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in general to prevent mischievous | Aroma (from two Greek words mean: results.
ing a strong perfume). — A sweet Antitype. That which is fore. smell. shadowed by a type (in the theologi- Astrology (from two Greek words cal sense of a figure or representa- meaning star lore). — The now ex. tion of something to come). Joseph ploded science of the
stars ; in the Scripture is one of the many astrologers professed to be able to types of Christ, and Christ is the foretell events by studying the antitype. In like manner, Napoleon position and aspects of the stars. is spoken of on p. 178 as the antitype Attaball (or Atabal). A kind of of Cromwell; this means that Crom- drum used in the East. well is the type of Napoleon.
Attelage.--A team of horses or other Apathy (from a Greek word meaning beasts of burden. 'absence of suffering or feeling).- Augur. To conjecture by signs or Want of feeling; insensibility to omens ; to prognosticate.
pain or to any strong emotion. Augury (Latin). --The art of auguring Apostrophe (Greek word meaning a or foretelling events by watching the turning away).-A rhetorical artifice flight and other actions of birds (a which consists in turning away from practice of the Roinans). An omen the real audience, and addressing, or sign of what is going to happen. generally in an impassioned manner, Authentic.-(1)(Ofthings) Being what an imaginary one.
they pretend to be; genuine; true. Apparition (Latin apparitio, from (2) (Оf persons) Of approved apparere, to appear). - Appearance; authority; reliable; trustworthy. more particularly an appearance Authenticity.—The quality of being which is striking and unaccountable, authentic; genuineness; trustand so savours of the preternatural ; worthiness. a ghost; spectre.
Autonomy.-(From two Greek words Approximation (from Latin upproxi- mưaning self and law).-Having the mare, to come near to, from proximus, power or right of self-government. nearest, next to).- The act of com- | Auxiliary (from. Latin auxilium, ing near to ; near approach.
help). -A helper; assistant. Arborescent (from Latin arbor, a tree). Avalanche (French, from avaler, to de
-- Resembling a tree in substance, scend).- À large body of ice or snow, appearance, etc. On p. 18 it means which gets detached from a snowresembling a tree in pattern, i.e. field, and slides with a noise of having a stem, branches, etc.
thunder down the side of a mountain. Arborous (from Latin arbor, a tree). - Avaunt (from French avant, forward). Formed by trees.
-Begone! Away with you! (Ex. Archetype (Greek word meaning pressing contempt and abhorrence.)
original type or pattern). The
original pattern or model of a thing. BANE (verb). - To poison, destroy. Archives (from a Greek word meaning Wolf's bane is the name of a plant,
the government house).-(1) The place and the word bane is still common in which public records are preserved. in the sense of plague or trouble.
(2) Public papers and records pre- Bang.-A narcotic drug made from the served for purposes of reference. wild hemp. It is used in the East as Argosy (from Argo, the name of the a means of intoxication.
mythical ship which carried Jason Barbican (or Barbacan). An ad. and his companions - a band of vanced work defending the entrance Greek heroes - on their expedition to a castle or fortified town.
into unknown seas).- A large ship. Bashaw (or Pashaw or Pasha). —A Argument.--A short abstract of the title of honour in the Turkish domi. subject-matter of a discourse.
nions given to governors of pro. Armiger (Latin from arma, arms, and vinces, generals, and other men of gerere, to bear).-One who is entitled distinction.
to a coat of arms; an esquire. Bastion (Military). – A part of the Armorial bearings (Heraldic term). - wall (or earthwork) of a fortified
The designs painted on shields or town which projects outwards and escutcheons. The designs on a shield comes to a point. It generally con. are spoken of collectively as a coat sists of four sides, the two which of arms.
come to a point being called faces,
and the two which quit the main
-A fall of the voice in reading or line of the rampart being called speaking; a general fall or modula flanks. The bastion of San Vin- tion of sound. cente (p. 238) Was isolated Caliph (Arabic word meaning sucbastion of a triangular shape.
cessor). -A title given to the acknowBeatific (from Latin beatus, blessed, ledged successors of Mohammed.
from bedre, to bless). -- Made blessed The Caliph was at once emperor (literal meaning of word); in a state and pope, being the supreme poten: of beatitude or perfect bliss.
tate in the Mohammedan world and Beatitude.-Happiness of the highest also the spiritual head of the Moham
kind; heavenly bliss; blessedness. medan religion. Besotted (from French sot, a fool).- Cantor (Latin, from canere, to sing).
