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NEW METHOD OF IMPROVING FRUIT TREES.
IN the garden of Mr Simpson of Newcastle a new method has been adopted for the management of the finer fruit trees : By this treatment he got last season
From one nectarine, the tree 8 years old,
148 One peach tree, the tree 9 years old,
From 2 trees 349 nectarines and peaches of a full size, some of them eight inches in circumference.
The gardener, in thining the fruit, took off 2020 peaches, and 590 nec. tarines, and the trees are now full of health and vigour, promising an equally luxuriant produce in the ensuing season.
The method of cultivation which Mr Simpson made use of, and which he feels much happiness in making as extensively public as possible, is to plant the trees within frames fourteen feet long, and twelve feet broad, with three slides of glass (much the same as those used in hot-beds) on a level plain of rich loamy soil, and extending them from the root, on a platform of wood with lathes, to an elevation of three feet five inches, which is considered as the best for receiving the beneficial rays of the fun: by this, a vacant space is formed between the tree and the earth, calculated to prevent any noxious vapours, or infe&ts, doing a prejudice to the tree or its fruit ; great care must be taken in fixing the frames close to the earth, that the frost or cold blafts may not do harm ; fo soon as the blossoms make their appearance, the glass slides must be put on, and the tree must have nearly the same treatment as a melon-bed, only with this difference, that in serene weather, when the sun shines without frost, the glasses are taken off. and also, at other times, to make use of any genia) fertilizing fhower, when necessary.
During one of the famines to which the Highlands of Scotland were fre. quently liable, before the use of potatoes was introduced into ihat remote part of the island, two females who lived together in the iame hut, and who were its only inhabitants, being remarked to preserve their leckness i and wonted mein, while their wretched neighbours, on every tide, were i wasting away with famine, luperftition promptly suggested that these pampered high-fed dames must have improper dealings. Their hut, was in con sequence forcibly entered ; and its terrified inmates, to escape the fury ofis their fanatic alaílants, gave up their good genius, a cask of pickled snails ! raje
*For UNE 1796.
ACCOUNT OF JANES MACPHERSON, ESQ.
CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 224.
mora, Mr Macpherson was called Some of his friends, and particularly to an employment which withdrew him Sir John Elliot, endeavoured to rescue for some time both from the Muses and his it from contempt, and force it into country. In 1764 Governor Johnstone notice. Their success was not equal to was appointed Chief of Pensacola, and their efforts. After a very acute, learnMr Macpherson accompanied him as ed, and witty critique, which was unihis Secretary. If we are not mistaken, verfally ascribed to a Gentleman frill some difference arose between the Prin- living, and inserted in the Critical Recipal and his dependant, and they part- view, the new translation was conféffed ed before their return to England. Hav- to poffefs no merit, and ever since has ing contributed his aid to the settlement been configned to oblivion. of the civil government of that colony, About this time seems to be the period he vitited several of the West. India if- of Mr Macpherson's literary mortificalands, and fome of the provinces of tions. In 1973, Dr Johnson and Mr North America, and returned to Eng- Boswell made the Tour to the Hebrides; land in the year 1766.
and in the course of it, the former took He soon returned to his studies, and some pains to examine into the proof of in 1771 produced “ An Introduction the authenticity of Olian. The result to-the History of Great Britain and of his inquiries he gave to the public in Freiand,” 4to. a work which, he fays, 1775, in his narrative of the Tour, and “ without any of the ordinary incite- his opinion was unfavourable. " I bements to literary labour, he was induc- lieve they (i. e. the poems, says he) need 10 proceed in by the sole motive of ver existed in any other form than that private amusement.” The subject of which we have seen. The Editor or this performance, it might reasonably Author never could shew the original ; be supposed, would not excite any nor can it be shewn by any other. To violent controversial acrimony ; yet revenge reasonable incredulity by reneither it nor its author could escape fusing evidence is a degree of infolence from several moft gross and bitter in- with which the world is not yet acvectives.
quainted ; and stubborn audacity is the His next performance produced him laft refuge of guilt. It would be easy neither reputation not profit. ''In 1773 to thew it, if he had it; but whence he published « The Iliad of Homer" could it be had? tranllated, in two volumes 4to. a work The opinions above declared by Dr fraught with vanity and felf consequence, Johnson incensed our Author so much, and which met with the most mortify. that he was promoted by his evil gerius, ing reception from the public. It was to send a menacing letter to his antagocorded by the critics, ridiculed by nift, which produced a severe, fpirited, Vol. LVIII.
