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and wine, which represent the Lord's body and blood; they would infallibly experience an increase of comfort; they would learn to rejoice in their salvation; and would look forward with humble confidence to the resurrection of the just.

From the former part of our Lord's address to the Pharisees, we may learn that, even in respect to our worldly affairs, it is better to be humble and modest in our deportment, than haughty and arrogant; and that humility is highly pleasing in the sight of God. We may also learn that it is more consistent with the Christian character to feed the poor and indigent, than to make expensive ostentatious entertainments for people who would return the same, by which means much time and money would be wasted; and we may assure ourselves, for we have our Lord's authority for it, that in the exercise of charity we shall enjoy a much nobler satisfaction than the most luxurious banquet can afford; and the truly charitable will find a blessing attached to their good deeds which will follow them to the regions of eternity. -

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From Žohn, Chap. xiv. xiii.

AND there went great multitudes with him; and he turned, and said unto them,

If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple, - And

And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple." For which of you intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it * Lest haply after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him, saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish. o Or what king going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace. So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple. o Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned 2 It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill: but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.


It appears that great multitudes attended our Lord in his journey towards Jerusalem; and that observing their readiness to follow him, he exhorted them to learn . what was required of disciples before they professed to be so. The beginning of this exhortation related chiefly to the first age of Christianity. Our Lord knew that his disciples would frequently be called upon to quit their dearest interests, to part with their nearest relations, and even to lay down their lives for the sake of the Gospel; he therefore admonished his hearers to . . . . Q's considei

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consider whether, if they took up the profession, they could resolve to persist in it, under all the discouragements of persecution, and warned them against apostasy; intimating, by the comparison of salt that had lost its savour, that a Christian destitute of integrity and piety will be rejected as an unprofitable servant.


rhe FARA b i. eS of THE Lost SH F EP, THE P1 Ed E of Mon EY, AND THE PRopi GAL SON,

From Luke, Chap. xv.

Thes drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners, for to hear him. - ~ And the Pharisees and Scribes murmured, saying, This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with them. And he spake this parable unto them, saying, What man of you having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilder. ness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost. I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance. Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it 2 And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me, for I have found the piece which I had lost. * - Likewise,

Likewise I say unto you, There is joy in the presence of the angels of God, over one sinner that repenteth.

And Jesus said, A certain man had two sons: And

the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living. And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. *. And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land ; and he began to be in want. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country ; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat; and no man gave unto him. - And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough, and to spare, and I perish with hunger | I will arise, and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had

compassion, and ran and fell on his neck and kissed


And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned

against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us cat and be merry. - - Q 6 For For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry. Now his elder son was in the field : and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard music and dancing. And he called one of the servants, and asked what these things meant. And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and sound. And he was angry, and would not go in : therefore came his father out, and intreated him. And he answering, said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment, and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends: But as soon as this thy son was come, who hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf. And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine. It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad, for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.


Such was our Saviour’s discourse as he passed from the house of the Pharisee with whom he dined; and, as the sabbath was a day of rest, the publicans, who were then at leisure, had an opportunity of attending him; encouraged by his condescension to sinners, they eagerly

pressed to hear him. The three parables in this section were calculated to comfort those poor penitents who followed our Lord, and to rebuke the Pharisees for their pride and censori- CúSneSS,

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