Made sottish (especially by drink); A professional musician or singer.
made hopelessly stupid ; infatuated. Canvass (from old French cannabasser, Besprent. -Sprinkled.
to search or sift_out; to examine Bigot. -One who is so firmly attached carefully). — (1) To sift ; examine
to a particular creed, sect, or party thoroughly; scrutinize. as to be unable even to tolerate Hence (2) To discuss ; debate. differences of belief or opinion.
(3) To ask for votes. (The idea is Bilberry (or Common Whortleberry). that of going carefully through, sifting.
- A smallshrub bearing a blue berry, It is incorrect to speak, as one does common in this country and in the nowadays, of canvassing single middle or northern parts of Europe. votes; one canvasses a district or a It is particularly common in moun- constituency, not an individual.) tainous regions.
Carat.--See note to p. 132. Bill of lading.-A written account of Caraval (or Caravel). -A kind of light
goods shipped by any person on round ship with a square poop; board of a vessel. The master of the rigged like a galley (a one-decked vessel signs the bill and keeps a copy vessel navigated with sails and oars), for himself. A second copy is given to formerly used by the Spaniards and the captain of the vessel, and a third Portuguese,
sent to the consignee of the goods. Caravansary.-A kind of inn in the Blade.- A fine, sharp-witted, dashing East where caravans rest at night. fellow.
It consists of a large square building Blanch (French blanc, white).-(1) To with a spacious court in the middle. make white or pale.
Caricature (Italian, from caricare, to (2) To grow white or pale.
overload, exaggerate). -A represen. Blare.-Roar; noise ; loud sound (as tation of a person or thing in which of trumpets, bugles, etc.).
his or its peculiarities are so exBook-keeper. --One whose business it aggerated as to appear ridiculous.
is to keep the books and accounts in Castellated.-Resembling a castle in an office.
appearance, i.e. adorned with turrets Bossy. Ornamented with bosses and battlements.
(round protuberances, knobs). Casualty (from Latin casus, an acci. Breach (Mil.).-A gap or opening in dent, from cadere, to fall).-(1) An
the walls of a fortified town made by event (generally disastrous) which is
the artillery of a besieging army. undesigned, and which therefore Buffoon.-One who amuses others by can neither be foreseen nor guarded
low tricks, absurd gestures, vulgar against. jokes, etc.
(2) An accident causing injury to Buffoonery.-The acts and practices of the body; any loss or misfortune
a buffoon; low tricks; vulgar jokes, occasioned by an accident. etc.
Casuist (from Latin casus, case).--One Burgess.-A freeman of a burgh or who makes it his business to study
borough, i.e. one who enjoys all the cases of conscience, and, in general, privileges of the burgh to which he to determine the degrees of right or belongs. A burgess in the House wrong in actions of doubtful moral of Commons' (see p. 171) is one who worth, the respective merits of
is elected as member for a borough. different courses of action, etc. Byre.-A cow-house.
Catholic (from two Greek words mean
ing throughout and whole). -Univer: CADENCE (from Latin caulere, to fall). sal; general.
Cavil (from Latin cavillari).- To find Communicable.- Used by old writers
fault without good reason ; to raise (as by Clarendon on p. 174) for frivolous objections.
communicative (i.e. sociable, affable). Cenotaph (from two Greek words Complexional. Depending on,
meaning empty tomb). --An empty pertaining to complexion in the tomb; a monument erected to one obsolete sense of temperament or who is buried elsewhere.
natural disposition). Cerulean (Latin coeruleus, dark blue). - Comport (from Latin con, with, and
Of a deep, dark blue, like that of a portare, to bear, carry). - To agree clear, cloudless sky.
with; suit; accord. Chain-mailed. - Armed in chain-mail Concave (Latin con, with, and cavus, (a flexible armour made of interlaced hollow). Hollow and
curved ; rings).
curved in. The word is applied to Charter. -See explanatory note (3) to the interior of an arched surface or
curved line, the exterior being Chicane (French).--An artful subter- spoken of as convex. fuge or trick.
Confine (from Latin con, with, and Choleric. -- Irascible; easily irritated ; finis, end, border). common prone to anger.
boundary or border. (The word is Cipher (from an Arabic word meaning always used in the plural.) empty, and so nothing, zero).
Congenial (from Latin con, with, and private alphabet or system of genius, natural bent, disposition).characters for enabling a secret cor- Partaking of the same nature; of respondence to be safely conducted. kindred spirit or disposition; sym(This is the meaning of the word on pathetic. p. 144 ; the arithmetical meaning of Congeniality.---Participation in the the word is well known.)
same nature or disposition; natural Citron.-A tree which grows in the affinity.