and sarcastie reply *. Whether his stance which arose. The resistance of the warmth abated, or whether he had been Colonies called for the aid of a ready made sensible of bis folly by the inter- writer to combat the arguments of the position of friends, we know not; but Americans, and to give force to the certain it is, we hear no more after- reasons which influenced the conduct wards of this ridiculous affair, except of Government, and he was selected for. that our Author is fapposed to have al- the purpose. He wrote à Pamphlet, fifted Mr Nicol in an Answer to Dr which was circulated with much indufJohnson's Tour, printed in 1770. try, entitled, “ The Rights of Great
In 1775 Mr Macpherson published Britain asserted against the Claims of “ The History of Great Britain, from the Colonies ; being an Answer to the the Restoration to the Accession of the Declaration of the General Congress,” House of Hanover,” in two vols. 4to. 8vo. 1776, and of which many editions a work which has been decried with were published. He also was the Aumuch clamour, but without much argu- thor of “ A short History of the Opmeat or proof. The Author appears position during the lalt Sellion of Parto have been influenced by some pre- liament,” 8vo. 1979, a pamphlet which, judices in favour of the Tory party ; on account of its merit, was by many. but his performance, as far as we have ascribed to Mr Gibbon. had an opportunity of comparing his. But a more lucrative employment was narrative with his authorities, is not conferred on him about this time. He Jiable to the censure thrown out upon was oppointed Agent to the Nabob of it. In this publication he certainly act- Arcot, and in that capacity exerted his ed with great fairness, as, along with it, talents in several appeals to the public he published the proofs upon which his in behalf of bis client. Among others, facts were founded, in two quarto vo- he published “ Letters from Mahomtumes, entitled, “Original Papers, con- med Ali Chan, Nabob of Arcot, to the taining the secret History of Great Court of Directors. To which is ana Britain, from the Restoration to the nexed, a State of Facts relative to Accellion of the House of Hanover. Tanjore, with an Appendix of Original To which aré persixed, Extracts froin Papers,” 4to. 1777 ; and he was supthe Life of James 11. as written by posed to be the Author of “ The Hilhimself.” These papers were chiefly tory and Management of the East-India collected by Mr Carte, but are not of Company, from its Origin in 1600 to equal authority. These, however, clear the present Times, Vol. I. containing up many obscurities, and set the charac- the Affairs of the Carpatic ; in which tets of many persons in past times in a the Rights of the Nobob are explained, different light from that in which they and the Injustice of the Company provhave been usually viewed.
ed.” 4t0. 1779; Soon after this period, the tide of In his capacity of Agent to the Nafortune flowed very rapidly in Mr Mac- bob, it was probably thought requisite pherson's favour, and his talents and in- that he should have a scat in the British dustry were amply sufficient to enable him Parliament. He was accordingly in to availhimself of every favourablecircum- 1980 chofen Member for Camelford,
but we do not recollect that he ever atWe shall not here enter into this dispute tempted to speak in the House. He by quoting more authorities. The learned
was also re-chofen in 1784 and 1790.) world have divided upon it, and the question is still fub judice. The opinions of different
For a few years last past his health writers of eminence, are subjoined to all the began to fail, and he returned to his nalate editions of Ollian's Poems, and are deli- tive country in expectation of receiving cious morseis of criticism,
benefit from the change of air. He
continued, however, to decline, and af, printing and publishing Olian in the oriter lingering some time, died at his feat ginal. He directed 300l. to be laid out at Bellevue, in loverness, on the 17th of in erecting a monument to his memory, February last 1796.
in some conspicuous situation at BelleHe appears to have died in very opu- vue aforesaid, and ordered that his body lent circumitances, and by his will, dat- should be carried from Scotland, and ed June 1793, gave various annuities interred in the Abbey-church at Weltand legacies to several persons to a great minster, the city wherein he had paffed
He also bequeathed roool. the greatest and best part of his life. to John Mackenzie, of Figuree-court, in He was accordingly buried in the Poets the Temple, to defray the expence of Corner.
THE DECAYED ENGLISH MERCHANT AND HIS DAUGHTER.
