English language, and were ' centre to the extremities, with that invid


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