South of Europe and other warm Conoidal (from two Greek words regions, and bears a fruit resembling meaning cone-shaped). - Nearly, but the lemon,
not exactly conical. Claymore.- A large two-handed sword Consonance (froin Latin con, with,
formerly used by the Scottish High- and sonare, to sound). --Sounding landers.
together; harmony; agreement; Coadjutor (Latin, from co, with, and congruity; suitableness.
adjuvare, to assist).-One who works Constituency.--A body of constitu. with another; a fellow-helper.
ents, i.e. of persons having the right Coeval (Latin co, with, and ævum, of electing a representative.
age).-Of the same age or date. Contumacious (from Latin contumax, Collateral (from Latin con, with, insolent). --- Setting authority at
and lateralis, on the side of, from defiance; perverse; stubborn. latus, lateris, side). ---On the side of. Conveniency.-Old form of the word The word has several legal mean. convenience. ings. Collateral relatives spring from convex (Latin converus, from convehere,
common ancestor, but from to bring together).---Rising or swell. different branches of the common ing into a rounded form. The word stock ; thus the children of brothers is applied to the exterior of an arched are collateral relatives. In this, surface or curved line, the interior which is one of the commonest uses being spoken of as concave. of the word, the idea of running Cornet (Mil.).—(1) A troop or company parallel to is present, and this seems of cavalry, so called from its being to be the meaning of the word on accompanied by a cornet-player. p. 42 (collateral brooks ').
(2) The flag of such a company. Collocation (Latin collocatió, from con, (3) The oflicer who carries the flag
with or together, and locare, to of a cavalry troop. place, from locus, a place). - The act Cornice. --An architectural term signi. of placing or arranging; arrange- fying any horizontal moulded proment.
jection finishing off a building, wall, Columnar. - Formed in columns; etc. A cornice of ice or snow an standing up like a column.
overhanging projection at the suminit Commissary (Military). – An officer of a snow-slope or ice-wall.
having charge of a special department. Corollary. -- An inference ; const.
quence; that which obviously follows | Dervish (from a Persian word meaning from a demonstrated position.
to ask alms). -A class of persons in Coteau (plural coteaux).-A French Mohammedan countries who word meaning a small hill.
semble in many respects the monks Crosier (from French croix, cross). - of Christendom. They are divided The official staff of an archbishop, into brotherhoods and orders, live in terminating at the top in a cross; the convents, devote themselves to pastoral staff of a bishop, which, how- prayer and fasting, and make a proever, terminates not in a cross, but fession of extreme poverty. in an ornamental crook.
Descant (through French from Latin Crypt (from a Greek word meaning to dis, apart, and cantus, singing).-A
hide).- A vault under a church used variation from an air.
for the interment of the dead. Desultory (Latin desultor, a leaper).Cunette (Mil.).-A deep trench made Leaping or passing from one thing
in a dry ditch to drain off water. to another without order or natural Curtain (Mil.). -- That part of a connection; wanting in method or
rampart which is between the flanks in logical sequence; discursive;
of two bastions. (See Bastion.) rambling Cylindrical. --Shaped like a cylinder Detract (from Latin de, from, and (a solid body of a roller-like forin). trahere, to draw).-(1) To draw or
take away from. DAIS. –The raised floor at the upper Especially (2) to take creditor
end of a dining hall where the high reputation away from ; to defraud; table stood. On p. 96 it means the depreciate; disparage. raised platform which supported the Detractor. -One who detracts or disthrone.
parages. Débris (French).-(1) Broken frag- Diapason (from two Greek words meanments of rock, etc.
ing through all the notes of the scale). (2) Rubbish; ruinous remains. - The naine given to certain stops in Deciduous (Latin, from decidere, to fall the organ which are considered the
off, from de and cadere, to fall).- fundamental stops, and which are so Falling off; liable to fall off; having called because they extend through but a temporary existence.
the scale of the instrument. ciduous trees' are those whose leaves Dilapidate (from Latin lapis, a stone). fall in autumn.
-(1) To pull down a building, etc.; De facto (Latin).-Actually; in fact; to suffer to go to ruin.
in reality. (It is sometimes opposed (2) To go to ruin; to fall out of
to de jure, which means by right.) repair. Delineate (Latin delineare, from linea, Dilapidation. The state of being
a line).-(1) To represent in outline; dilapidated or out of repair. to draw ; picture.
