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Combin'd with Norway, or did line the Rebel
With hidden help and 'vantage; or that with both
He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not;
But treasons capital, confess’d; and prov'd,
Have overthrown him..
Macb. Glamis and Thane of Cawdor!

[Afide. The greatest is behind. Thanks for your pains.

[To Angus. Do you not hope your children shall be Kings?

[To Banquo. When those that gave the Thane of Cawdor to me, Promis'd no less to them?

Ban. That, trusted home,
? Might yet enkindle you unto the crown,
Besides the Thane of Cawdor. But 'tis strange ;
And oftentimes to win us to our harm,
The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
Win us with honest trifes, to betray us
In deepest consequence.
Cousins, a word, I pray you. (To Roffe and Angus,

Macb. Two truths are told,
As happy prologues to the swelling act
Of the imperial theme. I thank you, gentlemen-

[To Roffe and Angus.
6 This fupernatural Solliciting
Cannot be ill; cannot be good. ff ill,
Why hath it giv'n me the earnest of fuccess,
Commencing in a truth ? I'm Thane of Cawdór.
If good, 'why do I yield to that suggestion,

$ Might get enkindle you~) opinion, incilement than informaÉrkindle, for to stimulate you to rior. seek.

WARBURTON. ?-Why do I yield-] Yield, 6 This fupernatural Solliciting] not for consent, but for to be Solliciting, for information. fubdued by: WAR BURTON.

WARBURTON. To gield is, fimply, to give
Solliciring is rather, in my way lo.



Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair,
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs
Against the use of nature ! present fears
Are less than horrible imaginings.
My thought, whose murther yet is but fantastical,
Shakes so my 'single state of man, that · Function
Is smother'd in surmise; and nothing is,
But what is not.

Ban. Look how our Partner's rapt!
Macb. If Chance will have me King, why, Chance
may crown me,

[Afide. Without my ftir.

Ban. New Honours, come upon him. Like our ftrange gårments cleave not to their mould But with the aid of use.

8 Whose horrid image doth un- A consideration drawn from the

Fix my bair,] But horror nature of the imagination. does not unfix the hair, but

WARBURTOS. makes it stand stiff and upright. Present fears are fears of things We should read, UpFix. WARB. present, which Macbeth declares, To unfx is, to put in motion. and

every man has found, to be 9 - present fears

less than the imagination presents Are less ihan horrible Imagin- them while the objects are yet

ings.] Macbeth, while he distant. Fears is right. - is projecting the murder, is - single fate of man,-) thrown into the most agonizing The firgle fiare of man seems to affright at the prospect of it: be used by Shakespeare for an Irwhich focn recovering from, dividual, in Opposition to a comthus he reasons on the nature of monwialıb, or conjuna beds. his disorder. But Imaginings are

Function so far from being more or less Is fmother'd in furmije; and than prejent fears, that they are nothing it, the same things under diffe But what is not.] All powers rent words. Shakespear certain- of action are oppressed and ly wrote,

crushed by one overwhelming present feats

image in the mind, and nothing Are lefs iban borrible imagin. is present to me, but that which ings.

is really future. Of things now i, e. when I come to execute this about me I have no perception, murder, I shall find it much less being intent' wholly on that cadful than my frighted ima- which has yet no existence. con now presents it to me.


Macb. Come what come may,

[ Afde. 3 Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.

Ban. Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure.
Macb. Give me your favour.

favour. + My dull brain was
With things forgot. Kind gentlemen, your pains
Are registred where every day I turn

[To Roffe and Angus. The leaf to read them. Let us tow'rd the King ; Think, upon what hath chanc'd ; and at more time,

[To Banquo.
The Interim having weigh’d it, let us speak
Our free hearts each to other.

Ban. Very gladly.
Macb. 'Till then, enough. Come, friends.

[ Exeunt.