(CONCLYDED FROM PAGE 358.) YOU will readily believe, that the cretion, « otherwise we shall do no bountiful stranger did not break his pro, more harm than good-I presuine I am mise to Amelia. He kept it indeed fo not expected ?" Amelia bowed a negareligiously holy, that, in less than ten tive. « Then my sudden appearance days from the date of his departure, would make thy father worse, child,” our pious daughter received a message, continued the Doctor. “No! go back purporting that a person at the public to him, and tell him an old friend of boule begged to speak with her. You, his from London, and who has partis my friend, whose fancy is ever warmed cular business in this part of Wales, by your affectionate heart, will imme. means to pay him a visit on the score of diately conclude what was concluded ancient amity, and will take cottage fare by Amelia, that it could be only the from him in his chamber. · The name much-desired doctor, who had thus de- of this old friend will then be a matter licately, to prevent the ill effect of fur- of amufing conjecture, in the midst of prise on the fick merchant, announced which, thou, child, may'st suggest that his arrival. If so, you are in the right. thou shouldlt not wonder if it were me, However inconsistent with the spirit of telling him as much of the adventure business such a long journey might be, that I find happened at this inn, between it was perfectly in unison with the spirit thee and the gentleman who brought of benevolence by which Dr ****** me thy message, and with it the story of was moved to determine upon it the in- thy virtues and misfortunes, to support start the case was stated to him, and to and to relieve which, would have broughs execute what he had so determined with me ten times as far : but we have no all the difpateh neceffary to an affair of time for profession; I am come here to life and death, and the life and death, practise ; so fare thee well, my good moreover, of an old and unfortunate little maid.--All that I have premised frieod. “ My good little girl," said will be the work only of an hour, at the he, on the entrance of Amelia--" My end of which I will be with thee.” good little girl, I am come from
She kissed his hand fervently, and, * Heaven ! interrupted Amelia, fal- without speaking a fingle word, sprung ling on her knees you are come from up, and might rather be said to fly than heaven to make my father well.”-“Un- run to the cottage, though the paths der the auspices of that heaven, I trust thereto were lost in snow. Her father Hang resumed the Doctor.“ Let us was sitting up in his bed, supported by Ay this instant," exclaimed Amelia, in pillows, which the aged adherent had the animated aecents of nature. “ Let made fhift to place in the absence of his us do all things in order,” replied the filial nurse, who gently chid the old Doctor in the language of friendly difa woman for taking her proper business VOL. LVIII.
out of her hands ; but that, if her father united all the honest plainness of the had found a moment's ease by this usur. character. The merchant's disorder pation of her natural rights, she would was, as I have said, a fever on the fpithen forgive the usurper. She then en- rits, of which the symptoms were, as tered on her errand, which she manag, usual, want of appetite, lassitude, watch. ed so well as to make the old friend's fulness, and dejection of mind, a pulse name, after much pleasant conjecture on flow and creeping, difficulty of respira. both sides, the subject of a wager, the tion, and a dread, yet hope of death. father observing, that if it should
prove I need not tell you, that in this disa to belong to the Doctor, Providence had ease the cathartics of the mind, such as sent him to reward the virtue of his exhilirate, enliven, and amuse the padaughter, who, on her part, maintain- tient, are the most effectual remedies, ed, that it would be chiefly owing to and as such were administered with unthe value which heaven itself would fet common success on the present occasion. on her parent's life. This amicable In less than a fortnight, the fick man strife had put the invalid into unwonted not only was in a condition to leave his spirits, and thereby, perhaps, not only bed, but his chamber, and play his part prepared the way for the cure of a fever in the cottage parlour, in a thousand on the nerves, but laid the best founda- little frolics that Amelia and the Doctor tion of it. The poor gentleman did not devised to entertain him. In the course dåre to lay ang stress on the poslibility of the third week he resumed his acof a visit from the physician; and yet a customed exercises ; and under the corfairit blush of hope denoted that he should dial supports of his friend and his child, think himself most happy to lose his he could afcend the mountains that enwager.
vironed his habitation. In the middle At this auspicious crisis it was, that of the fourth week, his fpirits and our Doctor made his entré, saying, as strength were so well restored, that in he advanced to the bed-side My e. returning home to dinner, after a walk steemed friend, I am come to return of some miles, he jocularly proposed to my personal thanks to thee, for having run against the Doctor and Amelia for me in thy thoughts when thou wert too a wager ; which being agreed upon by fick to remember
any but those who are the other parties, he set off and out-ran dear to thee, and of whom thou hast a them both. It was in the afternoon of good opinion. Give me thy hand; and, this victorious day, that the good Docwithout entering into long histories, let tor intimated the necessity of his return us see if, in return for thy kindness, I to town; good humouredly observing, can make thee well again. Those eyes that although, by a lucky arrangement, have, I fee, still the spirit of life in he had left his sick and wounded in very them; and this heart shall yet bound good hands with a brother physician in with renovated enjoyments.”
London, he could not trespass any longThe emotions of Amelia during these er without fear of being set down by the favourable prognostications, no words college as a deserter ; and he must can tell. The merchant was strongly therefore repair to head-quarters in the affected. The Doctor perceived that morning. his patient was recoverable both in the The reasonableness of this was admaladies of body and mind; and as he mitted ; yet the merchant sighed, aod was no less a philosopher and philan- Amelia wept. The Doctor knew it throphist than a physician, he could with must be done ; and he saw that his proequal skill prescribe for each. He was phecy, as to his friend's recovery, was one of the people called Quakers ; and fulfilled to his heart's conteng; but toʻa perfect knowledge of the world, there is a sympathy in generous regret, of his profeffion, and of the human heart, and his eyes were not more dry than