Diploma.-A letter or other document (2) To represent or picture in conferring some power, privilege, words, to describe.
honour, authority, etc. Delineation.-(1)The act of delineating. Dissidence (from Latin dis, apart, and
(2) A representation; sketch ; de- sedere, to sit). Disagreement; scription.
separation from. Demagogue (from two Greek words Dissimulation (from Latin dissimilis,
meaning people and leader).--Aleader unlike). - The act of dissembling or of the people; especially one who concealing one's real nature under sways the masses by unworthy
a false appearance. artifices, such as pandering to their Distich (Greek).-Two lines of poetry baser passions.
making complete sense; a couplet. Democracy (from two Greek words Ducat.--A coin of varying value, once
meaning people and to rule). ---A form extensively used in many parts of of government in which the supreme continental Europe. The commonpower is in the hands of the people, est of all coins that bore this name being either directly exercised by was a gold ducat, weighing 54 grains them, or delegated by them to repre- Troy, and worth 9s. 4d., which was
sentatives and responsible ministers. at one time used in Austria, Russia, Denominate (from Latin de, and Hamburg, and elsewhere.
nominare, to call by name).–To give Dudgeon. — Anger; resentment; ill. a name to ; entitle; name.
Dynasty (Greek word, from a root/ glaring colours ; to display conspicu. signifying power). - Authority; sove- ously. reignty; more especially, a succes. Embossed.- Ornamented with bosses sion of kings of the same line or or round protuberances. family.
Embrasure (Mil.). ---An opening in a
wall or rampart, through which EOLOGUE.- A short poem of any kind, cannon are pointed.
especially one in which shepherds Emolument. -(1) The profit arising are introduced, conversing with one from office or employment; pay ; another.
salary. Economist.-One who is a student or (2) Profit in general; gain; advan
a professor of Economics or Political tage. Economy, the science which treats Empiric (from a Greek word meaning of the nature, uses, distribution, experience).-Onewho has no scientific etc., of wealth.
knowledge of any given subject, e.g. Ecumenical (from a Greek word mean. of medicine, but trusts entirely to
ing the inhabited world). -Belonging his own individual experience; a to the whole inhabited world ; uni- quack. versal; general.
Enamel.- A substance like glass, used Efiluence (from Latin efluere, to flow for ornamenting jewellery, etc. ; it
out, from ex, out, and fluere, to flow). is laid on in a variety of colours. --That which flows or comes forth The word is sometimes applied to from any body or substance. (Same any glossy coloured substance that as efluvium, which, however, is gene- has an appearance of hardness. Mr.
rally used in an unpleasant sense.) Ruskin, on p. 16, speaks of the dark Effulgence (Latin effulgere, to shine ground being covered by 'the glori
forth).-Extreme brightness ; splen. ous enamel' of the meadow grass. dour.
Encyclopædic (from Greek en kuklos Effusion (from Latin effundere, to paideia, the circle of arts and
pour out).-(1) The act of pouring sciences).—Universal in knowledge, out; more especially the pouring going through the whole range of out of words.
the sciences. (2) The thing poured out.
Epitaph (from two Greek words meanEgress (Latin egressus, from e, out, ing on a tomb).-(1) An inscription and gradi, to step, to walk).—Thé on a tomb or on a monument erected act of going out, or leaving.
in honour of the dead. Elf.- A kind of fairy. Elves were (2) Lines written in honour of the
generally regarded as diminutive dead, whether inscribed on a monn. mischievous spirits, and so the word ment or not. is sometimes applied to young Equinoctial. Pertaining to the children.
equinox. Elfin.-Pertaining to elves. On p. 46 Equinox (from Latin cquus, equal,
("elfin pinnace') it seems to mean and nox, night). --The time when elf-like or fairy-like, i.e. light and day and night are of equal length. small.
The vernal equinox is about the 21st Elite (French, from Latin electa, of March, and the autumnal equinox
chosen out). -A choice or select about the 23rd of September. body:
Ermine.-An animal found in high Elocution (Latin elocutio, from e, out, latitudes, valued for its fur, which
and loqui, to speak).-Speaking out; in winter becoines of a snowy white manner of speaking in public; man- colour. This fur is used for lining ner of expressing oneself; delivery; the state robes of judges and peers, utterance.
and is regarded as an emblem of Emanato (from Latin e, from, out of, judicial purity.
and manare, to flow). – To flow Escalade (Mil.) (from Latin scala, a forth; proceed from.
ladder). -An attack made by troops Emanation (from Latin e, from, out on a fortified place, in which ladders
of, and manare, to flow). -- That are used for the purpose of scaling which flows forth or proceeds from the ramparts.
anything, as perfume from a flower. Escalade (verb).- To mount or enter Emblazon.—To adorn with arms' or by means of ladders; to scale.
heraldic devices; to set forth in Escarp (from the French escarper).