3 Time and the hour runs thro' quicken his motion,

the roughell day.) I suppose Time ! on! every reader is disgusted at the He then comforts himself with tautology in this paftage, Time the reflection that all his perand the hour, and will therefore plexity must have an end, tvillingly believe that Shakespeare the hour runs through the wrote it thus,

roug beft day. Come what come may,

This conjecture is supported by Time! on !-the bour runs thro' the passage in the letter to his the roughest day.

lady, in which he says, they reMacbeth is deliberating upon the ferred me to the coming on of events which are to befal him, time, with Hail, King ibat shult but finding no fatisfaction from be. his own thoughts, he grows im } Time and the hour-] Time patient of reflection, and resolves is painted with an hour-glass in to wait the close without harras- his hand. This occafioned the fing himself with conje&tures. expression, WARBURTON. Come what come may.

4--My dull brain was wrought But to shorten the pain of fus With things forgot - ] My pense, he calls upon time in the head was worked, agitatedo put usual file of ardent defirę, to into commotion.

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Changes to the Palace. Flourish. Enter King, Malcolm, Donalbain, Lenos,

and Attendants.

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· King S execution done on Cawdor yet?

Or not those in commission yet return'd?
Mal. My liege,
They are not yet come back. But I have spoke
With one that saw him die, who did report,
That very frankly he confess’d his treasons ;
Implor'd your Highness' pardon, and set forth
A deep repentance; nothing in his life
Became him like the leaving it. He dy'd,
As one that had been * studied in his death,
To throw away the dearest thing he ow'd,
As 'twere a careless trife.

King. There's no art,
$ To find the mind's construction in the face :
He was a gentleman, on whom I built
An absolute trust.

Enter Macbeth, Banquo, Roffe, and Angus O worthiest Coulin The sin of my ingratitude e'en now Was heavy on me,

Thou'rt so far before, That swiftest wing of recompence is Now, To overtake thee. 'Would, thou'dít less defervid,

.fudied in his death,] implies the frame or difpofrion of Instructed in the art of dying the mind, by which it is deterIt was usual to fay Audied, for mined to good or ill. learned in science.

To find the mind's conftruc s To find the mind's construction tion-] The metaphor is

in the face. The construc- taken from the construction of a sion of the mind is, I believe, a scheme in any of the arts of pre• phrase peculiar to Shakespeare; it diation. WARBURTON

That the proportion both of thanks and payment
Might have been mine! Only I've left to say,
More is thy due, than more than all can pay.

Macb, The service and the loyalty I owe,
In doing it, pays itself. Your Highness' part
Is to receive our duties, and our duties
Are to your Throne, and State, children and serv.ints,
? Which do but what they should, s by doing every

Safe towrd your Love and Honour.


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" Which do but what they should, Save tow'rd your love and hoin doing every thing

nour. Safe towords your love and We do but perform our duty

honour.] of the last line when we contract all our views of this speech, which is certain- to your service, when we act ly, as it is now read, unintelli- with po of her principle than regible, an cmendation has been gard to your love and honour. attempted, which Dr. Warbur.

It is probable that this passage ton and Mr. T beobald once ad. was firit corrupted by writing mitted as the true reading. Safe for fave, and the lines then Our duties

tood thus: Are to your throne and state,

doing nothing children and fervanis,

Safe tow'rd your love and boWhich do but what they should, in doing every thing

which the next transcriber obfervFiefs to your love and honour. ing to be wrong, and yet not being My esteem for these critics in. able to discover the real fault, elines me to believe that they altered to the present reading. cannot be much pleased with Dr.Warburton has fince changthe expressions fiefs 10 love, or ed fiefs to fief'd, and Hanmer fefs to honour, and that they have has altered safe to shap'd. I am proposed this alteration rather afraid none of us have hit the because no other occurred to right word. them, than because they ap

by doing every thing proved of it. I fall therefore Safe tow'rd your love and propose a bolder change, per bonour. ] This nonsense, haps with no better success, but made worse by ill pointing, should fua cuique placent. I read thus,

be read thus, our duties

- by doing every thing. Are to your brone and fare, Flep'd low'rd your life and children and servants,

bonour. Which do but what they should, i, n. their duties being fief'd, in doing nothing, or engaged to be support of, as


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